Terms Used In Wisconsin Statutes > Chapter 178
- Account: means a contract of deposit of funds between a depositor and a financial institution, and includes a checking or savings account, certificate of deposit, share account and other like arrangement. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01
- Acquire: when used in connection with a grant of power to any person, includes the acquisition by purchase, grant, gift or bequest. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Administrator: means the administrator of the division of securities in the department of financial institutions. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
- Adult family home: has the meaning given in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03
- Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
- Agent: means an individual, other than a broker-dealer, who represents a broker-dealer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities or represents an issuer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of the issuer's securities. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
- Agent: means one who solicits the purchase of service contracts, as herein defined, or transmits for another any such contract, or application therefor, to or from the company, or acts or aids in any manner in the delivery or negotiation of any such contract, or in the renewal or continuance thereof. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71
- Agent: means a person who, by the terms of an account, has a present right, subject to request, to payment therefrom as agent for all of the parties to the account. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Bank: means any of the following:
(a) A banking institution organized under the laws of the United States. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
Bequeath: To gift property by will. Bequest: Property gifted by will. Bequest: includes a devise; "bequeath" includes devise. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Bingo: as used in this chapter shall not mean any game using free cards and donated prizes, if any, for which no payment of consideration is made by participants. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Bingo occasion: means a single gathering or session at which a series of successive bingo games is played. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Bingo supplies and equipment: means all cards, boards, sheets, markers, pads or other supplies, devices or equipment designed for use in the play of bingo. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Board: means the board of directors or board of trustees, as the case may be, of the converting insurance company. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Broker-dealer: means a person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others or for the person's own account. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Buying and selling service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, whereby the holder of a service contract with any such company is aided in any way in the purchase or sale of an automobile. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Calendar: means a table or register of days covering not less than one nor more than 12 calendar months that entitles the purchaser to one entry in each drawing in a calendar raffle. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Calendar raffle: means a raffle for which a drawing is held and a prize awarded on each date specified in a calendar. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Certified investor: means an individual who is a resident of this state and who, at the time of an offer or sale of securities, satisfies any of the following:
(a) Has an individual net worth, or joint net worth with the individual's spouse, of at least $750,000. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
Chambers: A judge's office. Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes. Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority. Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity. Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records. Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself. Commissioner: means the commissioner of insurance, or the commissioner's assistants or deputies, or other persons authorized to act for the commissioner. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 common enterprise: is a n enterprise in which the fortunes of the investor are tied to the efficacy of the efforts of those seeking the investment or a third party. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action. Community-based residential facility: has the meaning given in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Company: means any person, firm, partnership, company, association or corporation engaged in selling, furnishing or procuring, as principal, for a consideration, motor club service. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time. Converted insurance company: means an insurance company that converted under this chapter from a mutual insurance company to a stock insurance company, or from a service insurance corporation to a mutual insurance company and then to a stock insurance company, and formed a mutual holding company. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Converted life insurance company: means a life insurance company that converted under this chapter from a mutual life insurance company to a stock insurance company and formed a mutual holding company. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Converting insurance company: means a domestic mutual insurance company or a domestic service insurance corporation undergoing restructuring under this chapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Corporation: includes a mutual holding company formed under this chapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff. County board: means the county board of supervisors. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Deceptive advertising: means creating, using, or promoting the use of any advertising material, promotional literature, testimonial, guarantee, warranty, label, brand, insignia, or other representation, however disseminated or published, which is misleading, false, or untruthful. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Delinquency proceeding: means any proceeding commenced against an insurer for the purpose of liquidating, rehabilitating, reorganizing or conserving such insurer, and any summary proceeding under ss. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Department: means the department of administration. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Department: means the commissioner. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. Depository institution: means any of the following:
(a) A bank. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
Discount service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, resulting in the giving of special discounts, rebates or reductions of price on gasoline, oil, repairs, parts, accessories or service for motor vehicles, to holders of service contracts with any such company. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source: Dividend plan: means a Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Dividend scales: means the Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Divisible surplus: means the Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 division: means the division of securities in the department of financial institutions. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Division of gaming: means the division of gaming in the department. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Domiciliary state: means the state in which an insurer is incorporated or organized or, in the case of an alien insurer, the state in which the insurer has, at the commencement of delinquency proceedings, the largest amount of its assets held in trust and on deposit for the benefit of policyholders and creditors in the United States. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Donor: The person who makes a gift. Drawing: means any of the following methods for determining a winner of a game of chance:
(a) Random selection of a ticket portion or calendar portion from a container housing portions of all tickets or calendars purchased for the selection. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03
Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC Emergency road service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, consisting of the adjustment, repair or replacement of the equipment, tires or mechanical parts of an automobile so as to permit it to be operated under its own power. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs. Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met. Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office. Examining board: means the hearing and speech examining board. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent Extra regular card: means a nondisposable card which affords additional opportunities to play in a regular bingo game to be played at a bingo occasion. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Federal covered investment adviser: means a person registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Federal covered security: means a security that is, or upon completion of a transaction will be, a covered security under section 18 (b) of the Securities Act of 1933 (Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it. Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator. Filing: means the receipt under this chapter of a record by the administrator or a designee of the administrator. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Financial institution: means any organization authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to financial institutions, including, without limitation, banks and trust companies, savings banks, building and loan associations, savings and loan associations and credit unions. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01 Financial institution holding company: means a bank holding company, as defined in Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Financial service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, whereby loans or other advances of money, with or without security, are made to holders of service contracts with any such company. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Fire department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances: Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC Funding portal: has the meaning given in section 3 (a) (80) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Gambling place: has the meaning designated in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor General assets: means all property, real, personal or otherwise, not specifically mortgaged, pledged, deposited or otherwise encumbered for the security or benefit of specified persons or limited classes of persons, and as to specifically encumbered property the term includes all such property or its proceeds in excess of the amount necessary to discharge the sums secured thereby. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance. Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it. Grantor: includes every person from or by whom any freehold estate or interest passes in or by any deed; and "grantee" includes every person to whom any such estate or interest passes in like manner. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Gross receipts: means total receipts received from the conduct of bingo including, but not limited to, receipts from the sale, rental or use of regular bingo cards, extra regular cards, special bingo cards and bingo supplies. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Guaranteed: means guaranteed as to payment of all principal and all interest. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC Hearing aid: means any wearable instrument or device designed for or offered for the purpose of aiding or compensating for impaired human hearing and any parts, attachments or accessories of such an instrument or device, except batteries and cords. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Hearing instrument specialist: means any person who is or is required to be licensed under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court. Heretofore: means any time previous to the day on which the statute containing it takes effect; "hereafter" means the time after the statute containing such word takes effect. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC Institutional investor: means any of the following, whether acting for itself or for others in a fiduciary capacity:
- You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
- The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
- The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
(a) A depository institution or international banking institution. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
Insurance company: means a company organized as an insurance company whose primary business is writing insurance or reinsuring risks underwritten by insurance companies and which is subject to supervision by the insurance commissioner or a similar official or agency of a state. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Insurance service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, consisting of the selling or giving with a service contract, as herein defined, or as a result of membership in or affiliation with a company, as herein defined, a policy of insurance covering liability or loss by the holder of a service contract with any such company as the result of injury to the person of such service contract holder following an accident resulting from the ownership, maintenance, operation or use of a motor vehicle. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Insured: means insured as to payment of all principal and all interest. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Insured: as used in this chapter includes both the principal and obligee of a bond. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Insurer: means any person who is doing, has done, purports to do or is licensed to do an insurance business and is or has been subject to the authority of, or to liquidation, rehabilitation, reorganization or conservation by, a commissioner. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Intermediate stock holding company: means a corporation that satisfies all of the following:
1. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02
International banking institution: means an international financial institution of which the United States is a member and whose securities are exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Intestate: Dying without leaving a will. Investment adviser: means a person that, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications, writings, or electronic means, as to the value of securities or the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities or that, for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Investment adviser representative: means an individual employed by or associated with an investment adviser or federal covered investment adviser and who makes any recommendations or otherwise gives investment advice regarding securities, manages accounts or portfolios of clients, determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given, provides investment advice or holds herself or himself out as providing investment advice, receives compensation to solicit, offer, or negotiate for the sale of or for selling investment advice, or supervises employees who perform any of the foregoing. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Issuer: means a person that issues or proposes to issue a security, subject to the following:
(a) The issuer of a voting trust certificate, collateral trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, or share in an investment company without a board of directors or individuals performing similar functions is the person performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the trust or other agreement or instrument under which the security is issued. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102
Joint account: means an account, other than a marital account, payable on request to one or more of 2 or more parties whether or not mention is made of any right of survivorship. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01 Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system. Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. Legal service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, consisting of the hiring, retaining, engaging or appointing of an attorney or other person to give professional advice to, or represent, holders of service contracts with any such company, in any court, as the result of liability incurred by the right of action accruing to the holder of a service contract as a result of the ownership, operation, use or maintenance of a motor vehicle. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent License: means a license issued by the department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Licensed organization: means an organization licensed under this chapter to conduct bingo. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Life settlement investment: means the entire interest or any fractional or pool interest in a life insurance policy or certificate of insurance or in the death benefit thereunder that is the subject of a life settlement, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Limited period bingo: means the conduct of bingo for a period of not more than 4 out of 5 consecutive days in any one year at a festival, bazaar, picnic, carnival or similar special function conducted by a licensed organization. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants. Map service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, by which road maps are furnished without cost to holders of service contracts with any such company. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Marital account: means an account established without the right of survivorship on or after January 1, 1986, by 2 parties who claim to be husband and wife, which is payable on request to either or both of the parties and which is designated as a marital account. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01 Marital child: means either of the following:
(a) A child who is conceived or born while his or her parents are lawfully intermarried. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship. membership interests: means the voting rights of a member arising under the statutes and the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the mutual holding company, including the right to vote for the board and the right to vote on any plan of conversion, voluntary dissolution or amendment of the articles of incorporation. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement. Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money. Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money. Motor club service: means the rendering, furnishing or procuring of 3 or more of the following, to any person, in connection with that person's ownership, operation, use, or maintenance, of a motor vehicle, in consideration of that person's being or becoming a member of, affiliated with or entitled to membership or other motor club service from any company rendering, procuring or furnishing those services by virtue of any agreement or understanding with any such company:
(a) Towing service. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71
Motorcycle: is a motor vehicle as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Municipality: includes cities and villages; it may be construed to include towns. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Mutual: includes a mutual holding company. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Mutual holding company: means a mutual insurance holding company. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC nonissuer distribution: means a transaction or distribution not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Nonmarital child: means a child who is neither conceived nor born while his or her parents are lawfully intermarried, who is not adopted and whose parents do not subsequently intermarry under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Oath: includes affirmation in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Oath: A promise to tell the truth. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period. Offer to purchase: includes an attempt or offer to obtain, or solicitation of an offer to sell, a security or interest in a security for value. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 osteopath: means a person holding a license or certificate of registration from the medical examining board. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program. party: includes a guardian, conservator, personal representative or assignee, including an attaching creditor, of a party. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01 Person: means an individual; corporation; business trust; estate; trust; partnership; limited liability company; association; joint venture; government; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or any other legal or commercial entity. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit. Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer. Police department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Policy: as used in this chapter includes a bond issued by a surety. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Policyholder: includes a member. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Policyholder: as used in this chapter includes a principal on a bond. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC Practice of fitting and dealing in hearing aids: means the measurement of human hearing by means of an audiometer or by any other means accepted by the examining board solely for the purpose of making selections, adaptations or sales of hearing aids intended to compensate for impaired hearing. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way. Predecessor act: means ch. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Premises: means any room, hall, enclosure, tent, or outdoor area in which bingo is being played. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents. Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case. Price amendment: means the amendment to a registration statement filed under the Securities Act of 1933 or, if an amendment is not filed, the prospectus or prospectus supplement filed under the Securities Act of 1933 that includes a statement of the offering price, underwriting and selling discounts or commissions, amount of proceeds, conversion rates, call prices, and other matters dependent upon the offering price. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed. Profit: means the gross receipts collected from one or more bingo occasions, less reasonable sums necessarily and actually expended for bingo supplies and equipment, prizes, utilities, license fees and taxes. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Progressive jackpot bingo: means a series of bingo games in which the prize is carried over to the succeeding game if no player wins a game within a specified number of calls. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Proper and legitimate expenditure: means an expenditure made by an organization for any of the following:
(a) Any purpose for which the organization is organized. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government. Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator. Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters. public record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business. Raffle: means a game of chance for which tickets or calendars are sold and one or more drawings for prizes are held, but does not include a savings promotion program under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Receiver: means receiver, liquidator, rehabilitator or conservator, as the context requires. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Reciprocal state: means any state other than this state in which in substance and effect ss. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC Regular bingo card: means a nondisposable card issued to a person upon payment of the admission fee which affords a person the opportunity to participate in all regular games played at a bingo occasion. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Regular bingo game: means a bingo game in which a person, upon payment of an admission, is issued a regular bingo card and may purchase or rent extra regular cards. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals). Request: means a proper request for withdrawal, or a check or other order for payment, which complies with all conditions of the account, including special requirements concerning necessary signatures and regulations of the financial institution. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01 Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation. Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action. Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners. Rights in surplus: means any rights of a member arising under the converting insurance company's articles of incorporation or ch. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Sale: includes every contract of sale, contract to sell, or disposition of a security or interest in a security for value, and "offer to sell" includes every attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to purchase, a security or interest in a security for value. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 sale: means a transfer for a consideration of title or of the right to use. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 seal: includes the word "seal" the letters "L S" and a scroll or other device intended to represent a seal, if any is affixed in the proper place for a seal, as well as an impression of a seal on the instrument. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Secured claim: means any claim secured by mortgage, trust deed, pledge, deposit as security, escrow or otherwise, but not including special deposit claims or claims against general assets. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Securities and Exchange Commission: means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Security: means a note; stock; treasury stock; security future; bond; debenture; evidence of indebtedness; limited partnership interest; life settlement investment or similar agreement; certificate of interest or participation in a profit-sharing agreement; collateral trust certificate; preorganization certificate or subscription; transferable share; investment contract; voting trust certificate; certificate of deposit for a security; fractional undivided interest in oil, gas, or other mineral rights; put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on a security, certificate of deposit, or group or index of securities, including an interest therein or based on the value thereof; put, call, straddle, option, or privilege entered into on a national securities exchange relating to foreign currency; or, in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a "security"; or a certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Self-regulatory organization: means a national securities exchange registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, a national securities association of broker-dealers registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, a clearing agency registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board established under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Senior citizen community center: means a public place in which recreational or social activities are made available primarily to individuals who are 55 years of age or older. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Service contract: means any written agreement whereby any company, as herein defined, for a consideration, promises to render, furnish, or procure for any other person, whether that person is a member of such company or otherwise, motor club service, as herein defined. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party. Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it. Special bingo card: means a disposable, specially marked bingo card which affords a person the opportunity to participate in a special bingo game to be played at a bingo occasion. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Special bingo game: means any bingo game which is not a regular bingo game and which is played with special bingo cards. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Wisconsin Statutes 551.102 Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights. Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system. Sums on deposit: means the balance payable on a multiple-party account including interest, dividends, and any deposit life insurance proceeds added to the account by reason of the death of a party. See Wisconsin Statutes 705.01 Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act. Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held. Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death. Testify: Answer questions in court. Theft service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, the purpose of which is to locate, identify or recover a motor vehicle, owned or controlled by the holder of a service contract with any such company, which has been, or may be, stolen, or to detect or apprehend the person guilty of such theft. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 This chapter: includes this chapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 644.02 Ticket: means an instrument that entitles the purchaser to one entry in a raffle other than a calendar raffle. See Wisconsin Statutes 563.03 Touring service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, by which touring information is furnished without cost to holders of service contracts with any such company. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Towing service: means any act by a company, as herein defined, consisting of the drafting or moving of a motor vehicle from one place to another under other than its own power. See Wisconsin Statutes 616.71 Trainee permit: means a temporary permit issued while the applicant is in training to become a licensed hearing instrument specialist. See Wisconsin Statutes 459.01 Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition. Transfer: includes the sale and every other method, direct or indirect, of disposing of or of parting with property or with an interest therein or with the possession thereof or of fixing a lien upon property or upon an interest therein, absolutely or conditionally, voluntarily or involuntarily, by or without judicial proceedings. See Wisconsin Statutes 645.03 Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust. Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried. Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge. Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.