Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
Chambers: A judge's office.
Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Grand jury: means a body of the required number of qualified persons who are duly convened and impanelled by the presiding judge of the superior court and who are sworn to inquire into public offenses that may be tried within the county, including corrupt or willful misconduct in office of public officials within the county. See Arizona Laws 21-401
Indictment: means an accusatory statement that is in writing, that is presented by the grand jury to the superior court and that charges the commission of a public offense that may be tried within the county. See Arizona Laws 21-401
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Juror: A person who is on the jury.
Jury commissioner: means the clerk of the superior court, except that in any county having a population of more than five hundred thousand persons, the presiding judge of the superior court may appoint a jury commissioner. See Arizona Laws 21-101
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
Testify: includes every manner of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Arizona Laws 1-215
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.