Article 1 General Provisions 2-13-1 – 2-13-22
Article 3 Health Regulations Governing Milk and Milk Products 2-13-80 – 2-13-94
Article 4 Alabama Dairy Promotion 2-13-110 – 2-13-125

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 13

  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • ANIMAL SHELTER: Any facility operated by or under contract for the state or any county, municipal corporation, or other political subdivision of the state for the purpose of impounding or harboring seized, stray, homeless, abandoned, or unwanted dogs, cats, and other animals; any veterinary hospital or clinic operated by a veterinarian or veterinarians which operates for such purpose in addition to its customary purposes; and any facility operated, owned, or maintained by a duly incorporated humane society, animal welfare organization, or other nonprofit organization for the purpose of providing for and promoting the welfare, protection, and humane treatment of animals. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • ANIMAL WELFARE ORGANIZATION: Any unincorporated nonprofit organization or business entity existing for fostering and adopting dogs and cats by the public. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • associate: When used to indicate a relationship with:

    (A) a domestic or foreign entity or organization for which the person is:

    (i) an officer or governing person; or

    (ii) a beneficial owner of 10 percent or more of a class of voting ownership interests or similar securities of the entity or organization;

    (B) a trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or for which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity;

    (C) the person's spouse or a relative of the person related by consanguinity or affinity within the fifth degree who resides with the person; or

    (D) a governing person or an affiliate or officer of the person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CANINE CORPS DOGS: Those members of the canine family maintained by governmental agencies for exclusive use in official duties assigned to those agencies. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • cat: All members of the domesticated feline (Felis catus) family. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATE OF OWNERSHIP: An instrument evidencing an ownership interest or membership interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest of a domestic entity represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certification: Duly authenticated by the proper officer or filing officer of the jurisdiction the laws of which govern the internal affairs of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER: The chief administrative officer of the employing board, including the superintendent of any public county or city school system, the President of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, and the Superintendent of the Department of Youth Services School District. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • city: The City of Brantley, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01
  • CIVIL FINE: The monetary amount assessed by the City of Brantley pursuant to this article for an adjudication of civil liability for a speeding violation, including municipal court costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • CIVIL VIOLATION: There is hereby created a non-criminal category of law called a civil violation created and existing for the sole purpose of carrying out the terms of this article. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01
  • CONTRACT PRINCIPAL: Includes only those persons hired on or after July 1, 2000, and certified for the position of principal as prescribed by the State Board of Education and who are employed by an employing board as the chief administrator of a school, including a vocational center. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • CONTRACT YEAR: Period of contract principal's employment up to 12 months mutually agreed upon by the contract principal and employing board. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • County: means Cullman County, Alabama; "employee" means any person who is employed in the service of the county on a regular full-time basis; "exempt service" means those employees to whom this article shall not apply; "classified service" means those employees to whom this article shall apply; "commission" means the County Commission of Cullman County; "board" means the personnel board; "head of department/office" includes the sheriff, revenue commissioner, judge of probate, and chair of the county commission. See Alabama Code 45-22-120.02
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • day: A calendar day. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • dealer: Every person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging vehicles who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state and to whom current dealer registration plates have been issued by the Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • DEBTOR IN BANKRUPTCY: A person who is the subject of:

    (A) an order for relief under the United States bankruptcy laws, Title 11, United States Code, or comparable order under a successor statute of general application; or

    (B) a comparable order under federal, state, or foreign law governing insolvency. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • dog: All members of the domesticated canine (Canis familiaris) family. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS TITLE: January 1, 2011. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE: An electronic signature as that term is defined in the Alabama Electronic Transactions Act, Chapter 1A of Title 8, or any successor statute. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC WRITING: Information that is stored in an electronic or other nontangible medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • EMPLOYING BOARD: Includes all local boards of education, the Board of Trustees of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, and the Alabama Youth Services Board in its capacity as the Board of Education for the Department of Youth Services School District. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • ferret: All members of the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) family. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY: A governmental official, agency, or instrumentality of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN NONFILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that is not a foreign filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FUNDAMENTAL BUSINESS TRANSACTION: A merger, interest exchange, conversion, or sale of all or substantially all of an entity's assets. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HAS BEEN EXPOSED: Suspected or confirmed contact of saliva with a break or abrasion of the skin or with any mucous membrane, as determined by the health officer or medical or law enforcement personnel. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • HEALTH OFFICER: The State Health Officer or any county health officer as defined in Section 22-3-2, or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • HOUSE TRAILER: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • IMMUNIZATION AGAINST RABIES: The injection, in a manner approved by the State Health Officer and the State Veterinarian, of rabies vaccine approved by the State Health Officer and the State Veterinarian. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • IMPOUNDING OFFICER: An agent of a county or municipality vested with impounding authority for animals covered under this chapter. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • insolvency: The inability of a person to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNER: A person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a limited partner as provided by:

    (A) in the case of a domestic limited partnership, Chapter 9A; or

    (B) in the case of a foreign limited partnership, the laws of its jurisdiction of formation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • mediator: A person who is experienced in the field of alternative dispute resolution, and/or a person who has completed a course of training in alternative dispute resolution, and/or has been recognized as an arbitrator by an entity regularly engaged in providing arbitration services. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • NON-CODE ORGANIZATION: An organization other than a domestic entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONFILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is not a filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: An entity that is a nonprofit corporation, nonprofit association, or other entity that is organized solely for one or more nonprofit purposes. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: shall mean the person to whom the vehicle is rented or leased; nor shall the term include motor vehicles displaying dealer license plates, in which event "owner" shall mean the person to whom the vehicle is assigned for use; nor shall the term include the owner of any stolen motor vehicle, in which event "owner" shall mean the person who is guilty of stealing the motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01
  • owner: Any person having a right of property in a dog, cat, ferret, or other animal, or who keeps or harbors the animal, or who has it in his or her care, or acts as its custodian, or who permits the animal to remain on or about any premises occupied by him or her. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Individuals, firms, partnerships, and associations. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC SPEEDING ENFORCEMENT OR AUTOMATED SPEEDING ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A camera system which is designed and installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated speed detection device synchronized to automatically record digital imaging of a motor vehicle while speeding. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01
  • principal: Includes only those persons hired before July 1, 2000, and certified for the position of principal as prescribed by the State Board of Education and who are employed by an employing board as the chief administrator of a school, including a vocational center. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PROBATIONARY PRINCIPAL: Any principal hired for the first time in any local school system as a principal on or after July 1, 2000. See Alabama Code 16-24B-2
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public warehouse: as used in this chapter , shall not be construed as applying to any building, structure, or protected enclosure, or portion thereof, used exclusively for the checking or storing of hats, wearing apparel, or baggage or exclusively for the storing of furs when the storage thereof is merely incidental to the business of a dealer therein or to the business of cleaning or renovating such furs. See Alabama Code 8-15-1
  • QUARANTINE FOR RABIES OBSERVATION: Confinement under the direct care, custody, control, and supervision of a licensed veterinarian for a period of 10 days subsequent to the date of the exposure, or as otherwise directed by the appropriate health officer. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • RABIES OFFICER: A licensed veterinarian as defined in Section 34-29-61, duly appointed by the county board of health and approved by the State Health Officer and State Veterinarian. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • semitrailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SEXUALLY MATURE ANIMAL: Any dog or cat that has reached the age of 180 days. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • SPEEDING VIOLATION: Any violation of a motor vehicle at a speed that exceeds 10 miles per hour over the legal maximum speed limits presented in or adopted pursuant to Article 8, Chapter 5A, Title 32, Sections 32-5A-170 to 32-5A-178, inclusive; provided, however, that speed limits set by action of the Brantley City Council as found in the City Code of the City of Brantley shall supersede the limits set in Article 8, Chapter 5A, Title 32, Sections 32-5A-170 to 32-5A-178, inclusive. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • sterilization: The surgical removal of the reproductive organs of a dog or cat in order to render the animal unable to reproduce. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscriber: A person who agrees with or makes an offer to an entity to purchase by subscription an ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • trailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TRAINED TECHNICIAN: A sworn law enforcement officer employed by the City of Brantley, who alternatively:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-21A-10.01

  • UNCERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest in a domestic entity that is not represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1