Effective date: 2/15/2015
(1) General prohibition.
(a) No person shall store, process, or dispose of solid waste except as authorized at a permitted solid waste management facility or a facility exempt from permitting under this chapter.
Terms Used In Florida Regulations 62-701.300
- Air quality standards: means , unless otherwise specified, those standards set forth in chapter 62-204, F. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Ash residue: means all the solid residue and any entrained liquids resulting from the combustion of solid waste in a solid waste combustor, including bottom ash, fly ash and combined bottom and fly ash, but excluding recovered metals, glass, and other recovered materials separated from the ash residue. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Biomedical waste: has the meaning given it in chapter 64E-16, F. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- CCA treated wood: means lumber, timber, or plywood treated with chromated copper arsenate. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Combustion: means the treatment of solid waste in a device that uses heat as the primary means to change the chemical, physical, or biological character or composition of the waste. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Construction and demolition debris: means discarded materials generally considered to be not water soluble and non-hazardous in nature, including but not limited to steel, glass, brick, concrete, asphalt material, pipe, gypsum wallboard, and lumber, from the construction or destruction of a structure as part of a construction or demolition project or from the renovation of a structure, including such debris from construction of structures at a site remote from the construction or demolition project site. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Contaminated soil: has the meaning given it in subsection 62-713. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Department: means the State of Florida Department of Environmental Protection. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Disposal: means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid waste into or upon any land or water so that such solid waste or any constituent thereof may enter other lands or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including ground waters, or otherwise enter the environment. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Facility: means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on the land used for solid waste management. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Gas condensate: means the liquid generated as a result of gas recovery processes at a solid waste management facility. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Geomembrane: means a low-permeability synthetic membrane used as an integral part of a system designed to limit the movement of liquid or gas in the system. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Ground water: means water beneath the surface of the ground within a zone of saturation, whether or not it is flowing through known and definite channels. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Hazardous waste: means a solid waste regulated by the Department as a hazardous waste pursuant to chapter 62-730, F. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Household waste: means any solid waste, including garbage, trash, and sanitary waste in septic tanks, derived from households, including single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds, and day-use recreation areas. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Indoor: means within a structure that has been constructed with a roof over an impervious surface and has outside walls on a minimum of all but one of the sides of the facility. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Initial cover: means a 6-inch layer of compacted earth, used to cover an area of solid waste before placement of additional waste, intermediate cover, or final cover. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Landfill: means a solid waste disposal facility, which is an area of land or an excavation where wastes are or have been placed for disposal, for which a permit, other than a general permit, is required by section 403. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Lateral expansion: means any horizontal increase in the dimensions of the waste boundary of an existing solid waste disposal unit. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Leachate: means liquid that has passed through or emerged from solid waste and may contain soluble, suspended or miscible materials. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Liner: means a continuous layer of low-permeability natural or synthetic materials, under the bottom and sides of a landfill, solid waste disposal unit, or leachate surface impoundment, which controls the downward or lateral escape of waste constituents, or leachate. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Liquid waste: means any waste material that is determined to contain free liquids as defined by Method 9095 (Paint Filter Liquids Test), as described in "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Wastes, Physical/Chemical Methods" (EPA Pub. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Objectionable odors: has the meaning given that term in rule 62-210. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Oily wastes: has the meaning given that term in rule 62-710. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Open burning: means the burning of any material under such conditions that the products of combustion are emitted directly into the atmosphere. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Operator: means any person, including the owner, who is principally engaged in, and is in charge of, the actual operation, supervision, and maintenance of a solid waste management facility. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Person: means any and all persons, natural or artificial, including any individual, firm, or association; any municipal or private corporation organized or existing under the laws of Florida or any other state; any county of this state; and any governmental agency of this state or the Federal Government. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Potable water well: means any excavation that is drilled or bored, or converted from non-potable water use, when the intended use of such excavation is for the location and acquisition of ground water that supplies water for human consumption. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Processing: means any technique designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any solid waste so as to render it safe for transport, amenable to recovery, storage or recycling; safe for disposal; or reduced in volume or concentration. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Site: means the area of land or water within the property boundaries of a solid waste management facility where one or more solid waste processing, resource recovery, recycling, storage, or disposal areas are located. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Solid waste: means : sludge that is not regulated under the federal Clean Water Act or Clean Air Act, as well as sludge from a waste treatment works, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility; or garbage, rubbish, refuse, special waste, or other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material resulting from domestic, industrial, commercial, mining, agricultural, or governmental operations. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Solid waste disposal unit: means a discrete area of land used for the disposal of solid waste. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Solid waste management: means the process by which solid waste is collected, transported, stored, separated, processed, or disposed of in any other way, according to an orderly, purposeful, and planned program which includes closure. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Solid waste management facility: means any solid waste disposal area, transfer station, materials recovery facility, or other facility, the purpose of which is resource recovery or the disposal, recycling, processing, or storage of solid waste. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Special wastes: means solid wastes that can require special handling and management, including but not limited to, white goods, waste tires, used oil, lead-acid batteries, construction and demolition debris, ash residue, yard trash, biological wastes, and mercury-containing devices and lamps. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Used oil: has the meaning given that term in rule 62-710. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Water quality standards and criteria: means , unless otherwise specified, those standards and criteria set forth in chapters 62-302 and 62-520, F. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- White goods: means inoperative and discarded refrigerators, ranges, washers, water heaters, freezers, and other similar domestic and commercial large appliances. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
- Yard trash: means vegetative matter resulting from landscaping maintenance or land clearing operations and includes materials such as tree and shrub trimmings, grass clippings, palm fronds, trees and tree stumps, and associated rocks and soils. See Florida Regulations 62-701.200
(b) No person shall store, process, or dispose of solid waste in a manner or location that causes air quality standards to be violated or water quality standards or criteria of receiving waters to be violated.
(2) Siting. Unless authorized by a Department permit or site certification in effect on May 27, 2001, or unless specifically authorized by another Department rule or a Department license or site certification based upon site-specific geological, hydrogeological, design, or operational features, no person shall store or dispose of solid waste:
(a) In an area where geological formations or other subsurface features will not provide support for the solid waste;
(b) Within 500 feet of an existing or approved potable water well unless storage or disposal takes place at a facility for which a complete permit application was filed or which was originally permitted before the potable water well was in existence. This prohibition shall not apply to any renewal of an existing permit that does not involve lateral expansion, nor to any vertical expansion at a permitted facility;
(c) In a dewatered pit unless the pit is lined and permanent leachate containment and special design techniques are used to ensure the integrity of the liner;
(d) In any natural or artificial body of water including ground water and wetlands within the jurisdiction of the Department. This prohibition also applies to areas where waste may settle into ground water as a result of the maximum expected loads over the waste. This prohibition does not apply to areas of standing water that exist only after storm events, provided that the storage or disposal does not result in objectionable odors or sanitary nuisances;
(e) Within 200 feet of any natural or artificial body of water unless storage or disposal takes place at a facility for which a complete permit application was filed or which was originally permitted before the water body was in existence. This prohibition shall not apply to any renewal of an existing permit that does not involve lateral expansion, nor to any vertical expansion at a permitted facility. For purposes of this paragraph, a “body of water” includes wetlands within the jurisdiction of the Department, but does not include impoundments or conveyances which are part of an on-site, permitted stormwater management system, or bodies of water contained completely within the property boundaries of the disposal site which do not discharge from the site to surface waters. A person may store or dispose of solid waste within the 200 foot setback area upon demonstration to the Department that permanent leachate control methods will result in compliance with water quality standards and criteria. However, nothing contained herein shall prohibit the Department from imposing conditions necessary to assure that solid waste stored or disposed of within the 200 foot setback area will not cause pollution from the site in contravention of Department rules; and,
(f) On the right of way of any public highway, road, or alley.
(3) Burning. Open burning of solid waste is prohibited except in accordance with chapter 62-256, F.A.C. Controlled burning of solid waste is prohibited except in a permitted incinerator, or in a facility in which the burning of solid waste is authorized by a site certification order issued under chapter 403, part II, F.S.
(4) Hazardous waste. No hazardous waste shall be disposed of in a solid waste management facility unless such facility is permitted pursuant to chapter 62-730, F.A.C.
(5) PCBs. Disposal of liquids containing a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), or non-liquid PCBs in the form of contaminated soil, rags, or other debris, may be restricted or prohibited by 40 CFR Part 761. Persons managing PCBs are advised to consult that federal regulation before attempting to dispose of PCBs in any solid waste disposal unit in this state.
(6) Biomedical waste.
(a) No biomedical waste shall be knowingly deposited in any solid waste management facility unless:
1. The solid waste facility is specifically permitted to receive untreated biomedical waste,
2. The biomedical waste has been properly incinerated so that little or no organic material remains in the ash residue, or treated by a process approved by the Department of Health, and the provisions in paragraph 62-701.520(5)(d), F.A.C., are complied with, or
3. The biomedical waste is generated by an individual as a result of self-care, or care by a family member or other non health care provider. However, in order to reduce the chance of exposure to the public, home generators are advised to segregate and package such waste before disposal according to the guidelines for disposal of home-generated biomedical waste available from each county health department.
(b) No solid waste, including treated biomedical waste, shall be commingled with untreated biomedical waste unless the solid waste is being managed in the same manner as the untreated biomedical waste.
(c) Treated or untreated biomedical waste shall not be allowed to leak into the environment during transport.
(7) Class I surface waters. The Department shall not issue a construction permit for a landfill within 3,000 feet of Class I surface waters.
(8) Special wastes for landfills.
(a) No person who knows or who should know of the nature of such solid waste shall dispose of the following wastes:
1. Lead-acid batteries in any landfill,
2. Used oil in any landfill, except as provided in chapter 62-710, F.A.C.,
3. Yard trash in a Class I landfill, except as may be allowed pursuant to section 403.708(12)(c), F.S.; and,
4. White goods in any landfill.
(b) Whole waste tires may not be disposed of in any landfill or in any construction and demolition debris disposal facility, except as provided in chapter 62-711, F.A.C.
(9) Special wastes for waste-to-energy facilities. No person who knows or who should know of the nature of such solid waste shall dispose of lead-acid batteries, mercury-containing devices, or spent mercury-containing lamps in any waste-to-energy facility.
(10) Liquids restrictions.
(a) Noncontainerized liquid waste shall not be placed in solid waste disposal units which accept household waste or construction and demolition debris for disposal unless:
1. The liquid waste is household waste other than septic waste, or
2. The liquid waste is leachate or gas condensate derived from the solid waste disposal unit, or byproducts of the treatment of such leachate or gas condensate, and the solid waste disposal unit is lined and has a leachate collection system.
(b) Containers holding liquid waste shall not be placed in a solid waste disposal unit unless:
1. The container is a small container similar in size to that normally found in household waste,
2. The container is designed to hold liquids for use other than storage, or
3. The waste is household waste.
(c) Containers or tanks twenty gallons or larger in capacity shall either have one end removed or cut open, or have a series of punctures around the bottom to ensure the container is empty and free of residue. The empty container or tank shall be compacted to its smallest practical volume for disposal.
(11)(a) Used oil and oily wastes. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection, no person may mix or commingle used oil with solid waste that is to be disposed of in landfills or directly dispose of used oil in landfills.
(b) Oily wastes, sorbents or other materials used for maintenance or to clean up or contain leaks, spills or accidental releases of used oil, and soils contaminated with used oil as a result of spills or accidental releases are not subject to the prohibition in paragraph (a) of this subsection.
(12) Yard trash. The prohibitions of this section apply to the storage, processing, or disposal of yard trash, except that paragraphs (2)(b) and (e), of this rule, are modified so that the following setback distances shall apply:
(a) 100 feet from off-site potable water wells, no setback required from on-site water wells; and,
(b) 50 feet from water bodies.
(13) Tanks. The prohibitions in subsection (2) of this rule, do not apply to the storage or treatment of solid waste in tanks which meet the criteria of chapter 62-761, or subsection 62-701.400(6), F.A.C. Instead, no such storage tank shall be installed within 500 feet of any existing community water supply system or any existing non-transient non-community water supply system, nor shall any tank be installed within 100 feet of any other existing potable water supply well.
(14) CCA treated wood. CCA treated wood shall not be incorporated into compost or made into mulch, decorative landscape chips or any other wood product that is applied as a ground cover, soil or soil amendment. CCA treated wood may be ground and used as initial cover on interior slopes of lined solid waste disposal facilities provided it meets the criteria of subsection 62-701.200(53), F.A.C. CCA treated wood shall not be disposed of through open burning or through combustion in an air curtain incinerator.
(15) Dust. The owner or operator of a solid waste management facility shall not allow the unconfined emissions of particulate matter in violation of paragraph 62-296.320(4)(c), F.A.C.
(16) Indoor storage. The prohibitions in subsection (2) of this rule, do not apply to the storage or processing of solid waste indoors, provided that the indoor storage area has an impervious surface and a leachate collection system. For the purposes of this subsection, an impervious surface means either a poured concrete pad having a minimum thickness of four inches, or an asphalt concrete paving with both a minimum thickness of one and one-half inches and with an additional component to restrict leaching to ground water such as a soil cement sub-base, an epoxy seal or a geomembrane.
(17) Storage in vehicles or containers. The prohibitions in subsection (2) of this rule, do not apply to the storage of solid waste in an enclosed or covered vehicle or container, provided that such vehicle or container has either been unloaded or moved over public highways within the previous seven days, and provided also that reasonable efforts have been made to minimize leakage from the vehicle or container.
(18) Existing facilities. Those portions of facilities which were constructed prior to May 27, 2001, remain subject to the prohibitions that were in effect at the time the permit authorizing construction was issued. Lateral expansions of such facilities remain subject to the prohibitions that were in effect at the time the permit authorizing the lateral expansion was issued. For example, portions of facilities constructed prior to May 19, 1994 were subject to the prohibition against storing or disposing of solid waste within 500 feet of an existing or approved shallow water supply well, but are not subject to the prohibitions of paragraph (2)(b) of this rule. However, lateral expansions of such facilities which occurred after May 19, 1994, are subject to the prohibitions of paragraph (2)(b) of this rule.
Rulemaking authorized by Florida Statutes § 403.704. Law Implemented 403.704, 403.7045(3)(d), 403.707, 403.708, 403.751(1) FS. History—Formerly 10D-12.06, 10D-12.07, 10-1-74, Amended 5-24-79, 5-27-82, 12-10-85, Formerly 17-7.04, 17-7.040, Amended 6-25-90, Formerly 17-701.040, Amended 1-6-93, 1-2-94, 5-19-94, Formerly 17-701.300, Amended 12-23-96, 5-27-01, 1-6-10, 8-12-12, 2-15-15.