§ 16-228 Telephone lines
§ 16-229 Excavation in highway
§ 16-230 Bond requirement
§ 16-231 Appeal
§ 16-231a Cuts and permanent patches in highway. Inspections. Repairs. Certification
§ 16-232 Rights of companies organized under general law
§ 16-233 Use of gain by town, city, borough, fire district or Department of Transportation
§ 16-234 Conducting vegetation management; notice to abutting and private property owners. Changing location of, erecting or placing wires, conductors, fixtures, structures or apparatus over, on or under any highway or public ground; rights of adjoining proprietor
§ 16-235 Control by local authorities. Orders. Appeals
§ 16-236 Appraisal of damages; costs
§ 16-237 No prescriptive right
§ 16-238 Wires may be cut; notice
§ 16-239 Dispatches transmitted in order. Exceptions
§ 16-243 Jurisdiction of authority over electricity transmission lines
§ 16-243a Private power producers. Purchase and sale of electricity. Avoided costs. Small renewable power projects. Interconnectivity standards
§ 16-243b Definitions. Jurisdiction
§ 16-243c Electricity transmission and distribution services for electric cooperatives utilizing cogeneration technology and renewable energy resources
§ 16-243d Project by private power producer deemed “industrial project”
§ 16-243e Electric distribution company purchase of electricity generated by municipal resources recovery facilities
§ 16-243f Private power providers. Regulations concerning the purchase and sale of electricity
§ 16-243g Assignment of electricity purchase agreements
§ 16-243h Credit to residential customers who generate electricity; metering
§ 16-243i Awards to retail end use electric customers and electric distribution companies re customer-side distributed resources
§ 16-243j Long-term financing for customer-side distributed resources and advanced power monitoring and metering equipment
§ 16-243k Assessment of customer-side and grid-side distributed resources, effectiveness of award program
§ 16-243l Rebate for customer-side distributed resource projects that use natural gas
§ 16-243m Measures to reduce federally mandated congestion charges
§ 16-243n Time-of-use, mandatory peak, shoulder, off-peak and seasonal rates. Optional interruptible or load response rates
§ 16-243o Waiver of back-up power rates
§ 16-243p Recovery of costs, investments and lost revenues by an electric distribution company
§ 16-243q *(See end of section for amended version of subsections (b) to (d), inclusive, and effective date.) Class III renewable energy portfolio standards
§ 16-243r Customer-side distributed resources and grid-side distributed resources. Qualifications for applicability of certain provisions
§ 16-243s Awards to electric distribution companies for programs for load curtailment, demand reduction and retrofit conservation
§ 16-243t *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Class III credits
§ 16-243u Plan to build peaking generation
§ 16-243v *(See end of section for amended version of subsections (d) and (e) and effective date.) Connecticut electric efficiency partner program. Residential furnace or boiler replacement and propane fuel tank purchase program
§ 16-243w Advanced metering system plan and deployment
§ 16-243x Time-of-use meters. Notice of availability
§ 16-243y Microgrid grant and loan pilot program to support distributed energy generation for critical facilities
§ 16-243z Geographic information systems data sharing. Disclosure of locations of medical hardship accounts in emergencies
§ 16-243aa Distribution of electricity across a public highway or street by a municipality or state or federal governmental entity
§ 16-243bb Adjustment of electric distribution company residential fixed charge
§ 16-244 Electric deregulation; findings and declarations
§ 16-244a Rate freeze for electric service
§ 16-244b Electric customers to choose electric suppliers. Phase-in of electric deregulation
§ 16-244c Standard service. Alternative standard service. Supplier of last resort. Back-up generation service. Participating electric suppliers
§ 16-244d Program for distribution of information re electric suppliers. Rate board Internet web site
§ 16-244e Ownership or operation of generation assets. Customer bill
§ 16-244f Divestiture of nonnuclear electric generation facilities. Plan. Approval of sale by authority
§ 16-244g Divestiture of nuclear electric generation facilities. Plan. Approval of sale by authority
§ 16-244h Code of conduct for electric distribution companies, generation entities or affiliates and electric suppliers. Contents of code. Penalties, damages
§ 16-244i Duties of electric distribution companies
§ 16-244j Electric transmission lines from Bethel to Norwalk. Moratorium. Working group and comprehensive assessment
§ 16-244k Allocation of the proceeds of the retail adder
§ 16-244l Modification of fuel cell electricity purchase agreements
§ 16-244m Procurement Plan re standard service
§ 16-244n Standard service contract buydown
§ 16-244o Generation evaluation and procurement process
§ 16-244p Transmission line project review
§ 16-244q Request for proposal re reliability concerns
§ 16-244r Long-term contracts re zero emission generation projects. Solicitation of Class I generation projects. Renewable energy credits
§ 16-244s Zero emission generation projects solicitation plan. Procurement plan. Noncompliance fee
§ 16-244t Power purchase contracts re low-emission generation projects. Renewable energy credits
§ 16-244u Virtual net metering
§ 16-244v Renewable energy sources generation. Proposals to build, own or operate facilities
§ 16-244w Grid-side system enhancements pilot program
§ 16-244x Shared clean energy facility pilot program
§ 16-244y Fuel cell electricity generation. Proposals to acquire, enter into power purchase agreements or provide financial incentives
§ 16-244z Renewable energy tariffs
§ 16-245 Licensing of electric suppliers. Procedures. Penalties. Registration of electric aggregators. Procedures. Penalties
§ 16-245a Renewable portfolio standards
§ 16-245b Municipalities and regional water authorities acting as electric aggregators; registration with Public Utilities Regulatory Authority
§ 16-245c *(See end of section for amended version of subsection (e) and effective date.) Municipal electric utilities participating in deregulated environment. Authority to provide generation services outside service area
§ 16-245d Billing of electric service. Standard format. Contents. Bill inserts and mailings. Electronic bill payment confirmation
§ 16-245e *(See end of section for amended version of subdivisions (1), (2) and (13) of subsection (a) and effective date.) Stranded costs of electric distribution companies. Definitions. Calculation by authority. Procedures. Adjustments. Mitigation
§ 16-245f *(See end of section for amended version of subsection (a) and effective date.) Funding of certain disbursements to the General Fund. Funding of stranded costs through rate reduction bonds. Funding of economic recovery transfer through economic recovery r
§ 16-245g Competitive transition assessment. Determination by authority of amount and how applied to electric customers. Duration
§ 16-245h Transition property. Surplus competitive transition assessment. Restrictions on use of transition property by electric distribution companies
§ 16-245i *(See end of section for amended version of subsections (a) and (b) and effective date.) Financing orders re the economic recovery transfer, the Energy Conservation and Load Management Fund, the Clean Energy Fund and stranded costs
§ 16-245j *(See end of section for amended version of subparagraph (A) of subdivision (4) of subsection (c) and effective date.) Rate reduction bonds and economic recovery revenue bonds; terms
§ 16-245k Security interest in transition property; creation; perfection. Transferring transition property. Duration of authority to issue financing orders
§ 16-245l Systems benefits charge. Determination by authority of amount and how applied to customers
§ 16-245m *(See end of section for amended version of subdivision (1) of subsection (a), subsection (b) and subdivisions (1) and (3) of subsection (d) and effective date.) Energy Conservation Management Board. Conservation and Load Management Plan
§ 16-245n *(See end of section for amended version of subdivision (1) of subsection (f) and effective date.) Connecticut Green Bank. Charge assessed against electric customers. Clean Energy Fund
§ 16-245o Use of customer information. Promotional inserts in electric bills prohibited. Standard form re contract terms and conditions. Procedures for entering, renewing and terminating service contracts. Rate increase disclosures. Marketing and advertising disclo
§ 16-245p Information re electric supplier and electric distribution company to be provided to customers
§ 16-245q Changing electric suppliers
§ 16-245r Discrimination by electric suppliers prohibited
§ 16-245s Switching electric suppliers; procedures; penalties; regulations
§ 16-245t Complaints to authority re electric suppliers; procedures; remedies
§ 16-245u Unfair and discriminatory conduct and unfair trade practices in electric market prohibited. Investigations
§ 16-245v List of displaced electric utility employees to be provided to distribution companies and electric suppliers
§ 16-245w *(See end of section for amended version of subsection (b) and effective date.) Fee to be paid by self-generation facilities in lieu of certain assessments; study by authority
§ 16-245x Monitoring and reporting by authority of electric rates of each customer class. Action to minimize rate differential
§ 16-245y Annual reporting re status of electric deregulation
§ 16-245z Internet links to Energy Star program
§ 16-245aa Renewable energy and efficient energy finance program
§ 16-245bb Bond authorization
§ 16-245cc Demand charge waiver for fuel cells
§ 16-245dd Residential electric space heating tariff
§ 16-245ee Energy conservation and load management and renewable energy projects in lower income communities. Requirements for approval
§ 16-245ff Residential solar investment program
§ 16-245gg Master purchase agreement for solar home renewable energy credits
§ 16-245hh Condominium renewable energy grant program
§ 16-245ii Energy consumption data of nonresidential buildings
§ 16-245jj Town customer electricity and gas usage information
§ 16-245kk Issuance of bonds, notes and other obligations by the Connecticut Green Bank
§ 16-245ll Clean energy bonds
§ 16-245mm Special capital reserve funds
§ 16-245nn Residential solar photovoltaic system permit
§ 16-246 Other companies which may sell electricity
§ 16-246a Definitions
§ 16-246e Procurement and sale by authority of electric power capacity and power output from out-of-state producers. Approval by Governor
§ 16-246f Electric company emergency assistance
§ 16-246g Pilot program for electric generation
§ 16-247 Foreign telephone companies
§ 16-247a Goals of the state. Definitions
§ 16-247b Unbundling of telephone company’s network, services and functions. Access to telephone company’s telecommunications services, functions and unbundled network elements. Rates for competitive or emerging competitive service. Subsidization prohibited
§ 16-247c Provision of intrastate telecommunications services. Civil penalty. Competition
§ 16-247d Biennial reports on competition for intrastate interexchange telecommunications service. Plan for implementing competition. General Assembly approval required
§ 16-247e Basic telecommunications services. Lifeline and telecommunications relay service programs. Universal service program
§ 16-247f Regulation of telecommunication services: Initial classifications, reclassifications, tariffs, exemption from filing tariff
§ 16-247g Certificate of public convenience and necessity for intrastate telecommunications services: Application, requirements, suspension, revocation. Fees. Obligation to serve
§ 16-247h Use of public right-of-way for provision of intrastate telecommunications service
§ 16-247i Telecommunications service and regulation status report
§ 16-247j Regulations
§ 16-247k Alternative forms of regulation for telephone companies: Plan requirements, monitoring period, modification
§ 16-247l Access by certified telecommunications providers to occupied buildings: Service, wiring, compensation, regulations, civil penalty
§ 16-247m Withdrawal by telephone company of retail telecommunications service. Applications
§ 16-247n Certification of telephone company’s operations support systems interface. Rates. Proceedings
§ 16-247o Consultant to test operations support systems interface
§ 16-247p Quality-of-service standards. Performance standards
§ 16-247q Education outreach program for telecommunications competition, scope. Consumer Education Advisory Council established
§ 16-247r Discrimination by telephone companies and certified telecommunications providers prohibited
§ 16-247s Directory assistance database. Disclosure and distribution of cellular mobile telephone numbers
§ 16-247t Customer inquiries and complaints regarding cellular mobile telephone service
§ 16-247u Unauthorized procurement and sale of telephone records. Definitions. Exclusions. Telephone company protection of records. Penalties. Unfair trade practice
§ 16-247v Performance standards for restoration of intrastate telecommunications service after emergencies. Credit for service outages
§ 16-248 Rights of telephone company in operation May 23, 1985
§ 16-250b Cellular mobile telephone service. Authority jurisdiction. Regulations
§ 16-251 Bonds of telephone company
§ 16-252 Bonds may be secured by mortgage
§ 16-255 General powers
§ 16-256 Notice of offense in party line usage in telephone directory
§ 16-256a Directory assistance charge prohibited
§ 16-256b Special telecommunications equipment for deaf and hearing impaired persons. Fund. Amplification controls for coin and coinless telephones installed for public or semipublic use
§ 16-256c Extended local calling criteria. Calling volume. Subscriber survey and vote. Petitions
§ 16-256d Itemized telephone bills for business customers
§ 16-256e Recorded telephone message devices prohibited. Blocking devices or services prohibited: Class A misdemeanor
§ 16-256f Blocking service available to customers
§ 16-256g Proceeding to determine monthly subscriber fee. Assessment of subscribers for enhanced emergency 9-1-1 program
§ 16-256h Business to residential pricing ratio for basic exchange service
§ 16-256i Primary local or intrastate interexchange carrier orders. Unauthorized switching. Penalty
§ 16-256j Billing for telecommunications services. Information re carriers, basic, local service and taxes
§ 16-256k Disclosure for removal or change in telecommunications service. Disclosure for promotional offerings
§ 16-257 Recording of agreement of consolidation or merger of electric and gas companies
§ 16-258 Standards concerning electricity and gas
§ 16-258a Registration of natural gas sellers. Procedures. Penalties
§ 16-258b Registration of electric generating facilities
§ 16-258c Dual fuel capability requirements for electric generating facilities
§ 16-258d *(See end of section for amended version of subsection (d) and effective date.) District heating systems incentive program
§ 16-258e Electric distribution company procurement of electricity and renewable energy credits from a combined heat and power system
§ 16-259 Inspection of meters
§ 16-259a Inaccurate billing. Financial liability of customer. Payment plan
§ 16-260 Water meters may be required
§ 16-261 Extension of electric lines to unserved areas. Determination of rates
§ 16-261a Interagency electric and magnetic fields task force; composition; study. Assessment of electric public service companies for specified expenses of task force
§ 16-262 Gas companies authorized to deal in natural gas
§ 16-262a Water company to have area resident as director or advisory council of area residents
§ 16-262b Notice of discharge of explosives or highway excavation to gas companies
§ 16-262c Termination of utility service for nonpayment, when prohibited. Amortization agreements. Moneys allowed to be deducted from customers’ accounts and moneys to be included in rates as an operating expense. Hardship cases. Notice. Regulations. Annual reports
§ 16-262d Termination of residential utility service on account of nonpayment. Notice. Nontermination in event of illness during pendency of customer complaint or investigation. Amortization agreement. Appeal. Notice re credit rating information
§ 16-262e Notice furnished tenants re intended termination of utility service. Assumption by tenants of liability for future service. Liability of landlords for certain utility services. Deduction from rent. Access to meters
§ 16-262f Action for receivership of rents and common expenses by electric distribution, gas and telephone companies; petition; hearing; appointment; duties; termination
§ 16-262g Penalty
§ 16-262h Nonexclusivity of remedy
§ 16-262i Regulations
§ 16-262j Refusal of residential utility service. Regulations. Refusal of telecommunications service to a candidate or committee. Interest on customer security deposits
§ 16-262k Interconnection of public water supply systems to relieve site-specific water shortages
§ 16-262l Receivership of water companies for failure to provide adequate service. Personal liability of directors, officers and managers
§ 16-262m Construction specifications for water companies
§ 16-262n Definition. Economic viability of water companies. Reviews. Failure to comply with orders. Hearings
§ 16-262o Acquisition of water company ordered by authority. Rates and charges. Recovery of acquisition costs
§ 16-262p Improvements by acquiring entity
§ 16-262q Compensation for acquisition of water company
§ 16-262r Satellite management of water companies. Expedited rate proceedings
§ 16-262s Voluntary acquisition of water company. Surcharges. Rate of return
§ 16-262t Action for receivership of rent and common expenses by water companies; petition; hearing; appointment; duties; termination
§ 16-262u Replacement and repair of water service connections. Granting of exceptions
§ 16-262v Water company infrastructure projects: Definitions
§ 16-262w Water company rate adjustment mechanisms
§ 16-262x Termination of residential utility service. Requirements
§ 16-262y Water company revenue adjustment mechanism
§ 16-262z Properties served by deficient well systems. Extension of service by water company

Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes > Chapter 283

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • another: may extend and be applied to communities, companies, corporations, public or private, limited liability companies, societies and associations. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority and "department" means the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • banks: shall include all incorporated banks. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Certificate of cable franchise authority: means an authorization issued by the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority pursuant to section 16-331q conferring the right to a community antenna television company to own, lease, maintain, operate, manage or control a community antenna television system in, under or over any public highway to (A) offer community antenna television service in a community antenna television company's designated franchise area, or (B) use the public rights-of-way to offer video service in a designated franchise area. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Certificate of video franchise authority: means an authorization issued by the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority conferring the right to an entity or person to own, lease, maintain, operate, manage or control facilities in, under or over any public highway to offer video service to any subscribers in the state. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Certified competitive video service provider: means an entity providing video service pursuant to a certificate of video franchise authority issued by the authority in accordance with section 16-331e. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Certified telecommunications provider: means a person certified by the authority to provide intrastate telecommunications services, as defined in section 16-247a, pursuant to sections 16-247f to 16-247h, inclusive. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Class I renewable energy source: means (A) electricity derived from (i) solar power, (ii) wind power, (iii) a fuel cell, (iv) geothermal, (v) landfill methane gas, anaerobic digestion or other biogas derived from biological sources, (vi) thermal electric direct energy conversion from a certified Class I renewable energy source, (vii) ocean thermal power, (viii) wave or tidal power, (ix) low emission advanced renewable energy conversion technologies, including, but not limited to, zero emission low grade heat power generation systems based on organic oil free rankine, kalina or other similar nonsteam cycles that use waste heat from an industrial or commercial process that does not generate electricity, (x) (I) a run-of-the-river hydropower facility that began operation after July 1, 2003, and has a generating capacity of not more than thirty megawatts, or (II) a run-of-the-river hydropower facility that received a new license after January 1, 2018, under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission rules pursuant to 18 CFR 16, as amended from time to time, and provided a facility that applies for certification under this clause after January 1, 2013, shall not be based on a new dam or a dam identified by the commissioner as a candidate for removal, and shall meet applicable state and federal requirements, including applicable site-specific standards for water quality and fish passage, or (xi) a biomass facility that uses sustainable biomass fuel and has an average emission rate of equal to or less than . See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Class II renewable energy source: means electricity derived from a trash-to-energy facility that has obtained a permit pursuant to section 22a-208a and section 22a-174-33 of the regulations of Connecticut state agencies. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Class III source: means the electricity output from combined heat and power systems with an operating efficiency level of no less than fifty per cent that are part of customer-side distributed resources developed at commercial and industrial facilities in this state on or after January 1, 2006, a waste heat recovery system installed on or after April 1, 2007, that produces electrical or thermal energy by capturing preexisting waste heat or pressure from industrial or commercial processes, or the electricity savings created in this state from conservation and load management programs begun on or after January 1, 2006, provided on and after January 1, 2014, no such programs supported by ratepayers, including programs overseen by the Energy Conservation Management Board or third-party programs pursuant to section 16-245m, shall be considered a Class III source, except that any demand-side management project awarded a contract pursuant to section 16-243m shall remain eligible as a Class III source for the term of such contract. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Cogeneration technology: means the use for the generation of electricity of exhaust steam, waste steam, heat or resultant energy from an industrial, commercial or manufacturing plant or process, or the use of exhaust steam, waste steam or heat from a thermal power plant for an industrial, commercial or manufacturing plant or process, but shall not include steam or heat developed solely for electrical power generation. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Combined heat and power system: means a system that produces, from a single source, both electric power and thermal energy used in any process that results in an aggregate reduction in electricity use. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection: means the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection appointed pursuant to title 4, or the commissioner's designee. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Community antenna television company: includes every person owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling a community antenna television system, in, under or over any public street or highway, for the purpose of providing community antenna television service for hire and shall include any municipality which owns or operates one or more plants for the manufacture or distribution of electricity pursuant to section 7-213 or any special act and seeks to obtain or obtains a certificate of public convenience and necessity to construct or operate a community antenna television system pursuant to section 16-331 or a certificate of cable franchise authority pursuant to section 16-331q. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Community Reinvestment Act: The Act is intended to encourage depository institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. It was enacted by the Congress in 1977. Source: OCC
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer: means any private dwelling, boardinghouse, apartment, store, office building, institution, mechanical or manufacturing establishment or other place of business or industry to which water is supplied by a water company. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Customer-side distributed resources: means (A) the generation of electricity from a unit with a rating of not more than sixty-five megawatts on the premises of a retail end user within the transmission and distribution system including, but not limited to, fuel cells, photovoltaic systems or small wind turbines, or (B) a reduction in the demand for electricity on the premises of a retail end user in the distribution system through methods of conservation and load management, including, but not limited to, peak reduction systems and demand response systems. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit account: includes a share account of a savings and loan association. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • distribution company: means any person providing electric transmission or distribution services within the state, but does not include: (A) A private power producer, as defined in section 16-243b. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Electric aggregator: means (A) a person, municipality or regional water authority that gathers together electric customers for the purpose of negotiating the purchase of electric generation services from an electric supplier, or (B) the Materials Innovation and Recycling Authority, if it gathers together electric customers for the purpose of negotiating the purchase of electric generation services from an electric supplier, provided such person, municipality or authority is not engaged in the purchase or resale of electric generation services, and provided further such customers contract for electric generation services directly with an electric supplier, and may include an electric cooperative established pursuant to chapter 597. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Electric distribution services: means the owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling of poles, wires, conduits or other fixtures along public highways or streets for the distribution of electricity, or electric distribution-related services. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Electric generation services: means electric energy, electric capacity or generation-related services. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Electric supplier: means any person, including an electric aggregator or participating municipal electric utility that is licensed by the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority in accordance with section 16-245, that provides electric generation services to end use customers in the state using the transmission or distribution facilities of an electric distribution company, regardless of whether or not such person takes title to such generation services, but does not include: (A) A municipal electric utility established under chapter 101, other than a participating municipal electric utility. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Electricity conservation or demand management measures: means the provision pursuant to this section and section 16-243f and regulations and orders adopted hereunder by a private power provider to an electric public service company or its customers of equipment or services or both designed to conserve electricity or to manage electricity load. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-243b
  • Energy storage system: means any commercially available technology that is capable of absorbing energy, storing it for a period of time and thereafter dispatching the energy, and that is capable of either: (A) Using mechanical, chemical or thermal processes to store electricity that is generated at one time for use at a later time. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • farm: includes farm buildings, and accessory buildings thereto, nurseries, orchards, ranges, greenhouses, hoophouses and other temporary structures or other structures used primarily for the raising and, as an incident to ordinary farming operations, the sale of agricultural or horticultural commodities. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Federally mandated congestion charges: means any cost approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission as part of New England Standard Market Design including, but not limited to, locational marginal pricing, locational installed capacity payments, any cost approved by the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority to reduce federally mandated congestion charges in accordance with section 7-233y, this section, sections 16-32f, 16-50i, 16-50k, 16-50x, 16-243i to 16-243q, inclusive, 16-244c, 16-245m, 16-245n and 16-245z, section 21 of public act 05-1 of the June special session*, subsection (f) of section 16a-3j and reliability must run contracts. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Gas company: includes every person owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling mains, pipes or other fixtures, in public highways or streets, for the transmission or distribution of gas for sale for heat or power within this state, or engaged in the manufacture of gas to be so transmitted or distributed for such purpose, but shall not include (A) a person manufacturing gas through the use of a biomass gasification plant provided such person does not own, lease, maintain, operate, manage or control mains, pipes or other fixtures in public highways or streets, (B) a municipal gas utility established under chapter 101 or any other gas utility owned, leased, maintained, operated, managed or controlled by any unit of local government under any general statute or any public or special act, or (C) an entity approved to submeter pursuant to section 16-19ff. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Gas registrant: means a person registered to sell natural gas pursuant to section 16-258a. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Generation entity or affiliate: means a corporate affiliate or a separate division of an electric distribution company that provides electric generation services. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Grid-side distributed resources: means the generation of electricity from a unit with a rating of not more than sixty-five megawatts that is connected to the transmission or distribution system, which units may include, but are not limited to, units used primarily to generate electricity to meet peak demand. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Grid-side system enhancement: means an investment in distribution system infrastructure, technology and systems designed to enable the deployment of distributed energy resources and allow for grid management and system balancing, including, but not limited to, energy storage systems, distribution system automation and controls, intelligent field systems, advanced distribution system metering, and communication and systems that enable two-way power flow. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • legislative body: means : (1) As applied to unconsolidated towns, the town meeting. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month, and the word "year" means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Participating municipal electric utility: means a municipal electric utility established under chapter 101 or any other electric utility owned, leased, maintained, operated, managed or controlled by any unit of local government under any general statute or any public or special act, that is authorized by the authority in accordance with section 16-245c to provide electric generation services to end use customers outside its service area, as defined in section 16-245c. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual, business, firm, corporation, association, joint stock association, trust, partnership or limited liability company. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plant: includes all real estate, buildings, tracks, pipes, mains, poles, wires and other fixed or stationary construction and equipment, wherever located, used in the conduct of the business of the company. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Private power producer: means (A) a subsidiary of a gas public service company which is not affiliated with an electric public service company, or a subsidiary of a holding company controlling, directly or indirectly, a gas public service company but not an electric public service company, which generates electricity solely through ownership of fifty per cent or less of a private power production facility or, with the approval of the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority, through ownership of one hundred per cent of a private power production facility which (i) uses a source of energy other than gas as the primary energy source of the facility, or (ii) uses gas as the primary energy source of the facility and uses an improved and innovative technology which furthers the state energy policy as set forth in section 16a-35k, (B) a subsidiary of any other public service company or a subsidiary of a holding company controlling, directly or indirectly, such a public service company, which generates electricity solely through ownership of fifty per cent or less of a private power production facility, (C) the state, a political subdivision of the state or any other person, firm or corporation other than a public service company or any corporation which was a public service company, prior to July 1, 1981, and which consents to be regulated as a public service company or a holding company for a public service company, which generates electricity solely through ownership of one hundred per cent or less of a private power production facility, or (D) any combination thereof. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-243b
  • Private power production facility: means a facility which generates electricity in the state (A) solely through the use of cogeneration technology, provided the average useful thermal energy output of the facility is at least twenty per cent of the total energy output of the facility, (B) solely through the use of renewable energy sources, or (C) through both only. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-243b
  • Private power provider: means any person, firm, corporation, nonprofit corporation, limited liability company, governmental entity, or other entity, including any public service company, holding company, or subsidiary, which provides energy conservation or demand management measures pursuant to section 16-243f and regulations and orders issued hereunder, which replace the need for electricity generating capacity that electric public service companies would otherwise require. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-243b
  • public buildings: shall include a statehouse, courthouse, townhouse, arsenal, magazine, prison, community correctional center, almshouse, market or other building belonging to the state, or to any town, city or borough in the state, and any church, chapel, meetinghouse or other building generally used for religious worship, and any college, academy, schoolhouse or other building generally used for literary instruction. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Public service company: includes electric distribution, gas, telephone, pipeline, sewage, water and community antenna television companies and holders of a certificate of cable franchise authority, owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling plants or parts of plants or equipment, but shall not include towns, cities, boroughs, any municipal corporation or department thereof, whether separately incorporated or not, a private power producer, as defined in section 16-243b, or an exempt wholesale generator, as defined in 15 USC 79z-5a. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional independent system operator: means the "ISO - New England, Inc. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • savings banks: shall include savings banks, societies for savings and savings societies. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Small renewable power project: means any private power production facility which has a capacity of five megawatts or less and is fueled by a renewable resource, as defined in section 16a-2, other than wood. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-243b
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • succeeding: when used by way of reference to any section or sections, mean the section or sections next preceding, next following or next succeeding, unless some other section is expressly designated in such reference. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Telecommunications company: means a person that provides telecommunications service, as defined in section 16-247a, within the state, but shall not mean a person that provides only (A) private telecommunications service, as defined in section 16-247a, (B) the one-way transmission of video programming or other programming services to subscribers, (C) subscriber interaction, if any, which is required for the selection of such video programming or other programming services, (D) the two-way transmission of educational or instructional programming to a public or private elementary or secondary school, or a public or independent institution of higher education, as required by the authority pursuant to a community antenna television company franchise agreement, or provided pursuant to a contract with such a school or institution which contract has been filed with the authority, or (E) a combination of the services set forth in subparagraphs (B) to (D), inclusive, of this subdivision. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Telephone company: means a telecommunications company that provides one or more noncompetitive or emerging competitive services, as defined in section 16-247a. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Thermal energy transportation company: means any person authorized under any provision of the general statutes or special act to furnish heat or air conditioning or both, by means of steam, heated or chilled water or other medium, to lay and maintain mains, pipes or other conduits, and to erect such other fixtures necessary or convenient in and on the streets, highways and public grounds of any municipality to carry steam, heated or chilled water or other medium from such plant to the location to be served and to return the same. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Video service: means video programming services provided through wireline facilities, a portion of which are located in the public right-of-way, without regard to delivery technology, including Internet protocol technology. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
  • Water company: includes every person owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling any pond, lake, reservoir, stream, well or distributing plant or system employed for the purpose of supplying water to fifty or more consumers. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1