Sections
Article 1 General Provisions 3.2-6500 – 3.2-6502
Article 2 Animal Welfare 3.2-6503 – 3.2-6507
Article 2 1. Commercial Dog Breeding Operations 3.2-6507.1 – 3.2-6507.6
Article 3 Transportation and Sale of Animals 3.2-6508 – 3.2-6517
Article 4 Boarding Establishments and Groomers 3.2-6518 – 3.2-6520
Article 5 Rabies Control and Licensing of Dogs and Cats 3.2-6521 – 3.2-6536
Article 6 Authority of Local Governing Bodies 3.2-6537 – 3.2-6554
Article 7 Animal Control Officers and Humane Investigators 3.2-6555 – 3.2-6563
Article 8 Search, Seizure, Impounding, and Enforcement 3.2-6564 – 3.2-6569
Article 9 Cruelty to Animals 3.2-6570 – 3.2-6573
Article 10 Mandatory Sterilization of Dogs and Cats Adopted from Releasing Agencies 3.2-6574 – 3.2-6580
Article 11 Hybrid Canines 3.2-6581 – 3.2-6584
Article 12 Miscellaneous Provisions 3.2-6585 – 3.2-6590
Article 13 Animal Research 3.2-6591 – 3.2-6593.1
Article 14 Dangerous Captive Animal Exhibits 3.2-6594 – 3.2-6596

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 3.2 > Subtitle V > Chapter 65 - Comprehensive Animal Care

  • Abandon: means to desert, forsake, or absolutely give up an animal without having secured another owner or custodian for the animal or by failing to provide the elements of basic care as set forth in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Acceptable release rate: means a measured release rate not to exceed 4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Action: means a judicial proceeding or arbitration in which a payment in money may be awarded or enforced with respect to a foreign-money claim. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Active ingredient: means (in the case of a pesticide other than a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant, or anti-desiccant) an ingredient that will prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate insects, fungi, rodents, weeds, or other pests. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Activity and use limitations: means restrictions or obligations created under this chapter with respect to real property. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Adequate confinement: means that, while on the property of its owner and not under the direct supervision and control of the owner or custodian, a hybrid canine shall be confined in a humane manner in a securely enclosed and locked structure of sufficient height and design to: (i) prevent the animal's escape; or if the hybrid canine is determined to be a dangerous dog pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6581
  • Adequate feed: means access to and the provision of food that is of sufficient quantity and nutritive value to maintain each animal in good health; is accessible to each animal; is prepared so as to permit ease of consumption for the age, species, condition, size and type of each animal; is provided in a clean and sanitary manner; is placed so as to minimize contamination by excrement and pests; and is provided at suitable intervals for the species, age, and condition of the animal, but at least once daily, except as prescribed by a veterinarian or as dictated by naturally occurring states of hibernation or fasting normal for the species. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Adequate shelter: means provision of and access to shelter that is suitable for the species, age, condition, size, and type of each animal; provides adequate space for each animal; is safe and protects each animal from injury, rain, sleet, snow, hail, direct sunlight, the adverse effects of heat or cold, physical suffering, and impairment of health; is properly lighted; is properly cleaned; enables each animal to be clean and dry, except when detrimental to the species; during hot weather, is properly shaded and does not readily conduct heat; during cold weather, has a windbreak at its entrance and provides a quantity of bedding material consisting of hay, cedar shavings, or the equivalent that is sufficient to protect the animal from cold and promote the retention of body heat; and, for dogs and cats, provides a solid surface, resting platform, pad, floormat, or similar device that is large enough for the animal to lie on in a normal manner and can be maintained in a sanitary manner. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Adequate space: means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Adequate water: means provision of and access to clean, fresh, potable water of a drinkable temperature that is provided in a suitable manner, in sufficient volume, and at suitable intervals appropriate for the weather and temperature, to maintain normal hydration for the age, species, condition, size and type of each animal, except as prescribed by a veterinarian or as dictated by naturally occurring states of hibernation or fasting normal for the species; and is provided in clean, durable receptacles that are accessible to each animal and are placed so as to minimize contamination of the water by excrement and pests or an alternative source of hydration consistent with generally accepted husbandry practices. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Adoption: means the transfer of ownership of a dog or a cat, or any other companion animal, from a releasing agency to an individual. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Advertisement: means any representation relating to seed within the scope of this article that is not also required labeling. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a person who directly or indirectly owns or controls, is owned or controlled by, or is under common ownership or control with, another person. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Affiliate: means a person related to a licensee by common ownership or control, or any employee or agent of a licensee. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Affiliate: means an individual or business that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another individual or business. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Agency: means the Department of Environmental Quality or any other state or federal agency that determines or approves the environmental response project pursuant to which the environmental covenant is created. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Agency: means any person that provides or offers to provide debt management plans for consumers. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • agency: means any agency, authority, board, department, division, commission, institution, bureau, or like governmental entity of the Commonwealth and includes any entity, public or private, with which any of the foregoing has entered into a contractual relationship to accomplish an agency program. See Virginia Code 30-65
  • Agency: means any authority, commission, instrumentality, officer, board or other unit of the state government empowered by the basic laws to make regulations or decide cases. See Virginia Code 30-73.1
  • Agency: means any authority, instrumentality, officer, board or other unit of the state government empowered by the basic laws to make regulations or decide cases. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Agency action: means either an agency's regulation or case decision or both, any violation, compliance, or noncompliance with which could be a basis for the imposition of injunctive orders, penal or civil sanctions of any kind, or the grant or denial of relief or of a license, right, or benefit by any agency or court. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Agreement: means the agreement or agreements between the Commonwealth, as seller of the Tobacco Assets, and the Corporation, as purchaser of the Tobacco Assets. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Agricultural and food product: means any horticultural, viticulture, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, other farm or garden product, fish or fishery product, and other foods. See Virginia Code 3.2-4312
  • Agricultural animals: means all livestock and poultry. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Agricultural commodity: means any plant or part thereof, animal, or animal product, produced by a person (including farmers, ranchers, vineyardists, plant propagators, Christmas tree growers, aquaculturists, floriculturists, orchardists, foresters, nurserymen, wood treaters not for hire, or other comparable persons) primarily for sale, consumption, propagation, or other use by man or animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • agricultural product: means any horticultural, viticulture, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, or other farm or garden product. See Virginia Code 3.2-4300
  • Agricultural seed: means seeds of grass, forage, cereal, and fiber crops; any other seed commonly recognized as agricultural seed; and any lawn seed, turf seed, and mixtures thereof (including any noxious-weed seeds that may be present). See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • air carrier: includes a common carrier by aircraft, a restricted common carrier by aircraft, and a contract carrier by aircraft. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Air navigation facility: means any airport ground or air navigation facility, other than one owned and operated by the United States, used in, available for use in, or designed for use in aid of air navigation, including any structures, buildings, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems, or other instrumentalities or devices, and any combination of any or all of such facilities, used or useful as an aid, or constituting any advantage or convenience, to the safe taking off, navigation, and landing of aircraft; in the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport; in the safe, efficient and convenient handling or processing of aviation passengers, mail or cargo; or in the servicing or maintenance of aircraft or ground equipment. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance now known, or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, including a balloon or other contrivance designed for maneuvering in airspace at an altitude greater than 24 inches above ground or water level, except that any contrivance now or hereafter invented of fixed or flexible wing design, operating without the assistance of any motor, engine, or other mechanical propulsive device, which is designed to utilize the feet and legs of the operator or operators as the sole means of initiating and sustaining forward motion during the launch and of providing the point of contact with the ground upon landing and commonly called a "hang glider" shall not be included within this definition. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • aircraft: means any contrivance, except a contrivance operating twenty-four inches or less above ground or water level, now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of, or flight in, the airspace in the transportation of passengers, property or mail. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Airman: means any individual, including the person in command and any pilot, mechanic, or member of the crew, who engages in the navigation of aircraft while under way within Virginia airspace; any individual who is directly in charge of the inspection, maintenance, overhauling, or repair of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, or accessories; and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Airport: means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for public use, for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas that are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, easements and together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • airport: means a landing area used regularly by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo, and open to the public for use. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Airspace: means all that space above the land and waters within the boundary of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • airspace: means all airspace above the lands and waters within the boundary of this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Alcohol: means the product known as ethyl or grain alcohol obtained by distillation of any fermented liquor, rectified either once or more often, whatever the origin, and shall include synthetic ethyl alcohol, but shall not include methyl alcohol and alcohol completely denatured in accordance with formulas approved by the government of the United States. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allocable share: means Allocable Share as that term is defined in the Master Settlement Agreement. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Alternative test method: includes computational toxicology and bioinformatics, high-throughput screening methods, testing of categories of chemical substances, tiered testing methods, in vitro studies, and systems biology and new or revised methods. See Virginia Code 3.2-6591
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Animal: means any live vertebrate nonhuman animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6591
  • Animal: means any nonhuman vertebrate species except fish. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Animal control officer: means a person appointed as an animal control officer or deputy animal control officer as provided in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Animal test method: means a process or procedure that uses animals to obtain information on the characteristics of a chemical or agent or the biological effect of exposure to a chemical or agent under specified conditions. See Virginia Code 3.2-6591
  • Animal testing facility: means any facility, including a private entity, state agency, or institution of higher education, that confines and uses dogs or cats for research, education, testing, or other scientific or medical purposes. See Virginia Code 3.2-6591
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means a customer who applies for a refund anticipation loan through a facilitator. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approximate original contour: means the surface configuration achieved by backfilling and grading the mined area so that the reclaimed area, including any terracing or access road, closely resembles the general surface configuration of the land prior to mining and blends into and complements the drainage pattern of the surrounding terrain, with all highwalls and spoil piles eliminated; water impoundments may be permitted where the Director determines that they are in compliance with the applicable performance standards adopted pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Authority: means the Virginia Recreational Facilities Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Authority: means the Virginia Cannabis Control Authority created pursuant to this subtitle. See Virginia Code 4.1-600
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bank-offered spot rate: means the spot rate of exchange at which a bank will sell foreign money at a spot rate. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Blend: means a mechanical combination of varieties of the same kind that is identified by a blend designation and is always present in the same percentages in each lot so designated. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Board: means the Virginia Aviation Board. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Board: means the Virginia Spirits Board. See Virginia Code 3.2-3007
  • Board: means the Virginia Soil and Water Conservation Board. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the Virginia Cannabis Control Authority. See Virginia Code 4.1-600
  • Board: means the Cave Board. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • Board of supervisors: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Boarding establishment: means a place or establishment other than a public or private animal shelter where companion animals not owned by the proprietor are sheltered, fed, and watered in exchange for a fee. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Bona fide prospective purchaser: means a person or a tenant of a person who acquires ownership, or proposes to acquire ownership, of real property after the release of hazardous substances occurred. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Bond: includes any form of financial instrument that provides security equivalent to that provided by a bond, such as an irrevocable letter of credit, if its use in lieu of a bond is authorized pursuant to regulations adopted by the Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means notes, bonds, certificates and other evidences of indebtedness or obligations of the Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Borrower: means an applicant who receives a refund anticipation loan through a facilitator. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Brand: means the name, term, design, or trademark of seed offered for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Brand family: means all styles of cigarettes sold under the same trademark and differentiated from one another by means of additional modifiers or descriptors, including, but not limited to, "menthol" "lights" "kings" and "100s" and includes any brand name alone or in conjunction with any other word, trademark, logo, symbol, motto, selling message, recognizable pattern of colors, or any other indicia of product identification identical or similar to, or identifiable with, a previously known brand of cigarettes. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • broker: means any person not included in the term air carrier and not a bona fide employee or agent of any such carrier, who, as principal or agent, sells or offers for sale any transportation subject to this chapter, or negotiates for, or holds himself out by solicitation, advertisement, or otherwise as one who sells, provides, furnishes, contracts, or arranges for such transportation. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Brownfield: means real property; the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Financial Institutions, a division of the Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Business: means any type of corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, or sole proprietorship operated for profit. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • care: means the responsible practice of good animal husbandry, handling, production, management, confinement, feeding, watering, protection, shelter, transportation, treatment, and, when necessary, euthanasia, appropriate for the age, species, condition, size and type of the animal and the provision of veterinary care when needed to prevent suffering or impairment of health. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • case decision: means any agency proceeding or determination that, under laws or regulations at the time, a named party as a matter of past or present fact, or of threatened or contemplated private action, either is, is not, or may or may not be (i) in violation of such law or regulation or (ii) in compliance with any existing requirement for obtaining or retaining a license or other right or benefit. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • cave: includes or is synonymous with cavern, sinkhole, natural pit, grotto, and rock shelter. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • Cave life: means any rare or endangered animal or other life form which normally occurs in, uses, visits, or inhabits any cave or subterranean water system. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • CDFI: means a community development financial institution that provides credit and financial services for underserved communities. See Virginia Code 4.1-1500
  • certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued by the State Corporation Commission to common carriers by aircraft and restricted common carriers by aircraft under this chapter. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Certificate: means the document issued to a certified applicator or registered technician who has completed all the requirements of Article 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • certified: means the recognition granted by the Board to an applicator who has completed all the requirements of Article 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Certified applicator: means a person who: (i) has satisfactorily completed the Board requirements for certification as a commercial applicator, registered technician, or private applicator; and (ii) has been issued a valid certificate. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Check casher: means a person engaged in the business of cashing checks, drafts, or money orders for compensation. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • Chief: means the Chief of the Division of Mines of the Department of Energy. See Virginia Code 45.2-100
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • cigarette: includes "roll-your-own" tobacco, which means any tobacco which, because of its appearance, type, packaging, or labeling is suitable for use and likely to be offered to, or purchased by, consumers as tobacco for making cigarettes. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • City: includes all cities chartered under the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Civil aircraft: means any aircraft other than a public aircraft. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Coal surface mining and reclamation operation: means a surface mining operation and any activity necessary and incidental to the reclamation of such operation. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Code designation: means an identification assigned by the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Collar: means a well-fitted device, appropriate to the age and size of the animal, attached to the animal's neck in such a way as to prevent trauma or injury to the animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Collegial body: means a governmental entity whose power or authority is vested within its membership. See Virginia Code 1-209
  • Commercial aircraft: means any civil aircraft used in flight activity for compensation or for hire. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Commercial applicator: means any person who has completed the requirements for certification to use or supervise the use of any pesticide for any purpose or on any property other than as provided in the definition of private applicator. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Commercial boat yard: means any facility that engages for hire in the construction, storage, maintenance, repair or refurbishing of vessels (other than seaplanes) or any licensed independent marine maintenance contractor who engages in such activities. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Commercial dog breeder: means any person who, during any 12-month period, maintains 30 or more adult female dogs for the primary purpose of the sale of their offspring provided that a person who breeds an animal regulated under federal law as a research animal shall not be deemed to be a commercial dog breeder. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commission: means the Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission created pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Commission: means the Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission created pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Commission Allocation: means 50 percent of the annual amount received under the Master Settlement Agreement by the Commonwealth, or that would have been received but for a sale of such allocation pursuant to an agreement, between the commencing and ending dates specified in the agreement. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Financial Institutions. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Tax Commissioner of the Department of Taxation. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • common carrier by aircraft: means any person who undertakes, whether directly or by a lease or any other arrangement, to transport passengers, property for the general public, or mail by aircrafts for compensation (wholly within the airspace of the Commonwealth), whether over regular or irregular routes, including such aircraft operations of carriers by rail, water or motor vehicle and of express or forwarding companies. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Common interest community: means a condominium, cooperative, or other real property with respect to which a person, by virtue of the person's ownership of a parcel of real property, is obligated to pay property taxes or insurance premiums, for maintenance or improvement of other real property described in a recorded covenant that creates the common interest community. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Companion animal: means any domestic or feral dog, domestic or feral cat, nonhuman primate, guinea pig, hamster, rabbit not raised for human food or fiber, exotic or native animal, reptile, exotic or native bird, or any feral animal or any animal under the care, custody, or ownership of a person or any animal that is bought, sold, traded, or bartered by any person. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • company: shall mean all corporations created by acts of the General Assembly of Virginia, or under the general incorporation laws of this Commonwealth, or doing business therein, and shall exclude all municipal corporations, other political subdivisions, and public institutions owned or controlled by the Commonwealth; and the term "the Commission" shall mean the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 12.1-1
  • Company: means a bank, trust company, or other entity conducting the business of renting safe deposit boxes. See Virginia Code 6.2-2300
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conditioning: means any process of cleaning, scarifying, treating, or blending seed that changes the purity or germination of the seed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Conservation easement: means a nonpossessory interest of a holder in real property, whether easement appurtenant or in gross, acquired through gift, purchase, devise, or bequest imposing limitations or affirmative obligations, the purposes of which include retaining or protecting natural or open-space values of real property, assuring its availability for agricultural, forestal, recreational, or open-space use, protecting natural resources, maintaining or enhancing air or water quality, or preserving the historical, architectural or archaeological aspects of real property. See Virginia Code 10.1-1009
  • Constitutional officer: means an officer provided for pursuant to Article VII, § 4 of the Constitution. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Construction: means building, altering, repairing, improving or demolishing any structure, building or highway, and any draining, dredging, excavation, grading or similar work upon real property. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Consumer: means any natural person purchasing an animal from a dealer or pet shop or hiring the services of a boarding establishment. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Consumer: means an individual residing in the Commonwealth who owes money to one or more creditors, for personal, family, or household purposes, including an individual who owes money jointly with one or more other individuals. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Consumer: means an individual residing in the Commonwealth who owes money to one or more creditors, for personal, family, or household purposes, including an individual who owes money jointly with one or more other individuals. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Container: means any barrel, bottle, carton, keg, vessel or other receptacle used for holding alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuous official inspection: means that an employee or a licensed representative of the Department or of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-4312
  • Contract: includes a subcontract only when the contract of which it is a part is with the officer's or employee's own governmental agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • contract carrier: means any person not included under the definitions of "common carrier by aircraft" or "restricted common carrier by aircraft" as defined in § 5. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Contracting entity: means any public body as defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 11-34.2
  • Contractor: means the entity that has a direct contract with any "state agency" as defined herein, or any agency of local government as discussed in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Controlled conditions: means minimum seed stock standards established by regulation. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Controlling person: means a natural person who is an officer, director, or partner, or who occupies a similar status or performs a similar function, of a franchisor organized as a corporation, partnership, or other entity, or any person who possesses, directly or indirectly, the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a franchisor, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract, or otherwise. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Conversion date: means the banking day next preceding the date on which money, in accordance with this chapter, is (i) paid to a claimant in an action or distribution proceeding; (ii) paid to the official designated by law to enforce a judgment or award on behalf of a claimant; or (iii) used to recoup, set off, or counterclaim in different moneys in an action or distribution proceeding. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Cooper: means a commercial producer of wooden casks, barrels, and other staved wooden containers who sells at least $10,000 worth of such wooden containers of a type used for the production of spirits. See Virginia Code 3.2-3007
  • Corporation: means a private or public corporation, association, or trust issuing a security. See Virginia Code 13.1-434
  • Corporation: means the Tobacco Settlement Financing Corporation as created under state law. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Council: means the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Council: means the Virginia Conflict of Interest and Ethics Advisory Council established in § 30-355. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: means any existing county or such unit hereafter created. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • County: includes towns. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Court: means any court vested with appropriate jurisdiction under the Constitution and laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 19.2-5
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Creditor: includes persons that extend credit to, or persons that service loans made to, consumers. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Customer: means an individual for whom tax preparation services are performed. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dangerous captive animal: means any bear, cougar, jaguar, leopard, lion, nonhuman primate, or tiger, or any hybrid of any such animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6594
  • Dealer: means any person who in the regular course of business for compensation or profit buys, sells, transfers, exchanges, or barters companion animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Debt collector: means a person defined as a debt collector under 15 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Debt collector: means a person defined as a debt collector under 15 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Debt settlement services: means any action or negotiation initiated or taken on behalf of any consumer with any creditor of the consumer for the purpose of obtaining debt forgiveness of all or a portion of the credit extended by the creditor to the consumer or a reduction of payments, charges, or fees payable by the consumer. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Debtor: means any individual, business, or group having a delinquent debt or account with any state agency that obligation has not been satisfied or set aside by court order or discharged in bankruptcy. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defoliant: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for causing the leaves or foliage to drop from a plant, with or without causing abscission. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Department: means the Department of Aviation. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Department: means the Department of Conservation and Recreation. See Virginia Code 10.1-100
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Desiccant: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for artificially accelerating the drying of plant tissue. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Device: means any instrument or contrivance intended for: (i) trapping, destroying, repelling, or mitigating insects or rodents; or (ii) destroying, repelling, or mitigating fungi, bacteria, weeds or other pests as may be designated by the Commissioner. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct and immediate threat: means any clear and imminent danger to an animal's health, safety or life. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Direct contact: means physical contact or proximity where physical contact is possible, including an opportunity for photography without a permanent physical barrier designed to prevent physical contact between the public and a dangerous captive animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6594
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation. See Virginia Code 10.1-100
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribute: means to import, consign, produce, mix, blend, condition, sell, offer for sale, barter, warehouse, or supply seeds in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Distribution proceeding: means a judicial or nonjudicial proceeding for the distribution of a fund in which one or more foreign-money claims are asserted and includes an accounting, an assignment for the benefit of creditors, a foreclosure, the liquidation or rehabilitation of a corporation or other entity, and the distribution of an estate, trust, or other fund. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • District director: means a member of the governing body of a district authorized to serve as a director. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Division: means the Division of Mined Land Repurposing. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • DMP: means a program whereby a person agrees to engage in debt pooling and distribution services on behalf of a consumer, or multiple consumers if a joint account. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dormant seed: means viable seed other than hard seed that fails to germinate when provided the specified germination conditions. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Drop zone: means any locality whether over land or water that is used, or intended for use, for the landing and recovery of sky divers or parachutists using a parachute or other contrivance designed for sport jumping. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Due notice: means notice published at least twice, with an interval of at least seven days between the two publication dates, in a newspaper or other publication of general circulation within the appropriate area, or if no such publication of general circulation is available, by posting at a reasonable number of conspicuous places within the appropriate area. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Dump: means to knowingly desert, forsake, or absolutely give up without having secured another owner or custodian any dog, cat, or other companion animal in any public place including the right-of-way of any public highway, road or street or on the property of another. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Duplicate original: means an exact copy with signatures created by the same impression as the original, or an exact copy bearing an original signature, or in the case of an electronic transaction, an electronic version with electronic signatures. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Duplicate original: means an exact copy with signatures created by the same impression as the original, an exact copy bearing an original signature, or, in the case of an electronic transaction, an electronic version with electronic signatures. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic signature: means a signature as defined in § 59. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Electronic signature: means an electronic signature as defined in § 59. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Eligible employee stock ownership plan: means an employee stock ownership plan as such term is defined in § 4975(e)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, sponsored by a professional corporation and with respect to which:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-543

  • Emergency veterinary treatment: means veterinary treatment to stabilize a life-threatening condition, alleviate suffering, prevent further disease transmission, or prevent further disease progression. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Employee: means all persons employed by a governmental or advisory agency, unless otherwise limited by the context of its use. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Enclosure: means a structure used to house or restrict animals from running at large. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Endowment: means the Tobacco Indemnification and Community Revitalization Endowment established pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Endowment: means the Tobacco Indemnification and Community Revitalization Endowment as established in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Energy conservation measures and facility technology infrastructure: means the methods, techniques, application of knowledge, installation of devices, including an alteration or betterment to an existing facility, that reduce energy consumption or operating costs, and includes, but is not limited to:

    1. See Virginia Code 11-34.2

  • Energy cost savings: means a measured reduction in fuel, energy, or operation and maintenance costs created from the implementation of one or more energy conservation measures when compared with an established baseline for previous fuel, energy, or operation and maintenance costs. See Virginia Code 11-34.2
  • Energy performance-based contract: means a contract for the evaluation, recommendation, and implementation of energy conservation measures and facility technology infrastructure upgrades and modernization that includes, at a minimum:

    1. See Virginia Code 11-34.2

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: means any corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Environmental covenant: means a servitude arising under an environmental response project that imposes activity and use limitations. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Environmental response project: means a plan or work performed for environmental remediation of real property and conducted:

    1. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Equity: means any contribution to a project other than debt financing, including a federal, state, or local grant, except that the grant shall not be a Commission grant. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Establishment: means any place where alcoholic beverages of one or more varieties are lawfully manufactured, sold, or used. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Euthanasia: means the humane destruction of an animal accomplished by a method that involves instantaneous unconsciousness and immediate death or by a method that involves anesthesia, produced by an agent that causes painless loss of consciousness, and death during such loss of consciousness. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Ex officio: means service by virtue of one's office and includes voting privileges for ex officio members unless otherwise provided. See Virginia Code 1-215
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • exercise: means the opportunity for the animal to move sufficiently to maintain normal muscle tone and mass for the age, species, size, and condition of the animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Exhibitor: means any person who has animals for or on public display, excluding an exhibitor licensed by the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Facilitator: means a person who receives or accepts for delivery an application for a refund anticipation loan, delivers a check in payment of refund anticipation loan proceeds, or in any other manner acts to allow the making of a refund anticipation loan. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Facility: means a building or portion thereof as designated by the State Veterinarian, other than a private residential dwelling and its surrounding grounds, that is used to contain a primary enclosure or enclosures in which animals are housed or kept. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Farming activity: means , consistent with standard animal husbandry practices, the raising, management, and use of agricultural animals to provide food, fiber, or transportation and the breeding, exhibition, lawful recreational use, marketing, transportation, and slaughter of agricultural animals pursuant to such purposes. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Federal act: means the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, P. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Federal agency: means the United States of America, the President of the United States of America, and any department, corporation, agency, or instrumentality created, designated, or established by the United States of America. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: shall include any one or more of the following:

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Fighter or attack jet: means a jet-powered aircraft designed for military (i) combat training or (ii) operational mission execution. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Financial institution: means any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, or credit union. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Flower seed: means any seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts; any other seeds commonly recognized as flower seeds; and any seeds designated as flower seeds by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a government other than any of the following: the United States; a state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession of the United States; or a government with regard to which the decision in the Commonwealth as to whether to recognize a judgment of that government's courts is initially subject to determination under the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the United States Constitution. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.13:1
  • foreign judgment: means any judgment, decree, or order of a court of the United States or of any other court which is entitled to full faith and credit in this state. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.1
  • Foreign money: means money other than money of the United States of America. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Foreign-country judgment: means a judgment of a court of a foreign country. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.13:1
  • Foreign-money claim: means a claim upon an obligation to pay, or a claim for recovery of a loss, expressed in or measured by a foreign money. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Foster care provider: means a person who provides care or rehabilitation for companion animals through an affiliation with a public or private animal shelter, home-based rescue, releasing agency, or other animal welfare organization. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Foster home: means a private residential dwelling and its surrounding grounds, or any facility other than a public or private animal shelter, at which site through an affiliation with a public or private animal shelter, home-based rescue, releasing agency, or other animal welfare organization care or rehabilitation is provided for companion animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • foundation seed: means seed produced and labeled in compliance with the procedures and requirements of an official certifying agency of a state, the United States, a province of Canada, or the government of a foreign country where the seed was produced. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Franchise: means a written contract or agreement between two or more persons, by which:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-559

  • Franchisee: means a person to whom a franchise is granted or sold. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Franchisor: means a person, including a subfranchisor, who grants or sells, or offers to grant or sell, a franchise. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • functional area: means that grouping of state governmental activities, programs, and agencies which constitute a single budget function as identified and classified in the Virginia State Government Program Structure. See Virginia Code 30-65
  • Fund: means the Virginia Brownfields Restoration and Economic Redevelopment Assistance Fund. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Fund: means the Virginia Cannabis Equity Business Loan Fund established in § 4. See Virginia Code 4.1-1500
  • Fund: means the Virginia Spirits Promotion Fund. See Virginia Code 3.2-3007
  • Fund: means the Tobacco Indemnification and Community Revitalization Fund established pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Fund: means the Virginia Tobacco Region Revolving Fund created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Funding: means loans made from the Fund. See Virginia Code 4.1-1500
  • Fungicide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any fungi or plant disease. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gate: means any structure or device located to limit or prohibit access or entry to any cave. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • Germination: means the percentage, by count, of seeds under consideration capable of producing normal seedlings in a given period of time and under conditions specified by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all material, equipment, supplies, printing, and automated data processing hardware and software. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • governmental: includes the government of this Commonwealth, the government of the United States, and any of their subdivisions, agencies or instrumentalities. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Governmental agency: means each component part of the legislative, executive or judicial branches of state and local government, including each office, department, authority, post, commission, committee, and each institution or board created by law to exercise some regulatory or sovereign power or duty as distinguished from purely advisory powers or duties. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Grain: means corn (maize), wheat, rye, oats, barley, flaxseed, soybeans, and such other grains as the usages of the trade may warrant and permit. See Virginia Code 3.2-4322
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Grape grower: means a commercial grower who: (i) sells at least $10,000 worth of grapes annually; or (ii) has planted and maintains at least three acres of vines of a type used for the production of wine. See Virginia Code 3.2-3000
  • Groomer: means any person who, for a fee, cleans, trims, brushes, makes neat, manicures, or treats for external parasites any animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • guaranteed analysis statement: means a statement containing: (i) the name and percentage of each active ingredient; (ii) the total percentage of the inert ingredients; and (iii) if the pesticide contains arsenic in any form, the percentages of total and water soluble arsenic. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Guarantor: means the person whose name appears on the label. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guidance document: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Handler: means a person who buys grain for resale as grain or grain products. See Virginia Code 3.2-4322
  • Hard seed: means seeds that do not absorb moisture and germinate, thus remaining hard during the period prescribed for germination by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Hearing: means agency processes other than those informational or factual inquiries of an informal nature provided in §§ 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Hearing officer: means an attorney selected from a list maintained by the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court in accordance with § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Herbicide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any weed. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Holder: means a charitable corporation, charitable association, or charitable trust which has been declared exempt from taxation pursuant to 26 U. See Virginia Code 10.1-1009
  • Holder: means the grantee of an environmental covenant as specified in subsection A of § 10. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Home-based rescue: means an animal welfare organization that takes custody of companion animals for the purpose of facilitating adoption and houses such companion animals in a foster home or a system of foster homes. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Humane: means any action taken in consideration of and with the intent to provide for the animal's health and well-being. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Humane investigator: means a person who has been appointed by a circuit court as a humane investigator as provided in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Humane society: means any incorporated, nonprofit organization that is organized for the purposes of preventing cruelty to animals and promoting humane care and treatment or adoptions of animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Hybrid: means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling pollination or using sterile lines and combining: (i) two, three, or four inbred lines; (ii) one inbred line, or a single cross, with an open-pollinated variety; or (iii) two varieties or species, except open-pollinated varieties of corn. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Hybrid canine: means any animal that is or can be demonstrated to be a hybrid of the domestic dog and any other species of the Canidae family; that at any time has been permitted, registered, licensed, or advertised as such; or that at any time has been described, represented, or reported as such by its owner to a licensed veterinarian, law-enforcement officer, animal control officer, humane investigator, official of the Department of Health, or State Veterinarian's representative. See Virginia Code 3.2-6581
  • Immediate family: means a spouse, children, parents, brothers and sisters, and any other person living in the same household as the employee. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • in bulk: means loose seed in bins or other containers, but not bags or packets. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Inbred line: means a relatively stable and pure breeding strain resulting from: (i) four or more successive generations of controlled self-pollination; or (ii) four successive generations of backcrossing male sterile lines. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Incorporated: means organized and maintained as a legal entity in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Inert matter: means all matter not seeds and includes broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies, and stones as determined by methods prescribed by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Innocent land owner: means a person who holds any title, security interest or any other interest in a brownfield site and who acquired ownership of the real property after the release of hazardous substances occurred. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Insect: means any small invertebrate animal generally having a segmented form and belonging to the class Insecta including beetles, bugs, and bees. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Insecticide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any insects that may be present in any environment whatsoever. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Inspector: means a State Animal Welfare Inspector employed pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Interest: means all charges payable directly or indirectly by a borrower to a licensee as a condition to a loan, including fees, service charges, and renewal charges, and any ancillary product sold in connection with a loan, but does not include the monthly maintenance fees, deposit item return fees, late charges, or reasonable costs of repossession and sale authorized under § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Item: means a check, draft, or money order. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • Job order contracting: means a method of procuring construction by establishing a book of unit prices and then obtaining a contractor to perform work as needed using the prices, quantities, and specifications in the book as the basis of its pricing. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Jury instructions: A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Keeper: means any person, as defined in § 1-230, who owns, has custody of, or is in control of a dangerous captive animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6594
  • Kennel: means any establishment in which five or more canines, felines, or hybrids of either are kept for the purpose of breeding, hunting, training, renting, buying, boarding, selling, or showing. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Kind: means related species or subspecies known by a common name including wheat, oats, hairy vetch, white sweet clover, cabbage, and cauliflower. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Label: means the written, printed or graphic matter on, or attached to, the pesticide or device, or the immediate container thereof, and the outside container or wrapper of the retail package, if any, of the pesticide or device. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter: (i) upon the pesticide or device or any of its containers or wrappers; (ii) accompanying the pesticide or device at any time; or (iii) referenced on the label or in literature accompanying the pesticide or device. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Labeling: means all labels, tags, and any other written, printed, or graphic statements or representations (including representations on invoices) in any form pertaining to any seed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • landing area: means any locality, either of land or water, including airports and intermediate landing fields, which is used, or intended to be used, for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, whether or not facilities are provided for the shelter, servicing, or repair of aircraft, or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo, and open to the public for such use. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • landing field: means any locality, whether over land or water, including airports and intermediate landing fields, which is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft and open to the public for such use, whether or not facilities are provided for the sheltering, servicing, or repair of aircraft or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any person who is a full-time or part-time employee of a police department or sheriff's office that is part of or administered by the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof and who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of the penal, traffic or highway laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Lawn and turf seed: means seeds of grasses commonly recognized and sold for lawns or other areas where turf is grown for beautification or erosion control. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Lawn or turf seed mixture: means two or more kinds of agricultural seeds that are combined and sold for lawns or other areas where turf is grown for beautification or erosion control. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means the person renting a box from a company. See Virginia Code 6.2-2300
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Licensed: means the holding of a valid license granted by the Authority. See Virginia Code 4.1-600
  • Licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the business of selling money orders or the business of money transmission, or both. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Licensee: means a person to whom a license has been issued under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • licensee: means a person issued a license by the Board to engage in the sale, storage, distribution, recommendation, or application of pesticides for compensation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: includes all domestic or domesticated: bovine animals; equine animals; ovine animals; porcine animals; cervidae animals; capradae animals; animals of the genus Lama or Vicugna; ratites; fish or shellfish in aquaculture facilities, as defined in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • loan agreement: means a written document that sets out the terms and conditions under which a licensee agrees to make a motor vehicle title loan to a borrower, and the borrower agrees to give to the licensee a security interest in a motor vehicle owned by the borrower to secure repayment of the motor vehicle title loan and performance of the other obligations under the loan agreement. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Loan amount: means the principal amount of a loan exclusive of fees or charges. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission, or political subdivision of the Commonwealth created by the General Assembly or otherwise created pursuant to the laws of the Commonwealth or any combination of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission, or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution of Virginia or laws of the Commonwealth, or any combination of any two or more of the foregoing, located in any of the tobacco-dependent communities in the Southside and Southwest regions of Virginia. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Lot: means a definite quantity of seed that is identified by a number or other identification and is uniform throughout for the factors appearing on the label. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Maintenance fee: means a fee paid by a consumer to an agency for the administration of a DMP. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Maintenance savings: means the operating expenses eliminated and future capital replacement expenditures avoided as a result of new equipment installed or services performed by the performance contractor. See Virginia Code 11-34.2
  • Maltster: means a commercial producer of malt who (i) sells at least $10,000 worth of malt annually or (ii) has planted and maintains at least three acres of grains of a type used for the production of spirits. See Virginia Code 3.2-3007
  • Manufacturer: means any partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity that produces chemicals, ingredients, product formulations, or products. See Virginia Code 3.2-6591
  • Marijuana: means any part of a plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not, its seeds or resin; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds, its resin, or any extract containing one or more cannabinoids. See Virginia Code 4.1-600
  • Marijuana products: means (i) products that are composed of marijuana and other ingredients and are intended for use or consumption, ointments, and tinctures or (ii) marijuana concentrate. See Virginia Code 4.1-600
  • Marine antifoulant paint: means any compound, coating, paint or treatment applied or used for the purpose of controlling freshwater or marine fouling organisms on vessels. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Master Settlement Agreement: means the settlement agreement and related documents entered into on November 23, 1998, by the Commonwealth and leading United States tobacco product manufacturers. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Master Settlement Agreement: means the settlement agreement and related documents between the Commonwealth and leading United States tobacco product manufacturers dated November 23, 1998, and including the Consent Decree and Final Judgment entered in the Circuit Court of the City of Richmond on February 23, 1999, Chancery Number HJ-2241-4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Material: means all or any part of any archaeological, paleontological, biological, or historical item including, but not limited to, any petroglyph, pictograph, basketry, human remains, tool, beads, pottery, projectile point, remains of historical mining activity or any other occupation found in any cave. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • Member: means a person who owns or controls a 10 percent or greater interest in a limited liability company. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • member of the council: means a member of the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Mixture: means seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, when claimed or present, in excess of five percent of the whole. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Money: means a medium of exchange for the payment of obligations or a store of value authorized or adopted by a government or by intergovernmental agreement. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Money of the claim: means the money determined as proper pursuant to § 8. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Money order: means a check, traveler's check, draft, or other instrument for the transmission or payment of money or monetary value whether or not negotiable. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Money transmission: means receiving money or monetary value for transmission by wire, facsimile, electronic means or other means or selling or issuing stored value. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Motor vehicle: means an automobile, motorcycle, mobile home, truck, van, or other vehicle operated on public highways and streets. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • New owner: means an individual who is legally competent to enter into a binding agreement pursuant to subdivision B 2 of § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Nonlegislative citizen member: means any natural person who is not a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-225
  • Nonparticipating manufacturer: means any tobacco product manufacturer that is not a participating manufacturer. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • Nonprofessional services: means any services not specifically identified as professional services in the definition of professional services. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Notary: means notary public. See Virginia Code 1-226
  • Noxious-weed seed: means prohibited noxious-weed seeds and restricted noxious weed seeds. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • offer to sell: includes every attempt to offer to dispose of or grant, and every solicitation of an offer to buy, a franchise or an interest in a franchise for value. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • offeror: means a person who has the capability, in all respects, to perform fully the contract requirements and the moral and business integrity and reliability that will assure good faith performance, and who has been prequalified, if required. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • officer: includes members of the judiciary. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Official responsibility: means administrative or operating authority, whether intermediate or final, to initiate, approve, disapprove or otherwise affect a procurement transaction, or any claim resulting therefrom. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • Operator: means any person engaging in a coal surface mining operation whether or not such coal is sold within the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Ordinance: means any law, rule, regulation, or ordinance adopted by the governing body of any locality. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Origin: means the state, territory, foreign country, or designated portion thereof, where the seed was grown. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Other minerals: means clay, stone, sand, gravel, metalliferous or nonmetalliferous ore, and any other solid material or substance of commercial value excavated in solid form from natural deposits on or in the earth, exclusive of coal and any mineral that occurs naturally in liquid or gaseous form. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Other officer: includes all other persons employed or elected by the people of Virginia, or by any locality, whose duty it is to preserve the peace, to make arrests, or to enforce the law. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Outstanding: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900

  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person who: (i) has a right of property in an animal; (ii) keeps or harbors an animal; (iii) has an animal in his care; or (iv) acts as a custodian of an animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Owner: means a person who owns title to land where a cave is located, including a person who owns title to a leasehold estate in such land, and including the Commonwealth and any of its agencies, departments, boards, bureaus, commissions, or authorities, as well as counties, municipalities, and other political subdivisions of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • Partnership: means the Virginia Economic Development Partnership. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payment date: means either (i) the date on which payment is due under the terms of a contract for provision of goods or services; or (ii) if such date has not been established by contract, (a) thirty days after receipt of a proper invoice by the state agency or its agent or forty-five days after receipt by the local government or its agent responsible under the contract for approval of such invoices for the amount of payment due, or (b) thirty days after receipt of the goods or services by the state agency or forty-five days after receipt by the local government, whichever is later. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Pecuniary interest arising from the procurement: means a personal interest in a contract as defined in the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act (§ 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • Performance guarantee bond: means for each year of the energy program, the energy performance contractor shall provide a performance bond in an amount equal to, but no greater than, the guaranteed measured and verifiable annual savings set forth in the program. See Virginia Code 11-34.2
  • Period of sale: means the time during which a purchaser under an agreement is entitled to receive the Commission Allocation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Permit: means a permit issued by the Director pursuant to state regulations. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Permit area: means the area of land indicated on the approved map submitted by the operator with the operator's application. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Permittee: means a person holding any of the following permits issued by the Director: (i) a permit for coal surface mining pursuant to § 45. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, governmental body, municipal corporation, public service authority, or any other legal entity. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, government, political subdivision of the Commonwealth, or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, two or more of any of the foregoing having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association or joint-stock association, and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • person: means an individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation or any other organization or group of persons. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Person: shall include individuals, a trust, an estate, a partnership, an association, an order, a corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity;

    6. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Person: means an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, joint venture, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, joint venture, trust, company, firm, joint stock company, corporation, other group or combination acting as a unit, or other legal entity. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, firm, association, trust, or corporation or other legal entity. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • Person under a disability: shall include :

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Pest: means any deleterious organism that is: (i) any vertebrate animal other than man; (ii) any invertebrate animal excluding any internal parasite of living man or other living animals; (iii) any plant growing where not wanted, and any plant part such as a root; or (iv) any bacterium, virus, or other microorganisms (except for those on or in living man or other living animals and those on or in processed food or processed animal feed, beverages, drugs as defined by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act at 21 U. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pesticide: means : (i) any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any insects, rodents, fungi, bacteria, weeds, other forms of plant or animal life, bacterium, or viruses, except viruses on or in living man or other animals, which the Commissioner shall declare to be a pest; (ii) any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant; and (iii) any substance intended to become an active ingredient in any substance defined in clause (i) and (ii). See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pesticide business: means any person engaged in the business of: distributing, applying or recommending the use of a product; or storing, selling, or offering for sale pesticides directly to the user. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • pesticide classified for restricted use: means any pesticide classified as restricted by the Administrator of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pet shop: means a retail establishment where companion animals are bought, sold, exchanged, or offered for sale or exchange to the general public. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Place of business: means a building or portion thereof from which the goods or services authorized by the franchise are sold or offered for sale in person by the franchisee or employees or agents of the franchisee, or a truck or van used in the sale of such goods which is of a type designated by the franchisor and is equipped and marked in conformance with requirements of the franchisor. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plant regulator: means any substance or mixture of substances, intended through physiological action, for accelerating or retarding the rate of growth or rate of maturation, or for otherwise altering the behavior of ornamental or crop plants or the produce thereof, but shall not include substances to the extent that they are intended as plant nutrients, trace elements, nutritional chemicals, plant inoculants, and soil amendments. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Poultry: includes all domestic fowl and game birds raised in captivity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preopening obligations: means the franchisor's obligations to provide to the franchisee, prior to the opening of the franchisee's business, real estate, improvements, equipment, inventory, training, or other items to be included in the offering. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary enclosure: means any structure used to immediately restrict an animal or animals to a limited amount of space, such as a room, pen, cage, compartment, or hutch. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls a 10 percent or greater interest in any form of entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in a person. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Principal: means any person that, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in a person. See Virginia Code 6.2-2026
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in any other type of entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Private animal shelter: means a facility operated for the purpose of finding permanent adoptive homes for animals that is used to house or contain animals and that is owned or operated by an incorporated, nonprofit, and nongovernmental entity, including a humane society, animal welfare organization, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, or any other similar organization. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Private applicator: means an individual who uses or supervises the use of any pesticide that is classified for restricted use for purposes of producing any agricultural commodity on property owned or rented by him or his employer or, if applied without compensation other than trading of personal services between producers of agricultural commodities, on the property of another person. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pro forma session: In the U.S. Congress, a brief meeting (sometimes only several seconds) in which no business is conducted. It is held usually to satisfy a constitutional obligation that neither chamber can adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Procurement transaction: means all functions that pertain to the obtaining of any goods, services or construction, including description of requirements, selection and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contract, and all phases of contract administration. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • Professional business entity: means any entity as defined in § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-543
  • Professional corporation: means a corporation whose articles of incorporation set forth a sole and specific purpose permitted by this chapter and that is either (i) organized under this chapter for the sole and specific purpose of rendering professional service other than that of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects, or using a title other than that of certified interior designers and, except as expressly otherwise permitted by this chapter, that has as its shareholders or members only individuals or professional business entities that are duly licensed or otherwise legally authorized to render the same professional service as the corporation, including the trustees of an eligible employee stock ownership plan or (ii) organized under this chapter for the sole and specific purpose of rendering the professional services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects, or using the title of certified interior designers, or any combination thereof, and at least two-thirds of whose shares are held by persons duly licensed within the Commonwealth to perform the services of an architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, or landscape architect, including the trustees of an eligible employee stock ownership plan, or by persons legally authorized within the Commonwealth to use the title of certified interior designer; or (iii) organized under this chapter or under Chapter 10 (§ 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-543
  • Professional service: means any type of personal service to the public that requires as a condition precedent to the rendering of such service or use of such title the obtaining of a license, certification, or other legal authorization and shall be limited to the personal services rendered by pharmacists, optometrists, physical therapists and physical therapist assistants, practitioners of the healing arts, nurse practitioners, practitioners of the behavioral science professions, veterinarians, surgeons, dentists, architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects, certified interior designers, public accountants, certified public accountants, attorneys-at-law, insurance consultants, audiologists or speech pathologists, and clinical nurse specialists. See Virginia Code 13.1-543
  • Professional services: means work performed by an independent contractor within the scope of the practice of accounting, actuarial services, architecture, land surveying, landscape architecture, law, dentistry, medicine, optometry, pharmacy or professional engineering. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Program: means the Virginia Cannabis Equity Business Loan Program established in § 4. See Virginia Code 4.1-1500
  • Project: means all or any part of the following activities necessary or desirable for the restoration and redevelopment of a brownfield site: (i) environmental or cultural resource site assessments, (ii) monitoring, remediation, cleanup, or containment of property to remove hazardous substances, hazardous wastes, solid wastes or petroleum, (iii) the lawful and necessary removal of human remains, the appropriate treatment of grave sites, and the appropriate and necessary treatment of significant archaeological resources, or the stabilization or restoration of structures listed on or eligible for the Virginia Historic Landmarks Register, (iv) demolition and removal of existing structures, or other site work necessary to make a site or certain real property usable for economic development, and (v) development of a remediation and reuse plan. See Virginia Code 10.1-1230
  • Project: means the construction, improvement, furnishing, maintenance, acquisition or operation of any facility that will further the purposes of the Authority, together with all property, rights, easements and interests which may be acquired by the Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Project: means the same as that term is defined in § 62. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Properly cleaned: means that carcasses, debris, food waste, and excrement are removed from the primary enclosure with sufficient frequency to minimize the animals' contact with the above-mentioned contaminants; the primary enclosure is sanitized with sufficient frequency to minimize odors and the hazards of disease; and the primary enclosure is cleaned so as to prevent the animals confined therein from being directly or indirectly sprayed with the stream of water, or directly or indirectly exposed to hazardous chemicals or disinfectants. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public aircraft: includes any fighter or attack jet that is leased or owned by a private entity, provided that the aircraft operations are conducted exclusively for the purpose of military combat training in service to the federal government. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Public animal shelter: means a facility operated by the Commonwealth, or any locality, for the purpose of impounding or sheltering seized, stray, homeless, abandoned, unwanted, or surrendered animals or a facility operated for the same purpose under a contract with any locality. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Public assistance and social services programs: means those programs specified in § 63. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Public body: means any entity defined in § 10. See Virginia Code 10.1-1009
  • Public body: means any legislative, executive or judicial body, agency, office, department, authority, post, commission, committee, institution, board or political subdivision created by law to exercise some sovereign power or to perform some governmental duty, and empowered by law to undertake the activities described in this chapter. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Public contract: means an agreement between a public body and a nongovernmental source that is enforceable in a court of law. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Public corporation: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any political subdivision thereof or any incorporated municipality therein or any public agency of the Commonwealth or of any political subdivision thereof or of any municipality therein. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public employee: means any person employed by a public body, including elected officials or appointed members of governing bodies. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public place: means any place, building, or conveyance to which the public has, or is permitted to have, access, including restaurants, soda fountains, hotel dining areas, lobbies and corridors of hotels, and any park, place of public resort or amusement, highway, street, lane, or sidewalk adjoining any highway, street, or lane. See Virginia Code 4.1-600
  • Pure seed: means agricultural or vegetable seed exclusive of inert matter and other seeds distinguishable from the kind, or kind and variety, being considered. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Quantity statement: means the net weight (mass), net volume (liquid or dry), count, or other form of measurement of a commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Rate of exchange: means the rate at which money of one country may be converted into money of another country in a free financial market convenient to or reasonably usable by a person obligated to pay or to state a rate of conversion. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Refund anticipation loan: means a loan, whether provided through a facilitator or by another entity such as a financial institution, in anticipation of, and whose payment is secured by, a customer's federal or state income tax refund or by both. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Refund anticipation loan fee: means any fee, charge, or other consideration imposed by a lender or a facilitator for a refund anticipation loan. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Refund anticipation loan fee schedule: means a list or table of refund anticipation loan fees that (i) includes three or more representative refund anticipation loan amounts; (ii) lists separately each fee or charge imposed, as well as a total of all fees imposed, related to the making of a refund anticipation loan; and (iii) includes, for each representative loan amount, the estimated annual percentage rate calculated under the guidelines established by the federal Truth in Lending Act (15 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Registered technician: means an individual who has satisfactorily completed the Board requirements for certification to apply general use pesticides, and to apply restricted use pesticides while under the direct supervision of a certified commercial applicator. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Registrant: means a person registered under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • Registrant: means the person registering any pesticide pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Registrant: means the person registering a lawn or turf seed mixture pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Registrar: means the Registrar of Regulations employed as provided in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Registration: means a registration filed under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • regulation: means any statement of general application, having the force of law, affecting the rights or conduct of any person, adopted by an agency in accordance with the authority conferred on it by applicable basic laws. See Virginia Code 30-73.1
  • regulation: means any statement of general application, having the force of law, affecting the rights or conduct of any person, adopted by an agency in accordance with the authority conferred on it by applicable basic laws. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Released claims: means Released Claims as that term is defined in the Master Settlement Agreement. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Releasing agency: means (i) a public animal shelter or (ii) a private animal shelter, humane society, animal welfare organization, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, or other similar entity or home-based rescue that releases companion animals for adoption. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Releasing parties: means Releasing Parties as that term is defined in the Master Settlement Agreement. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Research facility: means any place, laboratory, or institution licensed by the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Responsible ownership: means the ownership and humane care of a hybrid canine in such a manner as to comply with all laws and ordinances regarding hybrid canines and prevent endangerment by the animal to public health and safety. See Virginia Code 3.2-6581
  • Responsive bidder: means a person who has submitted a bid that conforms in all material respects to the Invitation to Bid. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • restricted common carrier by aircraft: means any person who undertakes, whether directly or by lease or other arrangement, to transport passengers or property of any restricted class or classes by aircraft for compensation whether over regular or irregular routes. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Restricted noxious-weed seed: means weed seeds that are very objectionable in fields, lawns, and gardens and are difficult to control by common practices. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Reverse auctioning: means a procurement method wherein bidders are invited to bid on specified goods or nonprofessional services through real-time electronic bidding, with the award being made to the lowest responsive and responsible bidder. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rodenticide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating rodents or any other vertebrate animal declared by the Commissioner to be a pest. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • safe deposit box: means any safe or box that is available for rent within the vaults of a company. See Virginia Code 6.2-2300
  • Sale: means the transfer of ownership of seed as evidenced by the exchange of payment or seed, in whole or in part. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Screenings: means seed, inert matter, and other materials removed from agricultural seed or vegetable seed by cleaning or conditioning. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • sealing: means to (i) restricting dissemination of criminal history record information contained in the Central Criminal Records Exchange, including any records relating to an arrest, charge, or conviction, in accordance with the purposes set forth in § 19. See Virginia Code 19.2-392.5
  • Secretary: means the U. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • Securitization transaction: means a transaction relating to the issuance or transfer by a special purpose entity of beneficial interests or undivided interests, which entitle their holders to receive payments or other distributions that depend primarily on the cash flow from assets, including financial assets and other credit exposures, in which that special purpose entity has rights or the power to transfer rights. See Virginia Code 6.2-2400
  • Security: includes any share of stock, bond, debenture, note or other security issued by a corporation and registered as to ownership on the books of the corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-434
  • sell: includes every contract or agreement of sale or grant of, contract to sell, or disposition of a franchise or interest in a franchise for value. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Serious violation: means a violation of this chapter or regulation adopted hereunder that results in a substantial probability of death or serious physical harm to persons, serious harm to property, or serious harm to the environment unless the person or licensee did not or could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence know of the violation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services: means any work performed by an independent contractor wherein the service rendered does not consist primarily of acquisition of equipment or materials, or the rental of equipment, materials and supplies. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Set-up fee: means a fee paid by a consumer to an agency for the establishment of a DMP. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sinkhole: means a closed topographic depression or basin, generally draining underground, including, but not restricted to, a doline, uvala, blind valley, or sink. See Virginia Code 10.1-1000
  • soil and water conservation district: means a political subdivision of this Commonwealth organized in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 10.1-500
  • Sore: means , when referring to an equine, that an irritating or blistering agent has been applied, internally or externally, by a person to any limb or foot of an equine; any burn, cut, or laceration that has been inflicted by a person to any limb or foot of an equine; any tack, nail, screw, or chemical agent that has been injected by a person into or used by a person on any limb or foot of an equine; any other substance or device that has been used by a person on any limb or foot of an equine; or a person has engaged in a practice involving an equine, and as a result of such application, infliction, injection, use, or practice, such equine suffers, or can reasonably be expected to suffer, physical pain or distress, inflammation, or lameness when walking, trotting, or otherwise moving, except that such term does not include such an application, infliction, injection, use, or practice in connection with the therapeutic treatment of an equine by or under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Spirits: means the same as that term is defined in § 4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3007
  • Spot rate: means the rate of exchange at which foreign money is sold by a bank or other dealer in foreign exchange for immediate or next day availability or for settlement by immediate payment in cash or equivalent, by charge to an account, or by an agreed delayed settlement not exceeding two days. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Stamping agent: means (i) a person who is authorized by the Tax Commissioner pursuant to § 58. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • State agency: means any authority, board, department, instrumentality, institution, agency or other unit of state government. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • State filer: means those officers and employees required to file a disclosure statement of their personal interests pursuant to subsection A or B of § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • State regulations: means the permanent state regulatory program established by this chapter meeting the requirements of the federal act for the regulation of coal surface mining and reclamation operations within the Commonwealth, submitted to the Secretary pursuant to § 503 of the federal act. See Virginia Code 45.2-1000
  • State Veterinarian: means the veterinarian employed by the Commissioner as provided in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • sterilization: means a surgical or chemical procedure performed by a licensed veterinarian that renders a dog or cat permanently incapable of reproducing. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Strategic Plan: means the strategic plan required pursuant to subsection C of § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Subcontractor: means any entity that has a contract to supply labor or materials to the contractor to whom the contract was awarded or to any subcontractor in the performance of the work provided for in such contract. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Subfranchisor: means a person who is authorized by a franchisor to grant a franchise within a particular geographic region. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Subordinate: means (i) one or more but less than a quorum of the members of a board constituting an agency, (ii) one or more of its staff members or employees, or (iii) any other person or persons designated by the agency to act in its behalf. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervisor: means a member of the board of supervisors of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Supreme Court: means the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-249
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Tax return: means a return, declaration, statement, refund claim, or other document required to be made or filed in connection with state or federal income taxes. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • title loan: means a loan secured by a non-purchase money security interest in a motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Tobacco Assets: means all right, title, and interest in and to the portion of the Commission Allocation that may be sold to the Corporation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Tobacco product manufacturer: means an entity that after the date of enactment of this act directly (and not exclusively through any affiliate):

    1. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200

  • Tolerance: means the allowable deviation from any figure used on a label to designate the percentage of any fraction or rate of occurrence in the lot and is based on the law of normal variation from a mean. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer agent: includes any person employed or authorized to transfer securities issued by a corporation, including a registrar. See Virginia Code 13.1-434
  • Transgenetic: means any plant material or seed that has undergone the transfer of a gene from one genera to another. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Treasurer: includes the treasurer and his assistants of each county or city or other officer designated by law to collect taxes in such county or city. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Treated: means seed that has received an effective application of: (i) a generally approved substance; (ii) a process designed to control or repel certain disease organisms, insects, or other pests; or (iii) any other treatment to improve its planting value. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tributyltin compounds: means any compound having three normal butyl groups attached to a tin atom and with or without an anion such as chloride, fluoride or oxide. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Turf: means the same as that term is defined in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Under the direct supervision of: means the act or process whereby the application of a pesticide is made by a competent person acting under the instructions and control of a certified applicator who is responsible for the actions of that person. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Units sold: means the number of individual cigarettes sold in the Commonwealth by the applicable tobacco product manufacturer, whether directly or through a distributor, retailer or similar intermediary or intermediaries, during the year in question, as measured by excise taxes collected by the Commonwealth on packs (or "roll-your-own" tobacco containers) bearing the excise tax stamp of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-4200
  • Unreasonable adverse effects on the environment: means any unreasonable risk to man or the environment, taking into account the economic, social, and environmental costs and benefits of the use of any pesticide. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Use: means the employment of a pesticide for the purposes of: (i) preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest; or (ii) regulating plant growth, causing defoliation or desiccation of plants. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Validation body: means an organization that seeks to facilitate development, validation, and regulatory acceptance of new and revised regulatory test methods that reduce, refine, or replace the use of animals in testing, such as the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods or other similar organizations. See Virginia Code 3.2-6591
  • Variety: means a subdivision of a kind characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, or other characteristics that distinguish it from other plants of the same kind. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Vegetable seed: means seeds of crops grown in gardens and on truck farms commonly recognized as vegetable seed and designated by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water, whether self-propelled or otherwise, and includes barges and tugs. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Veterinary treatment: means treatment by or on the order of a duly licensed veterinarian. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Virginia Register of Regulations: means the publication issued under the provisions of Article 6 (§ 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Virginia Regulatory Town Hall: means the website operated by the Department of Planning and Budget, which has online public comment forums and displays information about regulatory actions under consideration in the Commonwealth and sends this information to registered public users. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Viticulture: means the cultivation and study of grapes and grapevines. See Virginia Code 3.2-3000
  • voting security: means a security that (i) confers upon the holder the right to vote for the election of members of the board of directors or similar governing body of the business or (ii) is convertible into, or entitles the holder to receive, upon its exercise, a security that confers such a right to vote. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Weaned: means that an animal is capable of and physiologically accustomed to ingestion of solid food or food customary for the adult of the species and has ingested such food, without nursing, for a period of at least five days. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Wine: means an alcoholic beverage as defined in § 4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3000
  • winery: means an "establishment" as defined in § 4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3000
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.