Terms Used In Indiana Code > Title 35 > Article 47
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- adult: means a person who is at least eighteen (18) years of age. See Indiana Code 35-47-10-2
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney: includes a counselor or other person authorized to appear and represent a party in an action or special proceeding. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- child: means a person who is less than eighteen (18) years of age. See Indiana Code 35-47-10-3
- Clerk: means the clerk of the court or a person authorized to perform the clerk's duties. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- council: refers to the domestic violence prevention and treatment council established by section 3 of this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.6-1
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- dealer: includes any person licensed under 18 U. See Indiana Code 35-47-2.5-2
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- division: refers to the victim services division of the Indiana criminal justice institute. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.3-1
- division: refers to the victim services division of the Indiana criminal justice institute. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.6-2
- division: refers to the victim services division of the Indiana criminal justice institute. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.7-1
- electronic stun weapon: means any mechanism that is:
Indiana Code 35-47-8-1
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- firearm: has the meaning set forth in 18 U. See Indiana Code 35-47-15-1
- firearm buyback program: means a program to purchase privately owned firearms from individual firearm owners for the purpose of:
Indiana Code 35-47-3.5-2
- firefighter: means an individual who is:
Indiana Code 35-47-4.5-1.5
- fund: refers to the domestic violence prevention and treatment fund established by this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.7-3
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- in writing: include printing, lithographing, or other mode of representing words and letters. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- laser pointer: means a device that emits light amplified by the stimulated emission of radiation that is visible to the human eye. See Indiana Code 35-47-4.5-2
- law enforcement agency: means an agency or department of:
Indiana Code 35-47-15-2
- law enforcement officer: has the meaning set forth in IC 35-31. See Indiana Code 35-47-15-3
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Mentally incompetent: means of unsound mind. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- NICS: refers to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in accordance with the federal Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (18 U. See Indiana Code 35-47-2.5-2.5
- Personal property: includes goods, chattels, evidences of debt, and things in action. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Population: has the meaning set forth in IC 1-1-3. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Project IMPACT: refers to each of the affiliate organizations authorized under section 3(1) through 3(5) of this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.2-1
- Property: includes personal and real property. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
- public safety officer: means :
Indiana Code 35-47-4.5-3
- responsible party: means an individual who has been formally charged with or convicted of a felony. See Indiana Code 5-2-6.3-2
- Sheriff: means the sheriff of the county or another person authorized to perform sheriff's duties. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- stun gun: means any mechanism that is:
Indiana Code 35-47-8-2
- taser: means any mechanism that is:
Indiana Code 35-47-8-3
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- United States: includes the District of Columbia and the commonwealths, possessions, states in free association with the United States, and the territories. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Verified: when applied to pleadings, means supported by oath or affirmation in writing. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
- Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5