Article 1 Alabama Cooperative Extension System 2-30-1 – 2-30-4
Article 2 Establishment, Maintenance, etc., of Forest Research and Educational Programs 2-30-20 – 2-30-24
Article 3 Agricultural Experiment Station System 2-30-40 – 2-30-44
Article 4 Central Artificial Insemination Unit 2-30-60 – 2-30-62

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 30

  • affiliate: With respect to any lender, any person, firm or corporation controlled by, or under common control with, such lender, and any person, firm or corporation controlling such lender. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS: Farming, ranching, the production of agricultural commodities (including, without limitation, the products of aquaculture and silvaculture) or the treating, processing, storing, manufacturing, marketing, distribution or exporting of agricultural commodities; provided, however, that such term shall not include any operation the principal purpose of which is the selling at retail of agricultural commodities or related products; provided, further, that costs of agricultural operations shall specifically include, but not be limited to, costs of acquiring and improving real and personal property, repairs, annual operating expenses, family living expenses and refinancing of debt incurred for any such costs. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • APPOINTING AUTHORITY: The sheriff, or any designee of the sheriff who is exempt pursuant to Section 45-28-234. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • appropriate municipal official: as used in this article shall mean any municipal building official or deputy and any other municipal official or municipal employee designated by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality as the person to exercise the authority and perform the duties delegated by this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-170
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • articles: The articles of incorporation or articles of reincorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated or reincorporated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • authority: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution or ordinance adopted by the governing body of any county or municipality in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3, that authorizes the incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Personnel Board of the Office of the Sheriff of Etowah County created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, certificates, bond, grant or revenue anticipation notes or any other evidence of indebtedness representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • bonds: Those bonds, including the refunding bonds, issued under and pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, or other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • CLASSIFIED SERVICE: All Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission-certified custodial, administrative, and clerical employees of the Office of the Sheriff of Etowah County not specifically exempted as command staff in subsection (b) of Section 45-28-234. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • corporation: Any corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • costs: As applied to a facility or any portion thereof, such term shall include all or any part of the cost of construction, acquisition, alteration, enlargement, extension, reconstruction, improvement, and remodeling of a facility, including all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, approvals, licenses, and certificates and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to a facility, the cost of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the cost of acquiring lands to which such buildings or structures may be moved, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, underwriters' commissions or discounts, interest prior to, during, and for a period of six months following estimated completion of such construction and acquisition, provisions for reserves for both principal and interest and for maintenance, extensions, enlargements, additions, and improvements to any facilities then being or theretofore acquired and all other amounts authorized by any authority to be paid into any special funds from proceeds of bonds issued by the authority, the cost of architectural, engineering, financial, and legal services, plans, specifications, studies, surveys, estimates of cost and revenues, administrative expenses, expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing a facility, and such other expenses as may be necessary or incident to the construction and acquisition of a facility, the financing of such construction and acquisition and the placing of a facility in operation. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: Any county in this state with respect to which a corporation may be organized. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated or reincorporated. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: With respect to an authority, any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such authority in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • DETERMINING MUNICIPALITY: With respect to an authority, any municipality the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such authority in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89A-3. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • DETERMINING SUBDIVISION: With respect to an authority, any determining county or determining municipality. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • directors: The members of the board of directors. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • employee: Any person not exempt pursuant to Section 45-28-234. See Alabama Code 45-28-234
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • facility: All or any part of either or both of (i) a solid waste disposal facility, and (ii) a resource recovery facility, including all land, rights-of-way, property rights, franchise rights, machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture, fixtures, and all other property, rights, easements, and interests necessary or desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a municipality and, with respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: The governing body of a county or municipality in the state which is now or may hereafter be specifically designated in 40 C. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • GOVERNING BODY: The commission of the county. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof, which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • incorporators: The natural persons filing a written application for the incorporation or reincorporation of an authority pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • INTERESTED PARTY: Includes the following parties:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • lender: Any federal or state chartered bank, federal land bank, production credit association, bank for cooperatives, federal or state chartered savings and loan association or building and loan association, small business investment company or any other institution qualified within this state to originate and service loans, including, but without limitation to, insurance companies, credit unions and mortgage loan companies. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • MEMBER GOVERNING BODY: A governing body that joins a public corporation established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • MINIMUM BID PRICE: The price that equals the Redemption Amount. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • mortgage: A mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust or a trust indenture. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN: Any lien that has been levied against real property by a Class 2 municipality that is the result of the non-payment of any fine, penalty, abatement cost, or enforcement cost incurred by a Class 2 municipality related to the enforcement of state or local housing and building codes. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN PAYOFF: The principal amount of a municipal code lien, interest accrued at the rate of seven and one-half percent per annum from the date the municipal code lien was filed in the office of the judge of the probate, any fees or costs incurred in the collection of such a lien under this article including, without limitations, the cost of title examinations and publication of notices, and any other penalties allowable under either state law or under an ordinance or resolution enacted by the Class 2 municipality. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • MUNICIPAL SEPARATE STORM SEWER: A conveyance or system of conveyances, including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, manmade channels, or storm drains:

    (i) Owned or operated by a city, town, county, association, or other public body;

    (ii) Designed or used for collecting or conveying storm water;

    (iii) Which is not a combined sewer; and

    (iv) Which is not part of a publicly owned treatment works as defined in 40 C. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05

  • municipality: An incorporated municipality in the state. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • municipality: Any municipal corporation wholly or partially within the county of incorporation. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: The term includes every person authorized to enforce the game and fish laws of this state, and whenever the possession, use, importation, transportation, storage, sale, offering, or exposing for sale of game birds, animals, or fish is prohibited or restricted, the prohibition or restriction shall extend to and include every part of the game, bird, animal, or fish, and a violation as to each animal, bird, or fish, or part thereof, shall be a separate offense. See Alabama Code 35-11-415
  • OPTION TO REDEEM: Any option retained by the county or municipality in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of securities whereunder such county or municipality has the option of calling for redemption or of paying on a specified date or dates at a specified price or prices all or any part of such securities as may be provided in such proceedings. See Alabama Code 45-28-91.04
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • OWNER OCCUPIED: Real property that is lawfully occupied as a principal residence that is any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • PARTICIPATING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality named in the articles that elects to participate in the incorporation or reincorporation of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: bank for cooperatives; federal intermediate credit banks; Federal Financing Bank; federal home loan banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; federal land banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits, including interest thereon, are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a prefected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • person: The state, a municipality, a county, or any political subdivision or agency of the state or county or a municipality, a public corporation, or any private corporation, individual, partnership, trust, or foundation. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, a person, corporation, association, partnership or cooperative. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PROBATE JUDGE: The judge of probate of the county of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • project: Any land and any building or other improvement thereon and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20

  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon, and all real, personal, and mixed properties deemed by an authority to be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for park or recreation purposes. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • PUBLIC PERSON: The state and any county, municipal corporation, public corporation, agency, subdivision thereof, instrumentality thereof, or similar person. See Alabama Code 45-28-230
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • RECOVERED RESOURCE: Material or energy in any form whatsoever, including but not limited to steam, gas, or electricity, which are or may be collected or recovered from or with respect to solid waste. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • REDEMPTION AMOUNT: The sum of a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • REDEMPTION DATE: The date on which securities shall be made subject to payment pursuant to the exercise by the issuing county or municipality of any option to redeem retained by such county or municipality in the proceedings whereunder such securities are authorized to be issued. See Alabama Code 45-28-91.04
  • REFUNDING BONDS: Those refunding bonds issued under and pursuant to Section 2-5A-35. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • revenues: All rentals, receipts, income, and other charges derived or received or to be derived or received by the authority from any of the following: The operation by the authority of a facility or facilities, or part of either thereof; the sale, including installment sales or conditional sales, lease, sublease, or use or other disposition of any facility or portion thereof; the sale, lease, or other disposition of recovered resources; contracts, agreements, or franchises with respect to a facility (or portion thereof), with respect to recovered resources, or with respect to a facility (or portion thereof) and recovered resources, including but not limited to charges with respect to the disposal of solid waste received with respect to a facility, income received as a result of the sale or other disposition of recovered resources; any gift or grant received with respect thereto; proceeds of bonds to the extent of use thereof for payment of principal of, premium, if any, or interest on the bonds as authorized by the authority; proceeds from any insurance, condemnation, or guaranty pertaining to a facility or property mortgaged to secure bonds or pertaining to the financing of a facility; income and profit from the investment of the proceeds of bonds or of any revenues and the proceeds of any special tax to which it may be entitled. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • rule: Any public corporation regulation or standard of general applicability that prescribes or recommends law, procedure or policy for its member governing bodies specifically including all pro forma ordinances, regulations, resolutions, rules, procedures or remedies adopted and recommended by a public corporation. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 35-4-73
  • securities: All types of bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness, notes and all evidences of indebtedness issued by any county or municipality in this state. See Alabama Code 45-28-91.04
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SOLID WASTE: Any garbage, refuse, or sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded materials, including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • SPECIAL TAX: Any tax which may be levied for the benefit of an authority or any facility owned or operated by it or the proceeds of which may have been appropriated, allocated, or apportioned to such authority, or to or for the benefit of any such facility, by the Legislature or by the governing body of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37-123.26
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • STORM WATER LAWS: Those provisions of the Clean Water Act, 33 U. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • TAX CERTIFICATE HOLDER: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • TAX PAYOFF: Any and all amounts necessary to satisfy any claims for delinquent taxes assessed against the real property on which the Class 2 municipality is seeking to foreclosure under this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • taxes: Those taxes assessed against real property by either the State of Alabama, the county in which the real property is situated, or the Class 2 municipality that are delinquent, as defined in Section 40-11-4 or Section 11-51-2, as of the date a proceeding under this article is commenced or at any time before final resolution of the same, and shall also include any taxes assessed against real property that are unpaid from any previous year and any amounts required for redemption under Section 40-10-82, 40-10-120, or Section 11-51-23. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.