Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 334
- Accredited educational institution: means a university or college accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges or a comparable regional body. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 453D-1
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- active duty: includes but is not limited to the period during which the persons in military service are absent from duty on account of sickness, wounds, leave, or other lawful cause. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Administrator: means the person in charge of a public or private hospital. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Authorized absence: means absence of a patient from a psychiatric facility for any period of time with permission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Behavioral medicine: means therapy techniques including biofeedback, relaxation training, hypnosis, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and cognitive therapy. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Board: means the board of naturopathic medicine. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Board: means the board of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 663-51
- Chambers: A judge's office.
- Clinical supervision: includes but is not limited to:
(1) Case consultation on the assessment and presenting problem;
(2) Development and implementation of treatment plans;
(3) Enhancement of the supervisee's counseling techniques and treatment evaluation skills; and
(4) Evaluation of the course of treatment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 453D-1
- Common diagnostic procedures: means the use of venipuncture consistent with the practice of naturopathic medicine, commonly used diagnostic modalities consistent with naturopathic practice, taking of health history, physical examination, radiography, laboratory medicine, and obtaining samples of human tissue as authorized as a minor office procedure. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Community mental health center: means one or more facilities which alone or in conjunction with other facilities, public or private, are part of a coordinated program providing a variety of mental health services principally for persons residing in a community or communities in or near which the center is located. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Controversy: means the matter or question at issue before the court. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 664-31
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Court: means any duly constituted court and includes proceedings, hearings of per diem judges as authorized by law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Court: includes any court of competent jurisdiction of the State of Hawaii, whether or not a court of record. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
- Credit bureau: An agency that collects individual credit information and sells it for a fee to creditors so they can make a decision on granting loans. Typical clients include banks, mortgage lenders, credit card companies, and other financing companies. (Also commonly referred to as consumer-reporting agency or credit-reporting agency.) Source: OCC
- Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Dangerous to others: means likely to do substantial physical or emotional injury on another, as evidenced by a recent act, attempt or threat. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Dangerous to self: means the person recently has:
(1) Threatened or attempted suicide or serious bodily harm; or
(2) Behaved in such a manner as to indicate that the person is unable, without supervision and the assistance of others, to satisfy the need for nourishment, essential medical care, including treatment for a mental illness, shelter or self-protection, so that it is probable that death, substantial bodily injury, or serious physical debilitation or disease will result unless adequate treatment is afforded. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Department: means the department of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 453D-1
- Department: means the department of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Department: means the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
- Diagnosis: means using all recognized and accepted physical and laboratory diagnostic procedures including the taking of blood for diagnostic purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 453D-1
- Director: means the director of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Discharge: means the formal termination on the records of a psychiatric facility of a patient's period of treatment at the facility. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
- Donee: The recipient of a gift.
- Dower: A widow
- Employee: means an individual drawing a salary from a governmental body, whether elected or not, and any noncompensated individual performing services for any governmental body. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Family member: means any individual who is a member of the immediate family of the person who is the subject of the petition, including spouse, child, parent, grandparent, or any related individual who resides in the same household as the individual who is the subject of the petition. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-141
- Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- Goods: means all property, including but not limited to equipment, equipment leases, materials, supplies, printing, insurance, and processes, including computer systems and software, excluding land or a permanent interest in land, leases of real property, and office rentals. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Governmental body: means any department, commission, council, board, bureau, authority, committee, institution, legislative body, agency, government corporation, or other establishment or office of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the State, including the office of Hawaiian affairs, and the several counties of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
- Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Health care provider: means an individual or entity licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized or permitted by law to provide medical or health services in the ordinary course of business or practice of a profession. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Health care provider: means a physician, osteopathic physician, surgeon, or physician assistant licensed under chapter 453, a podiatrist licensed under chapter 463E, a health care facility as defined in section 323D-2, and the employees of any of them. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 671-1
- Homeopathic: means minute doses of substances that have been highly diluted and shaken according to standardized pharmaceutical methods. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Hygiene and immunization: means the use of preventative techniques including personal hygiene, asepsis, public health, and, to the extent allowed by rule, immunizations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Imminently dangerous to self or others: means that, without intervention, the person will likely become dangerous to self or dangerous to others within the next forty-five days. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Improved public lands: means lands designated as part of the state park system, parks, and parkways under chapter 184, or as part of a county's park system, and lands which are part of the Hawaii statewide trail and access system under chapter 198D, excluding buildings and structures constructed upon such lands. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 663-51
- Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Insured: includes any person in the state military forces, whose life is insured under and who is the owner and holder and has an interest in a policy. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
- Insurer: includes any firm, corporation, partnership, or association chartered or authorized to engage in the insurance business to issue a policy as defined by the laws of a state or of the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
- Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
- Judge: means any judge of the family court or per diem judge appointed by the chief justice as provided in section 604-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Licensed mental health counselor: means a person:
(1) Who engages in the practice of mental health counseling and uses the title of licensed mental health counselor;
(2) Who has been issued a license under this chapter; and
(3) Whose license is in effect and not revoked or suspended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 453D-1
- Licensed physician: means a physician or surgeon licensed by the State to practice medicine, including a physician and surgeon granted a limited and temporary license under section 453-3(1), (2), and (5) or a resident physician and surgeon granted a limited and temporary license under paragraph (4) thereof, or a medical officer of the United States while in this State in the performance of the medical officer's official duties. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Medical tort: means professional negligence, the rendering of professional service without informed consent, or an error or omission in professional practice, by a health care provider, which proximately causes death, injury, or other damage to a patient. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 671-1
- Mental health: means a state of social, psychological, and physical well-being, with capacity to function effectively in a variety of social roles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Military service: means service on state active duty in any of the state military forces or full time National Guard duty. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
- Minor office procedures: means care and procedures relative to superficial lacerations, lesions, and abrasions, and the removal of foreign bodies located in superficial structures not including the eye; and the topical and parenteral use of substances consistent with the practice of naturopathic medicine, in accordance with rules established by the board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
- Naturopathic formulary: means vitamins, minerals, dietary supplements, botanical medicines, homeopathic medicines, hormones, and those legend drugs consistent with naturopathic medical practice. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Naturopathic medicine: means the practice of the art and science of diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of disorders of the body by support, stimulation, or both, of the natural processes of the human body. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Naturopathic physician: means a person who holds a current license issued under this chapter to practice naturopathic medicine. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
- Nonexpendable property: means all property having a unit cost and useful life which is set by rules adopted by the policy board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-1201
- Nutrition and food science: means the prevention and treatment of disease or other human conditions through the use of diet. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-21
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Outpatient treatment: includes any substance abuse treatment provided through individual or group therapy, day or partial day programs, and intensive day treatment and which does not require the individual to reside on a twenty-four-hour basis in the facility for more than three days to benefit from the treatment program. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-141
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Parenteral therapy: means the administration of substances by means other than through the gastrointestinal tract, including intravenous, subcutaneous and intramuscular injection. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Patient: means a person under observation, care, or treatment at a psychiatric facility. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Period of military service: means the period beginning on the date on which the person enters state active duty or full time National Guard duty and ending on the date of the person's release from state active duty or full time National Guard duty or the person's death while on state active duty or full time National Guard duty. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
- Person: when used with reference to the holder of any right alleged to exist against a person in military service or against a person secondarily liable under such right, includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and any other forms of business association. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Personal property: means all tangible goods, including equipment, materials and supplies, except land, buildings, and improvement to the land. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-1101
- Petitioner: means the family member who applies to the court for an order to require an individual to enter into an outpatient treatment program. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-141
- Physical modalities: means use of physical, chemical, electrical, and other means, including but not limited to heat, cold, air, light, including lasers, water in any of its forms, sound, massage, and therapeutic exercise. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
- police officer: as used in this chapter , means the director of public safety or the director's duly authorized representative, any chief of police or subordinate police officer, or an independent civil process server on the list maintained by the department of public safety pursuant to section 353C-10. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 651-1
- Policy: includes any contract of life insurance or policy on a life, endowment, or term plan, including any benefit in the nature of life insurance arising out of membership in any fraternal or beneficial association, that does not provide for the payments of any sum less than the face value thereof or for the payment of an additional amount as premiums if the insured engages in the military service of the United States or which does not contain any limitations or restrictions upon coverage relating to engagement in or pursuit of certain types of activities which a person might be required to engage in by virtue of the person's being in that military service, and:
(1) Which is in force on a premium-paying basis at the time of application for benefits hereunder; and
(2) Which was made and a premium paid thereon not less than one hundred eighty days before the date insured entered into the military service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
- Policy board: means the procurement policy board created in section 103D-201. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- Practice of mental health counseling: includes but is not limited to:
(1) The assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of, and counseling for, mental and emotional disorders;
(2) The assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of, and counseling for, substance abuse and conduct disorders defined in the approved diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders;
(3) The application of educational techniques aimed at the prevention of these disorders; and
(4) The provision of consultative services to individuals, couples, families, groups, organizations, and communities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 453D-1
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Premium: includes the amount specified in the policy as the stipend to be paid by the insured at regular intervals during the period therein stated. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probate: Proving a will
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Procurement: means buying, purchasing, renting, leasing, or otherwise acquiring any good, service, or construction. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Procurement officer: means any person authorized to enter into and administer contracts and make written determinations with respect thereto. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Property: means all goods, including equipment, materials, supplies, land, buildings, and other improvements to the land, also non-tangible items such as patents, inventions, and copyrights. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-1201
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Psychiatric facility: means a public or private hospital or part thereof which provides inpatient or outpatient care, custody, diagnosis, treatment or rehabilitation services for mentally ill persons or for persons habituated to the excessive use of drugs or alcohol or for intoxicated persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
- Public entity: means "government entity" as defined in section 663-10. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 663-51
- Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
- Purchasing agency: means any governmental body which is authorized by this chapter or its implementing rules and procedures, or by way of delegation, to enter into contracts for the procurement of goods, services, or construction. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Qualified community rehabilitation program: means a nonprofit community rehabilitation program for persons with disabilities that:
(1) Is organized and incorporated under the laws of the United States or this State, and located in this State;
(2) Is operated in the interest of and [employs] persons with disabilities;
(3) Does not inure any part of its net income to any shareholder or other individual;
(4) Complies with all applicable occupational health and safety standards required by the federal, state, and county governments; and
(5) Holds a current certificate from the United States Department of Labor pursuant to the Fair Labor Standards Act, Title 29 United States Code section 214(c), and is certified by the state department of labor and industrial relations under section 387-9 and applicable administrative rules relating to the employment of persons with disabilities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-1001
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Radiography: means the ordering of radiographic diagnostic and other imaging studies, including but not limited to computed tomography scans, x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography scans, and ultrasounds. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 455-1
- Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: Federal law that, among other things, requires lenders to provide "good faith" estimates of settlement costs and make other disclosures regarding the mortgage loan. RESPA also limits the amount of funds held in escrow for real estate taxes and insurance. Source: OCC
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
- Respondent: means the individual who is eighteen years of age or older who is the subject of the petition for a court order to require the individual to enter into an outpatient treatment program. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-141
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Services: means the furnishing of labor, time, or effort by a contractor, not involving the delivery of a specific end product other than reports which are merely incidental to the required performance. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Special treatment facility: means a public or private facility which provides a therapeutic residential program for care, diagnosis, treatment or rehabilitation services for emotionally distressed persons, mentally ill persons or persons suffering from substance abuse. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- State active duty: includes any period during which a person in the military service of the State is ordered to state active duty by the adjutant general or the governor. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Surplus personal property: includes obsolete, scrap, and excess personal property that has completed its useful life cycle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-1101
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
- Treatment: means the broad range of emergency, out-patient, intermediate, domiciliary, and inpatient services and care, including diagnostic evaluation, medical, psychiatric, psychological, and social service care, vocational rehabilitation, career counseling, and other special services which may be extended to handicapped persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
- Unauthorized absence: means absence of a patient from a psychiatric facility for any period of time without permission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
- Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
- university: refers to the University of Hawaii, unless otherwise required by the context. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 304A-101
- User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
- Using agency: means any governmental body which utilizes any goods, services, or construction procured under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-104
- Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.