62-12-1 Courts having authority to place offenders on probation
62-12-2 Eligibility for probation
62-12-3 Suspension of sentence and release on probation
62-12-4 Probation of offenders convicted in courts other than courts of record
62-12-5 Probation officers and assistants
62-12-6 Powers and duties of probation officers
62-12-7 Pretrial and preliminary investigation; report on prospective probationers
62-12-7a Presentence diagnosis and classification; power of court; custody of convicted person; provision for presentence reports; penalty for escape
62-12-8 Record of order as to release on probation
62-12-9 Conditions of release on probation
62-12-10 Violation of probation
62-12-11 Probation period
62-12-12 Parole Board generally
62-12-12a Parole board panels
62-12-13 Powers and duties of board; eligibility for parole; procedure for granting parole
62-12-13a Eligibility date for parole
62-12-13b Special parole considerations for persons convicted as juveniles
62-12-17 Conditions of release on probation and parole
62-12-18 Period of parole; discharge
62-12-19 Violation of parole
62-12-20 To whom article applies
62-12-21 Repeal of inconsistent laws;”director” construed to mean “board.”
62-12-22 Appointment of counsel for parole violators; authority to appoint; payment of counsel
62-12-23 Notification of parole hearing; victim’s right to be heard; notification of release on parole
62-12-24 Request to continue for good cause and timely notice required
62-12-26 Extended supervision for certain sex offenders; sentencing; conditions; supervision provisions; supervision fee
62-12-27 Mandatory prerelease risk assessment of certain sex offenders
62-12-28 Authorizing Supreme Court to develop pilot pretrial release programs
62-12-29 Shared information for community supervision

Terms Used In West Virginia Code > Chapter 62 > Article 12

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters or figures, whether by printing, engraving, writing or otherwise. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • judgment: includes decrees and orders for the payment of money or the conveyance or delivery of land or personal property, or some interest therein, or any undertaking, bond or recognizance which has the legal effect of a judgment. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • offense: includes every act or omission for which a fine, forfeiture or punishment is imposed by law. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • state: when applied to a part of the United States and not restricted by the context, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories, and the words "United States" also include the said district and territories. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.