(a)(1) Upon default of the owner, agent, lessor or manager of a residential dwelling or dwellings who is billed directly by a water company or by a municipal water utility for water service furnished to such building or buildings, such company or municipal utility may petition the Superior Court or a judge thereof, for appointment of a receiver of the rents or payments for use and occupancy or common expenses, as defined in section 47-202, for any dwelling or dwellings for which the owner, agent, lessor or manager is in default. The court or judge shall forthwith issue an order to show cause why a receiver should not be appointed, which shall be served upon the owner, agent, lessor or manager or his agent in a manner most reasonably calculated to give notice to such owner, agent, lessor or manager as determined by such court or judge, including, but not limited to, a posting of such order on the premises in question. If a petition or petitions are filed by a single petitioner regarding more than one building under the same ownership, the court shall, if practicable, appoint a common receiver for all such buildings and, if filed as separate actions, may consolidate such petitions and treat them as a single action.
Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 16-262t
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- month: means a calendar month, and the word "year" means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Water company: includes every person owning, leasing, maintaining, operating, managing or controlling any pond, lake, reservoir, stream, well or distributing plant or system employed for the purpose of supplying water to fifty or more consumers. See Connecticut General Statutes 16-1
(2) A hearing shall be had on such order no later than seventy-two hours after its issuance or the first court day thereafter. The sole purpose of such a hearing shall be to determine whether there is an amount due and owing between the owner, agent, lessor or manager and the company or municipal utility. The court shall make a determination of any amount due and owing and any amount so determined shall constitute a lien upon the real property of such owner. A certificate of such amount may be recorded in the land records of the town in which such property is located describing the amount of the lien and the name of the party in default. When the amount due and owing has been paid, the company or municipality shall issue a certificate discharging the lien and shall file the certificate in the land records of the town in which such lien was recorded.
(3) Not more than ten days after receipt of the order of appointment by the receiver, such receiver shall provide written notice to all occupants of the building or buildings, delivered separately to each dwelling unit, stating that the receiver has been authorized to collect all rents or payments for use and occupancy or common expenses, as defined in section 47-202, due from such occupant and that the owner, agency, lessor or manager, as the case may be, is prohibited from collecting such rents or payments for use and occupancy or common expenses. The notice shall include the address to which payments are to be made and a telephone number at which the receiver can be contacted. The notice shall be in plain and simple language and shall be written in English and in Spanish. A copy of the court order appointing the receiver and authorizing the collection of rents shall be attached to the notice.
(4) The receiver appointed by the court shall collect all rents or payments for use and occupancy or common expenses forthcoming from the occupants of the building or buildings in question in place of the owner, agent, lessor or manager. The court may authorize the receiver to make reasonable repairs and provide reasonable maintenance to the premises, as determined by the court, the reasonable cost of which shall be added to the total amount due and owing from the owner, agency, lessor or manager. The receiver may also petition the court to obtain any remedy available under chapter 906 against such owner, agent, lessor or manager in order to recover amounts due as determined under subdivision (2) of this subsection and continuing charges for such water service until all such charges and other costs have been paid.
(5) The receiver shall pay to the petitioner, other supplier or receiver, as is appropriate, from such rents or payments for use and occupancy or common expenses from such building or buildings, in the following priority: (A) For electric, gas, telephone, water or heating oil supplied on and after the date of his appointment and for the reasonable cost of repairs and maintenance made or provided pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection; (B) for such reasonable fees and costs determined by the court to be due the receiver; (C) for reasonable attorney’s fees and costs incurred by the petitioner; and (D) for any arrearage found by the court to be due and owing the company or municipal utility from the owner, agent, lessor or manager for service provided such building or buildings. The owner, agent, lessor or manager shall be liable for all such costs. Any moneys remaining thereafter shall be turned over to the owner, agent, lessor or manager. The court may order an accounting to be made at such times as it determines to be just, reasonable and necessary.
(b) Any receivership established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, shall be terminated by the court upon its finding that the arrearage which was the subject of the original petition or petitions have been satisfied for all buildings subject to the receivership, or that all occupants of a building have agreed to assume liability in their own names for prospective service supplied by the petitioner, or that the building has been sold and the new owner has assumed liability for prospective service supplied by the petitioner.
(c) On motion by the receiver, the court may authorize the receiver to institute a summary process action pursuant to chapter 832 against an occupant, upon a prima facie showing that: (1) The occupant has received notice in accordance with subdivision (3) of subsection (a) of this section; (2) the receiver has made reasonable efforts to supplement such notice with other written and oral notice; (3) after the occupant has received notice in accordance with subdivision (3) of subsection (a) of this section, payments equal to one month‘s rent or use and occupancy have not been made by or on behalf of the occupant during the most recent sixty consecutive days; and (4) the duty to make such payments has not been suspended as a result of the condition of the premises or any applicable preoccupancy certification requirements. In any such summary process action, the receiver shall be subject to all claims and defenses that the occupant could assert against the owner, agent, lessor or manager of the dwelling.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the petitioner from pursuing any other action or remedy at law or equity that it may have against the owner, agent, lessor or manager.
(e) Any owner, agent, lessor or manager who collects or attempts to collect any rent or payment for use and occupancy or common expenses, as defined in section 47-202, from any occupant of a building or buildings subject to an order appointing a receiver or who in any other way interferes with the receiver in the performance of his duties shall be found, after due notice and hearing, to be in contempt of court.
(f) If a proceeding is initiated pursuant to sections 47a-14a to 47a-14h, inclusive, or sections 47a-56 to 47a-56i, inclusive, or if a receiver of rents is appointed pursuant to chapter 735a or pursuant to any other action involving the making of repairs to residential rental property under court supervision, rent or use and occupancy payments and common expenses, as defined in section 47-202, shall be made pursuant to such proceeding or action without regard to whether such proceeding or action is initiated before or after a receivership is established under this section, and such proceeding or action shall take priority over a receivership established under this section in regard to expenditure of such rent or use and occupancy payments.