§ 23-31-1010 Definitions
§ 23-31-1020 Collection and submission of information of persons adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution
§ 23-31-1030 Petition to remove prohibition from shipping, transporting, possessing, or receiving a firearm or ammunition
§ 23-31-1040 Unlawful for a person adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution to ship, transport, possess, or receive a firearm or ammunition; penalty; confiscation
§ 23-31-1050 Definitions for Sections 23-31-1030 and 23-31-1040
§ 23-31-1060 Hearing on fitness to stand trial

Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 23 > Chapter 31 > Article 10

  • Adjudicated as a mental defective: means a determination by a court of competent jurisdiction that a person, as a result of marked subnormal intelligence, mental illness, mental incompetency, mental condition, or mental disease:

    (a) is a danger to himself or to others; or

    (b) lacks the mental capacity to contract or manage the person's own affairs. See South Carolina Code 23-31-1010
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See South Carolina Code 36-2-103
  • Committed to a mental institution: means a formal commitment of a person to a mental institution by a court of competent jurisdiction. See South Carolina Code 23-31-1010
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mental institution: includes mental health facilities, mental hospitals, sanitariums, psychiatric facilities, and other facilities that provide diagnoses by licensed professionals of mental retardation or mental illness, including a psychiatric ward in a general hospital. See South Carolina Code 23-31-1010
  • person: includes an individual, his executor, administrator or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, association or any other legal or commercial entity, whether or not a citizen or domiciliary of this State and whether or not organized under the laws of this State. See South Carolina Code 36-2-801
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See South Carolina Code 36-2-103
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.