Sections
Sections 8.8A-301 – 8.8A-307

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 8.8A > Part 3

  • Advertisement: means any representation relating to seed within the scope of this article that is not also required labeling. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Affiliate: means an individual or business that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another individual or business. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Agricultural seed: means seeds of grass, forage, cereal, and fiber crops; any other seed commonly recognized as agricultural seed; and any lawn seed, turf seed, and mixtures thereof (including any noxious-weed seeds that may be present). See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • air carrier: includes a common carrier by aircraft, a restricted common carrier by aircraft, and a contract carrier by aircraft. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • aircraft: means any contrivance, except a contrivance operating twenty-four inches or less above ground or water level, now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of, or flight in, the airspace in the transportation of passengers, property or mail. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance now known, or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, including a balloon or other contrivance designed for maneuvering in airspace at an altitude greater than 24 inches above ground or water level, except that any contrivance now or hereafter invented of fixed or flexible wing design, operating without the assistance of any motor, engine, or other mechanical propulsive device, which is designed to utilize the feet and legs of the operator or operators as the sole means of initiating and sustaining forward motion during the launch and of providing the point of contact with the ground upon landing and commonly called a "hang glider" shall not be included within this definition. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • airport: means a landing area used regularly by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo, and open to the public for use. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Airport: means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for public use, for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas that are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, easements and together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • airspace: means all airspace above the lands and waters within the boundary of this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Anything of value: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Blend: means a mechanical combination of varieties of the same kind that is identified by a blend designation and is always present in the same percentages in each lot so designated. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Board: means the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Board: means the Virginia Aviation Board. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Brand: means the name, term, design, or trademark of seed offered for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Business: means any type of corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, or sole proprietorship operated for profit. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued by the State Corporation Commission to common carriers by aircraft and restricted common carriers by aircraft under this chapter. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • City: means any independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on the first day of July, nineteen hundred seventy-one, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Code designation: means an identification assigned by the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • College partnership laboratory school: means a public, nonsectarian, nonreligious school in the Commonwealth established by a public institution of higher education or private institution of higher education that operates a teacher education program approved by the Board. See Virginia Code 22.1-349.1
  • Collegial body: means a governmental entity whose power or authority is vested within its membership. See Virginia Code 1-209
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • common carrier by aircraft: means any person who undertakes, whether directly or by a lease or any other arrangement, to transport passengers, property for the general public, or mail by aircrafts for compensation (wholly within the airspace of the Commonwealth), whether over regular or irregular routes, including such aircraft operations of carriers by rail, water or motor vehicle and of express or forwarding companies. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Compensation: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conditioning: means any process of cleaning, scarifying, treating, or blending seed that changes the purity or germination of the seed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Construction: means building, altering, repairing, improving or demolishing any structure, building or highway, and any draining, dredging, excavation, grading or similar work upon real property. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Controlled conditions: means minimum seed stock standards established by regulation. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the Virginia Conflict of Interest and Ethics Advisory Council established in § 30-355. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Department: means the Department of Aviation. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dormant seed: means viable seed other than hard seed that fails to germinate when provided the specified germination conditions. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive action: includes procurement transactions. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Executive agency: includes the State Corporation Commission, the Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission, and the Virginia Lottery. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Fair market value: means the price that a good or service would bring between a willing seller and a willing buyer in the open market after negotiations. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Flower seed: means any seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts; any other seeds commonly recognized as flower seeds; and any seeds designated as flower seeds by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • foundation seed: means seed produced and labeled in compliance with the procedures and requirements of an official certifying agency of a state, the United States, a province of Canada, or the government of a foreign country where the seed was produced. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Germination: means the percentage, by count, of seeds under consideration capable of producing normal seedlings in a given period of time and under conditions specified by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Gift: means anything of value, including any gratuity, favor, discount, entertainment, hospitality, loan, forbearance, or other item having monetary value, and includes services as well as gifts of transportation, local travel, lodgings, and meals, whether provided in-kind or by purchase of a ticket, payment in advance, or reimbursement after the expense has been incurred. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Goods: means all material, equipment, supplies, printing, and automated data processing hardware and software. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Governing board: means the board of a college partnership laboratory school that is responsible for creating, managing, and operating the college partnership laboratory school and whose members have been selected by the institution of higher education that establishes the college partnership laboratory school. See Virginia Code 22.1-349.1
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guarantor: means the person whose name appears on the label. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Hard seed: means seeds that do not absorb moisture and germinate, thus remaining hard during the period prescribed for germination by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Hybrid: means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling pollination or using sterile lines and combining: (i) two, three, or four inbred lines; (ii) one inbred line, or a single cross, with an open-pollinated variety; or (iii) two varieties or species, except open-pollinated varieties of corn. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Immediate family: means (i) the spouse and (ii) any other person who resides in the same household as the executive or legislative official and who is a dependent of the official. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • in bulk: means loose seed in bins or other containers, but not bags or packets. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Inbred line: means a relatively stable and pure breeding strain resulting from: (i) four or more successive generations of controlled self-pollination; or (ii) four successive generations of backcrossing male sterile lines. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Inert matter: means all matter not seeds and includes broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies, and stones as determined by methods prescribed by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Kind: means related species or subspecies known by a common name including wheat, oats, hairy vetch, white sweet clover, cabbage, and cauliflower. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Labeling: means all labels, tags, and any other written, printed, or graphic statements or representations (including representations on invoices) in any form pertaining to any seed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • landing area: means any locality, either of land or water, including airports and intermediate landing fields, which is used, or intended to be used, for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, whether or not facilities are provided for the shelter, servicing, or repair of aircraft, or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo, and open to the public for such use. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • landing field: means any locality, whether over land or water, including airports and intermediate landing fields, which is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft and open to the public for such use, whether or not facilities are provided for the sheltering, servicing, or repair of aircraft or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Lawn and turf seed: means seeds of grasses commonly recognized and sold for lawns or other areas where turf is grown for beautification or erosion control. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Lawn or turf seed mixture: means two or more kinds of agricultural seeds that are combined and sold for lawns or other areas where turf is grown for beautification or erosion control. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative action: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Legislative official: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lobbying: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Lobbyist: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Local government: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Lot: means a definite quantity of seed that is identified by a number or other identification and is uniform throughout for the factors appearing on the label. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Mixture: means seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, when claimed or present, in excess of five percent of the whole. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Noxious-weed seed: means prohibited noxious-weed seeds and restricted noxious weed seeds. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • offeror: means a person who has the capability, in all respects, to perform fully the contract requirements and the moral and business integrity and reliability that will assure good faith performance, and who has been prequalified, if required. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Origin: means the state, territory, foreign country, or designated portion thereof, where the seed was grown. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • parents: means any parent, guardian, legal custodian, or other person having control or charge of a child. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association or joint-stock association, and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Person: means an individual, proprietorship, firm, partnership, joint venture, joint stock company, syndicate, business trust, estate, company, corporation, association, club, committee, organization, or group of persons acting in concert. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, government, political subdivision of the Commonwealth, or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, two or more of any of the foregoing having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • principal: means the entity on whose behalf the lobbyist influences or attempts to influence executive or legislative action. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public body: means any legislative, executive or judicial body, agency, office, department, authority, post, commission, committee, institution, board or political subdivision created by law to exercise some sovereign power or to perform some governmental duty, and empowered by law to undertake the activities described in this chapter. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Pure seed: means agricultural or vegetable seed exclusive of inert matter and other seeds distinguishable from the kind, or kind and variety, being considered. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Quantity statement: means the net weight (mass), net volume (liquid or dry), count, or other form of measurement of a commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Registrant: means the person registering a lawn or turf seed mixture pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • restricted common carrier by aircraft: means any person who undertakes, whether directly or by lease or other arrangement, to transport passengers or property of any restricted class or classes by aircraft for compensation whether over regular or irregular routes. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Restricted noxious-weed seed: means weed seeds that are very objectionable in fields, lawns, and gardens and are difficult to control by common practices. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Sale: means the transfer of ownership of seed as evidenced by the exchange of payment or seed, in whole or in part. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Screenings: means seed, inert matter, and other materials removed from agricultural seed or vegetable seed by cleaning or conditioning. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Services: means any work performed by an independent contractor wherein the service rendered does not consist primarily of acquisition of equipment or materials, or the rental of equipment, materials and supplies. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tolerance: means the allowable deviation from any figure used on a label to designate the percentage of any fraction or rate of occurrence in the lot and is based on the law of normal variation from a mean. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Transgenetic: means any plant material or seed that has undergone the transfer of a gene from one genera to another. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Treated: means seed that has received an effective application of: (i) a generally approved substance; (ii) a process designed to control or repel certain disease organisms, insects, or other pests; or (iii) any other treatment to improve its planting value. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Turf: means the same as that term is defined in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Value: means the actual cost or fair market value of an item or items, whichever is greater. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Variety: means a subdivision of a kind characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, or other characteristics that distinguish it from other plants of the same kind. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Vegetable seed: means seeds of crops grown in gardens and on truck farms commonly recognized as vegetable seed and designated by regulations. See Virginia Code 3.2-4000
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.