Art. 1 sec. 1 Freedom and Sovereignty of State
Art. 1 sec. 2 Inherent Political Power; Republican Form of Government
Art. 1 sec. 3 Equal Rights
Art. 1 sec. 3a Equality Under the Law
Art. 1 sec. 4 Religious Tests
Art. 1 sec. 5 Witnesses Not Disqualified by Religious Beliefs; Oaths and Affirmations
Art. 1 sec. 6 Freedom of Worship
Art. 1 sec. 7 Appropriations for Sectarian Purposes
Art. 1 sec. 8 Freedom of Speech and Press; Libel
Art. 1 sec. 9 Searches and Seizures
Art. 1 sec. 10 Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions
Art. 1 sec. 11 Bail
Art. 1 sec. 11a Denial of Bail After Multiple Felonies
Art. 1 sec. 11b Denial of Bail for Violation of Condition of Release
Art. 1 sec. 11c Denial of Bail for Violation of Protective Order Involving Family Violence
Art. 1 sec. 12 Habeas Corpus
Art. 1 sec. 13 Excessive Bail or Fines; Cruel or Unusual Punishment; Open Courts; Remedy by Due Course of Law
Art. 1 sec. 14 Double Jeopardy
Art. 1 sec. 15 Right of Trial by Jury
Art. 1 sec. 15-a Commitment of Persons of Unsound Mind
Art. 1 sec. 16 Bills of Attainder; Ex Post Facto or Retroactive Laws; Impairing Obligation of Contracts
Art. 1 sec. 17 Taking Property for Public Use; Special Privileges and Immunities; Control of Privileges and Franchises
Art. 1 sec. 18 Imprisonment for Debt
Art. 1 sec. 19 Deprivation of Life, Liberty, Property, Etc
Art. 1 sec. 20 Outlawry or Transportation Out of State for Offense
Art. 1 sec. 21 Corruption of Blood; Forfeiture of Estate; Suicides
Art. 1 sec. 22 Treason Against State
Art. 1 sec. 23 Right to Keep and Bear Arms
Art. 1 sec. 24 Military Subordinate to Civil Authority
Art. 1 sec. 25 Quartering Soldiers in Houses
Art. 1 sec. 26 Perpetuities and Monopolies; Primogeniture or Entailments
Art. 1 sec. 27 Right of Assembly; Petition for Redress of Grievances
Art. 1 sec. 28 Suspension of Laws
Art. 1 sec. 29 Bill of Rights Excepted From Powers of Government and Inviolate
Art. 1 sec. 30 Rights of Crime Victims
Art. 1 sec. 31 Funds for Compensation to Victims of Crime
Art. 1 sec. 32 Marriage
Art. 1 sec. 33 Public Access to and Use of Public Beaches
Art. 1 sec. 34 Right to Hunt, Fish, and Harvest Wildlife

Terms Used In Texas Constitution > Article 1

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.