Terms Used In Kansas Statutes > Chapter 8 > Article 18
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Bequest: Property gifted by will.
- Board: means a hospital board which is selected in accordance with the provisions of this act and which is vested with the management and control of an existing hospital or a hospital established under the provisions of this act;
(b) "hospital" means a medical care facility as defined in K. See Kansas Statutes 80-2501
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Deed: is a pplied to an instrument conveying lands but does not imply a sealed instrument. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Devise: To gift property by will.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- General election: refers to the election required to be held on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November of each even-numbered year. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- hospital moneys: means , but is not limited to, moneys acquired through the issuance of bonds, the levy of taxes, the receipt of grants, donations, gifts, bequests, interest earned on investments authorized by this act and state or federal aid and from fees and charges for use of and services provided by the hospital;
(d) "existing hospital" means a hospital established under the provisions of article 21 of chapter 80 of Kansas Statutes Annotated, and acts amendatory of the provisions thereof or supplemental thereto, prior to the effective date of this act and being maintained and operated on the effective date of this act;
(e) "political subdivision" means a township, a city or a hospital district established under the provisions of article 21 of chapter 80 of Kansas Statutes Annotated, and acts amendatory of the provisions thereof or supplemental thereto, prior to the effective date of this act or established under this act;
(f) "qualified elector" means any person who has been a bona fide resident within the territory included in the taxing district of a hospital for 30 days prior to the date of any annual meeting or election provided for in this act and who possesses the qualifications of an elector provided for in the laws governing general elections;
(g) As used in this section, a "limited care residential retirement facility" means a facility, other than an adult care home, in which there are separate apartment-style living areas, bedrooms, bathrooms and individual utilities; which facility is available only to individuals 55 years of age or older; and which facility has at least the following characteristics: (1) A common recreational and dining area; (2) planned recreation and social gatherings; (3) laundry facilities or services and housecleaning services; (4) special dietary programs providing at least one meal per day; (5) organized wellness programs; (6) a 24-hour emergency call system in each unit staffed by the hospital district; (7) a nursing staff from the hospital district on 24-hour call for residents; and (8) availability of additional health related services, laundry services, housekeeping, means for individuals with special or additional needs;
(h) "joint enterprise" means a business undertaking by a hospital and one or more public or private entities for the provision of health care services. See Kansas Statutes 80-2501
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Minor: means any person defined by K. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Oath: includes an affirmation in all cases where an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in similar cases "swear" includes affirm. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, evidences of debt and things in action, and digital assets as defined in the revised uniform fiduciary access to digital assets act, K. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Property: includes personal and real property. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- public water supply: means a supply of water furnished to residences and other customers in any part of the township through water mains, whether such mains are owned and operated by the township, an adjacent city or township, or by a private utility. See Kansas Statutes 80-2001
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights to them and interest in them, equitable as well as legal. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Residence: means the place which is adopted by a person as the person's place of habitation and to which, whenever the person is absent, the person has the intention of returning. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- road: include public bridges and may be construed to be equivalent to "county way" "county road" "common road" "state road" and "territorial road. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- seal: includes an impression of the seal upon the paper alone, as well as upon wax or a wafer affixed to the paper. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- sewage system: means the main, lateral, outfall and intercepting sewers which may be constructed by any sewage district within or without the corporate limits of any township as herein provided, including all manholes, pumps, lift stations and other appurtenances to such sewers, including sewage-disposal plants, if any be constructed by such sewage district as herein provided, and their appurtenances. See Kansas Statutes 80-2001
- State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- township board: means the township trustee, township clerk and the township treasurer acting as a board. See Kansas Statutes 80-1901
- township board: means the township trustee, township clerk, and township treasurer, acting as a board. See Kansas Statutes 80-2001
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Undertaking: means a promise or security in any form where required by law. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Ward: means a person who has a guardian. See Kansas Statutes 77-201
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.