Chapter 1 Sovereignty of the State
Chapter 2 People of the State

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 1 > Division 1

  • Accepted credit card: means any credit card that the cardholder has requested or applied for and received or has signed, or has used, or has authorized another person to use, for the purpose of obtaining money, property, labor, or services on credit. See California Government Code 40236
  • Account: when used to mean a contract of deposit of funds between a depositor and a financial institution, includes a checking account, savings account, certificate of deposit, share account, mutual capital certificate, and other like arrangements. See California Government Code 21254
  • acquire: includes , but is not restricted to, taking by condemnation, purchase, or lease and receiving by donation or dedication. See California Government Code 40576
  • Acquire: means acquisition by purchase, grant, gift, or any other lawful means. See California Government Code 40516
  • Acquire: includes purchase, condemnation, lease, and gift. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Adequate notice: means a printed notice to a cardholder that sets forth the pertinent facts clearly and conspicuously so that a person against whom it is to operate could reasonably be expected to have noticed it and understood its meaning. See California Government Code 40236
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Education Code 78031
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bearer: means a person in possession of a negotiable instrument, document of title, or certificated security that is payable to bearer or endorsed in blank. See California Education Code 78031
  • Beneficiary: means a person to whom a donative transfer of property is made or that person's successor in interest, and:

    California Government Code 21257

  • billing error: means an error by omission or commission in (1) posting any debit or credit, or (2) in computation or similar error of an accounting nature contained in a statement given to the cardholder by the card issuer. See California Government Code 40236
  • Bird: means a wild bird or part of a wild bird. See California Government Code 51920
  • Board: means the Board of Psychology. See California Education Code 85241
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Education Code 8265.1
  • Buyer: means any natural person who is solicited to purchase or who purchases the services of a credit services organization. See California Government Code 40563
  • Card issuer: means any person who issues a credit card or the agent of that person for that purpose with respect to the credit card. See California Government Code 40236
  • Cardholder: means a natural person to whom a credit card is issued for consumer credit purposes, or a natural person who has agreed with the card issuer to pay consumer credit obligations arising from the issuance of a credit card to another natural person. See California Government Code 40236
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • check casher: means a person or entity that for compensation engages, in whole or in part, in the business of cashing checks, warrants, drafts, money orders, or other commercial paper serving the same purpose. See California Government Code 40582
  • City: includes every city and city and county within this State. See California Education Code 8270
  • Claim: means a demand for monetary compensation or damages, arising under or relating to the performance of any public works contract. See California Government Code 14036.9
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • compensation: means the remuneration paid out of funds controlled by the employer in payment for the member's services performed during normal working hours or for time during which the member is excused from work because of any of the following:

    California Government Code 20630

  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, furnishing, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Consumer credit reporting agency: means a consumer credit reporting agency subject to the Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies Act, Title 1. See California Government Code 40563
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Education Code 78031
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 32381
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 14004.5
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19479
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 24937
  • County: includes every county and city and county within this State. See California Education Code 8275
  • Credit card: means any card, plate, coupon book, or other single credit device existing for the purpose of being used from time to time upon presentation to obtain money, property, labor, or services on credit. See California Government Code 40236
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit services organization: means a person who, with respect to the extension of credit by others, sells, provides, or performs, or represents that he or she can or will sell, provide or perform, any of the following services, in return for the payment of money or other valuable consideration:

    California Government Code 40563

  • Critical infrastructure controls: means networks and systems controlling assets so vital to the state that the incapacity or destruction of those networks, systems, or assets would have a debilitating impact on public health, safety, economic security, or any combination thereof. See California Government Code 40546
  • Critical infrastructure information: means information not customarily in the public domain pertaining to any of the following:

    California Government Code 40546

  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Government Code 51927
  • Debt buyer: means a person or entity that is regularly engaged in the business of purchasing charged-off consumer debt for collection purposes, whether it collects the debt itself, hires a third party for collection, or hires an attorney-at-law for collection litigation. See California Government Code 40552
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: includes a person in the position of defendant in a counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim. See California Education Code 78031
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Department: means the Department of Technology. See California Government Code 40546
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 24943
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Education Code 8277.2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Director: means the Director of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 40516
  • director: means the Director of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 40530
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Education Code 8278.3
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic record: means a document or record created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means. See California Government Code 14039
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Extension of credit: means the right to defer payment of debt or to incur debt and defer its payment, offered or granted primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Government Code 40563
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fax: is a n abbreviation for "facsimile" and refers, as indicated by the context, to a facsimile transmission or to a document so transmitted. See California Government Code 14039
  • Fax transmission: includes , but is not limited to, the use of a facsimile machine or the process of integrating an electronic fax software application to automate the sending and receiving of a faxed document as an electronic record, in portable data format, by e-mail or similar electronic means. See California Government Code 14039
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Firefighting apparatus and equipment: means any vehicle and its associated equipment that is designed and intended for use primarily for firefighting. See California Government Code 40516
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • garage: is a building or other place wherein the business of storing or safekeeping vehicles of a type required to be registered under this code and which belong to members of the general public is conducted for compensation. See California Education Code 8332.3
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Genuine: means free of forgery or counterfeiting. See California Education Code 78031
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • gift certificate: includes gift cards, but does not include any gift card usable with multiple sellers of goods or services, provided the expiration date, if any, is printed on the card. See California Government Code 40538
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Education Code 17532
  • Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Education Code 8332.7
  • Holder: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Indirect expenses: means those items that are identified as indirect costs in the federal Office of Management and Budget, Circular A-87 on January 1, 1985. See California Government Code 40516
  • Information processing system: means an electronic system for creating, generating, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, retrieving, or processing information, but does not include a fax machine. See California Government Code 14039
  • inquiry: is a writing that is posted by mail to the address of the card issuer to which payments are normally tendered, unless another address is specifically indicated on the statement for that purpose, then to that other address, and that is received by the card issuer no later than 60 days after the card issuer transmitted the first periodic statement that reflects the alleged billing error, and that does all of the following:

    California Government Code 40236

  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • judicial branch entity: means any superior court, court of appeal, the California Supreme Court, the Judicial Council, the Habeas Corpus Resource Center, or the Administrative Office of the Courts. See California Government Code 14036.1
  • legal owner: is a person holding a security interest in a vehicle which is subject to the provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, or the lessor of a vehicle to the State or to any county, city, district, or political subdivision of the State, or to the United States, under a lease, lease-sale, or rental-purchase agreement which grants possession of the vehicle to the lessee for a period of 30 consecutive days or more. See California Education Code 8335.1
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Levying officer: means the sheriff or marshal acting as a ministerial officer pursuant to Section 26608 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 14039
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Licensed psychologist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, which license is in force and has not been suspended or revoked. See California Education Code 85241
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means any city, county, special district, or any joint powers agency composed exclusively of those agencies, that provides fire suppression services. See California Government Code 40516
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, fire district, special district, or joint powers agency that provides fire suppression services. See California Government Code 40530
  • Mammal: means a wild or feral mammal or part of a wild or feral animal, but not a wild, feral, or undomesticated burro. See California Government Code 51934
  • Mobilehome: is a structure as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 8355
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Education Code 78031
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17413
  • motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of Section 18010 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include a truck camper. See California Education Code 8360
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Government Code 51938
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32383
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 40516
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 40530
  • Office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 40546
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Education Code 8368
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Education Code 78031
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 8404
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Education Code 17566
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, partnership, joint venture, or any business entity. See California Government Code 40563
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Education Code 14022.3
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Personal representative: means executor, administrator, administrator with the will annexed, special administrator, successor personal representative, public administrator acting pursuant to Section 7660, or a person who performs substantially the same function under the law of another jurisdiction governing the person's status. See California Government Code 21310
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • public agency: includes , but is not limited to, the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, another state or any state department or agency, a county, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, city, public corporation, public district, regional transportation commission of this state or another state, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or any joint powers authority formed pursuant to this article by any of these agencies. See California Government Code 6500
  • Public building: includes any structure, building, facility, or work that a state agency has jurisdiction of, or is authorized to design or construct, including, but not limited to, infrastructure, parking lots, landscaping, and other ancillary facilities, including furnishings and equipment, incidental to the use of any building, and also includes the site thereof, and any easements or rights of way appurtenant thereto or necessary for its full use. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See California Education Code 78031
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See California Education Code 78031
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Education Code 78031
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium, or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Government Code 14039
  • repair shop: is a place where vehicles subject to registration under this code are repaired, rebuilt, reconditioned, repainted, or in any way maintained for the public at a charge. See California Education Code 8427
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a temporary or transient basis. See California Education Code 8431
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 51943
  • response: is a writing that is responsive to an inquiry and mailed to the cardholder's address last known to the card issuer. See California Government Code 40236
  • Retail motor fuel dispenser: means a device that dispenses fuel that is used to power internal combustion engines, including motor vehicle engines, that processes the sale of fuel through a remote electronic payment system, and that is in a location where an employee or other agent of the seller is not present. See California Government Code 40236
  • Retail motor fuel payment island automated cashier: means a remote electronic payment processing station that processes the retail sale of fuel that is used to power internal combustion engines, including motor vehicle engines, that is in a location where an employee or other agent of the seller is not present, and that is located in close proximity to a retail motor fuel dispenser. See California Government Code 40236
  • Retailer: means every person other than a card issuer who furnishes money, goods, services, or anything else of value upon presentation of a credit card by a cardholder. See California Government Code 40236
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • Rural area: means territory that is outside of any urbanized area designated by the United States Census Bureau from the 1980 federal census. See California Government Code 40516
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Secretary: means the secretary of each state agency as set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 12800. See California Government Code 40546
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • Secured credit card: means any credit card issued under an agreement or other instrument that pledges, hypothecates, or places a lien on real property or money or other personal property to secure the cardholder's obligations to the card issuer. See California Government Code 40236
  • Security: includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation, any temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See California Government Code 21320
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Education Code 78031
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1001
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Spouse: includes domestic partner, as defined in Section 37 of this code, as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 21322
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19510
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 25000.5
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: means any state agency providing residential or institutional fire protection, including, but not limited to, the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Government Code 40530
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17486
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Education Code 8483.76
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transmission record: means the electronic record or document printed by the sending fax machine, stating the telephone number of the receiving fax machine, the number of pages sent, the transmission time and date, and an indication of any errors in transmission. See California Government Code 14039
  • Unauthorized signature: means a signature made without actual, implied, or apparent authority. See California Education Code 78031
  • Unauthorized use: means the use of a credit card by a person, other than the cardholder, (1) who does not have actual, implied, or apparent authority for that use and (2) from which the cardholder receives no benefit. See California Government Code 40236
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Education Code 8486
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Education Code 1000
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Education Code 78031