§ 6-47 Judgment confessed; bond given to secure fine and costs
§ 6-48 Arrest for nonpayment of fine and costs

Terms Used In North Carolina General Statutes > Chapter 6 > Article 6

  • Address for giving a notification: For the purpose of a particular type of notification, the most recent address provided in a document by the intended recipient of the notification to the person giving the notification, unless the person giving the notification knows of a more accurate address, in which case the term means that address. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Borrower: A person primarily liable for payment or performance of the obligation secured by the real property described in a security instrument. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Credit suspension directive: A notification given to a secured creditor pursuant to G. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Day: Calendar day. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Document: Information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Entitled person: A person who:

    a. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • following: when used by way of reference to any section of a statute, shall be construed to mean the section next preceding or next following that in which such reference is made; unless when some other section is expressly designated in such reference. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Good faith: Honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Landowner: A person that, before foreclosure, has the right of redemption in the real property described in a security instrument. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Notification: A document containing information required under this Article and signed by the person required to provide the information. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Original parties: With respect to a security instrument, each person named as a party to the security instrument on the face thereof as originally recorded. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payoff amount: The sum necessary to satisfy a secured obligation. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Payoff statement: A document containing the information specified in G. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Person: An individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • property: shall include all property, both real and personal. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recording data: The book and page number or document number that indicates where a document is recorded in the office of the register of deeds. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Register of deeds: Includes the register of deeds, assistant register of deeds, or deputy register of deeds. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Satisfy: With respect to a security instrument, to terminate the effectiveness of the security instrument. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Secured creditor: A person that holds or is the beneficiary of a security interest or that is authorized both to receive payments on behalf of a person that holds a security interest and to record a satisfaction of the security instrument upon receiving full performance of the secured obligation. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Secured obligation: An obligation the payment or performance of which is secured by a security interest. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Security instrument: An agreement, however denominated, that creates or provides for an interest in real property to secure payment or performance of an obligation, whether or not it also creates or provides for a lien on personal property. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Security interest: An interest in real property created by a security instrument. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sign: With present intent to authenticate or adopt a document:

    a. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4

  • State: A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories, so called; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the said district and territories and all dependencies. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Submit for recording: To deliver, with required fees and taxes, a document sufficient to be recorded under this Article to the register of deeds in the county in which the real property described in the related security instrument is located. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Trustee: The trustee or substitute then serving as such under the terms of a deed of trust. See North Carolina General Statutes 45-36.4
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: shall be construed to include the said district and territories and all dependencies. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3