Article 1 General Provisions 2-13-1 – 2-13-22
Article 3 Health Regulations Governing Milk and Milk Products 2-13-80 – 2-13-94
Article 4 Alabama Dairy Promotion 2-13-110 – 2-13-125

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 13

  • agent: Any person authorized by the Department of Revenue to purchase and affix stamps on packages of cigarettes. See Alabama Code 34-24-177
  • ANIMAL SHELTER: Any facility operated by or under contract for the state or any county, municipal corporation, or other political subdivision of the state for the purpose of impounding or harboring seized, stray, homeless, abandoned, or unwanted dogs, cats, and other animals; any veterinary hospital or clinic operated by a veterinarian or veterinarians which operates for such purpose in addition to its customary purposes; and any facility operated, owned, or maintained by a duly incorporated humane society, animal welfare organization, or other nonprofit organization for the purpose of providing for and promoting the welfare, protection, and humane treatment of animals. See Alabama Code 34-24-196
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • blast: The firing or detonating of explosives. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • blaster: A person qualified by reason of training, knowledge, and experience to design, supervise, or detonate explosives in blasting operations, who has obtained a valid blaster certification card issued by the office. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • BLASTING OPERATION: The use of explosives in the blasting of stone, rock, or any other natural formation, or in any construction, quarry work, or demolition of man-made structures. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CANINE CORPS DOGS: Those members of the canine family maintained by governmental agencies for exclusive use in official duties assigned to those agencies. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • cat: All members of the domesticated feline (Felis catus) family. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chiropractic: when used in this article, is hereby defined as the science and art of locating and removing without the use of drugs or surgery any interference with the transmission and expression of nerve energy in the human body by any means or methods as taught in schools or colleges of chiropractic which are recognized by the State Board of Chiropractic Examiners. See Alabama Code 34-24-120
  • cigarette: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 34-24-177

  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Revenue of the state. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • CONSTITUENT LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: means a constituent organization that is a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • CONSTITUENT ORGANIZATION: means an organization that is party to a merger under this article. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CONVERTED ORGANIZATION: means the organization into which a converting organization converts pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • CONVERTING LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: means a converting organization that is a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • CONVERTING ORGANIZATION: means an organization that converts into another organization pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • county: Chilton County in the state. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DEBTOR IN BANKRUPTCY: A person who is the subject of:

    (A) an order for relief under the United States bankruptcy laws, Title 11, United States Code, or comparable order under a successor statute of general application; or

    (B) a comparable order under federal, state, or foreign law governing insolvency. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • distribution: except as otherwise provided in Section 10A-9A-5. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • dog: All members of the domesticated canine (Canis familiaris) family. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or other substance or mechanical system intended for the purpose of producing an explosion, or that contains oxidizing and combustible units, or other ingredients, in such proportions or quantities that ignition by detonation may produce an explosion, capable of causing injury to persons or damage to property. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • ferret: All members of the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) family. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or authorized by this title to be filed by or for an entity with the filing officer in accordance with Article 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: means a partnership formed under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state and required by those laws to have one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNER: means a general partner of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • GENERAL PARTNER: means :

    (A) with respect to a limited partnership, a person that:

    (i) is admitted as a general partner under Section 10A-9A-4. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06

  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • HEALTH OFFICER: The State Health Officer or any county health officer as defined in Section 22-3-2, or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • IMMUNIZATION AGAINST RABIES: The injection, in a manner approved by the State Health Officer and the State Veterinarian, of rabies vaccine approved by the State Health Officer and the State Veterinarian. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • IMPOUNDING OFFICER: An agent of a county or municipality vested with impounding authority for animals covered under this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • ISSUING AUTHORITY: A municipality or other governmental entity authorized to issue permits and conduct the duties provided by this article. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • license: An authorization issued pursuant to Section 8-17-247 that identifies persons eligible to do business as a blasting contractor or a quarry operator where explosives will be involved in blasting operations. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • LIMITED PARTNER: means :

    (A) with respect to a limited partnership, a person that:

    (i) is admitted as a limited partner under Section 10A-9A-3. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06

  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • manufacturer: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 34-24-177

  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • office: The State Fire Marshal's Office. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • ORGANIZATIONAL DOCUMENTS: means :

    (A) for a general partnership or foreign general partnership, its partnership agreement and if applicable, its registration as a limited liability partnership or a foreign limited liability partnership;

    (B) for a limited partnership or foreign limited partnership, its certificate of formation and partnership agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (C) for a limited liability company or foreign limited liability company, its certificate of formation and limited liability company agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (D) for a business or statutory trust or foreign business or statutory trust its agreement of trust and declaration of trust, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (E) for a corporation for profit or foreign corporation for profit, its certificate of formation, bylaws, and other agreements among its shareholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (F) for a nonprofit corporation or foreign nonprofit corporation, its certificate of formation, bylaws, and other agreements that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (G) for a professional corporation or foreign professional corporation, its certificate of formation, bylaws, and other agreements among its shareholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute; and

    (H) for any other organization, the basic writings that create the organization and determine its internal governance and the relations among the persons that own it, have an interest in it, or are members of it. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07

  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: Any person having a right of property in a dog, cat, ferret, or other animal, or who keeps or harbors the animal, or who has it in his or her care, or acts as its custodian, or who permits the animal to remain on or about any premises occupied by him or her. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • partner: means a limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: means any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • permit: A municipal explosives use permit. See Alabama Code 34-24-144
  • person: Individuals, firms, partnerships, and associations. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • PERSON DISSOCIATED AS A GENERAL PARTNER: means a person dissociated as a general partner of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PUBLIC HOSPITAL CORPORATION: The Chilton County Health Care Authority, or any successor thereto, or any other public corporation heretofore or hereafter organized for hospital purposes in the county under any general law heretofore or hereafter enacted by the Legislature. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • QUALITY CONTROL AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM: The laboratory procedures implemented to ensure that operator bias, systematic and nonsystematic methodological errors, and equipment-related problems do not affect the results of the testing. See Alabama Code 34-24-177
  • RABIES OFFICER: A licensed veterinarian as defined in Section 34-29-61, duly appointed by the county board of health and approved by the State Health Officer and State Veterinarian. See Alabama Code 34-24-165
  • Record date: means the date established under Article 6 or 7 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • repeatability: The range of values within which the repeat results of cigarette test trials from a single laboratory will fall 95 percent of the time. See Alabama Code 34-24-177
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • REQUIRED INFORMATION: means the information that a limited partnership is required to maintain under Section 10A-9A-1. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • RETAIL DEALER: Any person, other than a manufacturer or wholesale dealer, engaged in selling cigarettes or tobacco products. See Alabama Code 34-24-177
  • sale: Any transfer of title or possession, or both, exchange or barter, conditional or otherwise, in any manner or by any means whatever or any agreement therefor. See Alabama Code 34-24-177
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • sell: To sell or to offer or agree to do the same. See Alabama Code 34-24-177
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • STATE DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE: The Department of Revenue of the state. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Division 1 of Article 1 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the taxes levied in Division 1 and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Division 1 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • STATE USE TAX STATUTES: Article 2 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in Article 2 and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Article 2 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-11-244.01
  • sterilization: The surgical removal of the reproductive organs of a dog or cat in order to render the animal unable to reproduce. See Alabama Code 34-24-196
  • subscriber: A person who agrees with or makes an offer to an entity to purchase by subscription an ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Subscriber: means a person who subscribes for shares in a corporation, whether before or after incorporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • SURVIVING ORGANIZATION: means an organization into which one or more other organizations are merged under this article, whether the organization pre-existed the merger or was created pursuant to the merger. See Alabama Code 45-12-82.07
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift, or transfer by operation of law. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • TRANSFERABLE INTEREST: means a partner's right to receive distributions from a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a partner. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • Treasury shares: means shares of a corporation that have been issued, have been subsequently acquired by and belong to the corporation, and have not been canceled or restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • WHOLESALE DEALER: Any person, other than a manufacturer, who sells cigarettes or tobacco products to retail dealers or other persons for purposes of resale, and any person who owns, operates, or maintains one or more cigarette or tobacco product vending machines in, at, or upon premises owned or occupied by any other person. See Alabama Code 34-24-177