The following are declared to be policies of the state of Connecticut: (1) That maximum resources recovery from solid waste and maximum recycling and reuse of such resources in order to protect, preserve and enhance the environment of the state shall be considered environmental goals of the state; (2) that solid waste disposal and resources recovery facilities and projects are to be implemented either by the state of Connecticut or under state auspices, in furtherance of these goals; (3) that appropriate governmental structure, processes and support are to be provided so that effective state systems and facilities for solid waste management and large-scale resources recovery may be developed, financed, planned, designed, constructed and operated for the benefit of the people and municipalities of the state; (4) that private industry is to be utilized to the maximum extent feasible to perform planning, design, management, construction, operation, manufacturing and marketing functions related to solid waste disposal and resources recovery and to assist in the development of industrial enterprise based upon resources recovery, recycling and reuse; (5) that long-term negotiated contracts between the state and private persons and industries may be utilized as an incentive for the development of industrial and commercial enterprise based on resources recovery within the state; (6) that solid waste disposal services shall be provided for municipal and regional authorities and private persons in the state, at reasonable cost, by state systems and facilities where such services are considered necessary and desirable in accordance with the state-wide solid waste management plan and that any revenues received from the payment of the costs of such services otherwise from the operation of state systems and facilities shall be redistributed to the users of such services provided that the authority has determined that all contractual obligations related to such systems and facilities have been met and that such revenues are surplus and not needed to provide necessary support for such systems and facilities; (7) that provision shall be made for planning, research and development, and appropriate innovation in the design, management and operation of the state’s systems and facilities for solid waste management, in order to permit continuing improvement and provide adequate incentives and processes for lowering operating and other costs; (8) that the authority established pursuant to this chapter shall have responsibility for implementing solid waste disposal and resources recovery systems and facilities and solid waste management services where necessary and desirable throughout the state in accordance with the state-wide solid waste management plan and applicable statutes and regulations; (9) that actions and activities performed or carried out by the authority or its contractors in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall be in conformity with the state-wide solid waste management plan and with other applicable policies and regulations of the state, as promulgated from time to time in law and by action of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection and Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated; (10) that it being to the best interest of the state, municipalities, individual citizens and the environment to minimize the quantity of materials entering the waste stream that would require collection, transportation, processing, or disposal by any level of government, it is the intent of this legislation to promote the presegregation of recoverable or recyclable materials before they become mixed and included in the waste stream; and that this intent shall be reflected in the policy of the resources recovery authority and that no provision of this chapter or action of this authority shall either discourage or prohibit either voluntary or locally ordained solid waste segregation programs or the sale of such segregated materials to private persons, unless the authority has determined based upon a feasibility report filed with the applicable municipal authority that the reduced user fees charged to it should result in its total cost of solid waste management including user fees paid to the authority to be less without presegregation than with it; and (11) that these policies and purposes are hereby declared to be in the public interest and the provisions of this chapter to be necessary and for the public benefit, as a matter of legislative determination.
Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 22a-259
- Authority: means the Materials Innovation and Recycling Authority created and established pursuant to this chapter or any board, body, commission, department, officer, agency or other successor thereto. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- Costs: means the cost or fair market value, as determined by the authority, of construction, lands, property rights, utility extensions, disposal facilities, access roads, easements, franchises, financing charges, interest, engineering and legal services, plans, specifications, surveys, cost estimates, studies, transportation and other expenses necessary or incidental to the design, development, construction, financing, management and operation and maintenance of a waste management project, and such other costs or expenses of the authority, including administrative and operating costs, research and development, and operating capital, including fees, charges, loans, insurances, and the expense of purchasing real and personal property, including waste management projects. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- Municipal authority: means the local governing body having legal jurisdiction over solid waste management within its corporate limits which shall be, in the case of any municipality which adopts a charter provision or ordinance pursuant to §. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- Recycling: means the processing of solid waste to reclaim material therefrom. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- Resources recovery: means the processing of solid wastes to reclaim energy therefrom. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- Revenues: means moneys or income received by the authority in whatever form, including but not limited to fees, charges, lease payments, interest payments on investments, payments due and owing on account of any instrument, contract or agreement between the authority and any municipality, region, state agency or person, gifts, grants, bestowals or any other moneys or payments to which the authority is entitled under the provisions of this chapter or any other law, or of any agreement, contract or indenture of the authority. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- Solid waste: means unwanted or discarded solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, including but not limited to, demolition debris, material burned or otherwise processed at a resources recovery facility or incinerator, material processed at a recycling facility and sludges or other residue from a water pollution abatement facility, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- State-wide solid waste management plan: means the administrative and financial plan developed by the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection for solid waste disposal and resources recovery, pursuant to §. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260
- User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
- Waste management services: means actions taken to effectuate the receipt, storage, transportation and processing for resources recovery, recycling, reuse of recovered materials, or disposal of solid wastes, including the sale of products, materials or energy on behalf of the state, a region, a municipality or a person by the authority or by any person or persons acting under contract with the authority, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Connecticut General Statutes 22a-260