55-3-1 Issuance of summons
55-3-2 Assessment of damages
55-3-3 Return day and service of summons; plea; issue and trial
55-3-4 Period of limitation; verdict and judgment
55-3-5 Judgment not a bar to action of ejectment; verdict not conclusive of facts in future action; allowance for improvements not precluded
55-3-6 Equitable defenses; adverse possession

Terms Used In West Virginia Code > Chapter 55 > Article 3

  • answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • judgment: includes decrees and orders for the payment of money or the conveyance or delivery of land or personal property, or some interest therein, or any undertaking, bond or recognizance which has the legal effect of a judgment. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • state: when applied to a part of the United States and not restricted by the context, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories, and the words "United States" also include the said district and territories. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.