Terms Used In Indiana Code > Title 35 > Article 47
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- adult: means a person who is at least eighteen (18) years of age. See Indiana Code 35-47-10-2
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney: includes a counselor or other person authorized to appear and represent a party in an action or special proceeding. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- child: means a person who is less than eighteen (18) years of age. See Indiana Code 35-47-10-3
- Clerk: means the clerk of the court or a person authorized to perform the clerk's duties. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- dealer: includes any person licensed under 18 U. See Indiana Code 35-47-2.5-2
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- division: refers to the victim services division of the Indiana criminal justice institute. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.7-1
- division: refers to the victim services division of the Indiana criminal justice institute. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.8-1
- electronic stun weapon: means any mechanism that is:
Indiana Code 35-47-8-1
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- firearm: has the meaning set forth in 18 U. See Indiana Code 35-47-15-1
- firearm buyback program: means a program to purchase privately owned firearms from individual firearm owners for the purpose of:
Indiana Code 35-47-3.5-2
- firefighter: means an individual who is:
Indiana Code 35-47-4.5-1.5
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- fund: refers to the family violence and victim assistance fund established by this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.8-2
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- in writing: include printing, lithographing, or other mode of representing words and letters. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- laser pointer: means a device that emits light amplified by the stimulated emission of radiation that is visible to the human eye. See Indiana Code 35-47-4.5-2
- law enforcement agency: means an agency or department of:
Indiana Code 35-47-15-2
- law enforcement officer: has the meaning set forth in IC 35-31. See Indiana Code 35-47-15-3
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Mentally incompetent: means of unsound mind. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- NICS: refers to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in accordance with the federal Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (18 U. See Indiana Code 35-47-2.5-2.5
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Population: has the meaning set forth in IC 1-1-3. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Property: includes personal and real property. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- public safety officer: means :
Indiana Code 35-47-4.5-3
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- stun gun: means any mechanism that is:
Indiana Code 35-47-8-2
- taser: means any mechanism that is:
Indiana Code 35-47-8-3
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Verified: when applied to pleadings, means supported by oath or affirmation in writing. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5