Part 1 Criminal Investigation § 44-2-101 – § 44-2-117
Part 2 State System of Criminal Identification § 44-2-201 – § 44-2-206
Part 3 Criminal Justice Information Network § 44-2-301 – § 44-2-316
Part 4 Missing Persons — Unidentified Bodies § 44-2-401 – § 44-2-413
Part 5 Missing Children § 44-2-501 – § 44-2-511
Part 6 Escape or Release From Confinement — Notification § 44-2-601
Part 8 Blue Alert Program § 44-2-801

Terms Used In Montana Code > Title 44 > Chapter 2 - Investigation, Communication, and Identification

  • agent: means a person appointed by the attorney general to conduct criminal investigations and perform related duties within the department of justice. See Montana Code 44-2-111
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • criminal justice information network: means a telecommunications network used exclusively for the purpose of information exchange among the state's law enforcement agencies as provided in Title 44, chapter 5. See Montana Code 44-2-301
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Missing child: means any person who has been reported as missing to a law enforcement authority and:

    (i) who is under 21 years of age;

    (ii) whose temporary or permanent residence is in Montana or is believed to be in Montana; and

    (iii) whose location has not been determined. See Montana Code 44-2-502

  • Missing child report: means a report prepared on a form designed by the department of justice for use by private citizens and law enforcement authorities to report information about missing children to the missing children information program provided for in 44-2-503. See Montana Code 44-2-502
  • Municipality: means any incorporated city or town. See Montana Code 7-2-4704
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.