Subchapter 1 Geological Survey Division
Subchapter 2 Regulation of Oil and Gas Wells
Subchapter 3 Mineral Wells
Subchapter 4 Mineral Mining
Subchapter 5 Peat Extraction From State Owned Lands

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 324 > Act 451 of 1994 > Article III > Chapter 3

  • Accession: means goods that are physically united with other goods in such a manner that the identity of the original goods is not lost. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Account debtor: means a person obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • account for: means a right to payment of a monetary obligation, whether or not earned by performance, for property that has been or is to be sold, leased, licensed, assigned, or otherwise disposed of, for services rendered or to be rendered, for a policy of insurance issued or to be issued, for a secondary obligation incurred or to be incurred, for energy provided or to be provided, for the use or hire of a vessel under a charter or other contract, arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card, or as winnings in a lottery or other game of chance operated or sponsored by a state, governmental unit of a state, or person licensed or authorized to operate the game by a state or governmental unit of a state. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • accounting for: means a record that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Authenticated by a secured party. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Accuser: means a person who signs and swears to charges, a person who directs that charges be signed and sworn to by another, or a person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Active cell-unit: means a cell-unit set forth in the approved progressive cell-unit mining and reclamation plan provided for in section 63706(1), in which vegetation and topsoil have been removed in preparation for sand dune mining or sand removal has been initiated after the date of issuance of the sand dune mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Active service: means service, including active state service and special duty required by law, regulation, or pursuant to order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Active service: means service, active state service, or special duty required by law, regulation, or order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Active state duty: means the actual weekend, annual training, or special call up duty in the state military forces and includes travel to and from the duty site or station. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Active state service: means military service in support of civil authorities ordered by the governor or as provided by the Michigan military act. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjudication of guilt: means any of the following:

    (i) Entry of a judgment or verdict of guilty, or guilty but mentally ill, following a trial. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Administratively complete: describes an application for a mining permit under this part that contains all of the documents and information required under this part and any rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Administratively complete: refers to an application for a mining permit under this part that includes the fee and all of the documents and other information required under this part and any rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Adulterated product: means a product that contains any deleterious or harmful substance in sufficient amount to render it injurious to beneficial plant life, animals, humans, aquatic life, soil, or water when applied in accordance with directions for use on the label, or if adequate warning statements or directions for use that may be necessary to protect plant life, animals, humans, aquatic life, soil, or water are not shown on the label. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory board: means the Michigan cyber civilian corps advisory board created under section 9. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Affected area: means an area outside of the mining area where the land surface, surface water, groundwater, or air resources are determined through an environmental impact assessment to be potentially affected by mining operations within the proposed mining area. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age: means chronological age except as otherwise provided by law. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Agreement: means a written agreement between 1 or more law enforcement agencies in this state and at least 1 law enforcement agency in a physically adjacent state. See Michigan Laws 3.731
  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest, in farm products that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) The interest secures payment or performance of an obligation for 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Goods or services furnished in connection with a debtor's farming operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Agricultural use: means that term as defined in section 36101. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Air pollution: means the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of air contaminants in quantities, of characteristics, under conditions and circumstances, and of a duration that are or can become injurious to human health or welfare, to animal life, to plant life, or to property, or that interfere with the enjoyment of life and property in this state, and excludes all aspects of employer-employee relationships as to health and safety hazards. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Airboat: means a motorboat that is propelled, wholly or in part, by a propeller projecting above the water surface. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amphibian: means any frog, toad, or salamander of the class Amphibia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
  • Annual user costs: means an annual charge levied by a water supplier on users of the waterworks system to pay for each user's share of the cost for operation, maintenance, and replacement of the waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicable environmental requirement: means an applicable federal environmental requirement, an applicable state environmental requirement, or an environmental requirement established by a local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Applicable federal environmental requirement: means any of the following:

    (i) The federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Applicable state environmental requirement: means any of the following or a rule promulgated or permit, order, or other legally binding document issued under any of the following:

    (i) Article II or chapter 1 or 3 of article III. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Application period: means the period beginning when an application for a permit is received by the state and ending when the application is considered to be administratively complete under section 1305 and any applicable fee has been paid. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Apprehension: means the taking of a person into custody. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved holding tank: means a holding tank certified by the United States coast guard under part 159 of subchapter O of chapter I of title 33 of the code of federal regulations, 33 C. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Aquatic invasive plant species: means an aquatic plant species, hybrid, or genotype that is not native and whose introduction causes, or is likely to cause, economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Aquatic nuisance: means an organism that lives or propagates, or both, within the aquatic environment and that impairs the use or enjoyment of the waters of the state, including the intermediate aquatic hosts for schistosomes that cause swimmer's itch. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Aquatic nuisance species: means a nonindigenous species that threatens the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Aquifer: means a geologic formation, group of formations, or part of a formation capable of yielding a significant amount of groundwater to wells or springs. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Aquifer sensitivity: means a hydrogeologic function representing the inherent abilities of materials surrounding the aquifer to attenuate the movement of nitrogen fertilizers into that aquifer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Area: means the whole of the state and the whole or any designated portion of any township or townships or county or counties within the state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Armory: means a building, facility, or the lots and grounds used by an army, navy, or air unit of the national guard or organized militia as a home station or for military training. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Arrest card: means a paper form or an electronic format prescribed by the department that facilitates the collection and compilation of criminal and juvenile arrest history record information and biometric data. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Art: means an original, visual creation of quality executed in any size or shape, in any media, using any kind or combination of materials. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Articles: means the articles of incorporation of an authority. See Michigan Laws 324.901
  • Artificial brine: means mineralized water formed by dissolving rock salt or other readily soluble rocks or minerals. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • As-extracted collateral: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Oil, gas, or other minerals that are subject to a security interest that is created by a debtor having an interest in the minerals before extraction and attaches to the minerals as extracted. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Asset management program: means the program that identifies the desired level of service at the lowest life cycle cost for rehabilitating, repairing, or replacing the assets associated with a municipality's wastewater or storm water system. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal water pollution control act:

    (i) Provision of loans to municipalities for construction of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal safe drinking water act:

    (i) Provision of loans for the planning, design, and construction or alteration of waterworks systems. See Michigan Laws 324.5401

  • Associated equipment: means any of the following that are not radio equipment:

    (i) An original system, part, or component of a boat at the time that boat was manufactured, or a similar part or component manufactured or sold for replacement. See Michigan Laws 324.80101

  • Associated equipment: means any of the following that are not radio equipment:

    (i) An original system, part, or component of a personal watercraft at the time that boat was manufactured, or a similar part or component manufactured or sold for replacement. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in section 4 of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Authority: means a joint city-state environmental management authority created pursuant to section 902. See Michigan Laws 324.901
  • Authority: means a base conversion authority as provided for in this act. See Michigan Laws 3.551
  • Authority: means a base conversion authority as provided for in this act. See Michigan Laws 3.571
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Ballast water: means water and associated solids taken on board a vessel to control or maintain trim, draft, stability, or stresses on the vessel, without regard to the manner in which it is carried. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Ballast water treatment method: means a method of treating ballast water and sediments to remove or destroy living biological organisms through 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Filtration. See Michigan Laws 324.3101

  • Ballot container: means a container that is used for transporting and storing voted ballots, as described and approved under section 24j. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrier dune: means the first landward sand dune formation along the shoreline of a Great Lake or a sand dune formation designated by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Base: means a federal military installation on the final list of base or facility closures submitted by the base realignment and closure commission to the president of the United States and subsequently approved by congress. See Michigan Laws 3.571
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Beneficiation: means to process sand for any of the following purposes, but does not include the drying process:

    (i) Regulating the grain size of the desired product. See Michigan Laws 324.63701

  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biofuel: means any renewable liquid or gas fuel offered for sale as a fuel that is derived from recently living organisms or their metabolic by-products and meets applicable quality standards, including, but not limited to, ethanol, ethanol-blended fuel, biodiesel, and biodiesel blends. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Biogas: means a biofuel that is a gas. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Biometric data: means all of the following:

    (i) Fingerprint images recorded in a manner prescribed by the department. See Michigan Laws 28.241a

  • Biosolids: means a product consisting in whole or in part of sewage sludge that is distributed to the public and that is disinfected by means of composting, pasteurization, wet air oxidation, heat treatment, or other means. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.2006
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 324.901
  • Board: means the Michigan highway reciprocity board. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in section 1905. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Board: means the state historical records advisory board. See Michigan Laws 24.401
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in part 19. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Board: means a river management board created as the governing body of a river management district in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Board: means the county board of commissioners. See Michigan Laws 324.31301
  • Boat: means a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Boat livery: means a business that holds a vessel for renting, leasing, or chartering. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Boat livery: means that term as defined in section 44501. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Boating safety certificate: means any of the following:

    (i) The document issued by the department under part 802 that certifies that the individual named in the document has successfully completed a boating safety course and passed an examination approved and administered as required under section 80212. See Michigan Laws 324.80101

  • Boating safety certificate: means either of the following:

    (i) The document issued by the department under this part that certifies that the individual named in the document has successfully completed a boating safety course and passed an examination approved and administered as required under section 80211. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Boating safety course: means a course that meets both of the following requirements:

    (i) Provides instruction on the safe operation of a personal watercraft that meets or exceeds the minimum course content for boating or personal watercraft education established by the national association of state boating law administrators education committee (October 1996), a province of the commonwealth of Canada, or another country. See Michigan Laws 324.80101

  • Boating safety course: means a course that meets both of the following requirements:

    (i) Provides instruction on the safe operation of a personal watercraft that meets or exceeds the minimum course content for boating or personal watercraft education established by the national association of state boating law administrators education committee (October 1996). See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Branch: includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Brand or product name: means a term, design, or trademark used in connection with 1 or more grades of fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Brine: means a liquid produced as a by-product of oil or natural gas production or exploration. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Buyer in ordinary course of business: means a person that buys goods in good faith, without knowledge that the sale violates the rights of another person in the goods, and in the ordinary course from a person, other than a pawnbroker, in the business of selling goods of that kind. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • by-product: means any material that is produced by, is incident to, or results from industrial, commercial, or governmental activity or any other activity or enterprise, that is determined to be liquid by method 9095 (paint filter liquids test) as described in "Test methods for evaluating solid wastes, physical/chemical methods" United States Environmental Protection Agency publication no. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency for the purpose of establishing a state water pollution control revolving fund, as provided in title VI of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1381 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency, as provided in the federal safe drinking water act. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Cash proceeds: means proceeds that are money, checks, deposit accounts, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Cell-unit: means a subunit of the total sand dune mining project as determined in size and location by the operator. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Certificate of coverage: means written authorization from the department to implement a project under a general permit. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Certificate of title: means a certificate of title with respect to which a statute provides for the security interest in question to be indicated on the certificate as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Certified health department: means a city, county, or district department of health certified under section 11716. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Cesspool: means a cavity in the ground that receives waste to be partially absorbed directly or indirectly by the surrounding soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Channel: means either of the following:

    (i) The deepest part of a stream, bay, or straight through which the main current flows. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Chief information officer: means the individual within the department designated by the governor as the chief information officer for this state. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Child: means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Child: means an individual less than 17 years of age. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Child-support order: means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state or foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • citation: means a complaint or notice upon which a police officer shall record an occurrence involving 1 or more vehicle law violations by the person cited. See Michigan Laws 257.727c
  • city: whenever used in this act , shall be construed to mean a city incorporated under this act, or made subject to its provisions. See Michigan Laws 113.10
  • Claimant: means a victim or intervenor who is injured, or any other person eligible for an award under section 4(1) or 5(1), who files a claim under this act. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Classification system: means a mechanism to identify the current use of land and any structures on the land. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Clean air act: means chapter 360, 69 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Clean air act: means chapter 360, 69 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Clean corporate citizen: means a facility that has demonstrated environmental stewardship and a strong environmental ethic by meeting the criteria in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Clearinghouse: means the missing child information clearinghouse established under section 9. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Client: means a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization that has requested and is using the rapid response assistance of the Michigan cyber civilian corps under the direction of the department. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Collecting sewers: means lateral, branch, submain, and trunk sewers consisting of pipes or conduits including pumps, lift stations, force mains, and other appurtenances necessary for a system to prevent or eliminate discharges of raw or inadequately treated sewage of human origin into any waters of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Collector plate: means a collector plate that matches any registration plate developed and issued under this act. See Michigan Laws 257.811d
  • Commander-in-chief: means the governor of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Commanding officer: includes only a commissioned officer. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Commanding officer: means the director of the department of state police or the director's designee. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Commercial purposes: means offering for sale, selling, giving, or furnishing to others. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Commercial tort claim: means a claim arising in tort with respect to which of the following applies:

    (i) The claimant is an organization. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in this act or, by express delegation of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards, its executive director and staff. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Commission: means the Hispanic/Latino commission of Michigan created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Commission: means the crime victim services commission. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Commission: means the state commission on criminal justice created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in section 3 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Commission: means the civil rights commission established by section 29 of article V of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Commission: means the Michigan superconducting super collider commission created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Commission: means the civil rights commission established by section 29 of article V of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Commission: means the Michigan state capitol commission established in section 5. See Michigan Laws 4.1942
  • Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance services of the department of consumer and industry services. See Michigan Laws 21.147
  • Committee: means the committee on art in public places. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Commodity account: means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity contract: means a commodity futures contract, an option on a commodity futures contract, a commodity option, or another contract if the contract or option is 1 of the following:

    (i) Traded on or subject to the rules of a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market for such a contract pursuant to federal commodities laws. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commodity customer: means a person for which a commodity intermediary carries a commodity contract on its books. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity intermediary: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person that is registered as a futures commission merchant under federal commodities law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • common source of supply: means a natural underground reservoir containing or appearing to contain a common accumulation of oil and gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Communicate: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) To send a written or other tangible record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Community water supply: means a public water supply that provides year-round service to not less than 15 living units or which regularly provides year-round service to not less than 25 residents. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compliance assistance agent: means an individual who provides technical assistance to individuals, organizations, agencies, or others to aid them in complying with federal and state laws and local conservation ordinances. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Concession: means an agreement between the department and a person under terms and conditions as specified by the department to provide services or recreational opportunities for public use. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Confinement: means the physical restraint of a person. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Conformance bond: means a surety bond that has been executed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state, cash, a certificate of deposit, a letter of credit, or other security filed by a person and accepted by the department to ensure compliance with this part or rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Conformance bond: means a surety bond that is executed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state, cash, certificates of deposit, letters of credit, or other securities that are filed by an operator to ensure compliance with this part, rules promulgated under this part, or conditions of a sand dune mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • conservation district: means a governmental subdivision of this state, and a public body corporate and politic, organized in accordance with this part, for the purposes, with the powers, and subject to the restrictions set forth in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • conservation district board: means the governing body of a conservation district. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservation easement: means that term as it is defined in section 2140. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Conservation easement: means an interest in land that provides limitation on the use of land or a body of water or requires or prohibits certain acts on or with respect to the land or body of water, whether or not the interest is stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant, or condition in a deed, will, or other instrument executed by or on behalf of the owner of the land or body of water or in an order of taking, which interest is appropriate to retaining or maintaining the land or body of water, including improvements on the land or body of water, predominantly in its natural, scenic, or open condition, or in an agricultural, farming, open space, or forest use, or similar use or condition. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Conservation plan: means a plan approved by the department for all or a portion of a parcel of land that specifies the conservation practices to be undertaken and includes a schedule for implementation. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Conservation practices: means practices, voluntarily implemented by the landowner, that protect and conserve water quality, soil, natural features, wildlife, or other natural resources and that meet 1 or more of the following:

    (i) The practices comply with United States natural resource conservation service standards and specifications as approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.8201

  • Conservation species: means those plant species beneficial for conservation practices as included on the list prepared under section 9304a by the conservation species advisory panel. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservation species advisory panel: means the conservation species advisory panel created in section 9304a. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Consignee: means a merchant to which goods are delivered in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consignment: means a transaction, regardless of its form, in which a person delivers goods to a merchant for the purpose of sale and that meets all of the following:

    (i) The merchant deals in goods of that kind under a name other than the name of the person making delivery, is not an auctioneer, and is not generally known by its creditors to be substantially engaged in selling the goods of others. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Consignor: means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Construction: means the engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal, and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures, and other similar actions necessary to the construction of collecting sewers; the installation, erection, and building of collecting sewers; and the inspection and supervision of the construction of such sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Consumer goods: means goods that are used or bought for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer obligor: means an obligor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation as part of a transaction entered into primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer transaction: means a transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, a security interest secures the obligation, and the collateral is held or acquired primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer-goods transaction: means a consumer transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes and a security interest in consumer goods secures the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Container: means any portable device in which a liquid industrial by-product is stored, transported, treated, or otherwise handled. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Contested case: means that term as defined in section 3 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Contiguity: means in close proximity, touching, or near. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuation statement: means an amendment of a financing statement which identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contractor: means the private entity, nonprofit entity, or academic institution selected by the department under section 5 to evaluate certain economic development incentives. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Controlled substance: means opium, heroin, cocaine, amphetamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, barbituric acid, marihuana, any compound or derivative of any such substance, and any other substance that is listed in schedules I through V of section 202 of the controlled substances act, 21 USC 812, including any subsequent amendments thereto. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • controlling board: means all boards having the care, management, or control over public school districts and public educational institutions other than a public school academy established under the revised school code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 38.73
  • Convention: means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at The Hague on November 23, 2007. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Conventional gravity sewer extension: means the installation of a new gravity sewer and connection to an existing collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Convicted: means 1 of the following:

    (i) Having a judgment of conviction or a probation order entered in any court having jurisdiction over criminal offenses, including, but not limited to, a tribal court or a military court, and including a conviction subsequently set aside under 1965 PA 213, MCL 780. See Michigan Laws 28.722

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction: means a final conviction, the payment of a fine, a plea of guilty or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, a finding of guilt, or a probate court or family division disposition on a violation of this part, regardless of whether the penalty is rebated or suspended. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Conviction: means a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill, or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, or a jury verdict or court finding that a defendant is guilty or guilty but mentally ill for a criminal law violation, or a juvenile adjudication or disposition for a criminal law violation that if committed by an adult would be a crime. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Correctional custody: means the physical restraint of a person during duty or nonduty while on active state duty and includes extra duty, fatigue duty, or hard labor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Corrections officer of the department of corrections: means a state correctional officer as that term is defined in section 2 of the correctional officers' training act of 1982, 1982 PA 415, MCL 791. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Costs: means 1 or more of the following costs that may be chargeable to the waste management project as a capital cost under generally acceptable accounting principles:

    (i) The cost or fair market value of the acquisition or construction of lands, property rights, utility extensions, disposal facilities, buildings, structures, fixtures, machinery, equipment, access roads, easements, and franchises. See Michigan Laws 324.11901

  • Council: means the criminal justice information policy council created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 28.211a
  • Council: means a watershed council created under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • County agency: means an agency created or controlled by a county board of commissioners or a county executive, a board of county road commissioners, or an office of the county drain commissioner. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • Crayfish: means any arthropod of the decapoda family. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Crime: means an act that is 1 of the following:

    (i) A crime under the laws of this state or the United States that causes an injury within this state. See Michigan Laws 18.351

  • Criminal history record information: means name; date of birth; personal descriptions including identifying marks, scars, amputations, and tattoos; aliases and prior names; social security number, driver's license number, and other identifying numbers; and information on misdemeanor arrests and convictions and felony arrests and convictions. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Criminal justice in-service training: means a criminal justice program that includes education or training that is designed and intended to enhance the direct delivery of criminal justice services by participants who are authorized to receive education or training as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Crowfoot bar: means a bar of any material bearing a series of hooks designed to catch or adapted for catching mussels by the insertion of the hooks between the shells of mussels. See Michigan Laws 324.45701
  • Crustacea: means any freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Crustacean: means freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order Decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Custom blend: means a fertilizer blended according to specifications provided to a blender in a soil test nutrient recommendation or blended as specifically requested by the consumer prior to blending. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Cybersecurity incident: means an event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident on any of these. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • damages: means the fair market value on the stump or at the mill, whichever is greater of a forest product cut or removed, or the fair and actual value of any other property removed or damaged in trespass, plus any other damages caused before, during, or after the cutting or removal. See Michigan Laws 324.2155
  • Dams: means dams, embankments, dikes, pumps, weirs, locks, gates, tubes, ditches, or any other devices or construction to impound or release water. See Michigan Laws 324.31301
  • Data management system: means a mechanism which relies on a computer to manipulate, store, and retrieve information collected and updated during a resource inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Data transfer: means the copying or transmission of electronic information that does not alter the content, context, or structure of a record from 1 medium to another medium. See Michigan Laws 24.401
  • Dealer: means a person and an authorized representative of that person who annually purchases from a manufacturer, or who is engaged in selling or manufacturing, 6 or more vessels that require certificates of number under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.80102
  • Dealer: means a person and an authorized representative of that person who annually purchases from a manufacturer, or who is engaged in selling or manufacturing, 6 or more personal watercraft that require certificates of number under part 801. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery: means either of the following:

    (i) With respect to an electronic document of title, a voluntary transfer of control. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Department: means the department of agriculture or its authorized representatives. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent or representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Department: means the department of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Department: means the department, agency, or officer authorized by this act to approve or deny an application for a particular permit. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 3.551
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 3.571
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Department: means the department of history, arts, and libraries. See Michigan Laws 24.401
  • Department: means the department of civil rights or its employees. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.122
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.61001
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.196
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Departments: means the departments of natural resources, environmental quality, and transportation. See Michigan Laws 24.422
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit: includes the purchase of, or investment in, shares of credit unions. See Michigan Laws 21.147
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar account maintained with a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository library: means a depository library designated under section 10 of the library of Michigan act, Act No. See Michigan Laws 21.55
  • Derivative instrument or product: means either of the following, subject to subdivision (c):

    (i) A contract or convertible security that changes in value in concert with a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or that obtains much of its value from price movements in a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or both. See Michigan Laws 21.55

  • Designated facility: means a treatment facility, storage facility, disposal facility, or reclamation facility that receives liquid industrial by-product from off-site. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Detroit consumer price index: means the most comprehensive index of consumer prices available for the Detroit area from the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Digital imaging: means the techniques for capturing, recording, processing, storing, transferring, and using images of records electronically. See Michigan Laws 24.401
  • Digital migration: means the conversion of digital information from an existing format to another format that maintains the content, context, and structure of a record. See Michigan Laws 24.401
  • Digitization: means the conversion of information into digitally coded electronic images suitable for electronic storage. See Michigan Laws 24.401
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designated representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Director: means the director of the department of management and budget or the designated representative of the director. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Director: means the director of the office of Hispanic/Latino affairs. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Director: means the director of the office of criminal justice. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Director: means 1 of the members of the conservation district board, elected or appointed in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Director: means the director of the state department authorized under this act to approve or deny an application for a particular permit or the director's designee. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • disability: means 1 or more of the following:
  (i) A determinable physical or mental characteristic of an individual, which may result from disease, injury, congenital condition of birth, or functional disorder, if the characteristic:
  (A) For purposes of article 2, substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's ability to perform the duties of a particular job or position or substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's qualifications for employment or promotion. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed sewage treatment works project or stormwater treatment project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed public water supply project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5402

  • Discarded: means any of the following:

    (i) Abandoned by being disposed of, burned, or incinerated; or accumulated, stored, or treated before, or instead of, being abandoned. See Michigan Laws 324.12101

  • Discharge: means the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, releasing, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of liquid industrial by-product into the land, air, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Discharge: means spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal: means the abandonment, discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of a liquid industrial by-product into or on land or water in such a manner that the liquid industrial by-product may enter the environment, or be emitted into the air, or discharged into surface water or groundwater. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Disposal facility: means a facility or a part of a facility at which liquid industrial by-product is disposed. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Disposal well: means a well drilled or converted for subsurface disposal of waste products or processed brine and its related surface facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Distribute: means to import, consign, sell, barter, offer for sale, solicit orders for sale, or otherwise supply fertilizer for sale or use in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes fertilizer for sale or use in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • District: means a river management district established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • DNA identification profiling: means a validated scientific method of analyzing components of deoxyribonucleic acid molecules in a biological specimen to determine a match or a nonmatch between a reference sample and an evidentiary sample. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Docking facility: means a public, private, or commercial marina, yacht club, dock, or wharf used for mooring, serving, or otherwise handling watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Document: means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in section 7201(2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Document of title: means a record that in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession or control of the record is entitled to receive, control, hold, and dispose of the record and the goods the record covers and that purports to be issued by or addressed to a bailee and to cover goods in the bailee's possession which are either identified or are fungible portions of an identified mass. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Domestic septage: means liquid or solid material removed from a septic tank, cesspool, portable toilet, type III marine sanitation device, or similar storage or treatment works that receives only domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Domestic sewage: means waste and wastewater from humans or household operations. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Domestic treatment plant septage: means biosolids generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works and transported to a receiving facility or managed in accordance with a residuals management program approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Due notice: means notice published at least twice, with an interval of at least 7 days between the 2 publication dates, in a newspaper or other publication of general circulation within the appropriate area or, if a publication of general circulation is not available, by posting at a reasonable number of conspicuous places within the appropriate area. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Duty of support: means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Economic development incentive: means the abatements, tax credits, exemptions, grants, loans, or loan guarantees related to economic development activities in this state as determined by the Michigan strategic fund provided under the following acts:
  •   (i) The Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • educational institution: means a public or private institution, or a separate school or department thereof, and includes an academy, college, elementary or secondary school, extension course, kindergarten, nursery, local school system, university, or a business, nursing, professional, secretarial, technical, or vocational school; and includes an agent of an educational institution. See Michigan Laws 37.2401
  • Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • election precinct: as used in this act shall mean a political subdivision, the area of which is embraced in its entirety within the confines of a city, ward, township or village, and for which not more than 1 polling place is provided for all qualified and registered electors residing therein. See Michigan Laws 168.654
  • Electronic chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information stored in an electronic medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Eligible applicant: means a person that meets the requirements under section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Eligible entity: means a governmental agency of the executive branch of this state or a subdivision of this state that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and that is authorized by the laws of this state to employ or appoint law enforcement officers licensed under sections 9 and 9a of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Eligible project: means a project that meets the requirements under section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Emergency management coordinator: means that term as defined in section 2 of the emergency management act, 1976 PA 390, MCL 30. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Emergency management coordinator: means that term as defined in section 2 of the emergency management act, 1976 PA 390, MCL 30. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Employer: means a person who has 1 or more employees or a person who as contractor or subcontractor is furnishing material or performing work for the state or a governmental entity or agency of the state and includes an agent of such a person. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Employment agency: means a person regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure employees for an employer or to procure for employees opportunities to work for an employer and includes an agent of such a person. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Encumbrance: means a right, other than an ownership interest, in real property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Enhanced driver license: means an operator's or chauffeur's license issued to an individual under this act for the following purposes:

    (i) Use in entering the United States at land and sea ports. See Michigan Laws 28.302

  • Enhanced official state personal identification card: means an official state personal identification card issued under this act to an individual who is a United States citizen who resides in this state for the following purposes:

    (i) Use in entering the United States at land and sea ports. See Michigan Laws 28.302

  • Enlisted member: means a person in an enlisted grade. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental elements: means the biological, physical, and chemical characteristics of the environment, including but not limited to the following:

    (i) Watersheds. See Michigan Laws 324.63701

  • Environmental management system: means the part of an overall management system that addresses environmental concerns through allocating resources, assigning responsibilities, and evaluating practices, procedures, and processes to achieve sound environmental performance. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Environmental policy: means a policy, signed by an authorized official of the facility, that does all of the following:

    (i) Articulates the facility's environmental mission and values. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Equipment: means goods other than inventory, farm products, or consumer goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • exhibition: means an organized water event of limited duration that is conducted according to a prearranged schedule. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Expedited review: means an expedited review of an application for a construction permit under section 4112. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Exploratory purposes: means test well drilling for the specific purpose of discovering or outlining an orebody or mineable mineral resource. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • facility: means machinery, equipment, structures, or any part or accessories of machinery, equipment, or structures, installed or acquired for the primary purpose of controlling or disposing of air pollution that if released would render the air harmful or inimical to the public health or to property within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.5901
  • Facility: means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on land for treating, storing, disposing of, or reclamation of liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Facility: means any of the following that is situated in this state and is subject to an applicable state environmental requirement or applicable federal environmental requirement:

    (i) A source as defined in section 5501. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Familial status: means 1 or more individuals under the age of 18 residing with a parent or other person having custody or in the process of securing legal custody of the individual or individuals or residing with the designee of the parent or other person having or securing custody, with the written permission of the parent or other person. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Farm products: means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation and which are 1 of the following:

    (i) Crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including crops produced on trees, vines, and bushes, and aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Farming operation: means raising, cultivating, propagating, fattening, grazing, or any other farming, livestock, or aquacultural operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Federal safe drinking water act: means the safe drinking water act, 42 USC 300f to 300j-26, and the rules promulgated under that act. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Federal service: means military duty in the armed forces of the United States, including, without limitation, the army national guard of the United States and the air national guard of the United States, while subject to the uniform code of military justice, 10 USC, 801 to 946. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Federal water pollution control act: means 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Felony: means that term as defined in section 1 of chapter I of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 174, MCL 761. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Felony: means a violation of a penal law of this state for which the offender may be punished by imprisonment for more than 1 year or an offense expressly designated by law to be a felony. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Felony: means a violation of a penal law of this state for which the offender may be punished by imprisonment for more than 1 year or an offense expressly designated by law to be a felony. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Felony: means , except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, that term as defined in section 1 of chapter I of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 761. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Ferrous product: means a commercially salable ferrous mineral in its final marketable form or state. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Fertilizer: means a substance containing 1 or more recognized plant nutrients, which substance is used for its plant nutrient content and which is designed for use, or claimed to have value, in promoting plant growth. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Fertilizer material: means a fertilizer to which 1 or more of the following apply:

    (i) Contains not more than 1 of the following as primary nutrients:

    (A) Total nitrogen (N). See Michigan Laws 324.8501

  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • File number: means the number assigned to an initial financing statement pursuant to section 9519(1). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing office: means an office designated in section 9501 as the place to file a financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing-office rule: means a rule adopted pursuant to section 9526. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 21.147
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Firearm: means any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Firearms records: means any form, information, or record required for submission to a government agency under sections 2, 2a, 2b, and 5b, or any form, permit, or license issued by a government agency under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fishing shanty: means a fishing house or any other structure or shelter placed on the ice on the waters over which this state has jurisdiction. See Michigan Laws 324.46501
  • Fixture filing: means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying section 9502(1) and (2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Food establishment septage: means material pumped from a grease interceptor, grease trap, or other appurtenance used to retain grease or other fatty substances contained in restaurant wastes and that is blended into a uniform mixture, consisting of not more than 1 part of that restaurant-derived material per 3 parts of domestic septage, prior to land application or disposed of at a receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the United States, that authorizes the issuance of support orders and 1 or more of the following:

    (i) That has been declared under the law of the United States to be a foreign reciprocating country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Forest recreation account: means the forest recreation account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2005. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Forest recreation account: means the forest recreation account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2005. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the nonferrous metallic mineral surveillance fund created in section 63217. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Fund: means the small native copper mine surveillance fund created in section 63415. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Fund: means the infrastructure construction fund created in section 4113. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Fund: means the agriculture pollution prevention fund created in section 8206. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Fund: means the fertilizer control fund created under section 8514. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Fund: means the strategic water quality initiatives fund created in section 5204. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fund: means the clean water fund created in section 8807. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Fund: means the safe drinking water revolving fund established under section 16b of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Fund: means the septage waste program fund created in section 11717. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Fund: means the state art in public places fund. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Fund: means the oil and gas regulatory fund created in section 61525b. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Fund: means the land exchange facilitation fund created in section 2134. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Fund: means the Michigan state capitol historic site fund created in section 7. See Michigan Laws 4.1942
  • Fund: means the orphan well fund created in section 61602. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Fund: means the mineral well regulatory fund created in section 62509b. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Fund-raising plate: means a registration plate authorized to raise funds for a specified goal. See Michigan Laws 257.811d
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority lists, for which sufficient funds are estimated by the department to exist to provide assistance at the beginning of each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority list, for which the department estimates sufficient funds exist to provide assistance during each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Game and fish protection account: means the game and fish protection account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2010. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Game fish: includes all species of fish in the families of salmonidae (trout and salmon), thymallidae (grayling), esocidae (northern pike and muskellunge), serranidae (white bass and striped bass), centrarchidae (bass, bluegill, and crappie), percidae (perch and walleye), acipenseridae (sturgeon), ictaluridae (catfish), and coregonidae (whitefish). See Michigan Laws 324.45901
  • Game fish: includes all of the following:

    (i) Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Gas: means a mixture of hydrocarbons and varying quantities of nonhydrocarbons in a gaseous state which may or may not be associated with oil, and includes those liquids resulting from condensation. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • General intangible: means any personal property, including things in action, other than accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, goods, instruments, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, letters of credit, money, and oil, gas, or other minerals before extraction. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • general November election: means the election held on the November regular election date in an even numbered year. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • General permit: means a permit for a category of activities that the department determines will not negatively impact human health and will have no more than minimal short-term adverse impacts on the natural resources and environment. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • Generator: means a person whose act or process produces liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Genetic information: means information about a gene, gene product, or inherited characteristic of an individual derived from the individual's family history or a genetic test. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Genetic test: means the analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, and those proteins and metabolites used to detect heritable or somatic disease-related genotypes or karyotypes for clinical purposes. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Genetically engineered: refers to an organism whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques, or the progeny of such an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Genetically engineered: refers to a fish whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.45901
  • Genetically engineered: refers to a fish whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in article 5, means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Governing institution: means the state university within which the Michigan geological survey is established or continued under section 60102. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • Government action: means any of the following:

    (i) A decision on an application for a permit or license. See Michigan Laws 24.422

  • governmental: includes the government of this state, the government of the United States, and any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of either of them. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Governmental unit: means a county, township, municipality, or regional authority. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Governmental unit: means a subdivision, agency, department, county, parish, municipality, or other unit of the government of the United States, a state, or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grade: means the percentage guarantee of total nitrogen (N), available phosphate (P2O5), and soluble potash (K2O), of a fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Grade: means a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or military rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or rule. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a grant from the grant program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grant: means a nonpoint source pollution prevention and control grant or a wellhead protection grant under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Grant: means an inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control or eradication grant issued through the program. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Grant awards: means funds paid to grantees from the Michigan justice training fund as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Grant program: means the strategic water quality initiatives grant program established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grantee: means an entity eligible to receive grant awards from the Michigan justice training fund, including any of the following or a combination of any of the following:

    (i) An agency, department, division, bureau, board, commission, council, or authority of this state or of a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 18.421

  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Great Lakes: means the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, including Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Great Lakes: means any of the Great Lakes that have a shoreline within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Groundwater: means underground water within the zone of saturation. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Guaranteed analysis: means the minimum percentage of each plant nutrient guaranteed or claimed to be present. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hand rod: means any mechanism of capture that is adapted for picking the mussels singly from the bottom of waters and is operated by the picker holding the hand rod in the hand. See Michigan Laws 324.45701
  • Health-care-insurance receivable: means an interest in or claim under a policy of insurance which is a right to payment of a monetary obligation for health-care goods or services provided. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 324.80301
  • Highly restricted personal information: includes an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information and source documents presented by an applicant to obtain a personal identification card under section 1. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Historic preservation easement: means an interest in land that provides a limitation on the use of a structure or site that is listed as a national historic landmark under chapter 593, 49 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Holder: means any of the following:

    (i) A person in possession of a negotiable instrument that is payable either to bearer or to an identified person that is the person in possession. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Housing accommodation: includes improved or unimproved real property, or a part thereof, which is used or occupied, or is intended, arranged, or designed to be used or occupied, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons. See Michigan Laws 37.2501
  • Illegal oil or gas: means oil or gas that has been produced by an owner or producer in violation of this part, a rule promulgated under this part, or an order of the supervisor issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Illegal product: means a product of oil or gas or any part of a product of oil or gas that was knowingly processed or derived in whole or in part from illegal oil or gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Immediate family: means an individual's father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, and spouse and a relative of any degree residing in the same household as that individual. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Impervious surface: means a paved highway, street, sidewalk, parking lot, driveway, or other outdoor structure that prevents infiltration of water into the soil. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Income: includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Income-withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor, as defined by the support and parenting time enforcement act, 1982 PA 295, MCL 552. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Incorporation: means the mechanical mixing of surface-applied septage waste with the soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • initiate a service credit purchase: means to complete payment or to enter into a tax-deferred payment arrangement in a form and manner prescribed by the retirement system. See Michigan Laws 38.1379b
  • Injection: means the pressurized placement of septage waste below the surface of soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inland lake: means a public inland lake or a private inland lake. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Inland waters of this state: means the waters within the jurisdiction of the state except Saginaw river, Lakes Michigan, Superior, Huron, and Erie, and the bays and the connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interim cell-unit status: means a cell-unit as set forth in an approved progressive cell-unit mining and reclamation plan provided for in section 63706(1), in which all sand dune mining and reclamation within the cell-unit has been completed, but the vegetation has not sustained itself through 1 full growing season. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intervenor: means a person who goes to the aid of one who has become a victim of a crime and who suffers personal physical injury. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Inventory: means goods, other than farm products, that meet 1 of the following:

    (i) Are leased by a person as lessor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Inventory: means the land resource and current use inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Investigating law enforcement agency: means the law enforcement agency responsible for the investigation of the offense for which the individual is arrested or convicted. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Investment property: means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, security entitlement, securities account, commodity contract, or commodity account. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issuing authority: means the United States coast guard or a state that has a numbering system approved by the United States coast guard. See Michigan Laws 324.80102
  • Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Judge advocate: means an officer who is designated as a judge advocate by the state judge advocate general. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Jurisdiction: means other states of the United States, the District of Columbia, territories and possessions of the United States, foreign countries or political subdivisions of foreign countries. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Juvenile history record information: means name; date of birth; personal descriptions including identifying marks, scars, amputations, and tattoos; aliases and prior names; social security number, driver's license number, and other identifying numbers; and information on juvenile offense arrests and adjudications or convictions. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Juvenile offense: means an offense committed by a juvenile that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony, a criminal contempt conviction under section 2950 or 2950a of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Label: means any written, printed, or graphic matter on or attached to packaged fertilizer or used to identify fertilizer distributed in bulk or held in bulk storage. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, electronic, or graphic matter upon or accompanying any fertilizer at any time, and includes advertising, sales literature, brochures, posters, and internet, television, and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of that fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Labor organization: includes :
  •   (i) An organization of any kind, an agency or employee representation committee, group, association, or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours, or other terms or conditions of employment. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Lake management plan: means a document that contains all of the following:

    (i) A description of the physical, chemical, and biological attributes of a waterbody. See Michigan Laws 324.3302

  • Land: includes lands, tenements, and real estate and rights to and interests in lands, tenements, and real estate. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • land disposal wastewater management program: means the program developed in the United States army corps of engineers southeastern Michigan survey scope wastewater management study, as authorized by section 102 of title I of the federal water pollution control act, chapter 758, 86 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5101
  • Landowner: includes any person who holds title to or has contracted to purchase any land lying within a district organized under this part or former 1937 PA 297. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and is authorized by the laws of this state to appoint or employ law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and that is authorized by the laws of this state to appoint or employ law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Law enforcement agency: means a police or sheriff's department that has the authority to enforce the general criminal laws of this state or a similar governmental organization of a physically adjacent state. See Michigan Laws 3.731
  • Law enforcement agency: means the police department of a city, township, or village, the sheriff's department of a county, the department, or any other governmental law enforcement agency of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Law enforcement agency: means the department; a police agency of a city, village, or township; a sheriff's department; or any other governmental law enforcement agency in this state. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Law enforcement distribution: means funds paid to eligible entities as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Law enforcement officer: means :

    (i) Except as provided in subparagraph (ii), an individual employed by a law enforcement agency as 1 or more of the following:

    (A) An individual authorized by law, including common law, to prevent and detect crime and enforce the general criminal laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Law enforcement training academy: means any of the following:

    (i) An agency basic law enforcement training academy. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Law of another state: means a law or ordinance enacted by any of the following:

    (i) Another state. See Michigan Laws 324.80102

  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a conveyance by the department to a person of a portion of the state's interest in land under specific terms and for valuable consideration, thereby granting to the lessee the possession of that portion conveyed during the period stipulated. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • LEIN: means law enforcement information network regulated under the C. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Lessee: means lessees under oil and gas leases and also the owners of unleased lands or mineral rights having the right to develop them for oil and gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Letter-of-credit right: means a right to payment or performance under a letter of credit, whether or not the beneficiary has demanded or is at the time entitled to demand payment or performance. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Level of stream flow: means a measure of water quantity including the amount of water passing a designated point over a designated period and the levels of lakes that are an integral part of the surface drainage system of the watershed. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means documentation of licensure by the commission under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • license: means a license issued by the department to operate a game bird hunting preserve. See Michigan Laws 324.41701
  • License: means a game breeder's license issued pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Licensed professional engineer: means a professional engineer licensed under article 20 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Licensee: means the person who receives a license to manufacture or distribute fertilizers under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Licensing standards: means the requirements with which a person must comply for licensure as a law enforcement officer under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Licensure: means a determination by the commission that both of the following occurred in compliance with this act and rules promulgated under this act:

    (i) The person to whom the license is issued commenced employment as a law enforcement officer, subject to a written oath of office or other written instrument conferring law enforcement authority. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien creditor: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A creditor that has acquired a lien on the property involved by attachment, levy, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Life of the mine: means the period of time from issuance of a permit under this part through the completion of reclamation as required by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Life of the mine: means the period from initiation of mining activities through the completion of reclamation. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Lifeboat: means a small boat designated and used solely for lifesaving purposes, and does not include a dinghy, tender, speedboat, or other type of craft that is not carried aboard a vessel for lifesaving purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.80102
  • Line of duty: as used in this act means an act performed by a member of the state military establishment in obedience to or in conformity with a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service or an act performed which is not in violation of a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service, or that will not bring discredit to the military service. See Michigan Laws 32.521
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Listed offense: means a tier I, tier II, or tier III offense. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Litter: means any of the following:

    (i) Rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris, or other foreign substances. See Michigan Laws 324.8901

  • Litter: means rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris, oil, or other foreign substances of every kind and description. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Loan: means a loan from the loan program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Loan program: means the strategic water quality initiatives loan program established under section 5202. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Local agencies: means local units of government or other public bodies created by or pursuant to state law and having jurisdiction over collecting sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Local agencies: means local units of government, special districts, or other legally constituted agencies of local units of government exercising powers that may affect water resources. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Local authority: means an authority created under Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Local governing body: means the legislative body of a local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Local government: means a city, village, township, county, a local or intermediate school district, a community college district, or any special taxing district. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Local government agency: means a county, city, village, or township in this state. See Michigan Laws 28.302
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local law enforcement agency: means the police department of a municipality. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, or township or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local unit: means any city, village, township, or soil conservation district acting through its governing body. See Michigan Laws 324.31301
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township, or an agency of a county, city, village, or township; the office of a county drain commissioner; a soil conservation district established under part 93; a watershed council; a local health department as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 18.1701
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination thereof, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, or other governmental unit. See Michigan Laws 324.46501
  • Local unit of government: means a village, city, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 28.117
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Local unit of government or public authority: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination of these entities, and legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.1901.amended
  • Lot: means an identifiable quantity of fertilizer that can be sampled officially according to methods adopted under section 8510, that is contained in a single vehicle, or that is delivered under a single invoice. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • MAEAP: means the Michigan agriculture environmental assurance program as that term is defined in part 87. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • major political party: means each of the 2 political parties whose candidate for the office of secretary of state received the highest and second highest number of votes at the immediately preceding general election in which a secretary of state was elected. See Michigan Laws 168.16
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manipulated manure: means animal or vegetable manure that is ground, pelletized, mechanically dried, packaged, supplemented with plant nutrients or other substances other than phosphorus, or otherwise treated in a manner to assist with the sale or distribution of the manure as a fertilizer or soil or plant additive. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Manufacture: means to process, granulate, compound, produce, mix, blend, or alter the composition of fertilizer or fertilizer materials. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Manufactured home: means a structure, transportable in 1 or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is 8 body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufactured-home transaction: means a secured transaction that creates a purchase-money security interest in a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, or in which a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, is the primary collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufacturer: means a person engaged in any of the following:

    (i) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of boats or associated equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.80103

  • Manufacturer: means a person engaged in any of the following:

    (i) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of personal watercraft or associated equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Marine law: means this part, a local ordinance adopted in conformity with this part, or a rule promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Marine safety act: means former Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Marine safety program: means marine law enforcement, search and rescue operations, water safety education, recovery of drowned bodies, and boat livery inspections. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Marine sanitation device: means equipment designed for installation on board a watercraft or installed on board a watercraft to receive, retain, treat, or discharge sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Market demand: means the actual demand for oil or gas from any particular pool or field for current requirements for current consumption and use within or outside the state, together with the demand for such amounts as are necessary for building up or maintaining reasonable storage reserves of oil or gas or the products of oil or gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • martial rule: means the exercise of partial or complete military control over domestic territory in time of emergency because of public necessity. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • MCOLES information and tracking network: means the commission's web-enabled information system for the licensing, reporting, and tracking of personnel and training records for Michigan law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Member: means a municipality, county, county agency, public school district, public college or university, or other local or regional public agency that is a member of a watershed alliance as provided for in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • mental disability: includes Alzheimer's disease and dementia. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Metallic product: means a commercially salable mineral produced primarily for its nonferrous metallic mineral content in its final marketable form or state. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Methamphetamine-related offense: means 1 or more of the following offenses under Michigan law:

    (i) A violation or attempted violation of article 7 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 28.122

  • Metropolitan district: means a district incorporated under the metropolitan district act, 1929 PA 312, MCL 119. See Michigan Laws 168.17
  • Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps: means the program established by this act under which civilian volunteers who have expertise in addressing cybersecurity incidents may volunteer at the invitation of the department to provide rapid response assistance to a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization in need of expert assistance during a cybersecurity incident. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer: means an individual who has entered into a volunteer agreement with the department to serve as a volunteer in the Michigan cyber civilian corps. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan justice training fund: means the Michigan justice training fund created in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Michigan national guard: means the army national guard and the air national guard. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Michigan state parks endowment fund: means the Michigan state parks endowment fund established in section 35a of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 74119. See Michigan Laws 324.1901.amended
  • Michigan vehicle code: means Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military: includes each armed force of the United States and each component of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Military court: means a court-martial, a court of inquiry, or the military appeals tribunal. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Military establishment: means the organized militia of this state, including the employees and equipment assigned or necessary to carry out the provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military judge: means a judge advocate designated as a military judge by the state judge advocate general or an official of a general or special court-martial appointed pursuant to section 26. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • mineral: means ferrous ore or material mined for its ferrous content. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Mineral well: means any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • mining: means an operation to excavate or remove earth material that generates not less than 10,000 tons and not more than 75,000 tons of waste rock in a calendar year or disturbs not less than 1 acre and not more than 10 acres of land in a calendar year in the regular operation of a business for the primary purpose of extracting native copper by 1 or both of the following:

    (i) Removing the overburden lying above natural deposits of native copper and excavating directly from the natural deposits thus exposed or by excavating directly from deposits lying exposed in their natural state. See Michigan Laws 324.63401

  • Mining area: means an area of land from which earth material is removed in connection with nonferrous metallic mineral mining, the lands on which material from that mining is stored or deposited, the lands on which beneficiating or treatment plants and auxiliary facilities are located, the lands on which the water reservoirs used in the nonferrous metallic mineral mining process are located, and auxiliary lands that are used in connection with the mining. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Mining area: means all of the following:

    (i) Land from which material is removed by surface or open pit mining methods. See Michigan Laws 324.63401

  • Mining operation: means a ferrous mineral mining operation. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Mining permit: means a permit issued under this part for conducting nonferrous metallic mineral mining and reclamation operations. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Minnows: means chubs, shiners, suckers, when of a size ordinarily used for bait in hook and line fishing, dace, stonerollers, muddlers, and mudminnows. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Minor: means a victim of a listed offense who was less than 18 years of age at the time the offense was committed. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Minor offense: means an offense under a punitive section of this act that a commanding officer considers minor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: means either of the following:

    (i) A violation of a penal law of this state that is not a felony or a violation of an order, rule, or regulation of a state agency that is punishable by imprisonment or a fine that is not a civil fine. See Michigan Laws 28.241a

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Misdemeanor: means a violation of a penal law of this state or violation of a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a violation of a penal law of this state that is not a felony or a violation of an order, rule, or regulation of a state agency that is punishable by imprisonment or a fine that is not a civil fine, or both. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Mixed fertilizer: means a fertilizer containing any combination or mixture of fertilizer materials. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Mollusk: means any mollusk of the classes Bivalvia and Gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Mollusks: means any mollusk of the classes bivalvia and gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • monetary obligation: means a monetary obligation secured by the goods or owed under a lease of the goods and includes a monetary obligation with respect to software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Money: means a medium of exchange authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • motor vehicle liability policy: as used in this chapter , shall mean an owner's or an operator's policy of liability insurance, certified as provided in section 518 or section 519 as proof of financial responsibility, and issued, except as otherwise provided in section 519, by an insurance carrier duly authorized to transact business in this state, to or for the benefit of the person named therein as insured. See Michigan Laws 257.520
  • Motorboat: means a vessel propelled wholly or in part by machinery. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • municipalities: as used in this part means and includes a county, city, village, township, school district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, authority, or other governmental authority, agency, or department within or of the state with power to acquire, construct, improve, or operate facilities for the prevention or abatement of water pollution, or any combination of such governmental agencies. See Michigan Laws 324.4501
  • Municipality: means this state, a county, city, village, or township, or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Municipality: includes a metropolitan district, a water or sewer authority created by law, or a county, township, charter township, incorporated city, or incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Municipality: means that term as it is defined in section 5301. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, or other public body, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law; or an Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over construction and operation of sewage treatment works or other projects qualifying under section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, public school district, or other public body with taxing authority, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Municipality: means a county, city, township, village, or local authority, or a combination thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Mussel: means the pearly freshwater mussel, clam, or naiad, and the shells of the pearly freshwater mussel, clam, or naiad. See Michigan Laws 324.45701
  • NADDI: means the national association of drug diversion investigators. See Michigan Laws 28.122
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National origin: includes the national origin of an ancestor. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • National response center: means the National Communications Center established under the clean water act, 33 USC 1251 to 1387, located in Washington, DC, that receives and relays notice of oil discharge or releases of hazardous substances to appropriate federal officials. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Native: means indigenous to any location in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Native copper: means copper in its elemental form. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Natural brine: means naturally occurring mineralized water other than potable or fresh water. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Natural fertilizer: means a substance composed only of natural organic, natural inorganic, or both types of fertilizer materials and natural fillers. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • New debtor: means a person that becomes bound as debtor under section 9203(4) by a security agreement previously entered into by another person. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • New value: means money, money's worth in property, services, or new credit, or release by a transferee of an interest in property previously transferred to the transferee. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonaquatic: describes a bird, insect other than a wiggler, or mammal. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Noncash proceeds: means proceeds other than cash proceeds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Noncommunity water supply: means a public water supply that is not a community water supply, but that has not less than 15 service connections or that serves not less than 25 individuals on an average daily basis for not less than 60 days per year. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Nonferrous metallic mineral: means any ore or material to be excavated from the natural deposits on or in the earth for its metallic content, but not primarily for its iron or iron mineral content, to be used for commercial or industrial purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Nongame fish: includes all kinds of fish except game fish. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Nonnative: means not native. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Nonoceangoing vessel: means a vessel that is not an oceangoing vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Nonpoint source pollution: means water pollution from diffuse sources, including runoff from precipitation or snowmelt contaminated through contact with pollutants in the soil or on other surfaces and either infiltrating into the groundwater or being discharged to surface waters, or runoff or wind causing erosion of soil into surface waters. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Nonpoint source project: means construction activities designed to reduce nonpoint source pollution consistent with the state nonpoint source management plan pursuant to section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Nonprofit: means that which is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 501. See Michigan Laws 257.811d
  • Nonpublic information: means information to which access, use, or dissemination is restricted by a law or rule of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 28.211a
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Note: means a note issued by a municipality pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • NPLEx: means the national precursor log exchange. See Michigan Laws 28.122
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligee: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) An individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child has been issued. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Obligor: means a person that, with respect to an obligation secured by a security interest in or an agricultural lien on the collateral, owes payment or other performance of the obligation, has provided property other than the collateral to secure payment or other performance of the obligation, or is otherwise accountable in whole or in part for payment or other performance of the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Obligor: means an individual about whom 1 of the following is true, or the estate of a decedent about whom 1 of the following was true before the individual's death:

    (i) Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Oceangoing vessel: means a vessel that operates on the Great Lakes or the St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Off-road vehicle account: means the off-road vehicle account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2015. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Office: means the office of Hispanic/Latino affairs as created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Office: means the office of the small business clean air ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Office: means the office of criminal justice created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Officer: means a commissioned or warrant officer. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Officer: means a supervisor, treasurer, clerk, or trustee. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Officer: means the village president, clerk, or treasurer, a village trustee, or an appointed person authorized by the council. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • Oil: means oil of any kind or in any form, including petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, and oil refuse. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Oil: means natural crude oil or petroleum and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, that are produced at the well in liquid form by ordinary production methods and that are not the result of condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Oil and gas: means oil and gas as such in combination one with the other and also means oil, gas, casinghead gas, casinghead gasoline, gas distillate, or other hydrocarbons, or any combination or combinations of these substances, which may be found in or produced from a common source of supply of oil, gas, oil and gas, or gas distillate. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Oil or gas well: means a well drilled pursuant to part 615, or its predecessor acts, or a well drilled prior to the effective dates of part 615 or its predecessor acts as determined by the supervisor, for oil or gas exploration or development or storage, or associated production or disposal activities. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Ombudsman: means the small business clean air ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Ombudsman: means the superconducting super collider ombudsman created in section 19. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • On-site: means on the same geographically contiguous property, which may be divided by a public or private right-of-way if access is by crossing rather than going along the right-of-way. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Open season: means the time during which fish may be legally taken or killed and includes both the first and last day of the season or period designated by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Operate: means to be in control of a vessel while the vessel is under way and is not secured in some manner such as being docked or at anchor. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Operate: means to be in control of a personal watercraft while the personal watercraft is under way and is not docked or at anchor or secured in another way. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Operating plan: means a plan developed by a receiving facility for receiving septage waste that specifies at least all of the following:

    (i) Categories of septage waste that the receiving facility will receive. See Michigan Laws 324.11701

  • operator: means a permittee or other person who is engaged in, or who is preparing to engage in, mining operations for nonferrous metallic minerals, whether individually or jointly, or through agents, employees, or contractors. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Operator: means a person that is engaged in or preparing to engage in mining activities, whether individually or jointly, or through agents, employees, or contractors, and that has overall responsibility for the mining activities. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Operator: means an owner or lessee of mineral rights or any other person engaged in or preparing to engage in sand dune mining activities with respect to mineral rights within a sand dune area. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Operator: means the person who is in control or in charge of a vessel while that vessel is underway. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Operator: means the person who is in control or in charge of a personal watercraft while that vessel is under way. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Operator: means the person authorized by contract or agreement by the owner to drill, operate, maintain, or plug a well. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Operator: means the person, whether owner or not, supervising or responsible for the drilling, operating, repairing, abandoning, or plugging of wells subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • operator: means a person who owns or leases the plant and equipment utilized in a mining area and is engaged in the business of mining ferrous minerals or preparing to engage in mining operations. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Optimum flow: means that rate and quantity of flow in any stream as determined in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31301
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Order: means a cease and desist order issued under section 8511. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Original debtor: means , except as used in section 9310(3), a person that, as debtor, entered into a security agreement to which a new debtor has become bound under section 9203(4). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Out-of-pocket loss: means the unreimbursed and unreimbursable expenses or indebtedness reasonably incurred for medical care, psychological counseling, replacement services, any nonmedical remedial treatment rendered in accordance with a recognized religious method of healing, or other services necessary as a result of the injury upon which a claim is based. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who claims or is entitled to lawful possession of a vessel by virtue of that person's legal title or equitable interest in a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Owner: means a person who claims or is entitled to lawful possession of a personal watercraft by virtue of that person's legal title or equitable interest in a personal watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill, convert, or operate any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • packaged: means any type of product regulated by this part that is distributed in individual labeled containers. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Parcel: means that portion of a property that has unity of ownership, contiguity, and unity of use. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • parent: includes a person who is pregnant. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Parole or probation officer of the department of corrections: means any individual employed by the department of corrections to supervise felony probationers or parolees or that individual's immediate supervisor. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Pathogen: means a disease-causing agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Payment intangible: means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • PBDE: means polybrominated diphenyl ether. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Peace officer: means any of the following:

    (i) A sheriff. See Michigan Laws 324.80104

  • Peace officer: means 1 or both of the following:

    (i) A law enforcement officer as that term is defined in section 2 of the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Peace officer: means a sheriff or sheriff's deputy, a village or township marshal, an officer of the police department of any city, village, or township, any officer of the Michigan state police, any peace officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Peace officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Peace officer: means , except as otherwise provided in this act, an individual who is employed as a law enforcement officer, as that term is defined under section 2 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • peat: means a deposit of unconsolidated, naturally occurring soil material consisting of decomposed and partially decomposed mosses, sedges, trees, and other wetland plants, having 12% or greater organic carbon content on a dry weight basis. See Michigan Laws 324.64101
  • permit: means a permit issued under section 63405 for conducting mining activities. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Permit: means a permit or operating license required by any of the following sections or by rules promulgated thereunder, or, in the case of section 9112, by an ordinance adopted thereunder:

    (i) Section 3104, floodplain alteration permit. See Michigan Laws 324.1301

  • Permittee: means a person who holds a mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Permittee: means a person that holds a mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Person: means any natural person, corporation, association, partnership, receiver, trustee, judiciary or common law trust, guardian, executor, administrator, or fiduciary of any kind. See Michigan Laws 324.63301
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, association, firm, limited liability company, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, unincorporated joint venture, or trust, organized, permitted, or existing under the laws of this state or any other state, including a federal corporation, or a combination thereof, but excluding a municipality, special district having taxing powers, or other political subdivision of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, association and corporation. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Person: includes an individual, agent, association, corporation, joint apprenticeship committee, joint-stock company, labor union, legal representative, mutual company, partnership, receiver, trust, trustee in bankruptcy, unincorporated organization, this state, or any other legal, commercial, or governmental entity or agency. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Person: means a natural person, partnership, cooperative, association, private or public corporation, personal representative, receiver, trustee, assignee, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 28.71
  • Person: means an individual, agent, association, corporation, joint apprenticeship committee, joint stock company, labor organization, legal representative, mutual company, partnership, receiver, trust, trustee in bankruptcy, unincorporated organization, the state or a political subdivision of the state or an agency of the state, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 4.1942
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number, but does not include information on watercraft operation and equipment-related violations or civil infractions, operator or vehicle registration status, accidents, or other behaviorally-related information. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number. See Michigan Laws 324.80301
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including the individual's photograph or image, name, address (but not the 5-digit zip code), driver license number, social security number, telephone number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Personal physical injury: means actual bodily harm and includes pregnancy. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal watercraft: means that term as defined in 40 CFR 1045. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Personal watercraft: means a vessel that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Uses a motor-driven propeller or an internal combustion engine powering a water jet pump as its primary source of propulsion. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Pistol: means a loaded or unloaded firearm that is 26 inches or less in length, or a loaded or unloaded firearm that by its construction and appearance conceals it as a firearm. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Place of public accommodation: means a business, or an educational, refreshment, entertainment, recreation, health, or transportation facility, or institution of any kind, whether licensed or not, whose goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations are extended, offered, sold, or otherwise made available to the public. See Michigan Laws 37.2301
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means a comprehensive adult or juvenile justice plan developed under federal or state law requirements. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Plan: means a plan adopted by the board or boards and approved by an order of the department for the best development, utilization, and conservation of the surplus water of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.31301
  • Plans and specifications: means a true description or representation of the entire sewerage system and parts of a system as the sewerage system exists or is to be constructed, and also a full and fair statement of how the system is to be operated. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Plant rescue: means to physically move native conservation species of plants from 1 location in Michigan to another location in Michigan for the purpose of reestablishing the native conservation species. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police officer: means a police officer as defined in section 42 of the Michigan vehicle code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Political subdivision: means any county, metropolitan authority, municipality, or combination of those entities in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Political subdivision: means a county, metropolitan authority, municipality, or combination of those entities in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, township, school district, or special district or authority of this state. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, township, school district, or special district or authority of the state. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Pollution: means damage or injury from the loss, escape, or unapproved disposal of any substance at any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Pollution prevention: means eliminating or minimizing the initial generation of waste at the source, reuse of waste, or utilizing environmentally sound on-site or off-site recycling. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Pool: means an underground reservoir containing a common accumulation of oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Port: means left, and reference is to the port side of a vessel or to the left side of the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Portable: means not permanently affixed to a watercraft and capable of being immediately removed from a watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Portable toilet: means a receptacle for human waste temporarily in a location for human use. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Postclosure monitoring period: means a period following closure of a nonferrous metallic mineral mine during which the permittee is required to conduct monitoring of groundwater and surface water. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary costs: includes costs of the engineering feasibility report, economic study, estimate of total cost, and cost of setting up the assessment district. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • primary election: as used in this act , shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions. See Michigan Laws 168.7
  • Primary nutrients: means total nitrogen, available phosphate, or soluble potash, or any combination of those nutrients. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Primary public safety answering point: means that term as defined in section 102 of the emergency telephone service enabling act, 1986 PA 32, MCL 484. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Prior conviction: means a conviction for any of the following, whether under a law of this state, a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, a law of the United States substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state:

    (i) A violation or an attempted violation of section 80176(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7), except that only 1 violation or attempted violation of section 80176(6), a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 80176(6), or a law of another state substantially corresponding to section 80176(6), or a law of the United States substantially corresponding to section 80176(6) may be used as a prior conviction other than for enhancement purposes as provided in section 80178a(1)(b). See Michigan Laws 324.80104

  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5303 or used by the department pursuant to section 5315. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5406. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • private enterprise: means a business which provides goods or services and which is not a governmental entity. See Michigan Laws 17.51
  • Private inland lake: means an inland lake other than a public inland lake. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeds: means , except as used in section 9609(2), 1 or more of the following property:

    (i) Whatever is acquired upon the sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition of collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Process: means an action, operation, or a series of actions or operations at a source that emits or has the potential to emit an air contaminant. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Process equipment: means all equipment, devices, and auxiliary components, including air pollution control equipment, stacks, and other emission points, used in a process. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Processing deadline: means the last day of the processing period. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Processing period: means the following time period after the close of the application period, for the following permit, as applicable:

    (i) Twenty days for a permit under section 61525 or 62509. See Michigan Laws 324.1301

  • Producer: means the operator, whether owner or not, of a well or wells capable of producing oil or gas or both in paying quantities. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Product: means any commodity or thing made or manufactured from oil or gas, and all derivatives of oil or gas, including refined crude oil, crude tops, topped crude, processed crude petroleum, residue treated crude oil, residuum, gas oil, naphtha, distillate, gasoline, casing-head gasoline, natural gas gasoline, kerosene, benzine, wash oil, waste oil, lubricating oil, and blends or mixtures of oil or gas or any derivatives of oil or gas whether enumerated or not. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Professional association: means a national, state, or local police union, or an association or fraternal organization of police officers, correctional officers, or prosecuting attorneys. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • profile: means the results of the DNA identification profiling of a sample, including a paper, electronic, or digital record. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Program: means the small business clean air assistance program. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Program: means the inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control and eradication program established in section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Project: means a proposal to install within 1 general area a new wastewater collection system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Project: means a sewage treatment works project, a stormwater treatment project, or a nonpoint source project, or a combination of these. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Project: means a project related to the planning, design, and construction or alteration of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Project refinancing assistance: means buying or refinancing the debt obligations of municipalities within the state if construction activities commenced after March 7, 1985 and the debt obligation was incurred after March 7, 1985. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Promissory note: means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Proposal: means a record authenticated by a secured party which includes the terms on which the secured party is willing to accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures pursuant to sections 9620, 9621, and 9622. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public domain: means all land owned by the state or land deeded to the state under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Public inland lake: means a lake that is accessible to the public by publicly owned lands or highways contiguous to publicly owned lands or by the bed of a stream, except the Great Lakes and connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public or private property or water: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    (i) The right-of-way of a road or highway, a body of water or watercourse, or the shore or beach of a body of water or watercourse, including the ice above the water. See Michigan Laws 324.8901

  • Public organic record: means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is any of the following:

    (i) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States which amends or restates the initial record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Public water supply: means a waterworks system that provides water for drinking or household purposes to persons other than the supplier of the water, except for those waterworks systems that supply water to only 1 house, apartment, or other domicile occupied or intended to be occupied on a day-to-day basis by an individual, family group, or equivalent. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Publicly owned treatment works: means any entity that treats municipal sewage or industrial waste or liquid industrial by-product that is owned by the state or a municipality, as that term is defined in 33 USC 1362. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Purchaser: means a person who receives a pistol from another person by purchase or gift. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Quorum: means , except as otherwise defined, 1 of the following:

    (i) Three council members, if the village has adopted an ordinance reducing the number of trustees under chapter II. See Michigan Laws 61.1a

  • Real estate broker or salesman: means a person, whether licensed or not, who, for or with the expectation of receiving a consideration, lists, sells, purchases, exchanges, rents, or leases real property; who negotiates or attempts to negotiate any of those activities; who holds himself out as engaged in those activities; who negotiates or attempts to negotiate a loan secured or to be secured by a mortgage or other encumbrance upon real property; who is engaged in the business of listing real property in a publication; or a person employed by or acting on behalf of a real estate broker or salesman. See Michigan Laws 37.2501
  • Real estate transaction: means the sale, exchange, rental, or lease of real property, or an interest therein. See Michigan Laws 37.2501
  • Real property: includes a building, structure, mobile home, real estate, land, mobile home park, trailer park, tenement, leasehold, or an interest in a real estate cooperative or condominium. See Michigan Laws 37.2501
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Receiving facility: means a structure that is designed to receive septage waste for treatment at a wastewater treatment plant or at a research, development, and demonstration project authorized under section 11511b to which the structure is directly connected, and that is available for that purpose as provided for in an ordinance of the local unit of government where the structure is located or in an operating plan. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Reclamation: means either processing to recover a usable product or regeneration. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.45901
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • record owner: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or which is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recreation improvement account: means the recreation improvement account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2020. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Recreation passport fee: means a state park and state-operated public boating access site recreation passport fee paid under section 805 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Regional planning commission: means a regional planning commission designated by the governor pursuant to executive directive to carry out planning in a multicounty region of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Register: means to record in a tribunal of this state a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Registered organization: means an organization organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Registrant: means the person who registers a product under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Registrar: means the state registrar as defined in section 2805 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Replacement services: means homemaking tasks, child care, transportation, and other services previously performed by the victim that, because of the victim's injury, must temporarily or permanently be performed by a person other than the victim. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Reporting agency: means 1 of the following:

    (i) If property is seized by or forfeited to a local unit of government, that local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 28.117

  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Reptile: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class Reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Reptiles: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • reserve officer: means , except as otherwise provided in this act, an individual authorized on a voluntary or irregular basis by a duly authorized police agency of this state or a political subdivision of this state to act as a law enforcement officer, who is responsible for the preservation of the peace, the prevention and detection of crime, and the enforcement of the general criminal laws of this state, and who is otherwise eligible to possess a firearm under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 168.11
  • Residence address: means the place that is the settled home or domicile at which a person legally resides, which meets the definition of residence as defined in section 11 of the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Resident: means a person who is of legal age to vote and can demonstrate residency in the district with 1 piece of identification. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Resident: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who resides in a settled or permanent home or domicile with the intention of remaining in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Resident: means every person who resides in this state and establishes that he or she is legally present in the United States. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Responding tribunal: means the authorized tribunal in a responding state or foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retired federal law enforcement officer: means an individual who was an officer or agent employed by a law enforcement agency of the United States government whose primary responsibility was enforcing laws of the United States, who was required to carry a firearm in the course of his or her duties as a law enforcement officer, and who retired in good standing from his or her employment as a federal law enforcement officer. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • retired law enforcement officer: means an individual who was a police officer or law enforcement officer who was licensed or certified as described in the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Revenue: means money or income received by a municipality as a result of activities authorized by this part, including loan repayments and interest on loan repayments; proceeds from the sale of real or personal property; interest payments on investments; rentals and other payments due and owing on account of an instrument, lease, contract, or agreement to which the municipality is a party; and gifts, grants, bestowals, or other moneys or payments to which a municipality is entitled under this part or other law. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • River management: means the control of river flow by the operation of dams, reservoirs, conduits, and other human-made devices in order to improve and expand the uses of the river for those who depend upon it for a variety of private and public benefits. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Royalty interest: means that share of the product or profit that the owner of the land or mineral rights in the land reserves or is entitled to, whether under a lease or under this part, in consideration of permitting the development of the mineral rights. See Michigan Laws 324.63301
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. See Michigan Laws 24.422
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Saginaw bay: means those waters lying inside of a line drawn from Tawas point lighthouse in Iosco county to a monument which shall be erected by the department on Oak point in Huron county, including the waters of Tawas bay, in which area nets may be set and used as provided by law. See Michigan Laws 324.47339
  • Sample: means a portion of an individual's blood, saliva, or tissue collected from the individual. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Sand dune area: means that area designated by the department that includes those geomorphic features composed primarily of sand, whether windblown or of other origin and that lies within 2 miles of the ordinary high-water mark on a Great Lake as defined in section 32502, and includes critical dune areas as defined in part 353. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Sand dune mining: means the removal of sand from sand dune areas for commercial or industrial purposes, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Sanitary sewer cleanout septage: means sanitary sewage or cleanout residue removed from a separate sanitary sewer collection system that is not land applied and that is transported by a vehicle licensed under this part elsewhere within the same system or to a receiving facility that is approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • School district: means a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • seal: means a seal of high tensile strength that is approved by the secretary of state under section 36. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Secondary obligor: means an obligor to the extent that the obligor's obligation is secondary or the obligor has a right of recourse with respect to an obligation secured by collateral against the debtor, another obligor, or property of either. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Sediments: means any matter settled out of ballast water within a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Seller: means a person who sells or gives a pistol to another person. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Septage waste: means the fluid mixture of untreated and partially treated sewage solids, liquids, and sludge of human or domestic origin that is removed from a wastewater system. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste servicing license: means a septage waste servicing license as provided for under sections 11703 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled or towed and that includes a tank used to transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste vehicle license: means a septage waste vehicle license as provided for under sections 11704 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septic tank: means a septic toilet, chemical closet, or other enclosure used for the decomposition of domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • service area: means the territory for which a receiving facility has the capacity and is available to receive and treat septage waste, except that the geographic service area of a receiving facility shall not extend more than 25 radial miles from the receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • servicing: means cleaning, removing, transporting, or disposing, by application to land or otherwise, of septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Severed oil and gas rights: means those subsurface oil and gas rights held by the department on land in which the department does not own the surface rights to the land. See Michigan Laws 324.61001
  • Sewage: means human body wastes, treated or untreated. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Sewage disposal systems: includes all interceptor sewers, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, combined sanitary and storm sewers, sewage treatment plants, and all other plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with the collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage and industrial wastes. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Sewage sludge: means sewage sludge generated in the treatment of domestic sewage, other than only septage or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge: means sewage sludge generated in the treatment of domestic sewage, other than only septage or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Sewage sludge derivative: means a product for land application derived from sewage sludge that does not include solid waste or other waste regulated under this act. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge distributor: means a person who applies, markets, or distributes, except at retail, a sewage sludge derivative. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge generator: means a person who generates sewage sludge that is applied to land. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage treatment works project: means construction activities on any device or system for the treatment, storage, collection, conveyance, recycling, or reclamation of the sewage of a municipality, including combined sewer overflow correction and major rehabilitation of sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Sewerage system: means a system of pipes and structures including pipes, channels, conduits, manholes, pumping stations, sewage or waste treatment works, diversion and regulatory devices, outfall structures, and appurtenances, collectively or severally, actually used or intended for use by the public for the purpose of collecting, conveying, transporting, treating, or otherwise handling sanitary sewage or other industrial liquid wastes that are capable of adversely affecting the public health. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shipping document: means a log, an invoice, a bill of lading, or other record, in either written or electronic form, that includes all of the following information:

    (i) The name and address of the generator. See Michigan Laws 324.12102

  • Simple pumping station and force main: means the installation of a duplex pumping station and a force main with only 1 high point and of length of no more than 2,000 feet that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Site: means a location or locations on a parcel or tract, as those terms are defined in section 102 of the land division act, 1967 PA 288, MCL 560. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Site identification number: means a number that is assigned by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the department to a transporter or facility. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Site permit: means a permit issued under section 11709 authorizing the application of septage waste to a site. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Site restoration: means the filling and leveling of all cellars, pits, and excavations; the removal or elimination of all debris; the elimination of conditions that may create a fire or pollution hazard; the minimization of erosion; and the restoration of the well site as nearly as practicable to the original land contour or to a condition approved by the supervisor after consulting with the surface owner of the land and with the operator of a natural gas storage field if the well site is within the boundary of a natural gas storage field. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Slow--no wake speed: means a very slow speed whereby the wake or wash created by the vessel would be minimal. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Slow--no wake speed: means the use of a vessel at a very slow speed so that the resulting wake or wash is minimal. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Small business: means a business that is independently owned and operated and that is not dominant in its field as defined in 13 C. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Small diameter pressure sewer and grinder pumping station: means a single project that includes the installation of new pressure sewers totaling not more than 5,000 feet and not more than 25 grinder pumping stations with each grinder pumping station serving not more than 5 separate owners and that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Software: means a computer program and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Soil conditioner: means any substance that is used or intended for use to improve the physical characteristics of soil, including, but not limited to, materials such as peat moss and peat products, composted products, synthetic soil conditioners, or other products that are worked into the soil or are applied on the surface to improve the properties of the soil for enhancing plant growth. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Soil scientist: means a person who meets the qualification standards of the GS-470 soil scientist series established by the United States civil service commission. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Soil survey: means the identification and description of kinds of soil, the plotting of boundaries on aerial photographs between kinds of soils, and the description and evaluation of their importance and response under various uses and management practices. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Solid waste: means solid waste as defined in part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.901
  • Source: means a stationary source as defined in section 302(z) of title III of the clean air act, 77 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Special duty: means military service in support of the full-time operation of the state military establishment for a period of not less than 1 day if ordered by competent authority. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Special election: means an election to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, a partial term in office or to submit a ballot question to the electors. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Specialty fertilizer: means any fertilizer distributed primarily for nonfarm use, such as use in connection with home gardens, lawns, shrubbery, flowers, golf courses, parks, and cemeteries, and may include fertilizers used for research or experimental purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Staff judge advocate: means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of military justice within a command. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Standard driver license: means an operator's license or chauffeur's license issued under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 28.302
  • Standard official state personal identification card: means an official state personal identification card issued under 1972 PA 222, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.302
  • Starboard: means right, and reference is to the starboard side of a vessel or to the right side of the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • State: means this state. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State agency: means either the department or the governing body of the state park that is participating in an authority. See Michigan Laws 324.901
  • State agency: means a state department, board, commission, office, agency, institution, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 18.1701
  • State agency: means a department, board, commission, office, agency, authority, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • State aid: means payment made by the state to a county for the conduct of a marine safety program. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • State average weekly wage: means the state average weekly wage as determined by the Michigan employment security commission under section 27 of the Michigan employment security act, 1936 (Ex Sess) PA 1, MCL 421. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • State court judge: means a judge of the district court, circuit court, probate court, or court of appeals or justice of the supreme court of this state who is serving either by election or appointment. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • State court retired judge: means a judge or justice described in subdivision (q) who is retired, or a retired judge of the recorders court. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • State drinking water standards: means rules promulgated under Act 399 that establish water quality standards necessary to protect public health or that establish treatment techniques to meet these water quality standards. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • State forest: means those lands designated as state forests by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • State geologist: means the chief of the office of oil, gas, and minerals, or a successor office, of the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • State judge advocate general: means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of the military justice in the state military forces. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • State military forces: means the national guard of the state, as defined in 32 USC 101(3), and any other military force organized under the laws of the state. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • State park improvement account: means the state park improvement account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2030. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • State university: means a state university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • State water pollution control revolving fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under section 16a of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • Stock: means game. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Stockpile: means material, including, but not limited to, surface overburden, rock, or lean ore, that in the process of ferrous mineral mining and beneficiation or treatment has been removed from the earth and stored on the surface. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Stockpile: means material, including, but not limited to, surface overburden, rock, or lean ore, that in the process of mining and beneficiation or treatment has been removed from the earth and stored on the surface. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Storage: means the containment of liquid industrial by-product, on a temporary basis, in a manner that does not constitute disposal of the by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Storage facility: means a structure that receives septage waste for storage but not for treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Storage well: means a well drilled into a subsurface formation to develop an underground storage cavity for subsequent use in storage operations. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Stormwater treatment project: means construction activities of a municipality on any device or system for the treatment, storage, recycling, or reclamation of storm water that is conveyed by a storm sewer that is separate from a sanitary sewer. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • strategic fund: means the fund under the Michigan strategic fund act, 1984 PA 270, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Student: means an individual enrolled on a full- or part-time basis in a public or private educational institution, including, but not limited to, a secondary school, trade school, professional institution, or institution of higher education. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superconducting super collider: means a 20 trillion electron volt superconducting super colliding particle beam accelerator proposed by the United States department of energy. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Superior commissioned officer: means a commissioned officer superior in rank or command. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of a township elected under chapter XVI of the Michigan election law, Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of wells as provided by part 615 or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Supervisor of mineral wells: means the state geologist. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Supervisor of reclamation: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • supervisor of wells: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Supplemental environmental project: means an environmentally beneficial project that an alleged violator agrees to undertake in settlement of an enforcement action, but which the alleged violator is not otherwise legally required to undertake. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • supplier: means a municipality or its designated representative accepted by the director, a legal business entity, or any other person who owns a public water supply. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Support: means actual monetary payments made by a victim or intervenor to or for a person principally dependent on the victim or intervenor. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Support enforcement agency: means a public official or governmental entity or private agency authorized to do 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision, or directive, whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, that provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support, or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Supporting obligation: means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Surface impoundment: means a treatment facility, storage facility, or disposal facility or part of a treatment, storage, or disposal facility that is either a natural topographic depression, a human-made excavation, or a diked area formed primarily of earthen materials. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Surface or open pit mining: means the mining of more than 10,000 tons of a ferrous mineral or disturbing more than 1 acre of land a year in the regular operation of a business either by removing the overburden lying above a natural deposit of a ferrous mineral and mining directly from the natural deposit exposed or by mining directly from a deposit lying exposed in the ferrous mineral's natural state. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Surplus water: means water that may be impounded without decreasing the flow of a river or stream below its optimum flow. See Michigan Laws 324.31301
  • system: means a system of pipes and structures through which water is obtained or distributed and includes any of the following that are actually used or intended to be used for the purpose of furnishing water for drinking or household purposes:

    (i) Wells and well structures. See Michigan Laws 324.5403

  • taking: means the taking of private property by government action such that compensation to the owner of that property is required by either of the following:

    (i) Amendment V or XIV of the constitution of the United States. See Michigan Laws 24.422

  • Tangible chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Tank: means an enclosed container placed on a septage waste vehicle to carry or transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • teacher: as used in this act means a certificated individual employed for a full school year by any board of education or controlling board. See Michigan Laws 38.71
  • Technical assistance: means the aid that the department shall provide to municipalities, counties, and other interested groups and individuals, on the use of the land resource and current use inventory and related information for planning and resource management decisions. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Temporary employee: means an employee hired for a position that will not exceed 90 days in duration. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Termination statement: means an amendment of a financing statement that identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates either that it is a termination statement or that the identified financing statement is no longer effective. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Test well: means a well, core hole, core test, observation well, or other well drilled from the surface to determine the presence of a mineral, mineral resource, ore, or rock unit, or to obtain geological or geophysical information or other subsurface data related to mineral exploration and extraction. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Threshold reporting quantity: means that term as defined in R 324. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Ton: means a net weight of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Township board: means the township board of a township constituted as provided in section 70. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.2006
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transmitting utility: means a person primarily engaged in the business of 1 of the following:

    (i) Operating a railroad, subway, street railway, or trolley bus. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Transportation: means the movement of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public or private roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Transportation administration collection fund: means the fund created under section 810b. See Michigan Laws 257.811d
  • Transporter: means a person engaged in the off-site transportation of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Treasurer: means the treasurer of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Treatment: means any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any liquid industrial by-product, to neutralize the by-product, or to render the by-product safer to transport, store, or dispose of, amenable to recovery, amenable to storage, or reduced in volume. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Treatment facility: means a facility or part of a facility at which liquid industrial by-product undergoes treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Trout stream: means any stream or portion of a stream that contains a significant population of any species of trout or salmon as determined by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Trust fund: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund established in section 35 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Turf: means land, including residential, commercial, or industrial property, golf courses, or publicly owned land, that is planted in closely mowed, managed grass, except land used in the operation of a commercial farm. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Underground storage cavity: means a cavity formed by dissolving rock salt or other readily soluble rock or mineral, by nuclear explosion, or by any other method for the purpose of storage or disposal. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Underground waste: means damage or injury to potable water, mineralized water, or other subsurface resources. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Undocumented vessel: means a vessel that does not have, and is not required to have, a valid marine document issued by the United States coast guard or federal agency successor to the United States coast guard. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit: means a regularly organized body of the military that is not larger than a company or squadron. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Unit area: means the formation or formations that are unitized and surface acreage that is a part of the unitized lands, as described in the plan for unit operations that is the subject of the supervisor's order as provided in section 61706. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Unit expense: means any and all cost, expense, or indebtedness incurred by the unit in the establishment of its organization or incurred in the conduct and management of its affairs or the operations conducted by it. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Unit of local government: means a political subdivision of this state, including school districts, community college districts, intermediate school districts, public school academies, cities, villages, townships, counties, and authorities, if the political subdivision has as its primary purpose the providing of local governmental service for citizens in a geographically limited area of the state and has the power to act primarily on behalf of that area. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • Unit production: means all indigenous oil and gas produced and saved from a unit area after the effective date of the order of the supervisor creating the unit, regardless of the well or tract within the unit area from which that oil and gas is produced. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Use: means the loading, mixing, applying, storing, transporting, or disposing of a fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Use: means operate, navigate, or employ. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Use: means operate, navigate, or employ. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Used oil: means any oil that has been refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used and that, as a result of the use, is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Vehicle: means a motor vehicle registered or required to be registered under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.8901
  • Vehicle: means a transport vehicle as defined by 49 CFR 171. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • verify: means a determination by the department that 1 or more conservation practices have been established and are being maintained in accordance with a conservation plan. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Vessel: means a vessel registered under part 801. See Michigan Laws 324.8901
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Victim: means a person who suffers a personal physical injury as a direct result of a crime. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • village: as used in this act , shall mean an incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 168.9
  • Violation notice: means a written notice or formal enforcement action by the department, the United States environmental protection agency, or the enforcing agency of a local unit of government in response to a violation of an applicable environmental requirement. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Vital resource: means a public or private building, facility, property, or location that the governor considers necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
  • Volunteer agreement: means the contract entered into between the department and a Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer under section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act: means the voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act, 42 USC 1973ee to 1973ee-6. See Michigan Laws 168.18
  • Waste: means a discarded solid or semisolid material, including garbage, refuse, rubbish, ashes, liquid material, and other discarded materials generated by residential, commercial, agricultural, municipal, or industrial activities, including waste from sewage collected and treated in a municipal sewage system. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Waste: means any environmental pollutant, waste, discharge, or emission, regardless of how it is regulated and regardless of whether it is released to the general environment or the workplace environment. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Waste management project: means 1 or more parts of a waste collection, transportation, disposal, or resource recovery system, including plants, works, systems, facility or transfer stations planned, designed, or financed under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Waste rock: means earth material that is excavated during mining, from which the economically recoverable native copper has been separated, and that is stored on the surface for 1 year or more. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Water supply system: includes all plants, work, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with obtaining a water supply, the treatment of water, and the distribution of water. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Water table: means the surface in an unconfined aquifer at which the pressure is atmospheric. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • waterbody: means groundwaters, lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands and all other watercourses and waters within the jurisdiction of this state including the Great Lakes bordering this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • Watercraft: means a contrivance used or designed for navigation on water, including a vessel, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery either permanently or temporarily affixed, scow, tugboat, or any marine equipment that is capable of carrying passengers, except a ferry. See Michigan Laws 324.80301
  • Watercraft: means a contrivance used or capable of being used for navigation upon water, whether or not capable of self-propulsion, including foreign and domestic vessels engaged in commerce upon the waters of this state, passenger or other cargo-carrying vessels, and privately owned recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Waters: means any inland lake, stream, river, pond, or other body of water including the Great Lakes and connecting waters, any part or portion of such waters, and any and all chains, systems, or combinations of such waters, in any township or townships or county or counties, within this state, and in which any species of fish or waterfowl are protected by the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Waters of the state: means groundwaters, lakes, rivers, and streams and all other watercourses and waters, including the Great Lakes, within the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Waters of this state: means any waters within the territorial limits of this state, and includes those waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Waters of this state: means any waters within the territorial limits of this state, and includes those waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Waters of this state: means waters within the territorial limits of this state including the waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Watershed: means the drainage area of a stream. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Watershed: means a geographic area in the state within which surface water drains into a common river, stream, or body of water. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • Watershed alliance: means an organization established under section 31202. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account established in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Wetland mitigation bank: means a site where wetlands are restored, created, or preserved for the purpose of doing both of the following:

    (i) To provide compensatory mitigation in accordance with the provisions of part 303, in advance of authorized, unavoidable impacts to wetlands. See Michigan Laws 324.5201

  • Wiggler: means an aquatic egg, nymph, or larva of an insect. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Wigglers: means Mayfly nymphs or any other aquatic insect nymphs or larvae. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201