In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
     “Accommodation party” shall have the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 3-419 of the Uniform Commercial Code.

Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes 205 ILCS 5/2

  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.36
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person under legal disability: means a person 18 years or older who (a) because of mental deterioration or physical incapacity is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (b) is a person with mental illness or is a person with developmental disabilities and who because of his or her mental illness or developmental disability is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (c) because of gambling, idleness, debauchery or excessive use of intoxicants or drugs, so spends or wastes his or her estate as to expose himself or herself or his or her family to want or suffering. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.06
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • State: when applied to different parts of the United States, may be construed to include the District of Columbia and the several territories, and the words "United States" may be construed to include the said district and territories. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.14
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: may be construed to include the said district and territories. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.14
  • Units of local government: has the meaning established in Section 1 of Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Illinois of 1970. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.28

     “Action” in the sense of a judicial proceeding includes recoupments, counterclaims, set-off, and any other proceeding in which rights are determined.
     “Affiliate facility” of a bank means a main banking premises or branch of another commonly owned bank. The main banking premises or any branch of a bank may be an “affiliate facility” with respect to one or more other commonly owned banks.
     “Appropriate federal banking agency” means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, or the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, as determined by federal law.
     “Bank” means any person doing a banking business whether subject to the laws of this or any other jurisdiction.
     A “banking house”, “branch”, “branch bank” or “branch office” shall mean any place of business of a bank at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made, but shall not include any place at which only records thereof are made, posted, or kept. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office if the place of business is adjacent to and connected with the main banking premises, or if it is separated from the main banking premises by not more than an alley; provided always that (i) if the place of business is separated by an alley from the main banking premises there is a connection between the two by public or private way or by subterranean or overhead passage, and (ii) if the place of business is in a building not wholly occupied by the bank, the place of business shall not be within any office or room in which any other business or service of any kind or nature other than the business of the bank is conducted or carried on. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office (i) of any bank if the place is a terminal established and maintained in accordance with paragraph (17) of Section 5 of this Act, or (ii) of a commonly owned bank by virtue of transactions conducted at that place on behalf of the other commonly owned bank under paragraph (23) of Section 5 of this Act if the place is an affiliate facility with respect to the other bank.
     “Branch of an out-of-state bank” means a branch established or maintained in Illinois by an out-of-state bank as a result of a merger between an Illinois bank and the out-of-state bank that occurs on or after May 31, 1997, or any branch established by the out-of-state bank following the merger.
     “Bylaws” means the bylaws of a bank that are adopted by the bank’s board of directors or shareholders for the regulation and management of the bank’s affairs. If the bank operates as a limited liability company, however, “bylaws” means the operating agreement of the bank.
     “Call report fee” means the fee to be paid to the Commissioner by each State bank pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of Section 48 of this Act.
     “Capital” includes the aggregate of outstanding capital stock and preferred stock.
     “Cash flow reserve account” means the account within the books and records of the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate used to record funds designated to maintain a reasonable Bank and Trust Company Fund operating balance to meet agency obligations on a timely basis.
     “Charter” includes the original charter and all amendments thereto and articles of merger or consolidation.
     “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate, except that beginning on April 6, 2009 (the effective date of Public Act 95-1047), all references in this Act to the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate are deemed, in appropriate contexts, to be references to the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation.
     “Commonly owned banks” means 2 or more banks that each qualify as a bank subsidiary of the same bank holding company pursuant to Section 18 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act; “commonly owned bank” refers to one of a group of commonly owned banks but only with respect to one or more of the other banks in the same group.
     “Community” means a city, village, or incorporated town and also includes the area served by the banking offices of a bank, but need not be limited or expanded to conform to the geographic boundaries of units of local government.
     “Company” means a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, business trust, association, or similar organization and, unless specifically excluded, includes a “State bank” and a “bank”.
     “Consolidating bank” means a party to a consolidation.
     “Consolidation” takes place when 2 or more banks, or a trust company and a bank, are extinguished and by the same process a new bank is created, taking over the assets and assuming the liabilities of the banks or trust company passing out of existence.
     “Continuing bank” means a merging bank, the charter of which becomes the charter of the resulting bank.
     “Converting bank” means a State bank converting to become a national bank, or a national bank converting to become a State bank.
     “Converting trust company” means a trust company converting to become a State bank.
     “Court” means a court of competent jurisdiction.
     “Director” means a member of the board of directors of a bank. In the case of a manager-managed limited liability company, however, “director” means a manager of the bank and, in the case of a member-managed limited liability company, “director” means a member of the bank. The term “director” does not include an advisory director, honorary director, director emeritus, or similar person, unless the person is otherwise performing functions similar to those of a member of the board of directors.
     “Director of Banking” means the Director of the Division of Banking of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
     “Eligible depository institution” means an insured savings association that is in default, an insured savings association that is in danger of default, a State or national bank that is in default or a State or national bank that is in danger of default, as those terms are defined in this Section, or a new bank as that term defined in Section 11(m) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a bridge bank as that term is defined in Section 11(n) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a new federal savings association authorized under Section 11(d)(2)(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
     “Fiduciary” means trustee, agent, executor, administrator, committee, guardian for a minor or for a person under legal disability, receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, assignee for creditors, or any holder of similar position of trust.
     “Financial institution” means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, or any licensee under the Consumer Installment Loan Act or the Sales Finance Agency Act and, for purposes of Section 48.3, any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, or any corporate fiduciary, its subsidiaries, affiliates, parent company, or contractual service provider that is examined by the Commissioner. For purposes of Section 5c and subsection (b) of Section 13 of this Act, “financial institution” includes any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, and any corporate fiduciary.
     “Foundation” means the Illinois Bank Examiners’ Education Foundation.
     “General obligation” means a bond, note, debenture, security, or other instrument evidencing an obligation of the government entity that is the issuer that is supported by the full available resources of the issuer, the principal and interest of which is payable in whole or in part by taxation.
     “Guarantee” means an undertaking or promise to answer for payment of another’s debt or performance of another’s duty, liability, or obligation whether “payment guaranteed” or “collection guaranteed”.
     “In danger of default” means a State or national bank, a federally chartered insured savings association or an Illinois state chartered insured savings association with respect to which the Commissioner or the appropriate federal banking agency has advised the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that:
         (1) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    
appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        
association is not likely to be able to meet the demands of the State or national bank's or savings association's obligations in the normal course of business; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        
State or national bank or insured savings association will be able to meet those demands or pay those obligations without federal assistance; or
        (2) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    
appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        
association has incurred or is likely to incur losses that will deplete all or substantially all of its capital; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        
capital of the State or national bank or insured savings association will be replenished without federal assistance.
    "In default" means, with respect to a State or national bank or an insured savings association, any adjudication or other official determination by any court of competent jurisdiction, the Commissioner, the appropriate federal banking agency, or other public authority pursuant to which a conservator, receiver, or other legal custodian is appointed for a State or national bank or an insured savings association.
     "Insured savings association" means any federal savings association chartered under Section 5 of the federal Home Owners' Loan Act and any State savings association chartered under the Illinois Savings and Loan Act of 1985 or a predecessor Illinois statute, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The term also includes a savings bank organized or operating under the Savings Bank Act.
     "Insured savings association in recovery" means an insured savings association that is not an eligible depository institution and that does not meet the minimum capital requirements applicable with respect to the insured savings association.
     "Issuer" means for purposes of Section 33 every person who shall have issued or proposed to issue any security; except that (1) with respect to certificates of deposit, voting trust certificates, collateral-trust certificates, and certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors (or persons performing similar functions), "issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust, agreement, or instrument under which the securities are issued; (2) with respect to trusts other than those specified in clause (1) above, where the trustee is a corporation authorized to accept and execute trusts, "issuer" means the entrusters, depositors, or creators of the trust and any manager or committee charged with the general direction of the affairs of the trust pursuant to the provisions of the agreement or instrument creating the trust; and (3) with respect to equipment trust certificates or like securities, "issuer" means the person to whom the equipment or property is or is to be leased or conditionally sold.
     "Letter of credit" and "customer" shall have the meanings ascribed to those terms in Section 5-102 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
     "Main banking premises" means the location that is designated in a bank's charter as its main office.
     "Maker or obligor" means for purposes of Section 33 the issuer of a security, the promisor in a debenture or other debt security, or the mortgagor or grantor of a trust deed or similar conveyance of a security interest in real or personal property.
     "Merged bank" means a merging bank that is not the continuing, resulting, or surviving bank in a consolidation or merger.
     "Merger" includes consolidation.
     "Merging bank" means a party to a bank merger.
     "Merging trust company" means a trust company party to a merger with a State bank.
     "Mid-tier bank holding company" means a corporation that (a) owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of each class of stock of a State bank, (b) has no other subsidiaries, and (c) 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of the corporation are owned by a parent bank holding company.
     "Municipality" means any municipality, political subdivision, school district, taxing district, or agency.
     "National bank" means a national banking association located in this State and after May 31, 1997, means a national banking association without regard to its location.
     "Out-of-state bank" means a bank chartered under the laws of a state other than Illinois, a territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia.
     "Parent bank holding company" means a corporation that is a bank holding company as that term is defined in the Illinois Bank Holding Company Act of 1957 and owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of a mid-tier bank holding company.
     "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, estate, or unincorporated association.
     "Public agency" means the State of Illinois, the various counties, townships, cities, towns, villages, school districts, educational service regions, special road districts, public water supply districts, fire protection districts, drainage districts, levee districts, sewer districts, housing authorities, the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation, the Chicago Park District, and all other political corporations or subdivisions of the State of Illinois, whether now or hereafter created, whether herein specifically mentioned or not, and shall also include any other state or any political corporation or subdivision of another state.
     "Public funds" or "public money" means current operating funds, special funds, interest and sinking funds, and funds of any kind or character belonging to, in the custody of, or subject to the control or regulation of the United States or a public agency. "Public funds" or "public money" shall include funds held by any of the officers, agents, or employees of the United States or of a public agency in the course of their official duties and, with respect to public money of the United States, shall include Postal Savings funds.
     "Published" means, unless the context requires otherwise, the publishing of the notice or instrument referred to in some newspaper of general circulation in the community in which the bank is located at least once each week for 3 successive weeks. Publishing shall be accomplished by, and at the expense of, the bank required to publish. Where publishing is required, the bank shall submit to the Commissioner that evidence of the publication as the Commissioner shall deem appropriate.
     "Qualified financial contract" means any security contract, commodity contract, forward contract, including spot and forward foreign exchange contracts, repurchase agreement, swap agreement, and any similar agreement, any option to enter into any such agreement, including any combination of the foregoing, and any master agreement for such agreements. A master agreement, together with all supplements thereto, shall be treated as one qualified financial contract. The contract, option, agreement, or combination of contracts, options, or agreements shall be reflected upon the books, accounts, or records of the bank, or a party to the contract shall provide documentary evidence of such agreement.
     "Recorded" means the filing or recording of the notice or instrument referred to in the office of the Recorder of the county wherein the bank is located.
     "Resulting bank" means the bank resulting from a merger or conversion.
     "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation, or a person authorized by the Secretary or by this Act to act in the Secretary's stead.
     "Securities" means stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, or other similar obligations.
     "Stand-by letter of credit" means a letter of credit under which drafts are payable upon the condition the customer has defaulted in performance of a duty, liability, or obligation.
     "State bank" means any banking corporation that has a banking charter issued by the Commissioner under this Act.
     "State Banking Board" means the State Banking Board of Illinois.
     "Subsidiary" with respect to a specified company means a company that is controlled by the specified company. For purposes of paragraphs (8) and (12) of Section 5 of this Act, "control" means the exercise of operational or managerial control of a corporation by the bank, either alone or together with other affiliates of the bank.
     "Surplus" means the aggregate of (i) amounts paid in excess of the par value of capital stock and preferred stock; (ii) amounts contributed other than for capital stock and preferred stock and allocated to the surplus account; and (iii) amounts transferred from undivided profits.
     "Tier 1 Capital" and "Tier 2 Capital" have the meanings assigned to those terms in regulations promulgated for the appropriate federal banking agency of a state bank, as those regulations are now or hereafter amended.
     "Trust company" means a limited liability company or corporation incorporated in this State for the purpose of accepting and executing trusts.
     "Undivided profits" means undistributed earnings less discretionary transfers to surplus.
     "Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus", for the purposes of paragraph (21) of Section 5 and Sections 32, 33, 34, 35.1, 35.2, and 47 of this Act means the sum of the state bank's Tier 1 Capital and Tier 2 Capital plus such other shareholder equity as may be included by regulation of the Commissioner. Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated on the basis of the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner preceding the date of the transaction for which the calculation is made, provided that: (i) when a material event occurs after the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner that reduces or increases the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus by 10% or more, then the unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated from the date of the material event for a transaction conducted after the date of the material event; and (ii) if the Commissioner determines for safety and soundness reasons that a state bank should calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus more frequently than provided by this paragraph, the Commissioner may by written notice direct the bank to calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus at a more frequent interval. In the case of a state bank newly chartered under Section 13 or a state bank resulting from a merger, consolidation, or conversion under Sections 21 through 26 for which no preceding quarterly call report has been filed with the Commissioner, unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated for the first calendar quarter on the basis of the effective date of the charter, merger, consolidation, or conversion.