Air pollutant: means a substance that qualifies as an air pollutant as defined in 42 U. See Utah Code 19-2-102
Air pollution: means the presence of an air pollutant in the ambient air in the quantities, for a duration, and under the conditions and circumstances that are injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property, or would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or use of property, as determined by the rules adopted by the board. See Utah Code 19-2-102
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Application: means a document:
completed by an applicant to provide information about the risk to be insured; and
that contains information that is used by the insurer to evaluate risk and decide whether to:
insure the risk under:
the coverage as originally offered; or
a modification of the coverage as originally offered; or
decline to insure the risk; or
used by the insurer to gather information from the applicant before issuance of an annuity contract. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Assessment: means any charge imposed by the association, including:
common expenses on or against a unit owner pursuant to the provisions of the declaration, bylaws, or this chapter; and
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
association: means all of the unit owners:
acting as a group in accordance with the declaration and bylaws; or
organized as a legal entity in accordance with the declaration. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
Commercial condominium project: means a condominium project that has no residential units within the project. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Condominium: means the ownership of a single unit in a multiunit project together with an undivided interest in common in the common areas and facilities of the property. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Condominium project: means a real estate condominium project; a plan or project whereby two or more units, whether contained in existing or proposed apartments, commercial or industrial buildings or structures, or otherwise, are separately offered or proposed to be offered for sale. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Condominium unit: means a unit together with the undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appertaining to that unit. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Declarant: means all persons who execute the declaration or on whose behalf the declaration is executed. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Declaration: means the instrument by which the property is submitted to the provisions of this act, as it from time to time may be lawfully amended. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Document: means every instrument in writing, including every conveyance, affecting, purporting to affect, describing, or otherwise concerning any right, title, or interest in real property, except wills and leases for a term not exceeding one year. See Utah Code 57-1-1
Escrow: means :
a transaction that effects the sale, transfer, encumbering, or leasing of real property, when a person not a party to the transaction, and neither having nor acquiring an interest in the title, performs, in accordance with the written instructions or terms of the written agreement between the parties to the transaction, any of the following actions:
the explanation, holding, or creation of a document; or
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
a risk distributing arrangement providing for compensation or replacement for damages or loss through the provision of a service or a benefit in kind;
a contract of guaranty or suretyship entered into by the guarantor or surety as a business and not as merely incidental to a business transaction; and
a plan in which the risk does not rest upon the person who makes an arrangement, but with a class of persons who have agreed to share the risk. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
Judicial foreclosure: means a foreclosure of a unit:
for the nonpayment of an assessment;
in the manner provided by law for the foreclosure of a mortgage on real property; and
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Limited common areas and facilities: means those common areas and facilities designated in the declaration as reserved for use of a certain unit or units to the exclusion of the other units. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Management committee: means the committee as provided in the declaration charged with and having the responsibility and authority to make and to enforce all of the reasonable rules covering the operation and maintenance of the property. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Mixed-use condominium project: means a condominium project that has both residential and commercial units in the condominium project. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
Nonjudicial foreclosure: means the sale of a unit:
for the nonpayment of an assessment;
in the same manner as the sale of trust property under Sections 57-1-19 through 57-1-34; and
producer: means a person licensed or required to be licensed under the laws of this state to sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Property: means the land, whether leasehold or in fee simple, the building, if any, all improvements and structures thereon, all easements, rights, and appurtenances belonging thereto, and all articles of personal property intended for use in connection therewith. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Rate: means :
the cost of a given unit of insurance; or
for property or casualty insurance, that cost of insurance per exposure unit either expressed as:
a single number; or
a pure premium rate, adjusted before the application of individual risk variations based on loss or expense considerations to account for the treatment of:
real estate: means any right, title, estate, or interest in land, including all nonextracted minerals located in, on, or under the land, all buildings, fixtures and improvements on the land, and all water rights, rights-of-way, easements, rents, issues, profits, income, tenements, hereditaments, possessory rights, claims, including mining claims, privileges, and appurtenances belonging to, used, or enjoyed with the land or any part of the land. See Utah Code 57-1-1
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Title insurance: means the insuring, guaranteeing, or indemnifying of an owner of real or personal property or the holder of liens or encumbrances on that property, or others interested in the property against loss or damage suffered by reason of liens or encumbrances upon, defects in, or the unmarketability of the title to the property, or invalidity or unenforceability of any liens or encumbrances on the property. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
Unit: includes one or more rooms or spaces located in one or more floors or a portion of a floor in a building. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Unit owner: means the person or persons owning a unit in fee simple and an undivided interest in the fee simple estate of the common areas and facilities in the percentage specified and established in the declaration or, in the case of a leasehold condominium project, the person or persons whose leasehold interest or interests in the condominium unit extend for the entire balance of the unexpired term or terms. See Utah Code 57-8-3
Utah Code: means the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code, as amended, unless the text expressly references a portion of the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code as it existed:Utah Code 68-3-12.5