§ 37-7-101 Definitions
§ 37-7-102 Licensing requirement
§ 37-7-103 Surety bonds
§ 37-7-104 License application as credit counseling organization and credit counselor; contents; fee
§ 37-7-105 Continuing professional education requirements
§ 37-7-106 Grounds for refusal to license, suspension, revocation or refusal to renew
§ 37-7-107 Issuance or denial of license; contents and posting; renewal
§ 37-7-108 Requirements for engaging in credit counseling services or debt management plans; preparation and contents of budget analysis; notice regarding services
§ 37-7-109 Debt management plan; fee; form for consent of creditors; notice of plan to creditors; presumed consent
§ 37-7-110 Written contract; contents; required disclosures; cancellation of plan
§ 37-7-111 Funds paid to licensee for distribution to creditors; trust accounts; duties and responsibilities
§ 37-7-112 Fees
§ 37-7-113 Individualized counseling and education session
§ 37-7-114 Records; maintenance and preservation
§ 37-7-115 Annual reports; occurrences triggering other reports
§ 37-7-116 Prohibited acts
§ 37-7-117 Violations and penalties; civil action by consumer; limitations
§ 37-7-118 Violation of Unfair Trade Practices Act
§ 37-7-119 Cease and desist orders; penalties for noncompliance; revocation of license; increase of bond
§ 37-7-120 Appeals
§ 37-7-121 Regulations
§ 37-7-122 Use of application and renewal fees

Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 37 > Chapter 7 - Consumer Credit Counseling

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Consumer: means consumer as defined in § 37-1-301(10). See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Credit counseling organization: means a person providing or offering to provide to consumers credit counseling services for a fee, compensation, or gain, or in the expectation of a fee, compensation, or gain, including debt management plans. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Credit counseling service: means :

    (a) receiving or offering to receive funds from a consumer for the purpose of distributing the funds among the consumer's creditors in full or partial payment of the consumer's debts;

    (b) improving or offering to improve a consumer's credit record, history, or rating;

    (c) negotiating or offering to negotiate to defer or reduce a consumer's obligations with respect to credit extended by others. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Credit counselor: means an employee or agent of a credit counseling organization engaging in services described in item (3). See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Creditor: means the person who grants credit in a consumer credit transaction or, except as otherwise provided, an assignee of a creditor's right to payment, but the term does not in itself impose on an assignee an obligation of his assignor. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Debtor: means the person or persons for whom the credit counseling service is performed. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Department: means the South Carolina Department of Consumer Affairs. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • DMP: means a program in which an organization agrees to engage in debt settlement or debt pooling and distribution services on behalf of a consumer with the consumer's creditors and under which the consumer gives money or control of his funds to the organization for distribution to the consumer's creditors. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Licensee: means a person licensed pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Nonprofit organization: means a person exempt from taxation pursuant to 26 U. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, unincorporated organization, or other form of entity, however organized, including a nonprofit organization. See South Carolina Code 37-7-101
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.