1. Elective. There shall be elected a sheriff, county clerk, district attorney and county treasurer. Except in the county of Lewis, coroners shall continue to be elected as now provided by law until the office is abolished or the number is increased or diminished pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, the term of office of each such officer shall continue to be three years, except that the terms of office of sheriff, county clerk, county treasurer and coroner shall be four years from and including the first day of January next succeeding his election. There shall be elected a county judge, surrogate, and judge of the family court as now or hereafter provided by law. The term of office of each such judicial officer shall be ten years from and including the first day of January next succeeding his election.

1-a. District attorney in counties outside of New York city. The term of office of the district attorney of each county outside of New York city shall be for four years commencing on the first day of January following the general election for district attorney in each respective county.

2. Coroners. At least one hundred fifty days prior to any general election and subject to a permissive referendum, the board of supervisors shall have power by local law to abolish the office of coroner and create the office of medical examiner. The terms of office of all coroners elected or appointed and holding office in the county at the time such local law becomes effective shall expire upon the appointment and qualification of the medical examiner and at the general election to be held in such year and thereafter no coroners shall be elected in the county.

3. At least one hundred fifty days prior to any general election and subject to a permissive referendum, the board of supervisors shall have power by local law to change the number of coroners to be elected to not less than one nor more than four. The board may divide the county into districts bounded by city or town lines and provide for the election of one coroner in each district. The terms of office of all coroners elected or appointed and holding office in the county at the time such local law becomes effective shall expire on the December thirty-first following. At the general election to be held in the year such local law becomes effective, one or more coroners shall be elected in the county as provided by such local law.

3-a. Coroner in Lewis county. All the powers and duties of the office of coroner of the county of Lewis are hereby transferred to the office of district attorney of such county, and the district attorney of such county shall exercise and perform all the powers and duties of the office of coroner of such county. The district attorney shall be entitled to such additional fees or compensation from the county for performance of duties as coroner as shall be fixed by the board of supervisors, and his reasonable and necessary expenses in the performance of the duties of such office shall be a county charge. The provisions of this section shall not have the effect under section ten of the municipal home rule law to permit any county, other than Lewis county as herein prescribed, to change, amend or supersede, by local law, any provisions of this chapter.

3-b. Coroner in Madison county. The office of coroner is hereby re-established in Madison county. All the powers and duties of the office of coroner of the county of Madison are hereby transferred to the office of district attorney of such county, and the district attorney of such county shall exercise and perform all the powers and duties of the office of coroner of such county. The district attorney shall be

entitled to such additional fees or compensation from the county for performance of duties as coroner as shall be fixed by the board of supervisors, and his reasonable and necessary expenses in the performance of the duties of such office shall be a county charge. The provisions of this section shall not have the effect under section ten of the municipal home rule law to permit any county, other than Madison county as herein prescribed, to change, amend or supersede, by local law, any provisions of this chapter.

4. (a) Appointive. There shall continue to be appointed in the manner prescribed by law a clerk of the board of supervisors, a county attorney, county superintendent of highways, sealer of weights and measures and county historian. The board of supervisors may by local law provide for the appointment of additional county officers, define their powers and duties not inconsistent with law, and fix the term of their office. No officer appointed for a fixed term shall be removed by the board during his term without written charges and the opportunity to be heard.

(b) The chief executive officer of a county public welfare department, whether referred to as commissioner or by other title, shall be appointed in accordance with the provisions of section one hundred sixteen of the social welfare law.

4-a. Medical examiner. The board of supervisors in any county in which the office of coroner is abolished shall appoint a medical examiner. A certificate of such appointment shall be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk. The medical examiner, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and file the prescribed oath of office and furnish and file the required undertaking. The medical examiner shall serve at the pleasure of the board of supervisors and his appointment may be revoked at any time by resolution of the board of supervisors and the filing of a certificate of such revocation in the office of the county clerk. The medical examiner shall be a resident of the county and a physician duly licensed to practice his profession in the state of New York and shall be a person determined by the board of supervisors as qualified to perform an autopsy and dissect dead bodies of human beings.

4-b. Coroner’s physician. Except in counties where the office of coroner has been abolished, the board of supervisors may appoint one or more coroner’s physicians or may provide by local law for the appointment of one or more coroner’s physicians, and may fix the terms of their office.

In any county in which the coroner or any of the coroners is not a physician duly licensed to practice medicine in this state, the board shall appoint one or more coroner’s physicians.

Each coroner’s physician appointed pursuant to this subdivision shall by virtue of his office be a deputy coroner and shall possess the powers and perform the duties of the coroner, during the absence or inability of the coroner to act, or in the event of a vacancy in the office of coroner.

5. Certificate of election or appointment. Upon filing in the office of the county clerk a certificate of election or appointment of any officer, together with the oath of office and official undertaking prescribed by law, the county clerk shall execute and deliver to such officer a certificate stating that he or she has duly qualified and is entitled to assume the duties of his or her office. On or before the tenth day of January in each year and thereafter within five days after any subsequent appointment is made, the clerk of the board of supervisors shall file in the office of the county clerk a certificate showing the names of all officers of the county appointed by the board and the amount of the official undertaking, if any, required in each

case. On or before the fifteenth day of January in each year and thereafter within five days after any person is elected or appointed to any office within the county, the county clerk shall file in the office of the executive department of the state a certificate showing the name of each person so elected or appointed who has duly qualified and, within the same time periods, file the name of any person appointed to the office of director of real property tax services with the commissioner of taxation and finance.

6. Notice of vacancy in office. Within ten days after any vacancy occurs as prescribed by section thirty of the public officers law, the county clerk shall give notice thereof to the governor when the power of appointment is vested in the governor and to the board of supervisors when the power of appointment is vested in said board.

7. Filling of vacancies. Except as hereinafter provided, a vacancy in an elective county office, shall be filled by the governor by appointment and for the office of sheriff with the advice and consent of the senate if in session. When a vacancy shall occur, otherwise than by expiration of term in the office of county judge, surrogate, or judge of the family court, it shall be filled for a full term at the next general election held not less than three months after such vacancy occurs and, until the vacancy shall be so filled, the governor by and with the advice and consent of the senate, if the senate shall be in session, or, if the senate not be in session, the governor may fill such vacancy by an appointment which shall continue until and including the last day of December next after the election at which the vacancy shall be filled. A vacancy in the office of coroner shall be filled by the board of supervisors. Such officer shall hold office until and including the thirty-first day of December succeeding the first annual election at which the vacancy can be filled by election. A person appointed to fill a vacancy in an office named in the constitution shall receive the same compensation that was fixed for the office for the most recent elective term. The board of supervisors shall fill any vacancy in an appointive county office for the unexpired term as prescribed by law.