Article 1 General and Miscellaneous Provisions 45-3-10
Article 2 Alcoholic Beverages 45-3-20 – 45-2-21
Article 6 Coroner 45-3-60 – 45-3-61
Article 7 County Commission 45-3-70 – 45-3-70.01
Article 8 Courts 45-3-80 – 45-3-84.140
Article 10 Education 45-3-100
Article 11 Elections 45-3-110 – 45-3-111
Article 12 Employees 45-3-120 – 45-3-120.11
Article 14 Fire Protection and Emergency Medical Services 45-3-140 – 45-3-140.08
Article 17 Health and Environment 45-3-170 – 45-3-171.28
Article 20 Licenses and Licensing 45-3-200
Article 23 Sheriff 45-3-230 – 45-3-233.02
Article 24 Taxation 45-3-240 – 45-3-245

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 45 > Chapter 3

  • abortion: The use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device with the intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination by those means will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • abortion: as used in this chapter , does not include a procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman with an ectopic pregnancy, nor does it include the procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman when the unborn child has a lethal anomaly. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • ABORTION INDUCING DRUG: A medicine, drug, or any other substance prescribed or dispensed with the intent of terminating the clinically diagnosable pregnancy of a woman, with the knowledge that the termination will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • ABORTION OR REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CENTER: A facility defined and regulated as an abortion or reproductive health center by the rules of the Alabama State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • ACCUMULATED CONTRIBUTIONS: The sum of all the amounts deducted from the compensation of a member credited to his or her individual account in the Judges' and Clerks' Plan, together with regular interest thereon. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • action: Any suit, counterclaim, crossclaim or third party claim filed at law or in equity, including any claim therein asserted by one or more parties or against one or more parties in a multi-party action or suit, or an appeal thereof. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.08
  • ACTUARIAL EQUIVALENT: A benefit of equal value when computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • administer: To give or apply a pharmacologic or other therapeutic agent to a patient. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • advertisement: All representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means, relating to seed within the scope of this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • ADVISORY PLANNING: Continuing and systematic studies of the land economics and land policies of a region in terms of social and economic betterment of said region, together with the submission of interim and final results of said systematic and continuous studies to the governing bodies of constituent governmental units for review, adoption, rejection, or implementation thereof in whole or in part. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGRICULTURAL CENTER BOARD: The board of that name established pursuant to Article 2 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • AGRICULTURAL FUND: The fund of that name created and administered pursuant to Article 1, Chapter 9, Title 2. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • AGRICULTURAL SEED: The seeds of grasses, forage, cereal and fiber crops and any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural or field seeds and mixtures of such seeds. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • annuity: Payments for life derived from the accumulated contributions of a member. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • authority: The Lamar County Water Coordinating and Fire Prevention Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of Article 1 of this chapter, as amended. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by a governing body in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-89-3, that authorizes the incorporation of a district. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: The resolution adopted by the governing body of the City of Florence or the county, in accordance with this part, that authorizes the organization of the tourism board. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality or public corporation or cooperative the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • AVERAGE FINAL COMPENSATION: The average annual compensation of a judge or clerk with respect to which he or she had made contributions pursuant to Section 12-18-152 during the five years in his or her last 10 years of membership service for which the average is highest or during his or her entire period of membership service if less than five years. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • beneficiary: Any person in receipt of a pension, an annuity, a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by this article. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • board: The board of directors of a district. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • board: The Board of Directors of the Lamar County Water Coordinating and Fire Prevention Authority. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • board: The Agricultural Center Board created by Sections 2-6-1 and 2-6-2. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • board: The board of directors of the tourism board. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • BOARD OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES: The Alabama Board of Agriculture and Industries created pursuant to Section 2-3-1. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • BOARD OF CONTROL: The board provided for in Section 36-27-23 to administer the retirement system. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Revolving Loan Fund Authority. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • BODILY REMAINS: The physical remains, corpse, or body parts of a dead unborn infant who has been expelled or extracted from his or her mother. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • BOLL WEEVIL: Anthonomus grandis Boheman in any stage of development. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • bonds: Bonds, notes and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • bonds: The bonds issued under this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • bylaws: The code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • certificate: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with boll weevils. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • certification: Duly authenticated by the proper officer or filing officer of the jurisdiction the laws of which govern the internal affairs of an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • coliseum: The existing coliseum building located in the Alabama Agricultural Center in the City of Montgomery. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • coliseum: The existing Garrett Coliseum and the grounds and other buildings and structures associated therewith, all owned by the Agricultural Center Board and located in the City of Montgomery, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his designated representative. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his authorized representatives. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION: Any group, whether incorporated or unincorporated, affiliated with or organized for the benefit of one or more communities or neighborhoods containing an alleged drug-related nuisance, or any group organized to improve the quality of life in a residential area containing the alleged drug-related nuisance. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • COMPREHENSIVE ADVISORY PLANNING: Comprehensive studies of the present and future development of the land economics and land policies of a region, with due regard to neighboring regions and the state as a whole. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county, or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county, or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • CORPORATION: Any public corporation which may be organized pursuant to any law now in force or hereafter enacted for the purpose of acquiring title to and completing the construction and equipment of the coliseum and the necessary facilities in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • corporation: The public corporation authorized to be created by this article. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • cotton: Any cotton plant or cotton plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • COTTON BUYER: A person who buys cotton from a producer on a forward contract. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • COTTON GROWER: Any person who is engaged in and has an economic risk in the business of producing or causing to be produced, for market, cotton. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • COTTON PRODUCER: A person who grows cotton. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • county: Lamar County. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • county: Lauderdale County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • COUNTY LODGING TAX: That certain tax levied pursuant to Part 5, commencing with Section 45-39-244, of Article 24 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • dealer: Any person who buys and sells seed in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock in the State of Alabama for resale, exchange or slaughter and meat packing purposes, either on his or her own account or as agent for others on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • dealer: Any person not a grower of nursery stock who buys, receives on consignment or otherwise acquires and has in his possession nursery stock for the purpose of offering or exposing for sale, reselling, reshipping or distributing same. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • defense: Any affirmative defense under Rule 8(c), Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure, filed in any action at law or in equity. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.08
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • department: The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 45-39-70
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-88-3. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the district. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • director: A member of the Board of Directors of the Lamar County Water Coordinating and Fire Prevention Authority. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • director: A member of the board. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • dispense: To sell, distribute, administer, leave with, give away, dispose of, deliver, or supply a drug or medicine to the ultimate user or the user's agent. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • distribution: The movement of nursery stock from the property where it is grown or kept to any other property that is not contiguous thereto, regardless of the ownership of the properties concerned. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • district: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • district: A geographical area designated by the Governor as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.28
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS TITLE: January 1, 2011. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employer: The State of Alabama or any department, agency, or local governing body by which a judge or clerk is paid. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • father: The biological father of the human fetus. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FINAL DISPOSITION: The burial, interment, cremation, or other legal disposition of the bodily remains of a deceased unborn infant. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies, or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including, but not limited to, discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires or inspecting property for fire hazards or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including but not limited to discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires, or inspecting property for fire hazards, or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including, but not limited to, discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires, or inspecting property for fire hazards, or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • florence: The City of Florence, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • FLOWER SEED: The seeds of all plants grown for ornamental purposes, either for domestic or commercial purposes, and which are generally known and sold under the name of flower seed in this state. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • FOREIGN NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation organized under laws other than the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fund: The Judicial Retirement Fund provided for in this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • germination: The percentage of seeds capable of producing normal seedlings under ordinarily favorable conditions (not including seeds which produce weak, malformed or obviously abnormal sprouts nor hard seeds). See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission, and, with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners or other like governing body and, with respect to a public corporation or a cooperative, its board of directors. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to the county, its county commission, and, with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.28
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • host: Any plant or plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • HYBRID SEED CORN: The first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two, three or four inbred lines or by combining one inbred line or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • improvement: Any sanitary sewage treatment or sewage disposal plant or any sanitary sewer, including mains, laterals, trunk lines, collector lines, outfall lines, force mains, and appurtenant facilities. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • INERT MATTER: All matter not seeds, including, among others, broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies and stones, etc. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • infestation: The actual presence of plant pests and/or noxious weeds or the existence of circumstances that make it reasonable to believe plant pests and/or noxious weeds are present. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • infested: Actually infested with a boll weevil or so exposed to infestation that it would be reasonable to believe that an infestation exists. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • JUDGE OR CLERK: Any justice of the Supreme Court, judge of the Court of Civil Appeals, judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals, circuit judge, district judge, probate judge, or circuit clerk who is not a member of the Judicial Retirement Fund or Clerks' and Registers' Supernumerary Fund on November 7, 2016 and who is first elected or appointed to his or her position on or after November 8, 2016. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: One or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively are known by one common name, for example, wheat, oat, vetch, sweet clover, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic representations in any form whatsoever accompanying and pertaining to any seed, whether in bulk or in containers, and such term includes invoices and other bills of shipment. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • LEASE AGREEMENT: Any agreement of lease covering all or any part of the properties comprising the Alabama Agricultural Center, including the coliseum and any facilities necessary in connection therewith, which may be made between the board and the corporation pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of the state. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equidae, ratites, poultry, and catfish. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • livestock: Any animal maintained in captivity for any reason. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place where a person assembles livestock for public sale, if the person is required to procure a license or permit from the state Department of Agriculture and Industries to operate the market. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration, or collection point or other public or private place where a person assembles livestock for either public or private sale by himself or herself and the service or the cost or expense thereof is compensated by the owner of the livestock on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • LOT OF SEED: A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors which appear in the labeling. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • MARKET FACILITY: Any facility for the inspection, grading, standardization, classification, refrigeration, dehydration, canning, packing, processing, cold storage and marketing of agricultural and kindred products permitted to be acquired and constructed by the Board of Agriculture and Industries pursuant to Section 2-3-20. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • materials: Infected barns or other infected structures or parts thereof and farm products, clothing, straw, hay or other feed for animals and other articles stored or contained in or adjacent to such barns or other structures. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • MEDICAL BOARD: The board of physicians provided for in Section 36-27-23. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • member: Any judge or clerk included in membership of the plan. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: Service as a judge or clerk on account of which contributions are made. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • MISSING SENIOR CITIZEN ALERT: A voluntary program entered into by the department and other local and state law enforcement agencies and the Alabama Association of Broadcasters and broadcasters licensed to serve in the state, which provides that if the department verifies that a senior citizen is missing or lost and in danger, a media alert is transmitted. See Alabama Code 45-39-70
  • mixture: Seed consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • mother: The female who is pregnant with a live human fetus which may be subject to a partial-birth abortion under this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • municipality: Such term shall include cities and towns. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of Lamar County. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • municipality: Any incorporated municipality located wholly within the county. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of a district, to the area or areas in which that district is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of an authority, to the area or areas in which that authority is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of an authority, to the area or areas in which that authority is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, or any thereof. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • No true bill: A legal procedure to dismiss charges against a defendant when the grand jury does not find enough evidence to charge the defendant with violating a law. Also called a "no bill."
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • NOXIOUS WEED: Any living stage, including, but not limited to, seeds and productive parts of a parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which may be a serious agricultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • nursery: Any grounds or premises on or in which nursery stock is grown or propagated for sale or distribution. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • NURSERY STOCK: All plants, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions and buds grown or kept for or capable of propagation, distribution or sale, unless specifically excluded by the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • nurseryman: Any person engaged in the production of nursery stock for sale or distribution to include any person who obtains nursery stock for the purpose of growing it to a more mature size over a period of one growing season or more. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • OTHER CROP SEED: The seed of all kinds or varieties of agricultural or vegetable seeds not of the kind or variety declared on the label or tag. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: An individual, corporation, partnership, trust association, joint venture, or any other business entity, and the respective agents of the individuals or entities, in whom is vested all or any part of the title to the property alleged to be a drug-related nuisance. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTION: An abortion in which the person performing the abortion partially vaginally delivers a living fetus before killing the fetus and completing the delivery. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PATHOLOGICAL STUDY: The examination of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes, and any related activities necessary to perform such study. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • pension: Payments for life derived from money provided by the employer. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • permit: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted designations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, a cooperative, or an agency, department or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality or cooperative. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • person: An individual, association, partnership, corporation or other private entity. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, or association, or other business entity. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, association or other business entity. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, association or agency. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • physician: A doctor of medicine or osteopathy legally authorized to practice medicine and surgery by the state or any other individual legally authorized by the state to perform abortions. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • physician: A person currently licensed by the Medical Licensure Commission, State of Alabama, to practice medicine or osteopathy pursuant to Section 34-24-50, et seq. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • places: Vessels, railroad cars, automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles, buildings, docks, nurseries, orchards and other premises where plants or plant products are grown, kept or handled. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: The Judges' and Clerks' Plan provided for in Section 12-18-151. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • PLANNING JURISDICTION: A municipality's planning jurisdiction but excludes any portion of the planning jurisdiction located outside of the county. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • PLANT PEST: Any living stage of any insects, mites, nematodes, slugs, snails, protozoa, or other invertebrate animals, bacteria, fungi, other parasitic plants or reproductive parts thereof, or viruses, or any organisms similar to or allied with any of the foregoing, or any infectious substances which can directly or indirectly injure or cause disease or damage in any plants or parts thereof or any processed, manufactured, or other products of plants and which may be a serious agricultural or horticultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or device for a patient. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws and the minutes of proceedings of the board of a district are kept. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • processing: The passing of seed through a cleaning machine for the purpose of removing some constituent or through a blending machine or grinding of the seed for other uses. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Tangible real property, or an interest in real property, including an interest in any leasehold, license, or real estate, including any house, apartment building, condominium, cooperative, office building, store, restaurant, tavern, nightclub, or warehouse, and the land extending to the boundaries of the lot upon which the structure is situated, and anything growing on, affixed to, or found on the land. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • property: Only land which has been subdivided and platted. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROSECUTING ATTORNEY: The Attorney General, district attorney, or county, municipal, or private attorney bringing a drug-related nuisance action. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation organized under the laws of the state. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: A fire protection facility which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.27
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM: A sewer system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in the establishment of a region for planning as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in a regional planning and development commission as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.28
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • REGULATED ARTICLE: Any article of any character carrying or capable of carrying the boll weevil, including but not limited to, cotton plants, seed cotton, other hosts, gin trash, and mechanical cotton pickers. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • research: A systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge but does not include treatment, medication, diagnostic or remedial tests, surgical procedures, or observations which have the purpose of determining or improving the life or health of the unborn infant or preserving the life or health of the unborn infant or the unborn infant's mother or pathological study. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • RESORT AREA: An area located outside the corporate limits of any municipality in which the primary use of the majority of the real property is for recreational pursuits or those associated with relaxation, avocation, or pleasure, including vacation homes and facilities and commercial amusement or recreational establishments providing such facilities or goods or services with respect thereto. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retirement: Withdrawal from active service with a retirement allowance or optional benefit in lieu thereof granted under this article. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • RETIREMENT ALLOWANCE: The sum of the annuity and the pension. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • RETIREMENT SYSTEM: The Employees' Retirement System of Alabama as defined in Section 36-27-2. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS: The monies provided by the sale of the bonds pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • Roll call vote : A vote in which each legislator votes "yea" or "nay" as his or her name is called by the Clerk, so that the names of legislators voting on each side are recorded.
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • securities: When used with reference to debt instruments to be issued by the corporation, shall mean and include notes, bonds and other forms of indebtedness. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which a district is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include both territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality and territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which an authority is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include not only territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality but also territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which the authority is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water and fire protection service, or any thereof, which area may include not only territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality but also territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating and disposing of sanitary sewage or solid wastes and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating, and disposing of sanitary sewage and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants, and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • SOLID WASTES: All solid wastes and hazardous wastes as the same are defined in Article 1 of Chapter 27 of Title 22. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • special corporation: shall mean any corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-46-242.04
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • SUPPLY DISTRICT: A district which renders sewer service or water service only to one or more counties, municipalities, or other public corporations, a cooperative, or to one or more customers of a county, municipality, public corporation, or a cooperative at its written request. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • tenant: A person who resides in or occupies property belonging to another person pursuant to a lease agreement, or pursuant to a tenancy under the common law. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TOURISM BOARD: The public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TREE AND SHRUB SEED: The seeds of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree or shrub seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • UNBORN INFANT: A human being in utero at any stage of development regardless of viability. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • variety: A subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, period of maturation or other characters by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind, for example, Redhart wheat, Flat Dutch cabbage, Otootan soybeans, Chantenay carrot, etc. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • VEGETABLE SEED: The seeds of those crops which are grown in gardens or on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • verified: Supported by an affidavit or oath confirming the correctness, truth, or authenticity of the matter set forth therein. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system, including the provision of water to a fire protection authority to be used in the rendition of fire protection service. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including but not limited to water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including, but not limited to, water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, fire hydrants, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 45-38-141
  • WATER SYSTEMS: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings and other property or any combination of any thereof which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying or distributing water, including, but not limited to, water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, tanks, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves and all necessary appurtenances and equipment and all properties, rights, easements and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the district for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • WEED SEEDS: The seeds, bulblets and tubers of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this state, including noxious weed seeds, bulblets and tubers. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Whips: Assistants to the floor leaders who are also elected by their party conferences. The Majority and Minority Whips (and their assistants) are responsible for mobilizing votes within their parties on major issues. In the absence of a party floor leader, the whip often serves as acting floor leader.
  • without substantial justification: when used with reference to any action, claim, defense or appeal, including without limitation any motion, means that such action, claim, defense or appeal (including any motion) is frivolous, groundless in fact or in law, or vexatious, or interposed for any improper purpose, including without limitation, to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation, as determined by the court. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.08
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.