§ 1-202 General rule of construction
§ 1-203 Adult
§ 1-204 Age of majority
§ 1-205 Bond with surety
§ 1-206 Certified mail equivalent to registered mail; certain subsequent mail or notice may be sent by regular mail
§ 1-207 Child; juvenile; minor; infant
§ 1-208 City
§ 1-209 Collegial body
§ 1-210 Computation of time
§ 1-211 Constitutional references
§ 1-211.1 Courthouse; posting of notices
§ 1-212 Courts of record
§ 1-213 Delegation of duties assigned to political subdivision
§ 1-214 Effective dates
§ 1-215 Ex officio
§ 1-216 Gender
§ 1-217 Headlines of sections
§ 1-218 Includes
§ 1-219 Land; real estate
§ 1-219.1 Limitations on eminent domain
§ 1-220 Local ordinances incorporating state law by reference
§ 1-221 Locality
§ 1-222 Majority authority
§ 1-222.1 Manufacturer
§ 1-223 Month; year
§ 1-224 Municipality; incorporated communities; municipal corporation
§ 1-225 Nonlegislative citizen member
§ 1-226 Notary
§ 1-227 Number
§ 1-228 Oath
§ 1-229 Optional form of county government; effect of change in form
§ 1-230 Person
§ 1-231 When “person” includes business trust and limited liability company
§ 1-232 Person under disability
§ 1-233 Personal estate
§ 1-234 Personal representative
§ 1-235 Population; inhabitants
§ 1-236 Population classifications
§ 1-237 Process
§ 1-238 Reenacted
§ 1-239 Repeal not to affect liabilities; mitigation of punishment
§ 1-240 Repeal not to revive former act
§ 1-240.1 Rights of parents
§ 1-241 Seal
§ 1-242 Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections
§ 1-243 Severability
§ 1-244 Short title citations
§ 1-245 State
§ 1-246 Stricken language or italics
§ 1-247 Summaries of legislation
§ 1-248 Supremacy of federal and state law
§ 1-249 Supreme Court
§ 1-250 Swear; sworn
§ 1-251 Systems of state highways
§ 1-252 Tier-city
§ 1-253 Time zone
§ 1-254 Town
§ 1-255 United States
§ 1-256 Weights and measurements; metric equivalents
§ 1-257 Written; writing; in writing

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 1 > Chapter 2.1 > Article 2

  • Abandonment: means that the public's right to use a public highway, public landing, or public crossing has been extinguished. See Virginia Code 33.2-900
  • ABLE savings trust account: means an account established pursuant to this chapter to assist individuals and families to save private funds to support individuals with disabilities to maintain health, independence, and quality of life, with such account used to apply distributions for qualified disability expenses for an eligible individual, as both such terms are defined in § 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Accident and sickness insurance: means insurance against loss resulting from sickness, or from bodily injury or death by accident or accidental means, or from a combination of any or all of these perils. See Virginia Code 38.2-109
  • Accident and sickness insurance company: means a person subject to licensing in accordance with provisions in Chapter 10 (§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Act: means this chapter, the Land Bank Entities Act (§ 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Adjacent to such authority: includes real or personal property which is contiguous, neighboring, or within reasonable proximity of an authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • adjusted capital: means net worth of a health maintenance organization and, for all other licensees, means surplus to policyholders. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Adjusted RBC Report: means an RBC report which has been adjusted by the Commission in accordance with subsection F of § 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Administrator: means a person, other than an insurer or creditor, that performs administrative or operational functions pursuant to a guaranteed asset protection waiver program. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Advertising: means any written, electronic, or printed communication or any communication by means of recorded telephone messages or transmitted on radio, television, the Internet, or similar communications media, including film strips, motion pictures, and videos published, disseminated, circulated or placed before the public, directly or indirectly, for the purpose of creating an interest in or inducing a person to sell a life insurance policy pursuant to a viatical settlement contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory Board: means the Litter Control and Recycling Fund Advisory Board. See Virginia Code 10.1-1414
  • Advisory committee: means the agricultural and forestal districts advisory committee. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Advisory committee: means the agricultural and forestal advisory committee. See Virginia Code 15.2-4402
  • Advisory Committee: means the Six-Year Capital Outlay Plan Advisory Committee established pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means all boards, commissions, departments, divisions, institutions, authorities, or parts thereof, of the Commonwealth or its political subdivisions and includes the offices of constitutional officers. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Agent: means any person who acts for another with or without compensation at the request, or with the knowledge and acquiescence, of the other in dealing with third persons. See Virginia Code 54.1-3939
  • Agriculturally and forestally significant land: means land that has recently or historically produced agricultural and forestal products, is suitable for agricultural or forestal production or is considered appropriate to be retained for agricultural and forestal production as determined by such factors as soil quality, topography, climate, markets, farm structures, and other relevant factors. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuities: means all agreements to make periodic payments in specified or calculable sums pursuant to the terms of a contract for a stated period of time or for the life of the person or persons specified in the contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-106
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • annuity: shall be deemed to include "variable annuity" and "modified guaranteed annuity" and shall be deemed to include a contract under which a lump sum cash settlement is an alternative to the option of periodic payments. See Virginia Code 38.2-106
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means in the case of an individual long-term care insurance policy, the person who seeks to contract for such benefits, or in the case of a group long-term care insurance policy, the proposed certificateholder. See Virginia Code 38.2-5200
  • Application: means the set of items a landowner or landowners must submit to the local governing body when applying for the creation of a district or an addition to an existing district. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Area of operation: means an area coextensive with the territorial boundaries of the land acquired from the federal government by the authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Asbestos: means any material containing more than one percent of asbestos by weight, which is friable or which has a reasonable chance of becoming friable in the course of ordinary or anticipated building use. See Virginia Code 40.1-51.23
  • Asset management: means a systematic process of operating and maintaining the systems of state highways by combining engineering practices and analysis with sound business practices and economic theory to achieve cost-effective outcomes. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associate-degree-granting: means that an associate degree is the most advanced degree that is granted. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Associate-degree-granting public institution of higher education: includes Richard Bland College and each comprehensive community college. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • attorney: means attorney-at-law. See Virginia Code 54.1-3900
  • Attorney: means the person designated and authorized by subscribers as the attorney-in-fact having authority to obligate them on reciprocal insurance contracts. See Virginia Code 38.2-1201
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means any political subdivision, a body politic and corporate, created, organized and operated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or if the authority is abolished, the board, body, commission, department or officer succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given by this chapter are given by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Authority: means any political subdivision, a body politic and corporate, created, organized, and operated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter or, if such Authority is abolished, the board, body, authority, department, or officer succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given by this chapter are given by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-5369
  • Authority: means a political subdivision and a body politic and corporate created, organized and existing pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or if the authority is abolished, the board, body, commission, department or officer succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given by this chapter shall be given by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-5402
  • Authority: means an authority created under the provisions of this chapter or, if any such authority has been abolished, the entity succeeding to the principal functions thereof. See Virginia Code 15.2-5431.2
  • Authority: means any political subdivision, a body politic and corporate, created, organized and operated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or if such Authority is abolished, the board, body, commission, department or officer succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given by this chapter are given by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-5501
  • Authority: means any political subdivision, a body politic and corporate, created, organized and operated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or if such Authority is abolished, the board, body, commission, department or officer succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given by this chapter are given by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-5509
  • Authority: means an authority created under the provisions of § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-5601
  • Authority: means an authority created under the provisions of § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-5701
  • Authority: means the Virginia Baseball Stadium Authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-5800
  • Authority: means the Hampton Roads Sports Facility Authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-5900
  • Authority: means the Southwest Regional Recreation Authority, a body politic and corporate, created, organized, and operated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter or, if such Authority is abolished, the board, body, authority, department, or officer succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given by this chapter are given by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-6017
  • Authority: means any political subdivision created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Authority: means any regional facility authority organized and existing pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-6400
  • Authority: means the BVU Authority created by entity conversion of Bristol Virginia Utilities by this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Authority: means any political subdivision, a body politic and corporate, created, organized, and operated pursuant to the provisions of the Act. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Authorized Control Level RBC: means the number determined under the risk-based capital formula in accordance with the RBC Instructions;

    4. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501

  • Average weekly wage: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 65.2-101

  • Award: means the grant or denial of benefits or other relief under this title or any rule adopted pursuant thereto. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Baccalaureate: means that bachelor's degrees or more advanced degrees, or both, are granted. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Baccalaureate public institution of higher education: includes Christopher Newport University, George Mason University, James Madison University, Longwood University, the University of Mary Washington, Norfolk State University, Old Dominion University, Radford University, the University of Virginia, the University of Virginia's College at Wise as a division of the University of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia Military Institute, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and The College of William and Mary in Virginia. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Back Bay and its tributaries: means the following, as shown on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Sheets for Virginia Beach, North Bay, and Knotts Island: Back Bay north of the Virginia-North Carolina state line; Capsies Creek north of the Virginia-North Carolina state line; Deal Creek; Devil Creek; Nawney Creek; Redhead Bay, Sand Bay, Shipps Bay, North Bay, and the waters connecting them; Beggars Bridge Creek; Muddy Creek; Ashville Bridge Creek; Hells Point Creek; Black Gut; and all coves, ponds and natural waterways adjacent to or connecting with the above-named bodies of water. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bank: means the Virginia Transportation Infrastructure Bank created in § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Basic health care services: means emergency services, inpatient hospital and physician care, outpatient medical services, laboratory and radiological services, mental health and substance use disorder benefits, and preventive health services. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Basic health care services: means in and out-of-area emergency services, inpatient hospital and physician care, outpatient medical services, laboratory and radiologic services, mental health and substance use disorder benefits, and preventive health services. See Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • Beach: means the shoreline zone comprised of unconsolidated sandy material upon which there is a mutual interaction of the forces of erosion, sediment transport and deposition that extends from the low water line landward to where there is a marked change in either material composition or physiographic form such as a dune, bluff, or marsh, or where no such change can be identified, to the line of woody vegetation (usually the effective limit of stormwaves), or the nearest impermeable man-made structure, such as a bulkhead, revetment, or paved road. See Virginia Code 28.2-1400
  • Beneficial use: includes domestic (including public water supply), agricultural, commercial, and industrial uses. See Virginia Code 62.1-255
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • beneficiary: means (i) a resident of the Commonwealth, as determined by the board, who is the beneficiary of a prepaid tuition contract and who may apply advance tuition payments to tuition as set forth in this chapter; (ii) a beneficiary of a prepaid tuition contract purchased by a resident of the Commonwealth, as determined by the board, who may apply advance tuition payments to tuition as set forth in this chapter; or (iii) a beneficiary of a savings trust account established pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Beneficiation facility: means a facility that uses methods including sorting by color, removal of contaminants, crushing, grinding, screening, grading, and monitoring of size and quality to produce clean, crushed glass cullet that satisfies the specifications of the end user of the cullet, including a manufacturer of glass containers or fiberglass. See Virginia Code 10.1-1414
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Birth-related neurological injury: means injury to the brain or spinal cord of an infant caused by the deprivation of oxygen or mechanical injury occurring in the course of labor, delivery or resuscitation necessitated by a deprivation of oxygen or mechanical injury that occurred in the course of labor or delivery, in a hospital which renders the infant permanently motorically disabled and (i) developmentally disabled or (ii) for infants sufficiently developed to be cognitively evaluated, cognitively disabled. See Virginia Code 38.2-5001
  • Blighted property: means any property that endangers the public health or safety in its condition at the time of the filing of the petition for condemnation and is (i) a public nuisance or (ii) an individual commercial, industrial, or residential structure or improvement that is beyond repair or unfit for human occupancy or use. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Board: means the Safety and Health Codes Board. See Virginia Code 40.1-51.23
  • Board: means the governing board of the Plan. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • board: means a board created pursuant to § 28. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Board: means the members of the board of visitors, board of trustees, or other governing board of an institution. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • board: means the board created pursuant to § 28. See Virginia Code 28.2-1400
  • Board: means the State Library Board. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Board: when used in this chapter shall mean the Board of Bar Examiners. See Virginia Code 54.1-3919
  • Board: means the Safety and Health Codes Board. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Board: means the Commonwealth Transportation Board. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Board: means the State Water Control Board. See Virginia Code 62.1-255
  • Board: means the board of the Southwest Regional Recreation Authority established pursuant to § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-6017
  • Board: means the Virginia Waste Management Board. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Board: means the board of directors of an authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-6400
  • board: means the board of directors of an authority or a corporation. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Board of Directors: means the governing body of the Authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Board of supervisors: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Bond: means any bond, note, or other evidence of indebtedness or obligation of an institution issued by an institution pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Bond: includes any interest-bearing obligation, including promissory notes. See Virginia Code 15.2-5201
  • Bond: includes any interest bearing obligation, including promissory notes. See Virginia Code 15.2-5369
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means any bonds, notes, interim certificates, debentures, or other obligations issued by an authority pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Bonds: means any bonds, notes, debentures, bond acceptance notes, or other evidence of financial indebtedness either issued or assumed by the Authority pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Borrower: means a debtor, retail buyer, or lessee, under a finance agreement. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Bristol Virginia Utilities Board: means the Board of Directors of Bristol Virginia Utilities governing that entity until the Authority Board takes office on July 1, 2010. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • bus stop: means that area within 150 feet of a MetroBus bus stop sign, excluding the interior of any building not owned, controlled or operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100
  • Business establishment: means any proprietorship, firm or corporation where people are employed, permitted or suffered to work, including agricultural employment on a farm. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • business of insurance: include solicitation, negotiations preliminary to execution, execution of an insurance contract, and the transaction of matters subsequent to execution of the contract and arising out of it. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Business of viatical settlements: means an activity involved in, but not limited to, the offering, solicitation, negotiation, procurement, effectuation, purchasing, investing, financing, monitoring, tracking, underwriting, selling, transferring, assigning, pledging, or hypothecating in any other manner, of viatical settlement contracts or purchase agreements. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Capital outlay project: means acquisition of real property, including buildings or plant or machinery or equipment, or new construction or improvements related to state-owned real property, buildings, plant, or machinery or equipment including plans therefor. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • capper: means any person acting within the Commonwealth as an agent for an attorney in the solicitation of professional employment for the attorney. See Virginia Code 54.1-3939
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Certificate: means any certificate or evidence of coverage issued under a group long-term care insurance policy, which policy has been delivered or issued for delivery in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-5200
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Change in condition: means a change in physical condition of the employee as well as any change in the conditions under which compensation was awarded, suspended, or terminated which would affect the right to, amount of, or duration of compensation. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief executive officer: includes the Chancellor of the Virginia Community College System, the Chancellor of the University of Virginia's College at Wise, the Superintendent of Virginia Military Institute, and the president of each other public institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Chronically ill: means (i) being unable to perform at least two activities of daily living, which shall include eating, toileting, transferring, bathing, dressing or continence, (ii) requiring substantial supervision by another person to protect the individual from threats to health and safety due to severe cognitive impairment, or (iii) having a level of disability similar to that described in clause (i) as determined by the federal Secretary of Health and Human Resources. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • City: means any independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on the first day of July, nineteen hundred seventy-one, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • City: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-208. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • City: means the City of Bristol, Virginia. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • City Council: means the City Council of the City of Bristol, Virginia. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Claimant: means any person who files a claim pursuant to §
  • Client company: means any person that enters into an agreement for professional employer services with a professional employer organization. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Coastal primary sand dune zoning ordinance: means the ordinance set forth in § 28. See Virginia Code 28.2-1400
  • Coemployee: means an employee performing services pursuant to an agreement for professional employer services between a client company and a professional employer organization. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • College degree: means an undergraduate degree from an accredited associate-degree-granting or baccalaureate (i) public institution of higher education or (ii) private institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • College savings trust account: means an account established pursuant to this chapter to assist individuals and families to enhance the accessibility and affordability of higher education, with such account used to apply distributions from the account toward qualified higher education expenses, as that term is defined in § 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Collegial body: means a governmental entity whose power or authority is vested within its membership. See Virginia Code 1-209
  • Commercial transaction: means a transaction entered into primarily for a purpose other than personal, family, or household purposes. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Commission: means the Safety and Health Codes Board. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Commission: means the Marine Resources Commission. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Commission: means the Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission as well as its former designation as the Virginia Industrial Commission. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Commission: means the Virginia State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Commission: means the Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission. See Virginia Code 38.2-5001
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Labor and Industry or his authorized representative. See Virginia Code 40.1-51.23
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Labor and Industry. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Commissioner: means the State Health Commissioner. See Virginia Code 15.2-5369
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Marine Resources. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Department of Veterans Services appointed pursuant to § Virginia Code 2.2-2000.1
  • Dependent: means an individual who is the spouse or child of a subscriber. See Virginia Code 38.2-6101
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dependent student: includes unemancipated minors. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depuration: means the process that uses a controlled aquatic environment to reduce the level of bacteria or viruses in live shellfish. See Virginia Code 28.2-800
  • Designated reviewers: means the Secretaries of Education and Finance, the director of the Department of Planning and Budget, the director of the Council, the president of the Virginia Economic Development Partnership, and the staff directors of the House Committee on Appropriations and the Senate Committee on Finance, or their designees. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Detailed planning: means the preparation of architectural and engineering documents up to the preliminary design stage, as defined in the Construction and Professional Services Manual of the Department of General Services. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Disaster plan: means the information maintained by an agency that outlines recovery techniques and methods to be followed in case of an emergency that impacts the agency's records. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Discontinuance: means that the Board has determined that a highway, landing, or crossing no longer serves the public convenience warranting its maintenance at public expense; it divests the Department from maintenance responsibilities. See Virginia Code 33.2-900
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal: means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including ground waters. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • District: means an agricultural, forestal, or agricultural and forestal district. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic health organization: means a health organization domiciled in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Domestic insurer: means any domestic company which has obtained a license to engage in insurance transactions in this Commonwealth in accordance with the applicable provisions of Chapter 10 (§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Domestic licensee: means and includes a domestic insurer and a domestic health organization. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Domestic surplus lines insurer: means a domestic surplus lines insurer licensed by the Commission pursuant to § Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Eligible nonadmitted insurer: means a nonadmitted insurer approved by the Commission pursuant to § Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • Employ: shall include to permit or suffer to work. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Employed full time: means employed in a position resulting in at least an annual earned income reported for tax purposes equivalent to 50 work weeks of 40 hours at minimum wage. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Employee: means any person who, in consideration of wages, salaries or commissions, may be permitted, required or directed by any employer to engage in any employment directly or indirectly. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Employee: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 65.2-101

  • Employer: means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, legal representative, receiver, trustee, or trustee in bankruptcy doing business in or operating within this Commonwealth who employs another to work for wages, salaries, or on commission and shall include any similar entity acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an employee. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Employer: includes (i) any person, the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof and any individual, firm, association or corporation, or the receiver or trustee of the same, or the legal representative of a deceased employer, using the service of another for pay and (ii) any volunteer fire company or volunteer emergency medical services agency electing to be included and maintaining coverage as an employer under this title. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Enrollee: means an individual or a dependent of an individual who is enrolled in a dental plan. See Virginia Code 38.2-6101
  • Enterprise: means any industry for manufacturing, processing, assembling, storing, warehousing, distributing, or selling any products of agriculture, mining, or industry and for research and development or scientific laboratories, including, but not limited to, the practice of medicine and all other activities related thereto or for such other businesses or activities as will be in the furtherance of the public purposes of this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Erect: includes building, constructing, reconstructing, erecting, demolishing, extending, bettering, equipping, installing, modifying, and improving. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Establishment: means any vehicle, vessel, property or premises where crustacea, finfish or shellfish are transported, held, stored, processed, packed, repacked, or pasteurized in preparation for marketing. See Virginia Code 28.2-800
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Evidence of coverage: includes any certificate, individual or group agreement or contract or related documents issued in conjunction with the certificate, agreement or contract, issued to a subscriber setting out the coverage and other rights to which a covered person is entitled. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Ex officio: means service by virtue of one's office and includes voting privileges for ex officio members unless otherwise provided. See Virginia Code 1-215
  • Executive officer: means (i) the president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer or other officer elected or appointed in accordance with the charter and bylaws of a corporation and (ii) the managers elected or appointed in accordance with the articles of organization or operating agreement of a limited liability company. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Existing nonprofit entity: means any nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under § 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and eligible to receive donations from a locality pursuant to § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Expenses: means all reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of duties. See Virginia Code 2.2-2813
  • facilities: means any or all (i) medical (including, but not limited to, office and treatment facilities), pollution control or industrial facilities; (ii) facilities for the residence or care of the aged; (iii) multi-state regional or national headquarters offices or operations centers; (iv) facilities for private, accredited and nonprofit institutions of collegiate, elementary, or secondary education in the Commonwealth whose primary purpose is to provide collegiate, elementary, secondary, or graduate education and not to provide religious training or theological education, such facilities being for use as academic or administration buildings or any other structure or application usual and customary to a college, elementary or secondary school campus other than chapels and their like; (v) parking facilities, including parking structures; (vi) facilities for use as office space by nonprofit, nonreligious organizations; (vii) facilities for museums and historical education, demonstration and interpretation, together with buildings, structures or other facilities necessary or desirable in connection with the foregoing, for use by nonprofit organizations; (viii) facilities for use by an organization (other than an organization organized and operated exclusively for religious purposes) which is described in § 501(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and which is exempt from federal income taxation pursuant to § 501 (a) of such Internal Revenue Code; (ix) facilities for use by a locality, the Commonwealth and its agencies, or other governmental organizations, provided that any such facilities owned by a locality, the Commonwealth or its agencies or other public bodies subject to the Virginia Public Procurement Act (§ 2. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Facility: means (i) major league and minor league baseball stadiums, (ii) practice fields or other areas where major league and minor league professional baseball teams may practice or perform, (iii) offices for major league and minor league professional baseball teams or franchises, (iv) office, restaurant, concessions, retail and lodging facilities which are owned and operated in connection with a major league baseball stadium, and (v) any other directly related properties including, but not limited to, onsite and offsite parking lots, garages, and other properties. See Virginia Code 15.2-5800
  • Facility: means (i) stadium or arena for major league professional sports teams, except major league baseball, (ii) practice facilities or other areas where sports teams may practice or perform, (iii) offices for sports teams or franchises, (iv) office, restaurant, concessions, retail and lodging facilities which are owned and operated in connection with a sports stadium or other structure, and (v) any other directly related properties including, but not limited to, onsite and offsite parking lots, garages, and other properties. See Virginia Code 15.2-5900
  • Facility: means a particular building or structure or particular buildings or structures, including all equipment, appurtenances and accessories necessary or appropriate for the operation of such facility. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Facility: means any structure or park, including real estate and improvements as applicable, for manufacturing, warehousing, distribution, office, or other industrial, residential, recreational or commercial purposes. See Virginia Code 15.2-6400
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • feasibility study: means an analysis which presents the expected activities and results of a risk retention group including, at a minimum:

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101

  • Federal agency: means the United States of America and any department, bureau, agency or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 15.2-5601
  • Federal area: means an area coextensive with the territorial boundaries that is, or has been, occupied by a United States governmental activity or operation. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Federal government: includes the United States of America, or any department, agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the United States of America. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Federal highway reimbursements: means all federal-aid highway construction reimbursements and any other federal highway assistance received from time to time by the Commonwealth under or in accordance with Title 23 of the United States Code or any successor program established under federal law from the Federal Highway Administration and any successor or additional federal agencies. See Virginia Code 33.2-1511
  • federally tax-qualified long-term care insurance contract: means an individual or group insurance policy or contract that meets the requirements of § 7702B (b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Virginia Code 38.2-5200
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Filed: means hand delivered to the Commission's office in Richmond or any regional office maintained by the Commission; sent by means of electronic transmission approved by the Commission; sent by facsimile transmission; or posted at any post office of the United States Postal Service by certified or registered mail. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Finance agreement: means (i) a loan secured by a lien on a motor vehicle or (ii) a lease or retail installment sales contract for the lease or purchase of a motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financing entity: means an underwriter, placement agent, lender, purchaser of securities, purchaser of a policy or certificate from a viatical settlement provider, credit enhancer, or any entity that has a direct ownership in a policy or certificate that is the subject of a viatical settlement contract, but whose principal activity related to the transaction is providing funds to effect the viatical settlement or purchase of one or more viaticated policies and who has an agreement in writing with one or more licensed viatical settlement providers to finance the acquisition of viatical settlement contracts. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Finfish: means any cold-blooded, strictly aquatic, water-breathing craniate vertebrate with fins, including cyclostomes, elasmobranchs and higher-gilled aquatic vertebrates with cartilaginous or bony skeletons or any parts thereof. See Virginia Code 28.2-800
  • Fiscal year: means the period from July 1 of one calendar year to June 30 of the next calendar year. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed indemnity benefits: means the payment amount or amounts stated in the reimbursement schedule of a dental plan organization that will be paid to a subscriber, or to the subscriber's dentist, for dental services. See Virginia Code 38.2-6101
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign health organization: means a health organization not domiciled in this Commonwealth which is licensed to do business in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Foreign insurer: means any company not domiciled in this Commonwealth which has obtained a license to engage in insurance transactions in this Commonwealth in accordance with the applicable provisions in Chapter 10 (§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Foreign licensee: means and includes a foreign insurer and a foreign health organization. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Forestal production: means the production for commercial purposes of forestal products and includes the processing or retail sales, by the producer, of forestal products which are produced on the parcel or in the district. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Forestal products: includes , but is not limited to, saw timber, pulpwood, posts, firewood, Christmas trees and other tree and wood products for sale or for farm use. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Forestal products: includes , but is not limited to, lumber, pulpwood, posts, firewood, Christmas trees and other wood products for sale or for farm use. See Virginia Code 15.2-4402
  • Former federal area: means an area coextensive with the territorial boundaries that is, or has been, occupied by a United States governmental military installation and which is, or appears likely to be, subject to disposal by the United States government to public bodies, or otherwise. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fraudulent viatical settlement act: includes :

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000

  • Free look period: means the period of time from the effective date of the guaranteed asset protection waiver until the date the borrower may cancel the borrower's finance agreement without penalty, fees, or costs to the borrower. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the Tech Talent Investment Fund. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Fund: means the Litter Control and Recycling Fund. See Virginia Code 10.1-1414
  • GAP waiver: means a contractual agreement wherein a creditor agrees for a separate charge to cancel or waive all or part of amounts due on a borrower's finance agreement in the event of a total physical damage loss or unrecovered theft of a motor vehicle, which agreement is part of, or a separate addendum to, the finance agreement. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • general contractor: includes contractors, laborers, mechanics, and persons furnishing materials, who contract directly with the owner, and the term "subcontractor" includes all such contractors, laborers, mechanics, and persons furnishing materials, who do not contract with the owner but with the general contractor. See Virginia Code 43-1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing board: includes the State Board and the board of visitors of each baccalaureate public institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Governing bodies: means the boards of supervisors of counties and the councils of cities and towns which are members of an authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-6400
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Governing body: means the board or body in which the general legislative powers of the municipality are vested. See Virginia Code 15.2-5509
  • Government utility corporation: means any county or municipality, or entity or agency thereof, which provides or operates one or more of the following authorized utility services: gas, pipeline, electric light, heat, power, water supply, sewer, telephone, or telegraph. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Governmental activity: means any of the services provided by the Commonwealth or a county, city, or town to its citizens for the purpose of maintaining public facilities, including but not limited to, such services as constructing, repairing and maintaining roads; providing street lights and sewage facilities; supplying and treating water; and constructing public buildings. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Governmental activity: means any of the services provided by Commonwealth or a county, city or town to its citizens for the purpose of maintaining public facilities, including but not limited to, such services as constructing, repairing and maintaining roads; providing street lights and sewage facilities; supplying and treating water; and constructing public buildings. See Virginia Code 28.2-1400
  • Governmental unit: means any incorporated city or town in the Commonwealth owning on January 1, 1979, a system or facilities for the generation, transmission or distribution of electric power and energy for public and private uses and engaged in the generation or retail distribution of electricity; any incorporated city in the Commonwealth which on January 1, 1979, has a population of 200,000 or more; or any county or incorporated city or town in the Commonwealth which after January 1, 1979, is authorized to participate in an authority pursuant to an act of the General Assembly. See Virginia Code 15.2-5402
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a grant paid from the Tech Talent Investment Fund. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Ground water: means any water, except capillary moisture, beneath the land surface in the zone of saturation or beneath the bed of any stream, lake, reservoir or other body of surface water wholly or partially within the boundaries of the Commonwealth, whatever the subsurface geologic structure in which such water stands, flows, percolates or otherwise occurs. See Virginia Code 62.1-255
  • Ground water withdrawal permit: means a certificate issued by the Board permitting the withdrawal of a specified quantity of ground water in a ground water management area. See Virginia Code 62.1-255
  • Group long-term care insurance: means a long-term care insurance policy delivered or issued for delivery in this Commonwealth to any group which complies with § 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5200
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habitat: means those state-owned bottomlands, tidal wetlands and coastal primary sand dunes which are subject to regulation under Subtitle III of this title. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Haul seine: means a net made of mesh webbing which may include a pocket and a wing net, set vertically in water and pulled by hand or power to capture and confine fish by encirclement. See Virginia Code 28.2-200
  • Hazardous financial condition: means that, based on its present or reasonably anticipated financial condition, a risk retention group, although not yet financially impaired or insolvent, is unlikely to be able (i) to meet obligations to policyholders with respect to known claims and reasonably anticipated claims or (ii) to pay other obligations in the normal course of business. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101
  • Health care plan: means any arrangement in which any person undertakes to provide, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any part of the cost of any health care services. See Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • Health care services: means the furnishing of services to any individual for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury or physical disability. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Health care services: means the furnishing of services to any individual for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury, or physical disability. See Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • health care sharing ministry: means a health care cost sharing arrangement among individuals of the same religion based on their sincerely held religious beliefs, which arrangement is administered by a non-profit organization that has been granted an exemption from federal income taxation pursuant to § 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and that:

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-6300

  • Health carrier: means an entity subject to Title 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Health maintenance organization: means a person licensed pursuant to Chapter 43 (§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Health maintenance organization: means any person who undertakes to provide or arrange for one or more health care plans. See Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • Health organization: means an insurer that is required by the Commission to use the NAIC's Health Annual Statement blank when filing the annual statement prescribed by § 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Health services plan: means any arrangement for offering or administering health services or similar or related services by a corporation licensed under Chapter 42 (§ Virginia Code 38.2-4805.2
  • Hospital: includes any health center and health provider under common ownership with the hospital and means any and all providers of dental, medical, and mental health services, including all related facilities and approaches thereto and appurtenances thereof. See Virginia Code 15.2-5369
  • Hospital or health center: means any and all medical facilities and approaches thereto and appurtenances thereof. See Virginia Code 15.2-5201
  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters, symbols, numbers, or figures, whether (i) printed or inscribed on a tangible medium or (ii) stored in an electronic or other medium and retrievable in a perceivable form and whether an electronic signature authorized by Chapter 42. See Virginia Code 1-257
  • Includes: means includes, but not limited to. See Virginia Code 1-218
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent student: includes emancipated minors. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Infrastructure: means all property, whether attached to real property or not, now used by Bristol Virginia Utilities and hereafter used by the Authority for the provision of (i) electric, water, sewer, telecommunications, internet, and cable television services and (ii) all other utility services the Authority may lawfully provide. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Initial inventory: means a set of maps prepared by, at the direction of, or with the approval of the Commission which have been filed prior to January 1, 1995, with the clerk of the circuit court and the commissioner of revenue in any county in that portion of the Commonwealth separated from the larger portion of the Commonwealth by the Chesapeake Bay and in which the ungranted shores of the sea, marsh and meadowlands mapped therein are located. See Virginia Code 28.2-1500
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Injury: means only injury by accident arising out of and in the course of the employment or occupational disease as defined in Chapter 4 (§ Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Interstate System: means the same as that term is defined in 23 U. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Inventory: means a set of maps prepared by, at the direction of, or with the approval of the Commission, mapping certain ungranted shores of the sea, marsh and meadowlands in any county in that portion of the Commonwealth separated from the larger portion of the Commonwealth by the Chesapeake Bay. See Virginia Code 28.2-1500
  • Issuing authority: means any political subdivision, governmental unit, authority, or other entity of the Commonwealth which is empowered to issue private activity bonds. See Virginia Code 15.2-5000
  • James River seed area: means that area in the James River and its tributaries above a line drawn from Cooper's Creek in Isle of Wight County on the south side of the James River to a line in a northeasterly direction across the James River to the Newport News municipal water tank located on Warwick Boulevard between 59th Street and 60th Street in the City of Newport News. See Virginia Code 28.2-200
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Land: includes roads, water, watercourses, private ways and buildings, structures, and machinery or equipment thereon when attached to the realty. See Virginia Code 15.2-6017
  • Land bank entity: means any authority, corporation, or existing nonprofit entity established or designated by a locality to carry out the purposes of the Act. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • lead acid battery: shall mean any wet cell battery. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.1
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Liability: means legal liability for damages, including costs of defense, legal costs and fees, and other claims expenses, because of injuries to other persons, damage to their property, or other damage or loss to such other persons resulting from or arising out of (i) any business, whether profit or nonprofit, trade, product, services, including professional services, premises, or operations or (ii) any activity of any state or local government, or any agency or political subdivision thereof. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101
  • Librarian of Virginia: means the State Librarian of Virginia or his designated representative. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Licensee: means and includes a life and health insurer, a property and casualty insurer, and a health organization. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Licensee under this chapter: means a person licensed by the Commission as a viatical settlement provider or viatical settlement broker. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life and health insurer: means any domestic insurer or foreign insurer, whether known as a life insurer or a property and casualty insurer or a reciprocal or a fraternal benefit society, which is authorized to write any class of life insurance, annuities, or accident and sickness insurance, and is not writing a class of insurance set forth in §§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Life insurance: includes policies that also provide (i) endowment benefits; (ii) additional benefits incidental to a loss in the event of death, dismemberment, or loss by accident or accidental means; (iii) additional benefits to safeguard the contract from lapse or to provide a special surrender value, a special benefit or an annuity, in the event of total and permanent disability of the insured; and (iv) optional modes of settlement of proceeds. See Virginia Code 38.2-102
  • Lifecycle: means the creation, use, maintenance, and disposition of a public record. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Limited health care services: means dental care services, vision care services, and such other services as may be determined by the Commission to be limited health care services. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Limited health care services: means dental care services, vision care services, and such other services as may be determined by the Commission to be limited health care services. See Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Litter: means all waste material disposable packages or containers but not including the wastes of the primary processes of mining, logging, sawmilling, farming, or manufacturing. See Virginia Code 10.1-1414
  • Loan: means an obligation subject to repayment that is provided by the Bank to an eligible borrower to finance all or a part of the eligible cost of a project incurred by the eligible borrower or other project sponsor. See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Loans: means any loans made by the authority in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter from the proceeds of the issuance and sale of the authority's bonds and from any of its revenues or other moneys available to it as provided herein. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Local community college board: means the board established to act in an advisory capacity to the State Board and perform such duties with respect to the operation of a single comprehensive community college as may be delegated to it by the State Board. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • Locality: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-221. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Long-term care insurance: means any insurance policy or rider advertised, marketed, offered or designed to provide coverage for not less than twelve consecutive months for each covered person on an expense incurred, indemnity, prepaid, or other basis, for one or more necessary or medically necessary diagnostic, preventive, therapeutic, rehabilitative, maintenance, personal care, mental health or substance abuse services, provided in a setting other than an acute care unit of a hospital. See Virginia Code 38.2-5200
  • Machinery: means machines, belts, pulleys, motors, engines, gears, vats, pits, elevators, conveyors, shafts, tunnels, including machinery being operated on farms in connection with the production or harvesting of agricultural products. See Virginia Code 40.1-2
  • Maintenance: means (i) ordinary maintenance; (ii) maintenance replacement; (iii) operations that include traffic signal synchronization, incident management, and other intelligent transportation system functions; and (iv) any other categories of maintenance that may be designated by the Commissioner of Highways. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Major league baseball: means the organization which controls the administrative functions for the ownership and operation of major league baseball operations in the United States and Canada. See Virginia Code 15.2-5800
  • Major league baseball franchise: means the contractual right granted by major league baseball to any person or persons to own or operate a major league baseball team in a specified location. See Virginia Code 15.2-5800
  • Major league baseball stadium: means a sports facility which is designed for use primarily as a baseball stadium and which meets criteria that may be established by major league baseball. See Virginia Code 15.2-5800
  • Management agreement: means the memorandum of understanding or interagency agreement among the manager, the Secretary of Finance, and the Board as authorized under subsection B of § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Manager: means the Virginia Resources Authority serving as the manager, administrator, and trustee of funds disbursed from the Bank in accordance with the provisions of this article and the management agreement. See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Mandatory Control Level RBC: means the product of 0. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Manufacturing facility: means (i) any facility which is used in the manufacturing or production of tangible personal property, including the processing resulting in a change of condition of such property, (ii) any facility which is used in the creation or production of intangible property as described in § 197(d)(1)(C)(iii) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, to be any patent, copyright, formula, process, design, pattern, knowhow, format, or other similar item, or (iii) any facility which is functionally related and subordinate to a manufacturing facility if such facility is located on the same site as the manufacturing facility. See Virginia Code 15.2-5000
  • Marine organisms: means those species other than marine finfish or marine shellfish which inhabit marine or estuarine waters. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • mass transit: means passenger transportation by rubber-tired, rail, or other surface conveyance that provides shared ride services open to the general public on a regular and continuing basis. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • MCHIP: means an arrangement for the delivery of health care in which a health carrier undertakes to provide, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services for a covered person on a prepaid or insured basis which (i) contains one or more incentive arrangements, including any credentialing requirements intended to influence the cost or level of health care services between the health carrier and one or more providers with respect to the delivery of health care services and (ii) requires or creates benefit payment differential incentives for covered persons to use providers that are directly or indirectly managed, owned, under contract with or employed by the health carrier. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • medically necessary: means appropriate and necessary health care services which are rendered for any condition which, according to generally accepted principles of good medical practice, requires the diagnosis or direct care and treatment of an illness, injury, or pregnancy-related condition, and are not provided only as a convenience. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Medicare: means the "Health Insurance for the Aged Act" Title XVIII of the Social Security Amendment of 1965, as amended. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • member: means an individual who is enrolled in a health care plan. See Virginia Code 38.2-4300
  • Member localities: means the counties, cities, and towns, or combination thereof, which are members of an authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-6400
  • Memorandum of understanding: means the negotiated instrument entered into by a qualified institution and the Commonwealth, regardless of whether the terms of the memorandum of understanding are encompassed or included within any other institutional partnership or performance agreement required by law. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Minor league baseball stadium: means a sports facility which is designed for use primarily as a stadium for a minor league professional baseball team. See Virginia Code 15.2-5800
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • MLEC: means any city, county, or town certificated to provide local exchange and/or interexchange telecommunications services pursuant to § 56-265. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Motor vehicle: means any self-propelled or towed vehicle designed for personal or commercial use, including any automobile, truck, motorcycle, off-road vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, recreational vehicle, snowmobile, camper, boat, personal watercraft, and motorcycle, boat, camper, or personal watercraft trailer. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Municipality: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-224. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Municipality: means any county or incorporated city or town in the West Piedmont or Southside Planning District Commission with respect to which an Authority may be organized and in which it is contemplated the Authority will function. See Virginia Code 15.2-5509
  • NAIC: means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • NAIC: means National Association of Insurance Commissioners. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • NAIC: means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. See Virginia Code 38.2-4805.2
  • NESHAP: means those portions of the regulations contained in 40 CFR Part 61 under the federal Clean Air Act which deal with the demolition and renovation of asbestos facilities. See Virginia Code 40.1-51.23
  • Network: means the set of providers directly or indirectly managed, owned, under contract with or employed directly or indirectly by a health carrier for the purpose of delivering health care services to the covered persons of an MCHIP. See Virginia Code 38.2-5800
  • Nonadmitted insurer: means an insurer not licensed to engage in the business of insurance in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-4805.2
  • Nonlegislative citizen member: means any natural person who is not a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-225
  • Nonstock corporation: means a foreign or domestic nonstock corporation which is subject to regulation and licensing under this chapter and which operates a dental services plan or an optometric services plan. See Virginia Code 38.2-4501
  • Nonvegetated wetlands: means unvegetated lands lying contiguous to mean low water and between mean low water and mean high water, including those unvegetated areas of Back Bay and its tributaries and the North Landing River and its tributaries subject to flooding by normal and wind tides but not hurricane or tropical storm tides. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • North Landing River and its tributaries: means the following, as shown on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Sheets for Pleasant Ridge, Creeds, and Fentress: the North Landing River from the Virginia-North Carolina line to Virginia Highway 165 at North Landing Bridge; the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal from Virginia Highway 165 at North Landing Bridge to the locks at Great Bridge; and all named and unnamed streams, creeks and rivers flowing into the North Landing River and the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal except West Neck Creek north of Indian River Road, Pocaty River west of Blackwater Road, Blackwater River west of its forks located at a point approximately 6400 feet due west of the point where Blackwater Road crosses the Blackwater River at the village of Blackwater, and Millbank Creek west of Blackwater Road. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Notary: means notary public. See Virginia Code 1-226
  • Notes: means those notes authorized and issued pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1511
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • obligee: includes any bondholder, trustee or trustees for any bondholders, and the federal government when it is a party to any contract with the authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • occupational disease: means a disease arising out of and in the course of employment, but not an ordinary disease of life to which the general public is exposed outside of the employment. See Virginia Code 65.2-400
  • Officer: means a member of the Virginia Marine Police. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Optometric services plan: means any arrangement for offering or administering prepaid optometric services by a nonstock corporation licensed under this chapter. See Virginia Code 38.2-4501
  • Original record: means the first generation of the information and is the preferred version of a record. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Other financial assistance: includes capital or debt reserves for bonds or debt instrument financing, provision of letters of credit and other forms of credit enhancement, and other lawful forms of financing and methods of leveraging funds that are approved by the manager. See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises the facility being demolished, renovated, sprayed, or insulated; any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises the demolition, renovation, spraying, or insulation operation; or both. See Virginia Code 40.1-51.23
  • Owner: includes tenant, lessee, occupant, or person in control of the premises. See Virginia Code 15.2-6017
  • owner of land: means any person holding a fee simple interest in property but does not mean the holder of an easement. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • owner of land: means any person holding a fee simple interest in property but does not mean the holder of an easement. See Virginia Code 15.2-4402
  • Park: means public parks and recreation areas as the terms are generally used. See Virginia Code 15.2-5701
  • Participating hospital: means a general hospital licensed in Virginia which at the time of the injury (i) had in force an agreement with the Commissioner of Health or his designee, in a form prescribed by the Commissioner, whereby the hospital agreed to participate in the development of a program to provide obstetrical care to patients eligible for Medical Assistance Services and to patients who are indigent, and upon approval of such program by the Commissioner of Health, to participate in its implementation, (ii) had in force an agreement with the State Department of Health whereby the hospital agreed to submit to review of its obstetrical service, as required by subsection C of § Virginia Code 1-234
  • Personal risk liability: means liability for damages because of injury to any person, damage to property, or other loss or damage resulting from any personal, familial, or household responsibilities or activities. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means the Virginia College Savings Plan. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Plan: means any dental services plan or any optometric services plan subject to regulation under this chapter. See Virginia Code 38.2-4501
  • Plan dentist: means any dentist, licensed by the Virginia Board of Dentistry, who has contracted with the dental plan organization or with an entity acting on behalf of the dental plan organization to provide dental services to the enrollees. See Virginia Code 38.2-6101
  • Policy: means an individual or group policy, group certificate, contract or arrangement of life insurance affecting the rights of a resident of this Commonwealth or bearing a reasonable relation to this Commonwealth, regardless of whether delivered or issued for delivery in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Policy: means any individual or group policy of insurance, contract, subscriber agreement, certificate, rider or endorsement delivered or issued for delivery in this Commonwealth by an insurer, fraternal benefit society, health services plan, health maintenance organization or any similar organization. See Virginia Code 38.2-5200
  • Political subdivision: means , when referring to an entity other than the Authority, a locality, authority, or other public body of the Commonwealth or of any state in which the Authority does business. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Pound net: means any net having a funnel mouth, round mouth or square mouth with the head exposed above the water. See Virginia Code 28.2-200
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Pre-planning: means a process meant to obtain a more detailed definition and cost estimate of a project. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Prepaid tuition contract: means the contract or account entered into by the board and a purchaser pursuant to this chapter for the advance payment of tuition at a fixed, guaranteed level for a qualified beneficiary to attend any public institution of higher education to which the qualified beneficiary is admitted. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Preservation: means the processes and operations involved in ensuring the technical and intellectual survival of authentic records through time. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary highway: means any highway in or component of the primary state highway system. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Primary state highway system: consists of all highways and bridges under the jurisdiction and control of the Commonwealth Transportation Board and the Commissioner of Highways and not in the secondary state highway system. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Principal place of business: means the state where the insured maintains its headquarters and where the insured's high-level officers direct, control, and coordinate the business activities of the insured. See Virginia Code 38.2-4805.2
  • Private activity bond: means a part or all of any bond (or other instrument) required to obtain an allocation from the state's volume cap pursuant to § 146 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, in order to be tax exempt, including but not limited to the following:

    1. See Virginia Code 15.2-5000

  • Private institution of higher education: includes each nonprofit private institution of higher education and proprietary private institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Product liability: means liability for damages because of any personal injury, death, emotional harm, consequential economic damage, or property damage, including damages resulting from the loss of use of property, arising out of the manufacture, design, importation, distribution, packaging, labeling, lease, or sale of a product, but does not include the liability of any person for those damages if the product involved was in the possession of such a person when the incident giving rise to the claim occurred. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101
  • Professional employer organization: means any person that enters into a written agreement with a client company to provide professional employer services. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Professional employer services: means services provided to a client company pursuant to a written agreement with a professional employer organization whereby the professional employer organization initially employs all or a majority of a client company's workforce and assumes responsibilities as an employer for all coemployees that are assigned, allocated, or shared by the agreement between the professional employer organization and the client company. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Program: means the Virginia Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Program established by this chapter. See Virginia Code 38.2-5001
  • Program administrator: means the local governing body or local official appointed by the local governing body to administer the agricultural and forestal districts program. See Virginia Code 15.2-4302
  • Project: means (i) any (a) building, facility, addition, extension, or improvement of a capital nature that is necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of an institution, including administration and teaching facilities, lecture and exhibition halls, libraries, dormitories, student apartments, faculty dwellings, dining halls, cafeterias, snack bars, laundries, hospitals, laboratories, research centers, infirmaries, field houses, gymnasiums, auditoriums, student unions, recreation centers, stadiums, athletics facilities, garages, parking facilities, warehouses and storage buildings, and book and student supplies centers, or (b) building, land, appurtenance, furnishing, or equipment necessary or desirable in connection with or incidental to a project or (ii) any personal property at an institution. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Project: means any system of facilities for the generation, transmission, transformation, supply, or distribution of electric power and energy by any means whatsoever, including fuel and fuel supply resources and other related facilities, any interest therein and any right to output, capacity or services thereof, but does not include facilities for the distribution of electric energy for retail sale unless the facilities are owned by an authority created by a governmental unit that is exempt from the referendum requirement of § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-5402
  • Project: means any system of facilities for provision of qualifying communications services as authorized by Article 5. See Virginia Code 15.2-5431.2
  • Project: means (i) the construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, or replacement of any interstate, state highway, toll road, tunnel, local street or road, or bridge; (ii) the construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, or replacement of any (a) mass transit, (b) commuter, passenger, or freight rail, (c) port, (d) airport, or (e) commercial space flight facility; or (iii) the acquisition of any rolling stock, vehicle, or equipment to be used in conjunction with clause (i) or (ii). See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Project: means any specific enterprise undertaken by an authority, including the facilities as hereinafter defined, and all other property, real or personal or any interest therein, necessary or appropriate for the operation of such property. See Virginia Code 15.2-6301
  • Project: means a capital outlay project included in the six-year capital outlay plan described in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Project sponsor: means any private entity or governmental entity that is involved in the planning, design, right-of-way acquisition, engineering, construction, maintenance, or financing of a project. See Virginia Code 33.2-1501
  • Project-specific reimbursements: means the federal highway reimbursements received by the Commonwealth only with respect to the project or projects to be financed by the Notes or any series thereof. See Virginia Code 33.2-1511
  • projects: means any one or more of the following: auditorium, theater, concert or entertainment hall, coliseum, convention center, arena, field house, stadium, fairground, campground, land conservation project, including but not limited to the holding of conservation easements, sports facilities, including racetracks, amusement park or center, garden, park, zoo and museum, as such terms are generally used, and parking, transportation, utility and restaurant facilities and concessions in connection with any of the foregoing, including any and all buildings, structures, approaches, roadways, and other facilities and appurtenances thereto which the authority may deem necessary or desirable, together with all property, rights, easements and interests which may be acquired by the authority for the construction, improvement and operation of any of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 15.2-5601
  • Property and casualty insurance: means the classes of insurance defined in §§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public corporation: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any political subdivision thereof or any incorporated municipality therein or any public agency of the Commonwealth or of any political subdivision thereof or of any municipality therein. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public facilities: means (i) airports, landing fields, and air navigation facilities; (ii) educational facilities; (iii) flood control, bank and shore protection, watershed protection, and dams; (iv) hospital facilities; (v) judicial and court facilities; (vi) correctional facilities, including jails and penitentiaries; (vii) library facilities; (viii) military installations; (ix) parks so designated by the Commonwealth or by the locality in its comprehensive plan; (x) properties of historical significance so designated by the Commonwealth; (xi) law enforcement, fire, emergency medical, and rescue facilities; (xii) sanitary sewer, water or stormwater facilities; (xiii) transportation facilities including highways, roads, streets, and bridges, traffic signals, related easements and rights-of-way, mass transit, ports, and any components of federal, state, or local transportation facilities; (xiv) waste management facilities for hazardous, radioactive, or other waste; (xv) office facilities occupied by a public corporation; and (xvi) such other facilities that are necessary to the construction, maintenance, or operation of a public facility as listed in clauses (i) through (xv) and directly related thereto. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public institution of higher education: includes the System as a whole and each associate-degree-granting and baccalaureate public institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public official: means all persons holding any office created by the Constitution of Virginia or by any act of the General Assembly, the Governor and all other officers of the executive branch of the state government, and all other officers, heads, presidents or chairmen of boards, commissions, departments, and agencies of the state government or its political subdivisions. See Virginia Code 42.1-77
  • Publication: means all documents, regardless of physical form or characteristics and issued by or for a state, local, or regional agency, in full or in part at government expense, that are created for the research or informational use of the public. See Virginia Code 42.1-93
  • Purchaser: means a person who makes or is obligated to make advance payments in accordance with a prepaid tuition contract and who is listed as the owner of the prepaid tuition contract. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Purchasing group: means any group which:

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101

  • Qualified institution: means (i) any associate-degree-granting public institution of higher education, as defined in § Source: FDIC
  • Recreational purposes: includes any one or any combination of the following recreational activities: hunting, fishing, swimming, boating, camping, picnicking, hiking, pleasure driving, motorcycle or all-terrain vehicle riding, bicycling, horseback riding, nature study, water skiing, winter sports, and visiting, viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, or scientific sites or otherwise using land for purposes of the user. See Virginia Code 15.2-6017
  • Recycling: means the process of separating a given waste material from the waste stream and processing it so that it may be used again as a raw material for a product which may or may not be similar to the original product. See Virginia Code 10.1-1414
  • Region: means the area within the boundaries of the member localities. See Virginia Code 15.2-6400
  • Regulatory Action Level RBC: means the product of 1. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Related provider trust: means a titling trust or other trust established by a licensed viatical settlement provider or a financing entity for the sole purpose of holding the ownership or beneficial interest in purchased policies in connection with a financing transaction. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Relay: means to move shellfish for the purpose of natural purification from water which is not approved to water which is approved or conditionally approved by the State Health Commissioner. See Virginia Code 28.2-800
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who maintains his principal place of abode in Virginia with the intent to make Virginia his domicile. See Virginia Code 28.2-200
  • Resource recovery: means the recovery of material or energy from solid waste. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail buyer: means a person who buys motor vehicles not principally for the purpose of resale. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • Retail seller: means person that is regularly engaged in the selling of motor vehicles to retail buyers and that holds any necessary license to sell a motor vehicle to a retail buyer. See Virginia Code 38.2-6400
  • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes and other evidences of indebtedness of an authority issued by the authority pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-5402
  • revenue bonds: include notes, bonds, bond anticipation notes, and other obligations of an authority for the payment of money. See Virginia Code 15.2-5431.2
  • Revenues: means any or all fees, rates, rentals and receipts collected by, payable to or otherwise derived by the authority from, and all other moneys and income of whatsoever kind or character collected by, payable to or otherwise derived by the authority in connection with the ownership, leasing or sale of the authority facilities or in connection with any loans made by the authority under this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Risk retention group: means any corporation or other limited liability association:

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101

  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Sales tax revenues: means taxes collected under the Virginia Retail Sales and Use Tax Act (§
  • Shellfish: means all species within the phylum Mollusca including but not limited to oysters, clams, mussels, scallops, conchs and whelks, whether raw or processed. See Virginia Code 28.2-800
  • shellfish: means such species of mollusca as oysters and clams, and such species of crustacea as crabs. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Shoals: means subaqueous elevations covered by water less than four feet deep at mean low water. See Virginia Code 28.2-200
  • Shores of the sea: means a beach or any unvegetated lands lying contiguous to mean low water and between mean low water and mean high water. See Virginia Code 28.2-1500
  • Single family housing bonds: means any obligation described as a qualified mortgage bond under § 143 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Virginia Code 15.2-5000
  • Solicitation of professional employment: means obtaining or attempting to obtain, for an attorney, the opportunity to represent or render other legal services to another person, for which services the attorney will or may receive compensation. See Virginia Code 54.1-3939
  • Solid waste: means any garbage, refuse, sludge and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, or community activities but does not include (i) solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, (ii) solid or dissolved material in irrigation return flows or in industrial discharges which are sources subject to a permit from the State Water Control Board, or (iii) source, special nuclear, or by-product material as defined by the Federal Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Southwest Regional Recreation Area: means a system of recreational trails and appurtenant facilities, including trail-head centers, parking areas, camping facilities, picnic areas, recreational areas, historic or cultural interpretive sites, and other facilities that are a part of the system. See Virginia Code 15.2-6017
  • Special purpose entity: means a corporation, partnership, trust, limited liability company, or other similar entity formed solely to provide either directly or indirectly access to institutional capital markets for a financing entity or licensed viatical settlement provider. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Sports franchise: means the contractual right granted to any person or persons to own or operate a sports team in a specified location. See Virginia Code 15.2-5900
  • sports official: includes an umpire, referee, judge, scorekeeper, timekeeper or other person who is a neutral participant in a sports event. See Virginia Code 65.2-101
  • Stadium: means a stadium or arena constructed for the purpose of the conduct of games by a team which is a part of the National Basketball Association or the National Hockey League. See Virginia Code 15.2-5900
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-245
  • State: includes District of Columbia;

    (f) "Transit facilities" means all real and personal property located in the Zone, necessary or useful in rendering transit service between points within the Zone, by means of rail, bus, water or air and any other mode of travel, including, without limitation, tracks, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, subways, rolling stock for rail, motor vehicle, marine and air transportation, stations, terminals and ports, areas for parking and all equipment, fixtures, buildings and structures and services incidental to or required in connection with the performance of transit service;

    (g) "Transit services" means the transportation of persons and their packages and baggage by means of transit facilities between points within the Zone including the transportation of newspapers, express and mail between such points, and charter service which originates within the Zone but does not include taxicab service or individual-ticket-sales sightseeing operations;

    (h) "Transit Zone" or "Zone" means the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Zone created and described in Section 3 as well as any additional area that may be added pursuant to Section 83(a) of this Compact; and

    (i) "WMATC" means Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100

  • State: means any commonwealth, state, territory, district or insular possession of the United States. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • State: means any state of the United States or the District of Columbia. See Virginia Code 38.2-5101
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • State Board: means the State Board for Community Colleges. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • State ceiling: means the maximum amount of private activity bonds that the Commonwealth of Virginia may issue in a calendar year as limited by federal law under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Virginia Code 15.2-5000
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • STEM: means science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Student: means a full-time or part-time undergraduate, graduate, or professional student attending a public institution of higher education and enrolled in a degree program. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • student enrollment: means the number of full-time equivalent students. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subscriber: means (i) with respect to group dental benefit contracts, the person who is covered by the contract, other than as a dependent, by satisfying the eligibility requirements of the group, and (ii) with respect to individual dental benefit contracts, the individual who obtains coverage of the individual only or the individual and dependents of the individual. See Virginia Code 38.2-6101
  • Subscriber: means any person entitled to benefits under the terms and conditions of a subscription contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-4501
  • Subscriber: means a person obligated under a reciprocal insurance agreement. See Virginia Code 38.2-1201
  • Subscription contract: means a written contract which is issued to a contract holder by a nonstock corporation and which provides dental or optometric services or benefits for dental or optometric services. See Virginia Code 38.2-4501
  • Substantial financial support: means any amount of financial support received by a student that qualifies him to be listed as a dependent on federal and state income tax returns. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supreme Court: means the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-249
  • Surficial aquifer: means the upper surface of a zone of saturation, where the body of ground water is not confined by an overlying impermeable zone. See Virginia Code 62.1-255
  • Surplus lines broker: means an individual or business entity licensed pursuant to Article 5. See Virginia Code 38.2-4805.2
  • Surplus lines insurance: means any property and casualty insurance permitted to be placed directly by an insured or through a surplus lines broker with an eligible nonadmitted insurer. See Virginia Code 38.2-4805.2
  • Surplus to policyholders: means the excess of total admitted assets over the liabilities of an insurer, and shall be the sum of all capital and surplus accounts, including any voluntary reserves, minus any impairment of all capital and surplus accounts. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Surviving spouse: means the spouse of a military service member who, while serving as an active duty member in the Armed Forces of the United States, Reserves of the Armed Forces of the United States, or Virginia National Guard, during military operations against terrorism, on a peacekeeping mission, or as a result of a terrorist act, or in any armed conflict, was killed in action, became missing in action, or became a prisoner of war. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • System: means the Virginia Community College System. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Systems of state highways: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-251. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Taxable authority facilities: means any private or commercial golf course, country club, massage parlor, tennis club, skating facility (including roller skating, skateboard and ice skating), racquet sports facility, suntan facility, race track, or facility the primary purpose of which is one of the following: (i) retail food and beverage services (excluding grocery stores), (ii) automobile sales and service, (iii) recreation or entertainment, or (iv) banks, savings and loan institutions or mortgage loan companies. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Terminally ill: means having an illness or sickness that can reasonably be expected to result in death in 24 months or less. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tidewater Virginia: means the following counties: Accomack, Arlington, Caroline, Charles City, Chesterfield, Essex, Fairfax, Gloucester, Hanover, Henrico, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Mathews, Middlesex, New Kent, Northampton, Northumberland, Prince George, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Surry, Westmoreland, and York; and the Cities of Alexandria, Chesapeake, Colonial Heights, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Hampton, Hopewell, Newport News, Norfolk, Petersburg, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Richmond, Suffolk, Virginia Beach, and Williamsburg. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Tier-city: means an incorporated community within a consolidated county that (i) has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more, (ii) has been designated as a tier-city by the General Assembly, and (iii) has both the powers of a town and such additional powers as may be granted tier-cities by the General Assembly. See Virginia Code 1-252
  • to fish: means all operations involved in (i) taking or catching, (ii) using, setting or operating apparatus employed in killing, taking or catching, or (iii) transporting or preparing for market marine fish, shellfish, and marine organisms. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total Adjusted Capital: means the sum of:

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501

  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • transportation: means any movement of property and any packing, loading, unloading or storage incidental thereto. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Trend Test Calculation: include d in the Life RBC Instructions. See Virginia Code 38.2-5501
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust indenture: means any trust agreement or mortgage under which bonds authorized pursuant to this chapter may be secured. See Virginia Code 15.2-4902
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Tuition: means the quarter, semester, or term charges imposed for undergraduate tuition by any public institution of higher education and all mandatory fees required as a condition of enrollment of all students. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Unemancipated minor: means a minor student who has not been emancipated pursuant to Article 15 (§ 16. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit: means any governmental unit; any electric authority; any investor-owned electric power company; any electric cooperative association or corporation; the Commonwealth or any other state; or any department, institution, commission, public instrumentality or political subdivision of the Commonwealth, any other state, or the United States. See Virginia Code 15.2-5402
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • Urban highway system: consists of those public highways, or portions thereof, not included in the systems of state highways, to which the Commonwealth Transportation Board directs payments pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • utility services: means and includes electric, water, sewer, and telecommunications, internet and cable television services, including all other services that might be lawfully rendered by use of its fiber optic system. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Value engineering: means a systematic process of review and analysis of a project by a team of appropriate professionals licensed in accordance with Chapter 4 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vegetated wetlands: means lands lying between and contiguous to mean low water and an elevation above mean low water equal to the factor one and one-half times the mean tide range at the site of the proposed project in the county, city, or town in question, and upon which is growing any of the following species: saltmarsh cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), saltmeadow hay (Spartina patens), saltgrass (Distichlis spicata), black needlerush (Juncus roemerianus), saltwort (Salicornia spp. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Vehicle: includes every device capable of being moved upon a public highway and in, upon, or by which any person or property may be transported upon a public highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Virginia Code 10.1-1414
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veteran: means an individual who has served on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States and who was discharged or released from such service under conditions other than dishonorable. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Veteran: means an individual who has served in the active military, naval, or air service and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable. See Virginia Code 2.2-2000.1
  • Viatical settlement broker: means a person that on behalf of another and for a fee, commission or other valuable consideration introduces viators to viatical settlement providers, or offers or attempts to negotiate viatical settlement contracts between a viator and one or more viatical settlement providers. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Viatical settlement contract: means a written agreement establishing the terms under which compensation or anything of value will be paid, which compensation or value is less than the expected death benefit of the insurance policy or certificate, in return for the viator's assignment, transfer, sale, devise or bequest of the death benefit or ownership of any portion of the insurance policy or certificate of insurance. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Viatical settlement provider: means a person, other than a viator, that enters into or effectuates a viatical settlement contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Viatical settlement purchaser: means a person who gives a sum of money as consideration for a life insurance policy or an interest in the death benefits of a life insurance policy, or a person who owns or acquires or is entitled to a beneficial interest in a trust that owns a viatical settlement contract or is the beneficiary of a life insurance policy that has been or will be the subject of a viatical settlement contract, for the purpose of deriving an economic benefit. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Viaticated policy: means a life insurance policy or certificate that has been acquired by a viatical settlement provider pursuant to a viatical settlement contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Viator: means the owner of a life insurance policy or a certificate holder under a group policy who enters or seeks to enter into a viatical settlement contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-6000
  • Virginia student: means any student who has established domicile in the Commonwealth pursuant to § 23. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Waste: means any solid, hazardous or radioactive waste as defined in this section. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Waste management: means the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment and disposal of waste or resource recovery. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Wetlands: means both vegetated and nonvegetated wetlands. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Wetlands zoning ordinance: means the ordinance set forth in § 28. See Virginia Code 28.2-1300
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.