(a) As used in this section:
Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 16-244x
- Authority: means the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority and "department" means the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
- Class I renewable energy source: means (A) electricity derived from (i) solar power, (ii) wind power, (iii) a fuel cell, (iv) geothermal, (v) landfill methane gas, anaerobic digestion or other biogas derived from biological sources, (vi) thermal electric direct energy conversion from a certified Class I renewable energy source, (vii) ocean thermal power, (viii) wave or tidal power, (ix) low emission advanced renewable energy conversion technologies, including, but not limited to, zero emission low grade heat power generation systems based on organic oil free rankine, kalina or other similar nonsteam cycles that use waste heat from an industrial or commercial process that does not generate electricity, (x) (I) a run-of-the-river hydropower facility that began operation after July 1, 2003, and has a generating capacity of not more than thirty megawatts, or (II) a run-of-the-river hydropower facility that received a new license after January 1, 2018, under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission rules pursuant to 18 CFR 16, as amended from time to time, and provided a facility that applies for certification under this clause after January 1, 2013, shall not be based on a new dam or a dam identified by the commissioner as a candidate for removal, and shall meet applicable state and federal requirements, including applicable site-specific standards for water quality and fish passage, or (xi) a biomass facility that uses sustainable biomass fuel and has an average emission rate of equal to or less than . See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
- Consumer: means any private dwelling, boardinghouse, apartment, store, office building, institution, mechanical or manufacturing establishment or other place of business or industry to which water is supplied by a water company. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
- distribution company: means any person providing electric transmission or distribution services within the state, but does not include: (A) A private power producer, as defined in section 16-243b. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
(1) “Shared clean energy facility” means a Class I renewable energy source, as defined in section 16-1, that (A) is served by an electric distribution company, as defined in section 16-1, (B) is within the same electric distribution company service territory as the individual billing meters for subscriptions, (C) has a nameplate capacity rating of four megawatts or less, and (D) has at least two subscribers;
(2) “Individual billing meter” means an individual electric meter or a set of electric meters, when such meters are combined for billing purposes, within the service territory of the subscriber’s electric distribution company;
(3) “Electric distribution company” has the same meaning as provided in section 16-1;
(4) “Subscriber” means an in-state retail end user of an electric distribution company who (A) has contracted for a subscription, and (B) has identified an individual billing meter to which the subscription shall be attributed;
(5) “Subscriber organization” means any for-profit or not-for-profit entity permitted by Connecticut law that (A) owns or operates one or more shared clean energy facilities for the benefit of the subscribers, or (B) contracts with a third-party entity to build, own or operate one or more shared clean energy facilities; and
(6) “Subscription” means a beneficial use of a shared clean energy facility, including, but not limited to, a percentage interest in the total amount of electricity produced by such facility or a set amount of electricity produced by such facility.
(b) The Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, in consultation with the electric distribution companies, shall establish a two-year pilot program to support the development of shared clean energy facilities. On or before July 1, 2016, the department shall develop, seek public comment on and issue a request for proposals from subscriber organizations seeking to develop a shared clean energy facility.
(c) The department shall select, pursuant to the request for proposals process, shared clean energy facility projects as follows: (1) In the service area of an electric distribution company that has a service area of not more than seventeen cities and towns, a project or projects that do not exceed a nameplate capacity rating of two megawatts in the aggregate; and (2) in the service area of an electric distribution company that has a service area of eighteen or more cities and towns, a project or projects that do not exceed a nameplate capacity rating of four megawatts in the aggregate. All projects selected by the department shall not exceed a total nameplate capacity rating of six megawatts in the aggregate. The department shall consider all proposals received, including cost-effective projects of various nameplate capacities that may allow for the construction of multiple projects in each service area within the requirements of this subsection. After receiving proposals pursuant to such issued request for proposals, the department shall determine the billing credit for any subscriber of a shared clean energy facility that may be issued through the electric distribution companies’ monthly billing systems, and establish consumer protections for subscribers and potential subscribers of such a facility, including, but not limited to, disclosures to be made when selling or reselling a subscription.
(d) The financing of the pilot program, described in subsection (b) of this section, shall be provided as follows: (1) Such pilot program shall utilize one or more tariff mechanisms with the electric distribution companies for a term not to exceed twenty years, subject to approval by the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority, to pay for the purchase of any energy products produced by any shared clean energy facility identified by the department in the request for proposals, or to deliver any billing credit of any such selected facility, as authorized pursuant to subsection (c) of this section; (2) the terms of such tariff shall be consistent with the program requirements established by the department in the request for proposals; (3) the electric distribution companies shall be entitled to recover all reasonable costs and expenses prudently incurred for the implementation and operation of such pilot program through a reconciling component of electric rates, as determined by the authority; (4) the electric distribution companies shall be entitled to such recovery for the period that any shared clean energy facility is enrolled in the tariff, or the term of the pilot program, whichever is longer; and (5) the electric distribution companies shall submit to the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority for review and approval: (A) Any tariffs proposed pursuant to this subsection with shared clean energy facility projects selected in the department’s request for proposal process; (B) any tariffs proposed pursuant to this subsection with shared clean energy facility project subscribers; (C) any other tariffs proposed pursuant to this subsection; and (D) any proposal to recover costs associated with administering the implementation and operation of the shared clean energy facility pilot program.
(e) Not later than one year after being selected for an award under the shared clean energy facility pilot program and annually for two years thereafter, each recipient shall submit a report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy and to the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Such report shall include, but not be limited to, information concerning the status of the shared clean energy facility.
(f) On or before July 1, 2018, the department shall file a report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, with the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy, (1) analyzing the success of the shared clean energy pilot program, (2) identifying and analyzing the success of programs in other states that allow facilities similar to a shared clean energy facility, and (3) recommending whether a permanent program should be established in this state and, if so, any necessary legislation.