21:1 Application
21:2 Common Usage
21:3 Number; Gender
21:4 State; United States
21:5 Town
21:6 Resident; Inhabitant
21:6-a Residence
21:7 Biennial; Annual
21:8 Month; Year
21:9 Person
21:10 Charter
21:11 Seal
21:12 Justice
21:13 Preceding; Following
21:14 Said; Such
21:15 Joint Authority
21:16 Grantor; Grantee
21:17 Mortgagor; Mortgagee
21:18 Insane
21:19 Spendthrift
21:20 Issue
21:21 Land; Real Estate
21:22 Will
21:23 Written
21:24 Oath
21:25 Sworn; Public Officers
21:25-a Sufficient Sureties
21:26 Highway
21:27 County
21:27-a County Attorney
21:28 Selectmen; Town Clerk
21:28-a Clerk; Election Laws
21:29 School Board
21:30 Place
21:31 Designation of Office Title
21:31-a Governor and Council
21:32 Publication of Notice; Publication for Statewide Circulation
21:32-a Registered Mail
21:33 Intoxicating Liquors
21:33-a Terms of Appointment
21:34 Filling Vacancy
21:34-a Farm, Agriculture, Farming
21:35 Time, How Reckoned; Days Included and Excluded
21:36 Standard Time
21:37 Effect of Repeal
21:38 Pending Prosecution, Etc
21:39 No Revival
21:43 Security Interests
21:44 Age of Majority; Adults
21:45 “Bylaw” or “Ordinance”
21:46 Mobile Homes
21:47 Legislative Body
21:48 Governing Body
21:49 Sexual Orientation
21:50 Veteran; Armed Forces; Active Duty; Service-Connected Injury, Illness, or Disability
21:51 Petition
21:52 Under Oath

Terms Used In New Hampshire Revised Statutes > Chapter 21

  • Absentee: means a person serving in or with the armed forces of the United States, or a person serving as a merchant seaman, who has been reported or listed as missing or missing in action or interned in a neutral country or has been beleaguered, besieged or captured by an enemy or any person who has not been seen or heard from for a period of time sufficient to raise a presumption in the discretion of the probate court that such person has abandoned his or her estate or is otherwise incapable of the prudent management of his or her affairs. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Active duty: means full-time duty as an enlisted member, or as a commissioned or warrant officer, in any branch of the armed forces. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:50
  • Administrator: means the state treasurer, or designee. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Apparent owner: means the person whose name appears on the records of the holder as the person entitled to property held, issued, or owing by the holder. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Armed forces: means the United States Army, Army Reserve, Navy, Naval Reserve, Marine Corps, Marine Corps Reserve, Air Force, Air Force Reserve, Coast Guard, Coast Guard Reserve, Army National Guard, and the Air National Guard. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:50
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Association of unit owners: means all of the unit owners acting as a group in accordance with the bylaws and declaration. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney general: means the chief legal officer of this state. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • benefits: shall mean all moneys payable by the United States through the Department of Veterans Affairs. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 465:1
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • biennially: when applied to meetings and elections in towns, shall mean the biennial meetings and elections required by law to be holden in the month of November biennially, dating from the commencement of biennial elections in 1878; and the word "annual" when applied to meetings and elections in towns, shall mean the annual meetings and elections required by law to be holden in the month of March. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:7
  • Boats: means any vessel or watercraft whether moved by oars, paddles, sails or other power mechanism, inboard or outboard, or any other vessel or structure floating upon the water whether or not capable of self locomotion, including but not limited to house boats, barges and similar floating objects. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • Building: means a building or group of buildings having a total of 5 or more units and comprising a part of the property. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Business association: means a non-public corporation, joint stock company, investment company, business trust, partnership, or association for business purposes of 2 or more individuals, whether or not for profit, including a banking organization, financial organization, insurance company, or utility. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the department of environmental services. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 481:2
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the department of environmental services. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the department of environmental services. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • Common areas and facilities: unless otherwise provided in the declaration or lawful amendments thereto, means and includes: the land on which the building is located. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Common expenses: means and includes: all sums lawfully assessed against the unit owners by the association of unit owners; expenses of administration, maintenance, repair or replacement of the common areas and facilities; expenses agreed upon as common expenses by the association of unit owners; expenses declared common expenses by provisions of this chapter or by the declaration or the bylaws. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Common profits: means the balance of all income, rents, profits, and revenues from the common areas and facilities remaining after the deduction of the common expenses. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conservator: means a person who is appointed by the court to manage the estate of one who requests the appointment of a conservator. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • construction: shall include engineering services, in addition to the construction of new sewage treatment plants, pumping stations, intercepting sewers, and sewer separation by storm drains when the latter can be demonstrated as a cost-effective method for eliminating a combined sewer overflow structure; the altering, improving or adding to existing treatment plants, pumping stations, intercepting sewers, and sewer separation by storm drains when the latter can be demonstrated as a cost-effective method for eliminating a combined sewer overflow structure; provided the construction has been directed by the department, or constitutes a voluntary undertaking designed to control or reduce pollution in the surface waters of the state as defined in RSA 485-A:2, and the plan therefor is approved in compliance with the provisions of RSA 485:8, RSA 485-A:4, IX, and RSA 485-A:4, XII. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 486:1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court: means the probate court in the county having jurisdiction or where the ward resides. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Dam: means any artificial barrier, including appurtenant works, which impounds or diverts water and which has a height of 6 feet or more, or is located at the outlet of a great pond. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Dam in disrepair: means a dam which is a menace to public safety and is incapable of safely impounding flood waters to its crest, or is incapable of maintaining a reasonably constant level of waters impounded, or is one which does not contain adequate gates and sluiceways to provide for the holding or controlled discharge of waters impounded. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declaration: means the instrument by which the property is submitted to the provisions of this chapter as provided in RSA 479-A:2 and such declaration as from time to time may be lawfully amended. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of environmental services. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 481:2
  • Department: means the department of environmental services. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Department: means the department of environmental services. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • Department of Veterans Affairs: means the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or its successor. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 465:1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deploy: and "deployment" mean military service in compliance with military orders received by a member of the United States armed forces, including any reserve component thereof, to report for combat operations, contingency operations, peacekeeping operations, a remote tour of duty, or other active service for which the deploying parent is required to report unaccompanied by any family member. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 458-E:1
  • Deploying parent: means a military parent who has been notified by military leadership that he or she will deploy or mobilize with the United States armed forces, including any reserve component thereof, or who is currently deployed or mobilized with the United States armed forces, including any reserve component thereof. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 458-E:1
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Domicile: means the state of incorporation of a corporation and the state of the principal place of business of an incorporated person. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • eligible costs: as used in this chapter , except as noted, shall mean the entire cost of the construction of treatment plants, pumping stations, intercepting sewers and sewer separation by storm drains as defined in the Clean Water Act of 1977, less any other grant or subsidy. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 486:1
  • Emergency: means a situation such that the allegedly incapacitated person due to his or her incapacity faces a substantial risk of death or immediate serious physical or mental harm to himself or herself, or immediate serious physical harm to others; or there is a substantial risk that irreparable harm will occur to valuable property owned or controlled by the allegedly incapacitated person. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Emergency action plan: means a written document delineating a prescribed sequence of actions to be taken by a dam owner to inform the authorities and others downstream of an impending or actual sudden release of water caused by an accident to, or failure of, the dam. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escheat: except in RSA 471-C:30, means the presumption of abandonment of property followed by:
    (a) Immediate proceedings for the taking of title. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expedited hearing: means a hearing held within 15 days of the filing of the petition or such other time period as justice requires. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family guardian: means a competent person who provides guardianship services to a ward and who is related to the ward by blood, adoption, marriage, or civil union. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • farm: means any land, buildings, or structures on or in which agriculture and farming activities are carried out or conducted and shall include the residence or residences of owners, occupants, or employees located on such land. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:34-a
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial organization: means a savings and loan association, cooperative bank, building and loan association, or credit union. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: when used by way of reference to any section of these laws, shall mean the section next preceding or following that in which such reference is made, unless some other is expressly designated. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:13
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Functional limitations: means behavior or conditions in an individual which impair his or her ability to participate in and perform minimal activities of daily living that secure and maintain proper food, clothing, shelter, health care or safety for himself or herself. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • governing body: shall mean the board of selectmen in a town, the board of aldermen or council in a city or town with a town council, the school board in a school district or the village district commissioners in a village district, or when used to refer to unincorporated towns or unorganized places, or both, the county commissioners. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:48
  • governor and council: shall mean the governor with the advice and consent of the council. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:31-a
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Graywater: means galley, bath, and shower water. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian of the estate: means one appointed by the court to manage the estate of the incapacitated person as specified by a court order. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Guardian of the person: means one appointed by the court to have care and custody of the incapacitated person as specified by a court order. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Holder: means a person, wherever organized or domiciled, who is:
    (a) In possession of property belonging to another;
    (b) A trustee; or
    (c) Indebted to another on an obligation. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Hydro-energy production facility: shall mean any of those facilities which are adapted to producing and utilizing electrical or mechanical power from water resources, such as power plants and appurtenant substations, including transmission lines to the extent that the lines are necessary to utilize the power produced by a hydro-energy production facility. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 481:2
  • Immediate: means a strong likelihood that an event will occur within 72 hours. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Incapacity: means a legal, not a medical, disability and shall be measured by functional limitations. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • income: shall include only moneys received by the guardian from the Department of Veterans Affairs and all earnings, interest, and profits derived therefrom. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 465:1
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insurance company: means an association, corporation, fraternal or mutual benefit organization, whether or not for profit, which is engaged in providing insurance coverage, including accident, burial, casualty, credit life, contract performance, dental, fidelity, fire, health, hospitalization, illness, life, including endowments and annuities, malpractice, marine, mortgage, surety, and protection insurance. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Intangible property: includes :
    (a) Moneys, checks, drafts, deposits, interest, dividends, and income;
    (b) Credit balances, customer overpayments, gift certificates, security deposits, refunds, credit memos, unpaid wages, unused airline tickets, and unidentified remittances;
    (c) Stocks and other intangible ownership interests in business associations;
    (d) Moneys deposited to redeem stocks, bonds, coupons, and other securities, or to make distributions;
    (e) Amounts due and payable under the terms of insurance policies, except amounts due under claims instruments which require acceptance by the claimant or which, by their terms, are void if not presented within a definite time; and
    (f) Amounts distributable from a trust or custodial fund established under a plan to provide health, welfare, pension, vacation, severance, retirement, death, stock purchase, profit sharing, employee savings, supplemental unemployment insurance, or similar benefits. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interested person: means any adult who has an interest in the welfare of the person to be protected under this chapter. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • justice: when applied to a magistrate, shall mean a justice of a municipal court, or a justice of the peace having jurisdiction over the subject-matter. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:12
  • Last known address: means a description of the location of the apparent owner sufficient for the purpose of the delivery of mail. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Least restrictive form of intervention: shall mean that the guardianship imposed on the ward represents only those limitations necessary to provide him or her with needed care and rehabilitative services, and that the ward shall enjoy the greatest amount of personal freedom and civil liberties consistent with his or her mental and physical limitations. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • legislative body: shall mean a town meeting, school district meeting, village district meeting, city or town council, mayor and council, mayor and board of aldermen, or, when used to refer to unincorporated towns or unorganized places, or both, the county convention. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:47
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Limited common areas and facilities: means and includes those common areas and facilities designated in the declaration as reserved for use of certain unit or units to the exclusion of the other units. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Majority: or "majority of unit owners" means the unit owners with 51 percent or more of the votes in accordance with the percentages assigned in the declaration to the units for voting purposes. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Marine toilet: means any toilet on or within any boat as that term is defined herein. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • Military parent: means a natural parent, adoptive parent, or legal parent of a child under the age of 18 whose parental rights have not been terminated or transferred to the state or another person through a juvenile proceeding pursuant to RSA 169-B, RSA 169-C, or RSA 169-D or guardianship pursuant to RSA 463 by a court of competent jurisdiction, and who is a member of the United States armed forces, including any reserve component thereof. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 458-E:1
  • Mills: shall include both manufacturing plants and plants at which electric power is generated for public distribution or for the operation of mills, railroads or public utilities. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mobilization: and "mobilize" mean the call-up of national guard or reserve service members to extended active service. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 458-E:1
  • month: shall mean a calendar month, and the word "year" a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" shall be equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:8
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Net amount: means the amount of settlement, judgment and related interest and taxable costs, or decree received after the deduction of attorney's fees, court costs, and other expenses related to the claim. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Nondeploying parent: means a parent who is either not a member of the United States armed forces, including any reserve component thereof, or is a military parent who is currently not a deploying parent. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 458-E:1
  • oath: shall include "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and, in like cases, the word "sworn" shall include the word "affirmed. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:24
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a depositor in the case of a deposit, a beneficiary in case of a trust other than a deposit in trust, a creditor, claimant, or payee in the case of other intangible property, or a person having a legal or equitable interest in property subject to this chapter or his legal representative. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means individual, corporation, partnership, association, trustee or other legal entity. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, company, organization or legal entity of any kind. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies corporate and politic as well as to individuals. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:9
  • person: includes a partnership, corporation, or an association. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 465:1
  • Person: means an individual, business association, state or other government, governmental subdivision or agency, public authority, estate, trust, 2 or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • petition: when used in connection with the equity jurisdiction of the superior court, and referring to a document filed with the court, shall mean complaint, and "petitioner" shall mean plaintiff. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:51
  • petitioner: shall mean plaintiff. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:51
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Professional guardian: means a competent person who provides guardianship services for a fee to a ward and who is not related to the ward by blood, adoption, marriage, or civil union. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Project: shall be deemed to include all property, rights, easements and franchises relating to the project and necessary or convenient for its operation. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 481:2
  • Property: means and includes the land, the building, all improvements and structures thereon, all owned in fee simple absolute or leased as provided in RSA 479-A:2, all easements, rights and appurtenances belonging thereto, and all articles of personal property intended for use in connection therewith which have been or are intended to be submitted to the provisions of this chapter. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Prudent management: means the standard of care that would be observed by a prudent person dealing with the property of another. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real estate: shall include lands, tenements, and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:21
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Reconstruction: means :
    (a) A change in the height, length, or discharge capacity of the structure;
    (b) Restoring a breached dam or one in ruins;
    (c) Modification of flashboards which either increases their height or increases the headwater elevation at which the flashboards will fail; or
    (d) A change in the structural configuration of a dam. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 482:2
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registered mail: when used in connection with the requirement for notice by mail shall mean either registered mail or certified mail. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:32-a
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • road: shall include all bridges thereon. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:26
  • seal: shall include an impression of the official seal made upon the paper alone, as well as an impression thereof made by means of wax, or a wafer, affixed thereto. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:11
  • secretary: means the secretary of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or his successor. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 465:1
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sewage: means human body wastes and graywater, plus wastes from toilets, sinks, showers, and other receptacles intended to receive or retain body wastes or graywater. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • state: when applied to different parts of the United States, may extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories, so called; and the words "United States" shall include said district and territories. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:4
  • State: means any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession, or any other area subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sworn: when applied to public officers required by the constitution to take oaths therein prescribed, shall refer to those oaths; when applied to other officers it shall mean sworn to the faithful discharge of the duties of their offices before a justice of the peace, or other person authorized to administer official oaths in such cases. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:25
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • under oath: when used in connection with a document to be filed with the court or a state agency, which does not require a notary acknowledgment or notarization under New Hampshire law, shall be satisfied by electronic signature "under the penalty of perjury" if the document is filed with the court or state agency electronically, and if the document is accompanied by a statement under the electronic signature stating "the penalty for perjury may include a fine or imprisonment or both. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:52
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit: means a part of the property intended for any type of independent use, including one or more rooms or enclosed spaces located on one or more floors (or part or parts thereof) in a building, and with a direct exit to a public street or highway or to a common area leading to such street or highway. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Unit number: means the number, letter, or combination thereof designating the apartment in the declaration. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • Unit owner: means the person or persons owning a unit in fee simple absolute, or leasing a unit as provided in RSA 479-A:2, and an undivided interest in the fee simple, or leased estate, of the common areas and facilities in the percentage specified and established in the declaration. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 479-A:1
  • United States: shall include said district and territories. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:4
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Utility: means a person who owns or operates for public use any plant, equipment, property, franchise, or license for the transmission of communications or the production, storage, transmission, sale, delivery, or furnishing of electricity, water, steam, or gas. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 471-C:1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veteran: means any person who:
    (1) Served in the United States armed forces for more than 4 years and continues to serve; or
    (2) Has been discharged or released from duty in the United States armed forces with:
    (A) An honorable discharge; or
    (B) An uncharacterized discharge based on a service-connected injury, illness, or disability. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:50
  • Volunteer guardian: means a competent person who provides guardianship services to no more than 2 wards at the same time and who is not related to the ward by blood, adoption, marriage, or civil union. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • Ward: means a person for whom a guardian of the person and the estate, or the person, or estate, has been appointed. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 464-A:2
  • ward: means a beneficiary of the Department of Veterans Affairs. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 465:1
  • Waters of this state: means waters classified, or unclassified, as defined in RSA 485-A. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 487:1
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.