§ 196.01 Definitions
§ 196.012 Interstate commerce
§ 196.015 Total service long-run incremental cost
§ 196.016 Relationship to certain federal telecommunications law
§ 196.02 Commission’s powers
§ 196.025 Duties of the commission
§ 196.026 Settlements
§ 196.027 Environmental trust financing
§ 196.029 Energy administration
§ 196.03 Utility charges and service; reasonable and adequate
§ 196.04 Facilities granted other utilities; physical telecommunications connections; petition; investigation
§ 196.05 Public utility property; valuation; revaluation
§ 196.06 Uniform accounting; forms; books; office
§ 196.07 Balance sheet filed annually
§ 196.08 Audit and inspection
§ 196.09 Depreciation rates and practices; findings by commission; dividends from reserves; retirements
§ 196.10 Construction; accounting
§ 196.11 Profit sharing and sliding scales
§ 196.12 Report by public utilities; items
§ 196.13 Commission’s report
§ 196.135 Confidential handling of records
§ 196.137 Municipal utility customer information
§ 196.14 Public record exception
§ 196.15 Units of product or service
§ 196.16 Standard measurements; accurate appliances
§ 196.17 Tests of meters; fees
§ 196.171 Examination of meters, pipes, fittings, wires and works; entering buildings for
§ 196.175 Construction and occupancy standards
§ 196.18 Entry upon premises
§ 196.19 Publish schedules; regulations; files; joint rates
§ 196.191 Telecommunications utility and alternative telecommunications utility tariffs
§ 196.192 Market-based compensation, rates and contracts
§ 196.193 Water and sewer rate increases without hearings
§ 196.194 Gas utility individual contracts
§ 196.195 Alternative telecommunications regulation plans
§ 196.197 Unbundled network elements
§ 196.198 Local measured telecommunications service
§ 196.199 Interconnection agreements
§ 196.20 Rules on service; changes in rates
§ 196.201 Regulation of private shared telecommunications systems
§ 196.202 Exemption of commercial mobile radio service providers
§ 196.203 Exemption of alternative telecommunications utilities
§ 196.204 Local government telecommunications utilities
§ 196.205 Election of rate regulation
§ 196.206 Interconnected voice over Internet protocol service
§ 196.207 Telephone caller identification services
§ 196.208 Telecommunications pay-per-call and toll-free services
§ 196.212 Switched access rates
§ 196.216 Small telecommunications utilities as small businesses
§ 196.217 Average toll rates
§ 196.218 Universal service fund
§ 196.219 Protection of telecommunications consumers
§ 196.22 Discrimination forbidden
§ 196.23 Utility service for victims of misappropriated identifying information
§ 196.24 Agents of commission; powers
§ 196.25 Questionnaires
§ 196.26 Complaint by consumers; hearing; notice; order; costs
§ 196.28 Summary investigations
§ 196.30 Utilities may complain
§ 196.31 Intervenor financing
§ 196.315 Consumer advocate funding
§ 196.32 Witness fees and mileage
§ 196.33 Depositions
§ 196.34 Commission records
§ 196.36 Transcripts and tapes
§ 196.37 Lawful rates; reasonable service
§ 196.371 Rate-making principles for electric generation facilities
§ 196.372 Financial assistance for lead-containing customer-side water service lines
§ 196.373 Water heater thermostat settings
§ 196.374 Energy efficiency and renewable resource programs
§ 196.375 Adequate service; reasonable rates
§ 196.377 Renewable energy sources
§ 196.378 Renewable resources
§ 196.39 Change, amendment and rescission of orders; reopening cases
§ 196.395 Test, conditional, emergency and supplemental orders; order conditions
§ 196.40 Orders and determinations; time of taking effect
§ 196.41 Court review
§ 196.43 Injunction procedure
§ 196.44 Law enforcement
§ 196.48 Incriminating evidence
§ 196.485 Transmission system requirements
§ 196.487 Reliability of electric service
§ 196.49 Authorization from commission before transacting business; extensions and improvements to be approved; enforcement of orders; natural gas
§ 196.491 Strategic energy assessment; electric generating facilities and transmission lines; natural gas lines
§ 196.494 Regional transmission planning
§ 196.495 Avoidance of duplication in electric facilities
§ 196.496 Distributed generation facilities
§ 196.497 State policy regarding the long-term disposal of high-level radioactive waste and transuranic waste
§ 196.499 Regulation of telecommunications carriers
§ 196.50 Competing public utilities; indeterminate permits; telecommunications utility certification
§ 196.503 Telecommunications provider of last-resort obligations
§ 196.504 Broadband expansion grant program; Broadband Forward! community certification
§ 196.5045 Telecommuter Forward! certification
§ 196.505 Construction of chapter
§ 196.51 Prior permits and franchises validated
§ 196.52 Relations with affiliated interests; definition; contracts with affiliates filed and subject to commission control
§ 196.525 Loans to officers or directors and loans to and investments in securities of holding companies; penalty
§ 196.53 Franchise, foreign corporation not to have
§ 196.54 Indeterminate permits
§ 196.58 Municipality to regulate utilities; appeal
§ 196.59 Merchandising by utilities
§ 196.595 Utility advertising practices
§ 196.60 Discrimination prohibited; penalty
§ 196.604 Rebates, concessions and discriminations unlawful
§ 196.605 Telecommunications cooperatives with federal loans
§ 196.61 Facilities in exchange for compensation prohibited
§ 196.625 Discrimination by telecommunications utilities
§ 196.63 Telecommunications interruption in crisis situation
§ 196.635 Unbilled utility service
§ 196.64 Public utilities, liability for treble damages
§ 196.642 Customer liability for treble damages
§ 196.643 Public utility service to rental dwelling unit
§ 196.645 Rate changes
§ 196.65 Penalties relating to information and records
§ 196.66 General forfeiture provisions
§ 196.665 Unlawful combinations, trusts
§ 196.67 Warning signs
§ 196.675 Unlawful for carriers and public utilities to employ assistant district attorneys or judicial officers
§ 196.68 Municipal officers, malfeasance
§ 196.69 Interference with commission’s equipment
§ 196.70 Temporary alteration or suspension of rates
§ 196.71 Municipal public utility contracts
§ 196.72 Accidents; public utility report; investigation
§ 196.74 Electric lines; safety and interference
§ 196.745 Construction and operation; safety; commission orders
§ 196.76 Other rights of action; penalties cumulative
§ 196.78 Voluntary dissolution
§ 196.79 Reorganization subject to commission approval
§ 196.795 Public utility holding companies
§ 196.796 Real estate activities
§ 196.80 Consolidation or merger of utilities
§ 196.807 Energy affiliate and utility employees
§ 196.81 Abandonment; commission approval required
§ 196.84 Commission’s holding company and nonutility affiliate regulation costs
§ 196.85 Payment of commission’s expenditures
§ 196.855 Assessment of costs against municipalities
§ 196.857 Stray voltage program
§ 196.858 Assessment for telephone relay service
§ 196.859 Assessment for telecommunications utility trade practices
§ 196.86 Assessments for air quality improvement program
§ 196.91 Acquisition of existing dams
§ 196.92 Procedure for acquiring dams

Terms Used In Wisconsin Statutes > Chapter 196 - Regulation of public utilities

  • Access service: includes unbundled local service provided to telecommunications providers. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Acquire: when used in connection with a grant of power to any person, includes the acquisition by purchase, grant, gift or bequest. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Aeronautics: means the science and art of aircraft flight and including but not limited to transportation by aircraft; the operation, construction, repair or maintenance of aircraft, aircraft power plants and accessories, including the repair, packing and maintenance of parachutes; the design, establishment, construction, extension, operation, improvement, repair or maintenance of airports or other air navigation facilities; and instruction in flying or ground subjects pertaining thereto. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Aeronautics instructor: means any individual who for hire or reward engages in giving instruction or offering to give instruction in flying or ground subjects pertaining to aeronautics; but excludes any instructor in a public school, university or institution of higher learning duly accredited and approved for carrying on collegiate work, who instructs in flying or ground subjects pertaining to aeronautics, only in the performance of his or her duties at such school, university or institution. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • agency: means an office, department, independent agency, authority, institution, association, society or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, including the legislature and the courts. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, but does not include spacecraft. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Airman: means any individual who engages, as the person in command, or as pilot, mechanic or member of the crew, in the navigation of aircraft while under way, and any individual who is directly in charge of the inspection, maintenance, overhauling or repair of aircraft engines, propellers or appliances, and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher, or air-traffic control-tower operator; but does not include any individual employed outside the United States, or any individual employed by a manufacturer of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers or appliances to perform duties as inspector or mechanic in connection therewith, or any individual performing inspection or mechanical duties in connection with aircraft owned or operated by the individual. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Airport: means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing and take-off of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • All-union agreement: means an agreement between an employer and the representative of the employer's employees in a collective bargaining unit whereby all or any of the employees in such unit are required to be members of a single labor organization. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Alternative telecommunications utility: means any of the following:
      (c)    Telecommunications resellers or resellers. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Amateur built aircraft: means an aircraft the major portion of which has been fabricated and assembled by a person who undertook the construction project solely for education or recreation. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Antique aircraft: means an aircraft which has a date of manufacture of 1955 or earlier and which is used solely for recreational or display purposes. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arbitrators: refers to the arbitrators provided for in this subchapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Arrest record: includes , but is not limited to, information indicating that an individual has been questioned, apprehended, taken into custody or detention, held for investigation, arrested, charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense pursuant to any law enforcement or military authority. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Astronautics: means the science and art of spacecraft flight and all activities related thereto. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Basic local exchange service: includes extended community calling and extended area service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Basic message telecommunications service: means long distance toll service as provided on January 1, 1994, on a direct-dialed, single-message, dial-1 basis between local exchanges in this state at tariff rates. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Broadcast service: means the one-way transmission to the public of video or audio programming regulated under 47 USC § 301 to Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Cable service: has the meaning given in 47 USC § 522 (6). See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Collective bargaining: means the negotiation by an employer and a majority of the employer's employees in a collective bargaining unit, or their representatives, concerning representation or terms and conditions of employment of such employees, in a mutually genuine effort to reach an agreement with reference to the subject under negotiation. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Collective bargaining: means collective bargaining of or similar to the kind provided for by subch. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51
  • Collective bargaining: means the performance of the mutual obligation of a municipal employer, through its officers and agents, and the representative of its municipal employees in a collective bargaining unit, to meet and confer at reasonable times, in good faith, with the intention of reaching an agreement, or to resolve questions arising under such an agreement, with respect to wages, hours, and conditions of employment for public safety employees or transit employees and with respect to wages for general municipal employees, and with respect to a requirement of the municipal employer for a municipal employee to perform law enforcement and fire fighting services under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Collective bargaining unit: means all of the employees of one employer, employed within the state, except that where a majority of the employees engaged in a single craft, division, department or plant have voted by secret ballot as provided in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Collective bargaining unit: means a unit consisting of municipal employees that is determined by the commission under sub. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Commercial mobile radio service provider: means a telecommunications provider that is authorized by the federal communications commission to provide commercial mobile service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Commercial mobile service: has the meaning given in 47 USC § 332 (d). See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Commission: means the public service commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Commission: means the employment relations commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Commission: means the labor and industry review commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Commission: means the employment relations commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51
  • Commission: means the employment relations commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Constituent group: includes a civic association, community group, social club, fraternal society, mutual benefit alliance, or labor organization. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Consumer price index change: means the average annual percentage change in the consumer price index for all urban consumers, U. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction record: includes , but is not limited to, information indicating that an individual has been convicted of any felony, misdemeanor or other offense, has been adjudicated delinquent, has been less than honorably discharged, or has been placed on probation, fined, imprisoned, placed on extended supervision or paroled pursuant to any law enforcement or military authority. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County board: means the county board of supervisors. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Creed: means a system of religious beliefs, including moral or ethical beliefs about right and wrong, that are sincerely held with the strength of traditional religious views. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of workforce development. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • election: shall mean a proceeding in which the employees in a collective bargaining unit cast a secret ballot for collective bargaining representatives or for any other purpose specified in this subchapter and shall include elections conducted by the commission, or, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, by any tribunal having competent jurisdiction or whose jurisdiction was accepted by the parties. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Election: means a proceeding conducted by the commission in which the employees in a collective bargaining unit cast a secret ballot for collective bargaining representatives, or for any other purpose specified in this subchapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: shall include any person, other than an independent contractor, working for another for hire in the state of Wisconsin in a nonconfidential, nonmanagerial, nonexecutive and nonsupervisory capacity, and shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Employer: means a person who engages the services of an employee, and includes a person acting on behalf of an employer within the scope of his or her authority, express or implied. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Employer: means the state and each agency of the state and, except as provided in par. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Employment agency: means any person, including this state, who regularly undertakes to procure employees or opportunities for employment for any other person. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Essential service: means furnishing water, light, heat, gas, electric power, public passenger transportation or communication, or any one or more of them, to the public in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Fair-share agreement: means an agreement between a municipal employer and a labor organization that represents public safety employees or transit employees under which all or any of the public safety employees or transit employees in the collective bargaining unit are required to pay their proportionate share of the cost of the collective bargaining process and contract administration measured by the amount of dues uniformly required of all members. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fire department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Fire fighter: includes a person serving under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • General municipal employee: means a municipal employee who is not a public safety employee or a transit employee. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Genetic testing: means a test of a person's genes, gene products or chromosomes, for abnormalities or deficiencies, including carrier status, that are linked to physical or mental disorders or impairments, or that indicate a susceptibility to illness, disease, impairment or other disorders, whether physical or mental, or that demonstrate genetic or chromosomal damage due to environmental factors. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Gross weight: means the gross or maximum takeoff weight for an aircraft make and model as designated by the manufacturer. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Highway: includes all public ways and thoroughfares and all bridges upon the same. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Incumbent local exchange carrier: has the meaning given in 47 USC § 251 (h). See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Indeterminate permit: means any grant, directly or indirectly, from the state to any public utility of power, right or privilege to own, operate, manage or control any plant or equipment or any part of a plant or equipment within this state for the production, transmission, delivery or furnishing of any public utility service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Individual with a disability: means an individual who:
  •       (a)    Has a physical or mental impairment which makes achievement unusually difficult or limits the capacity to work;
          (b)    Has a record of such an impairment; or
          (c)    Is perceived as having such an impairment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interconnection agreement: means an interconnection agreement that is subject to approval by the commission under 47 USC § 252 (e). See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interlata: means between local access and transport areas. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Intralata: means within the boundaries of a local access and transport area. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • jurisdictional strike: shall mean a strike growing out of a dispute between 2 or more employees or representatives of employees as to the appropriate unit for collective bargaining, or as to which representative is entitled to act as collective bargaining representative, or as to whether employees represented by one or the other representative are entitled to perform particular work. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • labor dispute: means any controversy between an employer and the majority of the employer's employees in a collective bargaining unit concerning the right or process or details of collective bargaining or the designation of representatives. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Labor dispute: means any controversy concerning wages, hours and conditions of employment, or concerning the representation of persons in negotiating, maintaining, changing or seeking to arrange wages, hours and conditions of employment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Labor organization: means any employee organization in which employees participate and that exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of engaging in collective bargaining with any employer concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours, benefits, or other terms or conditions of employment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Labor organization: means :
  •       (a)    Any organization, agency or employee representation committee, group, association or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours or other terms or conditions of employment; or
          (b)    Any conference, general committee, joint or system board or joint council which is subordinate to a national or international committee, group, association or plan under par. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Labor organization: means any employee organization in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of engaging in collective bargaining with municipal employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours or conditions of employment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Land: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments and all rights thereto and interests therein. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means the whole or any part of any permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter or similar form of permission required by a state or local unit of government for the undertaking, practice or continuation of any occupation or profession. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Licensing agency: means any board, commission, committee, department, examining board, affiliated credentialing board or officer, except a judicial officer, in the state or any city, village, town, county or local government authorized to grant, deny, renew, revoke, suspend, annul, withdraw or amend any license. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Marital status: means the status of being married, single, divorced, separated or widowed. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Military service: means service in the U. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Municipal employee: means any individual employed by a municipal employer other than an independent contractor, supervisor, or confidential, managerial or executive employee. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Municipal employer: means any city, county, village, town, metropolitan sewerage district, school district, long-term care district, local cultural arts district created under subch. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Municipality: means any town, village or city wherein property of a public utility or any part thereof is located. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Municipality: means any county, city, town or village of this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Museum aircraft: means an aircraft designated under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Oath: includes affirmation in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Officers: when applied to corporations include directors and trustees. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Optical disc: means a rotating circular plate on which information or images are placed in storage, and which is recorded and read by laser beams focused on the plate. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or body politic; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or other similar representative thereof. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees or receivers. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Person: means one or more individuals, labor organizations, associations, corporations or legal representatives. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Political matters: means political party affiliation, a political campaign, an attempt to influence legislation, or the decision to join or not to join, or to support or not to support, any lawful political group, constituent group, or political or constituent group activity. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Population: means that shown by the most recent regular or special federal census. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Professional employee: means :
  •          1. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Prohibited practice: means any practice prohibited under this subchapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public safety employee: include such a supervisor. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Public utility: includes all of the following:
  •          1. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Public utility employer: means any employer, other than the state or any political subdivision thereof, engaged in the business of furnishing water, light, heat, gas, electric power, public passenger transportation or communication, or any one or more of them, to the public in this state; and shall be considered to include a rural electrification cooperative association engaged in the business of furnishing any one or more of such services or utilities to its members in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51
  • Public-use airport: means any of the following as provided in 49 USC § 2202:
  •       (a)    Any public airport. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Qualified: when applied to any person elected or appointed to office, means that such person has done those things which the person was by law required to do before entering upon the duties of the person's office. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Railroad: has the meaning given under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • railroad company: include any person managing, maintaining, operating or in possession of a railroad, whether as owner, contractor, lessee, mortgagee, trustee, assignee or receiver. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments and all rights thereto and interests therein. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Referendum: means a proceeding conducted by the commission in which public safety employees or transit employees in a collective bargaining unit may cast a secret ballot on the question of authorizing a labor organization and the employer to continue a fair-share agreement. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Religious association: means an organization, whether or not organized under ch. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Religious matters: means religious affiliation or the decision to join or not to join, or to support or not to support, any bona fide religious association. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • representative: includes any person chosen by an employee to represent the employee. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • seal: includes the word "seal" the letters "L S" and a scroll or other device intended to represent a seal, if any is affixed in the proper place for a seal, as well as an impression of a seal on the instrument. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • secondary boycott: shall include combining or conspiring to cause or threaten to cause injury to a person with whom no labor dispute exists in order to bring that person, against that person's will, into a concerted plan to coerce or inflict damage upon another, whether by:
  •       (a)    Withholding patronage, labor or other beneficial business intercourse;
          (b)    Picketing;
          (c)    Refusing to handle, install, use or work on particular materials, equipment or supplies; or
          (d)    Any other unlawful means. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sexual harassment: includes conduct directed by a person at another person of the same or opposite gender. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Sexual orientation: means having a preference for heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality, having a history of such a preference or being identified with such a preference. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Small telecommunications utility: means any telecommunications utility or a successor in interest of a telecommunications utility that provided landline local and access telecommunications service as of January 1, 1984, and that has less than 50,000 access lines in use in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Spacecraft: means any contrivance invented, used, or designed for navigation or flight beyond the earth's atmosphere, including rockets, missiles, capsules, modules, and other vehicles, whether with or without passengers. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Spacecraft launch or landing area: means any area used, or intended for use, for launching or landing spacecraft or for surface maneuvering, positioning, or preparation of spacecraft for imminent launching or immediately after landing, including any launch pad, landing area, or launch or landing control center. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Spaceport: means any area of land or water that is used, or intended for use, as a spacecraft launch or landing area and any appurtenant areas that are used, or intended for use, for spaceport buildings or other spaceport facilities or rights-of-way, together with all spaceport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Strike: includes any strike or other concerted stoppage of work by municipal employees, and any concerted slowdown or other concerted interruption of operations or services by municipal employees, or any concerted refusal to work or perform their usual duties as municipal employees, for the purpose of enforcing demands upon a municipal employer. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervisor: means :
  •          1. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Switched access rates: means the rates, rate elements, and rate structure, including all applicable fixed and traffic sensitive charges, that a telecommunications provider charges for the provision of switched access services. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Switched access service: means the offering of switched access to a local exchange network for the purpose of enabling an entity to originate or terminate telecommunications service within the local exchange. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Telecommunications carrier: means any person that owns, operates, manages or controls any plant or equipment used to furnish telecommunications services within the state directly or indirectly to the public but does not provide basic local exchange service, except on a resale basis. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Telecommunications provider: means any person who provides telecommunications services. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Telecommunications service: includes switched access service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Telecommunications utility: means any person, corporation, company, cooperative, unincorporated cooperative association, partnership, association and lessees, trustees or receivers appointed by any court that owns, operates, manages or controls any plant or equipment used to furnish telecommunications services within the state directly or indirectly to the public. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: may be construed to include cities, villages, wards or districts. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transit employee: means a municipal employee who is determined to be a transit employee under sub. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Unairworthy aircraft: means an aircraft that is in a severely damaged condition or in a state of major deterioration as determined under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
  • Unfair genetic testing: means any test or testing procedure that violates…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Unfair honesty testing: means any test or testing procedure which violates…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • unfair labor practice: means any unfair labor practice as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
  • Unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature: includes but is not limited to the deliberate, repeated making of unsolicited gestures or comments of a sexual nature; the deliberate, repeated display of offensive sexually graphic materials which is not necessary for business purposes; or deliberate verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, whether or not repeated, that is sufficiently severe to interfere substantially with an employee's work performance or to create an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Video service: has the meaning given in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Video service provider: has the meaning given in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Village: means incorporated village. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Wholesale telecommunications service: means , except as provided in par. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
  • Wide-area telecommunications service: means the offering of message-based telecommunications service using a single, dedicated access line at the originating end of the call at a significant volume-based discount. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01