(A)(1) The institute may approve an exclusive license application from a commercial applicant but delay issuance of the license until the following conditions have been satisfied within a time period determined by the institute:

(a) the applicant has designated and, if required, placed into escrow the costs associated with the institute’s monitoring of the work undertaken, if monitoring is required by the institute;

Terms Used In South Carolina Code 54-7-720

  • Commercial applicant: means an applicant for a license under this article for purposes other than those of a noncommercial applicant, such as commercial salvage or income-producing purposes. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Data: means any information related to the site of submerged archaeological historic property or submerged paleontological property which includes, without limitation, artifactual and/or paleontological material, remote sensing survey charts, magnetic tape records of positions, site maps, feature plans, photographs, measurements, and historical documentation. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Historic property: means a district, site, building, structure, or object significant in the prehistory, history, upland and underwater archaeology, architecture, engineering, and culture of the State, including artifacts, records, and remains related to the district, site, building, structure, or object. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Institute: means the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Paleontological property: means paleontological material or any site which contains paleontological material. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, organized group of persons, or any other legal entity. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • State: means the State of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Submerged: means beneath or substantially beneath the territorial waters of the State or submerged at mean low tide. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Submerged archaeological historic property: means any site, vessel, structure, object, or remains which:

    (a) yields or is likely to yield information of significance to scientific study of human prehistory, history, or culture; and

    (b)(i) is embedded in or on submerged lands and has remained unclaimed for fifty years or longer; or

    (ii) is included in, or has been determined, or may be eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620
  • Submerged paleontological property: means any object or assemblage of objects found in a paleontological context which yield or are likely to yield information of significance to the scientific study or educational potential of the past faunal diversity, past environments, geologic time, or other paleontological concerns. See South Carolina Code 54-7-620

(b) the applicant has identified and received the institute’s approval of the facility proposed to conduct conservation of any recovered artifacts and fossils needing stabilization or articulation;

(c) in the case of a data recovery license, the institute and the applicant have agreed upon all issues of disposition and title to submerged archaeological historic property or submerged paleontological property which may be recovered by the applicant;

(d) the applicant has furnished the institute with a form of assurance acceptable to the institute and adequate to guarantee that if work under the license is interrupted or abandoned, the necessary archaeological and/or paleontological fieldwork, analysis, report preparation, conservation, and curation will be carried out in accordance with the research plan approved by the institute. This assurance may be in the form of escrowed funds, a letter of credit, a performance bond, or other type of assurance acceptable to the institute. The type and amount of assurance may be negotiated between the applicant and the institute, but the amount normally must be a sum equal to at least one-third the amount budgeted and approved by the institute for field recovery, unless a lesser amount is determined by the institute to be acceptable; and

(e) any other condition that the institute considers necessary to protect the integrity of submerged archaeological historic property or submerged paleontological property.

(2) The requirements of item (1) of this subsection also apply to noncommercial applicants for exclusive licenses who are seeking title to submerged archaeological historic property or submerged paleontological property, other than an agency or unit of the State.

(B) If the institute determines not to issue a license, the institute shall issue a written notice of denial.

(C)(1) An applicant may request reconsideration of a denial by submitting a written request to the institute which must be received within thirty days following the date of the institute’s denial notice. The request for reconsideration must address each reason for the denial and provide documentation supporting reasons for reconsideration of the issues.

(2) Any person aggrieved by the decision of the institute may request an institute hearing.

(3) The hearing must be held and the institute’s final decision issued within sixty days of the date of the hearing.