Article 1 General Provisions 2-15-1 – 2-15-5
Article 2 Branding of Livestock 2-15-20 – 2-15-30
Article 3 Regulation of Dealers in Livestock for Purposes of Resale, Market or Slaughter 2-15-40 – 2-15-48
Article 4 Regulation of Livestock Markets Generally 2-15-60 – 2-15-96
Article 5 Handling of Livestock in Markets and in Transit 2-15-110 – 2-15-114
Article 5A Public Livestock Marketing Business Act 2-15-115 – 2-15-127
Article 6 Livestock Dealers’ Financial Responsibility Act 2-15-130 – 2-15-138
Article 7 Control of Contagious and Infectious Diseases Generally 2-15-150 – 2-15-174
Article 8 Control of Brucellosis or Bang’s Disease 2-15-190 – 2-15-197
Article 9 Control of Swine Diseases 2-15-210 – 2-15-274
Article 10 Tick Eradication 2-15-290 – 2-15-299
Article 11 Protection of Breeders Against Bogus or Fraudulent Pedigrees 2-15-310 – 2-15-317

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 15

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • ADJOINING COUNTY: A county the boundary of which abuts either land on which the establishing county has established a park or recreational area or land which the establishing county has designated for the establishment thereon of a park or recreational area. See Alabama Code 45-37-72
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • ADVISORY PLANNING: Continuing and systematic studies of the land economics and land policies of a region in terms of social and economic betterment of said region, together with the submission of interim and final results of said systematic and continuous studies to the governing bodies of constituent governmental units for review, adoption, rejection, or implementation thereof in whole or in part. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AIR NAVIGATION FACILITY: Any facility used in, available for use in, or designed for use in aid of, air navigation, including any structures, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems or other instrumentalities or devices used or useful as an aid, or constituting an advantage or convenience to the safe taking-off, navigation and landing of aircraft, or the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport, and any combination of any or all of such facilities. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 34-24-312
  • airport: Any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing, take-off, storage, parking or dispersal of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings, facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings, structures and facilities located thereon. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • airport: Any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and taking-off of aircraft and utilized or to be utilized in the interest of the public for such purposes. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • AIRPORT FACILITY: Any building, structure, land, right-of-way, equipment or instrumentality used or to be used in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of an airport or heliport or in connection with the exercise of any power of the authority. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • AIRPORT HAZARD: Any structure or tree or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking-off at any airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking-off of aircraft. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • AIRPORT HAZARD AREA: Any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided in this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • ALARM MONITORING SERVICE: A service that uses a device located at a residence, place of business, or other fixed premises for both of the following purposes:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • associate: When used to indicate a relationship with:

    (A) a domestic or foreign entity or organization for which the person is:

    (i) an officer or governing person; or

    (ii) a beneficial owner of 10 percent or more of a class of voting ownership interests or similar securities of the entity or organization;

    (B) a trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or for which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity;

    (C) the person's spouse or a relative of the person related by consanguinity or affinity within the fifth degree who resides with the person; or

    (D) a governing person or an affiliate or officer of the person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • authority: The Shoals Economic Development Authority, an agency or instrumentality of the county and Lauderdale County created pursuant to Subpart 1 and Act 95-409, and includes its successors and assigns, if any, and any agency or instrumentality that may succeed to its functions. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • AUTHORITY: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-16-81.03
  • authority: The Public School and College Authority. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • Authority: means Alabama Public School and College Authority. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • authority: The Private Colleges and Universities Facilities Authority created by this chapter and any successor or successors thereto. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign business corporation is authorized to issue. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • BASELINE DATE: January 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • Bequeath: To gift property by will.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • bingo: The game where numbers or symbols on a card are matched with numbers or symbols selected at random. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • BINGO SESSION: A consecutive period of time during which bingo is played on a given day. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • board: The civil service board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • board: The civil service board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • board: The Tuscumbia Utilities Board, created pursuant to the enabling law, and includes its successors and assigns, if any, and any agency or instrumentality that may succeed to its functions. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • BOND FINANCING AGREEMENT: An agreement or other document relating to the sale or issuance of bonds including, but not limited to, a bond purchase agreement, a loan agreement, a refinancing agreement, or documents providing for bonds sold or issued on a competitive sale basis. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • bonds: Bonds, bond anticipation notes, warrants, warrant anticipation notes, or indebtedness issued or entered into on behalf of the county or by the county commission for a term of at least three years or more. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-16-81.03
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • BRAC DISTRIBUTIONS: Bond proceeds to be distributed to the local school districts for purposes of and as allocated by this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • BRAC IMPACTED AREA: The geographic area within Madison County and the City of Huntsville described by a closed perimeter boundary consisting of Cummings Research Park, East and West, Thornton Research Park, Redstone Gateway EUL Area, and Redstone Arsenal. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • brand: Any recorded identification mark applied to any position on the hide of livestock by means of heat, acid, or a chemical, except numbers used to keep production records or record of age. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • bylaws: The code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • CABLE SERVICE: A service that provides both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • CABLE SYSTEM: A facility, consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service which includes video programming and which is provided to multiple subscribers within a community, but the term does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • city: The City of Muscle Shoals, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • city: The City of Tuscumbia, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • CITY COUNCIL: The governing body of the City of Tuscumbia, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • CIVIL AIRCRAFT: Any aircraft, other than a military aircraft of the United States or of a state, territory or possession of the United States. See Alabama Code 34-24-312
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • COLLECTIVE RESERVE ACCOUNT: An internal capital account that represents the portion of the net book value of the corporation attributable to the cooperative. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • committee: The Shoals Industrial Development Committee, an agency or instrumentality of the county and Lauderdale County, created pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 45-17-91. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • COMPREHENSIVE ADVISORY PLANNING: Comprehensive studies of the present and future development of the land economics and land policies of a region, with due regard to neighboring regions and the state as a whole. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • corporation: Any corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • costs: As applied to a project or any portion thereof financed under the provisions of this chapter, all or any part of the cost of construction, acquisition, alteration, enlargement, reconstruction and remodeling of a project including all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, approvals, licenses and certificates and the securing of such permits, approvals, licenses and certificates, and interests acquired or used for or in connection with a project, the cost of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the cost of acquiring any lands to which such buildings or structures may be moved, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, underwriters' commissions or discounts, interest prior to, during and for a period of six months following estimated completion of such construction and acquisition, provisions for reserves for principal and interest and for extensions, enlargements, additions and improvements, the cost of architectural, engineering, financial and legal services, plans, specifications, studies, surveys, estimates of cost and revenues, administrative expenses, expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing the project and such other expenses as may be necessary or incident to the construction and acquisition of the project, the financing of such construction and acquisition and the placing of the project in operation. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • county: means Conecuh County, Alabama; "employee" means any person, including law enforcement officers, not excepted by Section 45-18-120. See Alabama Code 45-18-120.01
  • county: Each county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • county: Any county in this state with respect to which a corporation may be organized. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • county: Any of the 67 counties of the state. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • county: Each county subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-18-240
  • county: Any county of the state. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • County: means Clay County. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • county: Colbert County in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock as a dealer as defined in Section 2-15-131(5). See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock in the State of Alabama for resale, exchange or slaughter and meat packing purposes, either on his or her own account or as agent for others on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • demotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a position of a lesser class involving less responsibility and less complex duties. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • demotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a position of a lesser class involving less responsibility and less complex duties. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DETERMINATION DATE: September 30 of the fiscal year in which the Authority obtains certification that the jobs requirements of this chapter have been satisfied. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Digital textbooks: means an interactive, multimedia electronic book or digital resources that can be used creatively by learners. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • directors: The members of the Board of Directors of the Tuscumbia Utilities Board. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • domestic corporation: means a business corporation, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • donor: The United States of America, or the state, or any county in the state or any municipality or any department, division, board, bureau, institution or agency of any of the foregoing, or any person, firm or corporation, institution, foundation or other agency or any combination of any two or more such donors. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • Dower: A widow
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • EMPLOYEE COOPERATIVE: A corporation which has elected to be governed by this chapter. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • ENABLING LAW: Act No. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • ESTABLISHING COUNTY: A county, the county commission of which has provided for the establishment of a park or recreational area or has designated land for the establishment thereon of a park or recreational area. See Alabama Code 45-37-72
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • faa: The Federal Aviation Administration. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) one of the following occurs:

    (A) the lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) the lease contract or a separate accurate and complete statement delivered to the lessee discloses in writing (a) all express warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the lessor and the supplier in connection with the lease contract (b) that there are no other express warranties or rights provided to the lessee by the lessor or the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) in a consumer lease, any waiver, disclaimer, or other negation of express or implied warranties and any limitation or modification of remedy or liquidation of damages for breach of those warranties or other rights of the lessee in a manner as provided in this article or in Article 2, as applicable; or

    (D) the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the supplier, unless the lessee has selected the supplier and directed the lessor to purchase the goods from the supplier, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to all warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) to contact the supplier to receive an accurate and complete statement from the supplier of any such express warranties and other rights and any disclaimers or limitations of them or of remedies. See Alabama Code 22-19-162

  • FISCAL YEAR: The 12-month period commencing on October 1 of one year and ending on September 30 of the next ensuing year. See Alabama Code 45-18-240
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • foreign corporation: as used in this division , shall mean:

    (1) Any bank or other corporation now or hereafter organized or existing under the laws of any state of the United States other than the State of Alabama; and

    (2) Any national banking association or other corporation organized under the laws of the United States having its principal place of business in any state of the United States other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-31-80

  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: means a partnership formed under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state and required by those laws to have one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • garrison: The Garrison located at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, and any successor thereto. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • GENERAL OBLIGATION INDEBTEDNESS: A bond financing agreement which, according to its terms, will be repaid from any funds at the disposal of the county commission. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES: Any expense incurred by a county in the general operation and function of the county. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission in which the legislative powers of the county are vested. See Alabama Code 45-37-72.24
  • GOVERNING BODY: The commission of the county. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission, board of directors or other group or body which governs, controls or makes decisions for a grantee. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • GOVERNING BODY: The board or body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality or county are vested; provided, that this division shall not authorize any county, city or town to construct an undertaking provided for in paragraph (1) a of this section in any city or town or in any portion of a county which is then adequately served by a like undertaking or undertaking performing the proposed service; provided further, that nothing contained in this division shall authorize the construction or operation of an undertaking for the purpose of manufacturing ice for sale at retail or for retail to the public. See Alabama Code 45-37A-51.243
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • Government securities: means any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • grant: Any gift, grant, appropriation, donation, or advance by any donor, whether absolute or conditional, for any purpose. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • grantee: Any county, or any department, board, bureau, commission or agency of any county, whether incorporated or not, acting on behalf of the county, or any public corporation, to which a grant is to be made. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • GROSS WEIGHT: The weight of a vehicle without load plus the weight of any load thereon. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • HEAD OF DEPARTMENT: Any individual designated by the city council as head of a major activity or department. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • HEAD OF DEPARTMENT: Any individual designated by the city council as head of a major activity or department. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • heliport: An airport designed primarily for use by helicopters. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by the authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Infrastructure: means the hardware and software resources that enable network connectivity, communication, operations, and management. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • INSTITUTION FOR HIGHER EDUCATION: A not-for-profit educational institution which is not owned or controlled by the state or any political subdivision, agency, instrumentality, district or municipality thereof, which is authorized by law to provide a program of education beyond the high school level and which:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04

  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE: Any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and the systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • INTERNAL CAPITAL ACCOUNT COOPERATIVE: An employee cooperative governed in accordance with Section 10A-11-1. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • INTERNAL CAPITAL ACCOUNTS: A system of accounts on the books of an employee cooperative that reflects the book value of the corporation. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • internet: The international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • LAUDERDALE COUNTY: Lauderdale County in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Legislature: means the Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED OBLIGATION INDEBTEDNESS: Bonds which, according to their terms, are required to be paid solely from the proceeds of a specific tax, fee, license, charge, or other specific revenue stream. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equidae, ratites, poultry, and catfish. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • livestock: Any animal maintained in captivity for any reason. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • LIVESTOCK HIDE DEALER: Any dealer who buys hides of livestock. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration or collection point, or other public or private place where a person shall assemble livestock for either public or private sale by him and such service or the cost or expense thereof is to be compensated for by the owner, on a commission basis or otherwise, or where such person purchases livestock for resale. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: Any person engaged in the operation of a livestock market as defined in Section 2-15-60(6). See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • livestock market: as used in this division shall mean livestock markets which are subject to the requirements of Division 1 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-5-171
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place where a person assembles livestock for public sale, if the person is required to procure a license or permit from the state Department of Agriculture and Industries to operate the market. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration, or collection point or other public or private place where a person assembles livestock for either public or private sale by himself or herself and the service or the cost or expense thereof is compensated by the owner of the livestock on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • location: A single building, hall, enclosure, or outdoor area used for the purpose of playing bingo pursuant to a permit issued under this article. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • materials: Infected barns or other infected structures or parts thereof and farm products, clothing, straw, hay or other feed for animals and other articles stored or contained in or adjacent to such barns or other structures. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • member: A natural person who has been accepted for membership in and owns a membership share issued by an employee cooperative. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • MEMBERSHIP FEE: The consideration paid for a membership share. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • MEMBERSHIP SHARE: A single share of voting stock issued to each member of a worker cooperative as evidence of membership. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • merit employee: means any such employee who shall have completed his or her six months of probationary employment; "board" means the merit system board created by this article; "appointing authority" means in the case of employees in the offices of the elected officials of the county, such elected officials, and means, in the case of all other county employees, the county governing body, or the board or other agency supervising their work. See Alabama Code 45-18-120.01
  • Month: means the calendar month. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • mortgage: A mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust. See Alabama Code 45-37-72.24
  • mortgage: A mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust or a trust indenture. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • MUNICIPAL AIRPORT: An airport under the direct control and management of a municipality; provided, that for the purpose of this and the following definition, the letting by a municipality to others of any privilege or concession upon an airport shall not be construed as depriving the municipality of any control or management over any part of such airport or the operations thereon. See Alabama Code 34-24-312
  • municipality: The incorporated City of Elba. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • municipality: A municipal corporation in the state. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • municipality: Any of the incorporated municipal corporations of the state, whether classified as city or town. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • municipality: Such term shall include cities and towns. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • municipality: Any county, city, town or incorporated village of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 34-24-312
  • municipality: Such term shall include any incorporated city or town in the state. See Alabama Code 45-37A-51.243
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NET PRESENT VALUE SAVINGS: The projected cost savings to the county from refinancing any bonds, by comparing the net present value of the costs of the bonds proposed for refunding, including the original costs of issuance and the payment of principal and interest on the bonds proposed for refunding, with the net present value of the costs of the proposed bonds, including the costs of issuance and refinancing and the payment of principal and interest on the proposed bonds. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • No true bill: A legal procedure to dismiss charges against a defendant when the grand jury does not find enough evidence to charge the defendant with violating a law. Also called a "no bill."
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • OTHER FACILITY: Any land, right in land, building, structure, machinery, equipment or facility useful for or in connection with any type of transportation system, project, service or facility, or any housing or residential project or facility, or any educational project or facility, or any stadium, coliseum, fair ground, exhibition or athletic building or any other recreational facility, or any one or more or all of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • OUTSTANDING WARRANTS: With respect to each county and as of any particular time:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-18-240

  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • patronage: The amount of work performed as a member of an employee cooperative, measured in accordance with the governing documents. See Alabama Code 43-2-747
  • PERMIT HOLDER: A qualified organization which has a permit pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government Securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: Bank for Cooperatives; Federal Intermediate Credit Banks; Federal Financing Bank; Federal Home Loan Banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; Federal Land Banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Rating Group and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment to both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits (including interest thereon) are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100% collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a perfected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100% collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • person: Any human being, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity or organization. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or body politic and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or other similar representative thereof. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: Any municipality, city, town, village or county. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • project: Any land and any building or other improvement thereon and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-72.24

  • project: Any land and any building or other improvement thereon and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20

  • project: A structure or structures available for use as a dormitory or other student housing facility, a dining hall, student union, administration building, academic building, library, laboratory, research facility, classroom, athletic facility, health care facility, maintenance, storage or utility facility and other structures or facilities related thereto or required or useful for the instruction of students or the conducting of research or the operation of an institution of higher education, whether proposed, under construction or completed, including parking and other facilities or structures essential or convenient for the orderly conduct of such institution for higher education, and shall also include landscaping, site preparation, furniture, equipment and machinery and other similar items necessary or convenient for the operation of a particular facility or structure in the manner for which its use is intended but shall not include any items the costs of which are customarily deemed to result in a current operating charge, and shall not include any facility used or to be used for sectarian instruction or as a place of religious worship nor any facility which is used or to be used primarily in connection with any part of the program of a school or department of divinity for any religious denomination. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • promotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a higher job class involving definite and defined increase in duties and responsibilities and a corresponding increase in remuneration. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • promotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a higher job class involving a definite and defined increase in duties and responsibilities and a corresponding increase in remuneration. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • property: Any real, personal or mixed property, or any interest therein, including, without limitation, any real estate, appurtenances, buildings, easements, equipment, furnishings, furniture, improvements, machinery, rights-of-way and structures, or any interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any board, authority or other county public corporation incorporated with the approval of, or more than one of the directors of which are elected or appointed by, the governing body of a county. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION: A bona fide religious, educational, service, senior citizens, fraternal, or veterans organization which qualifies as an exempt organization under Section 50l(c) of the Internal Revenue Code and which operates without profit to its members and, except for special permit holders issued pursuant to Section 45-20-150. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust or association in which property is acquired, held, managed, administered, controlled, invested, or disposed of for the benefit and profit of any person who may become a shareholder or an entity that otherwise complies with the provisions of 26 U. See Alabama Code 43-2-696
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • reassignment: The promotion or demotion of a covered employee. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • reassignment: The promotion or demotion of a covered employee. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • REFUNDING WARRANTS: Warrants that may be issued under the provisions of Section 11-11-6. See Alabama Code 45-18-240
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in the establishment of a region for planning as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • REGULAR STATUS: A condition of employment that covered employees are afforded upon completion of the established probationary period and approval by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • REGULAR STATUS: A condition of employment that covered employees are afforded upon completion of the established probationary period and approval by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • revenues: With respect to any project, the rents, purchase installments, loan repayment proceeds, fees, charges and other moneys derived by the authority therefrom in connection with the lease, sale or financing thereof. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 35-4-73
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • securities: One or more bonds, notes, warrants or certificates of indebtedness of a county or public corporation. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • share: A transferable unit of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 43-2-696
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • shareholder: The holder of a transferable unit of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 43-2-696
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • SHOALS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND: That certain special or trust fund or account created pursuant to Section 45-17-91. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • SPECIAL PERMIT HOLDER: One who holds a permit for a special occasion pursuant to Section 45-20-150. See Alabama Code 45-20-150
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 34-24-230
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 34-24-312
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-18-240
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-18-242.11
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-16-81.03
  • State: means the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • STATE DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE: The Department of Revenue of the state. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • State sales tax: means the tax imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • State sales tax statutes: means Sections 40-23-1, 40-23-2, 40-23-3, and 40-23-4, which levy a certain retail sales tax, and include all statutes, including amendments to those sections, which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied by those sections and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of those sections and the incidence and collection of the tax imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Division 1 of Article 1 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the taxes levied in Division 1 and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Division 1 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE USE TAX STATUTES: Article 2 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in Article 2 and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Article 2 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • structure: Any object constructed or installed by man including, but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks and overhead transmission lines. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • SWAP AGREEMENT: A swap agreement as defined in Article 3, commencing with Section 41-1-40, of Chapter 1 of Title 41. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • telecommunications: The transmission, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing, without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services, except that the term does not include aggregators of telecommunications services as defined in the provisions of 47 U. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT: Equipment, other than customer premises equipment, used by a provider of telecommunications to provide telecommunications services, and includes software integral to the equipment, including upgrades. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications, including servicing and repairing related equipment, for a fee directly to the public, or to the classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public regardless of the facilities used, including, but not limited to, voice, data, imaging, and video transmissions and local telephone exchange service. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testatrix: The female counterpart of a testator.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Treasury shares: means shares of a corporation that have been issued, have been subsequently acquired by and belong to the corporation, and have not been canceled or restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • tree: Any object of natural growth. See Alabama Code 34-24-362
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust fund: means the Education Trust Fund, formerly designated as the Alabama Special Educational Trust Fund, the name of which was changed to the Education Trust Fund, effective October 1, 1996, pursuant to Act No. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • undertaking: Such term shall include all of the following revenue-producing undertakings or any combination of two or more of such undertakings, whether now existing or hereafter acquired or constructed:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37A-51.243

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution or any of them of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities and all property used or useful in connection with such facilities, including franchises. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Whips: Assistants to the floor leaders who are also elected by their party conferences. The Majority and Minority Whips (and their assistants) are responsible for mobilizing votes within their parties on major issues. In the absence of a party floor leader, the whip often serves as acting floor leader.
  • wired: means Wireless Infrastructure Renovation for Education Plan, the approved standards-based funding model developed by the Alabama Educational Technology Association (AETA), and endorsed by the State Board of Education, which shall be the minimum requirement for all school systems. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • wlan: means a wireless local area network. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01