If any person, a citizen of this State, shall be committed to any prison or in custody of any officer whatsoever for any criminal or supposed criminal matter such person shall not be removed from such prison and custody into the custody of any other officer, unless it be:

(1) By habeas corpus or some other legal writ;

Terms Used In South Carolina Code 17-13-120

  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.

(2) When the prisoner is delivered to a constable or other inferior officer, to carry such prisoner to some common jail;

(3) When any person is sent, according to law, to any common workhouse of correction;

(4) When the prisoner is removed from one place or prison to another within the same county for his trial or discharge in due course of law;

(5) In case of sudden fire, infection or other necessity; or

(6) When brought into court as a witness in some matter or cause as provided by law.