Terms Used In Wisconsin Statutes > Chapter 48
- Access service: includes unbundled local service provided to telecommunications providers. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Adult: means a person who has attained the age of 18 years, except that for purposes of investigating or prosecuting a person who is alleged to have violated any state or federal criminal law or any civil law or municipal ordinance, "adult" means a person who has attained the age of 17 years. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Aeronautics: means the science and art of aircraft flight and including but not limited to transportation by aircraft; the operation, construction, repair or maintenance of aircraft, aircraft power plants and accessories, including the repair, packing and maintenance of parachutes; the design, establishment, construction, extension, operation, improvement, repair or maintenance of airports or other air navigation facilities; and instruction in flying or ground subjects pertaining thereto. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
- Aeronautics instructor: means any individual who for hire or reward engages in giving instruction or offering to give instruction in flying or ground subjects pertaining to aeronautics; but excludes any instructor in a public school, university or institution of higher learning duly accredited and approved for carrying on collegiate work, who instructs in flying or ground subjects pertaining to aeronautics, only in the performance of his or her duties at such school, university or institution. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
- agency: means an office, department, independent agency, authority, institution, association, society or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, including the legislature and the courts. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
- Aircraft: means any contrivance invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, but does not include spacecraft. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
- Airman: means any individual who engages, as the person in command, or as pilot, mechanic or member of the crew, in the navigation of aircraft while under way, and any individual who is directly in charge of the inspection, maintenance, overhauling or repair of aircraft engines, propellers or appliances, and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher, or air-traffic control-tower operator; but does not include any individual employed outside the United States, or any individual employed by a manufacturer of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers or appliances to perform duties as inspector or mechanic in connection therewith, or any individual performing inspection or mechanical duties in connection with aircraft owned or operated by the individual. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
- Airport: means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing and take-off of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002
- All-union agreement: means an agreement between an employer and the representative of the employer's employees in a collective bargaining unit whereby all or any of the employees in such unit are required to be members of a single labor organization. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Alternative telecommunications utility: means any of the following:
(c) Telecommunications resellers or resellers. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
Amateur built aircraft: means an aircraft the major portion of which has been fabricated and assembled by a person who undertook the construction project solely for education or recreation. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it. Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments. Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense. Antique aircraft: means an aircraft which has a date of manufacture of 1955 or earlier and which is used solely for recreational or display purposes. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal. Appointee: means the person to whom an interest is appointed. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 Appraisal: A determination of property value. Apprentice: means a person engaged in the learning of the practice of funeral directing under the instruction and personal supervision of a funeral director who is licensed under this chapter and whose funeral establishment is located in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Arbitrators: refers to the arbitrators provided for in this subchapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51 Arrest record: includes , but is not limited to, information indicating that an individual has been questioned, apprehended, taken into custody or detention, held for investigation, arrested, charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense pursuant to any law enforcement or military authority. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Articles: means the articles of incorporation of a cooperative unless the context otherwise requires. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 Association: includes both cooperatives and foreign cooperatives. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 Astronautics: means the science and art of spacecraft flight and all activities related thereto. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court. Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings. Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court. Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. Basic local exchange service: includes extended community calling and extended area service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Basic message telecommunications service: means long distance toll service as provided on January 1, 1994, on a direct-dialed, single-message, dial-1 basis between local exchanges in this state at tariff rates. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC Bequest: Property gifted by will. Bequest: includes a devise; "bequeath" includes devise. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Board: means the board of directors of a cooperative. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 board: means the board of directors of a municipal power district selected as provided in this chapter, duly constituted and organized and acting as a board. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Board: means the board of directors of the corporation. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Broadcast service: means the one-way transmission to the public of video or audio programming regulated under Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Bylaws: means the bylaws of a cooperative. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 Cable service: has the meaning given in Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Campaign contribution: means a gift, subscription, loan, advance or deposit of money or anything of value, made for the purpose of electing a candidate to the board; or a contract, promise or agreement, express or implied, whether or not legally enforceable, to make any campaign contribution; but does not include the value of services provided without compensation by individuals who volunteer a portion or all of their time on behalf of a candidate or political committee, or the use of real or personal property and the cost of invitations, food, and beverages, voluntarily provided by an individual to a candidate in rendering voluntary personal services on the individual's residential premises for candidate-related activities if the cumulative value of the activities to the individual on behalf of any candidate does not exceed $100 for any election. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Campaign expenditure: means a purchase, payment, distribution, loan, advance, deposit, or gift of money or anything of value, made for the purpose of electing a candidate to the board; or a contract, promise, or agreement, express or implied, whether or not legally enforceable, to make any campaign expenditure; but does not include the use of real or personal property and the cost of invitations, food, and beverages, voluntarily provided by an individual to a candidate in rendering voluntary personal services on the individual's residential premises for candidate-related activities if the cumulative value of the activities by the individual on behalf of any candidate does not exceed $100 for any election. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Chambers: A judge's office. Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes. Chief executive: means mayor or city manager, village president, or chairperson of the town. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority. chief of a fire department: includes the chief of a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Chiropractor: means a person holding a license issued by the chiropractic examining board. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity. Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records. Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself. Collective bargaining: means the negotiation by an employer and a majority of the employer's employees in a collective bargaining unit, or their representatives, concerning representation or terms and conditions of employment of such employees, in a mutually genuine effort to reach an agreement with reference to the subject under negotiation. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Collective bargaining: means collective bargaining of or similar to the kind provided for by subch. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51 Collective bargaining: means the performance of the mutual obligation of a municipal employer, through its officers and agents, and the representative of its municipal employees in a collective bargaining unit, to meet and confer at reasonable times, in good faith, with the intention of reaching an agreement, or to resolve questions arising under such an agreement, with respect to wages, hours, and conditions of employment for public safety employees or transit employees and with respect to wages for general municipal employees, and with respect to a requirement of the municipal employer for a municipal employee to perform law enforcement and fire fighting services under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Collective bargaining unit: means all of the employees of one employer, employed within the state, except that where a majority of the employees engaged in a single craft, division, department or plant have voted by secret ballot as provided in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Collective bargaining unit: means a unit consisting of municipal employees that is determined by the commission under sub. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Commercial mobile radio service provider: means a telecommunications provider that is authorized by the federal communications commission to provide commercial mobile service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Commercial mobile service: has the meaning given in Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Commission: means the employment relations commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Commission: means the labor and industry review commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Commission: means the employment relations commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51 Commission: means the employment relations commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Commission: means the public service commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Commission: means the public service commission and any other body, commission or agency of the state which may at any time hereafter succeed to the general powers and jurisdiction of said commission. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Commission: means the office of the commissioner of railroads in the case of water carriers and the public service commission in the case of other public service corporations. See Wisconsin Statutes 201.01 Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action. Common motor carrier: means any person who holds himself or herself out to the public as willing to undertake for hire to transport passengers or property by motor vehicle upon the public highways. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Communicable disease: means any disease that the department of health services determines, by rule, to be communicable in fact. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Community Reinvestment Act: The Act is intended to encourage depository institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. It was enacted by the Congress in 1977. Source: OCC Compensation: means direct or indirect payment, including the expectation of payment whether or not actually received. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Constituent group: includes a civic association, community group, social club, fraternal society, mutual benefit alliance, or labor organization. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Consumer price index change: means the average annual percentage change in the consumer price index for all urban consumers, U. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time. Contract motor carrier: means any person engaged in the transportation by motor vehicle over a regular or irregular route upon the public highways of property for hire, including the transportation of buildings, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant. Conviction record: includes , but is not limited to, information indicating that an individual has been convicted of any felony, misdemeanor or other offense, has been adjudicated delinquent, has been less than honorably discharged, or has been placed on probation, fined, imprisoned, placed on extended supervision or paroled pursuant to any law enforcement or military authority. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Cooperative: means an association incorporated under this chapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 Corporation: means the citizens utility board. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff. County board: means the county board of supervisors. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 County clerk: means the clerk of the county containing the largest number of voters within a district or proposed district. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request. Creating instrument: means the will, trust agreement, or other document which creates or reserves the power of appointment. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC Creed: means a system of religious beliefs, including moral or ethical beliefs about right and wrong, that are sincerely held with the strength of traditional religious views. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Decedent: A deceased person. Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another. Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters. Department: means the department of workforce development. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Department: means the department of health services. See Wisconsin Statutes 146.001 Department: when used without qualification, means the department of natural resources. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Department: means the department of transportation. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another. Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. Descendent: One who is directly descended from another such as a child, grandchild, or great grandchild. Devise: To gift property by will. Director: means any member of the board. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial. Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source: district: means a municipal power district organized under this chapter, either as originally organized or as the same may be from time to time altered or amended. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 District: means a corporation district, the boundaries of which are congruent with the boundaries of the congressional districts in the state. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Division of hearings and appeals: means the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Donee: The recipient of a gift. Donee: means the person in whom the power of appointment is created or reserved. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 Donor: The person who makes a gift. Donor: means the person who creates or reserves the power of appointment. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 election: shall mean a proceeding in which the employees in a collective bargaining unit cast a secret ballot for collective bargaining representatives or for any other purpose specified in this subchapter and shall include elections conducted by the commission, or, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, by any tribunal having competent jurisdiction or whose jurisdiction was accepted by the parties. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Election: means a proceeding conducted by the commission in which the employees in a collective bargaining unit cast a secret ballot for collective bargaining representatives, or for any other purpose specified in this subchapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC Embalming: means disinfecting or preserving dead human bodies, entire or in part, by the use of chemical substances, fluids or gases in the body, or by the introduction of same into the body by vascular or hypodermic injection, or by direct application into the organs or cavities for the purpose of preservation or disinfection. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC Employee: shall include any person, other than an independent contractor, working for another for hire in the state of Wisconsin in a nonconfidential, nonmanagerial, nonexecutive and nonsupervisory capacity, and shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Employer: means a person who engages the services of an employee, and includes a person acting on behalf of an employer within the scope of his or her authority, express or implied. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Employer: means the state and each agency of the state and, except as provided in par. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Employment agency: means any person, including this state, who regularly undertakes to procure employees or opportunities for employment for any other person. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Enforcement standard: means a numerical value expressing the concentration of a substance in groundwater which is adopted under ss. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs. Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met. Essential service: means furnishing water, light, heat, gas, electric power, public passenger transportation or communication, or any one or more of them, to the public in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51 Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other. Examining board: means the funeral directors examining board. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business. Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state. Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller. Fair-share agreement: means an agreement between a municipal employer and a labor organization that represents public safety employees or transit employees under which all or any of the public safety employees or transit employees in the collective bargaining unit are required to pay their proportionate share of the cost of the collective bargaining process and contract administration measured by the amount of dues uniformly required of all members. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Federal number: means a numerical expression of the concentration of a substance in water, established as:
(a) A drinking water standard or maximum contaminant level, by the federal environmental protection agency;
(b) A suggested no-adverse-response level, by the federal environmental protection agency; or
(c) For oncogenic substances, a concentration based on a risk level determination by the federal environmental protection agency or a concentration based on a probability of risk model determined by the national academy of sciences. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01
Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it. Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator. Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC Fire department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Fire fighter: includes a person serving under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances: Folio: means 100 words or figures. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 For hire: means for compensation, and includes compensation obtained by a motor carrier indirectly, by subtraction from the purchase price or addition to the selling price of property transported, where the purchase or sale thereof is not a bona fide purchase or sale. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC Foreign cooperative: means an association incorporated under a cooperative law of another state which has members residing within this state and which is operating on the following cooperative basis:
- You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
- The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
- The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
(a) No member of the foreign cooperative who is an individual is allowed more than one vote because of the amount of stock or membership capital the member owns therein; and
(b) The foreign cooperative shall not deal in the products of or for nonmembers to an amount greater in value than such as are handled by it for members; and
(c) The foreign cooperative distributes its proceeds according to either…. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01
Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another. Freeway: means a highway with full control of access and with all crossroads separated in grade from the pavements for through traffic. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 funeral director: means any of the following:
(a) A person engaged in or conducting, or holding himself or herself out, in whole or in part, as being engaged in any of the following:
1. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01
Funeral establishment: means any building or part of a building used and held out to the public as being used for caring or preparing for the burial or transportation of dead human bodies or for holding or conducting of funeral services. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor General municipal employee: means a municipal employee who is not a public safety employee or a transit employee. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 General power of appointment: means a power exercisable in favor of the donee, the donee's estate, the donee's creditors, or the creditors of the donee's estate, whether or not it is also exercisable in favor of others. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 Genetic testing: means a test of a person's genes, gene products or chromosomes, for abnormalities or deficiencies, including carrier status, that are linked to physical or mental disorders or impairments, or that indicate a susceptibility to illness, disease, impairment or other disorders, whether physical or mental, or that demonstrate genetic or chromosomal damage due to environmental factors. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value. Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it. Grantor: includes every person from or by whom any freehold estate or interest passes in or by any deed; and "grantee" includes every person to whom any such estate or interest passes in like manner. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Gross weight: when applied to a motor vehicle used for the transportation of passengers, shall mean the actual weight of the motor vehicle unloaded plus 150 pounds for each person capable of being seated in the motor vehicle. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Gross weight: means the gross or maximum takeoff weight for an aircraft make and model as designated by the manufacturer. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Groundwater: means any of the waters of the state, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs. Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted. Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court. Heretofore: means any time previous to the day on which the statute containing it takes effect; "hereafter" means the time after the statute containing such word takes effect. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 homestead: means the dwelling and so much of the land surrounding it as is reasonably necessary for use of the dwelling as a home, but not less than one-fourth acre, if available, and not exceeding 40 acres. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Incumbent local exchange carrier: has the meaning given in Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Indeterminate permit: means any grant, directly or indirectly, from the state to any public utility of power, right or privilege to own, operate, manage or control any plant or equipment or any part of a plant or equipment within this state for the production, transmission, delivery or furnishing of any public utility service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies. Individual with a disability: means an individual who:
(a) Has a physical or mental impairment which makes achievement unusually difficult or limits the capacity to work;
(b) Has a record of such an impairment; or
(c) Is perceived as having such an impairment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
Inhabitant: means a resident. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury. Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes. Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person. Interconnection agreement: means an interconnection agreement that is subject to approval by the commission under Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC Interlata: means between local access and transport areas. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit. Interstate commerce: includes foreign commerce. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Intestate: Dying without leaving a will. Intralata: means within the boundaries of a local access and transport area. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers. Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants. jurisdictional strike: shall mean a strike growing out of a dispute between 2 or more employees or representatives of employees as to the appropriate unit for collective bargaining, or as to which representative is entitled to act as collective bargaining representative, or as to whether employees represented by one or the other representative are entitled to perform particular work. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system. labor dispute: means any controversy between an employer and the majority of the employer's employees in a collective bargaining unit concerning the right or process or details of collective bargaining or the designation of representatives. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Labor dispute: means any controversy concerning wages, hours and conditions of employment, or concerning the representation of persons in negotiating, maintaining, changing or seeking to arrange wages, hours and conditions of employment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Labor organization: means any employee organization in which employees participate and that exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of engaging in collective bargaining with any employer concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours, benefits, or other terms or conditions of employment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Labor organization: means :
(a) Any organization, agency or employee representation committee, group, association or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours or other terms or conditions of employment; or
(b) Any conference, general committee, joint or system board or joint council which is subordinate to a national or international committee, group, association or plan under par. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32
Labor organization: means any employee organization in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of engaging in collective bargaining with municipal employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours or conditions of employment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions. Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto). Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity. License: means the whole or any part of any permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter or similar form of permission required by a state or local unit of government for the undertaking, practice or continuation of any occupation or profession. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Licensed practical nurse: includes a licensed practical/vocational nurse who holds a multistate license, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Licensing agency: means any board, commission, committee, department, examining board, affiliated credentialing board or officer, except a judicial officer, in the state or any city, village, town, county or local government authorized to grant, deny, renew, revoke, suspend, annul, withdraw or amend any license. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant). Live birth: means the complete expulsion or extraction from his or her mother, of a human being, at any stage of development, who, after the expulsion or extraction, breathes or has a beating heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, regardless of whether the umbilical cord has been cut, and regardless of whether the expulsion or extraction occurs as a result of natural or induced labor, a cesarean section, or an abortion, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Majority leader: see Floor Leaders Marital child: means either of the following:
(a) A child who is conceived or born while his or her parents are lawfully intermarried. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
Marital status: means the status of being married, single, divorced, separated or widowed. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation. Member: means a person who has been qualified and accepted for membership in an association. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 Member: means any person who satisfies the requirements for membership under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 members: as used in this chapter with respect to the right of a member to vote, voting procedure, the required proportion of member votes, actions that must or may be taken by members, the number of members required for a quorum and the eligibility of directors, means a member or members entitled to vote, unless the bylaws provide otherwise. See Wisconsin Statutes 185.01 Military service: means service in the U. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Minor: means a person who has not attained the age of 18 years, except that for purposes of investigating or prosecuting a person who is alleged to have violated a state or federal criminal law or any civil law or municipal ordinance, "minor" does not include a person who has attained the age of 17 years. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Minority leader: See Floor Leaders Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement. Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan. Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money. Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money. Motor vehicle: means any automobile, truck, trailer, semitrailer, tractor, motor bus, or any self-propelled or motor driven vehicle, except a motorcycle, moped, motor bicycle, electric bicycle, electric scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, personal delivery device, or vehicle operated on rails. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Motorcycle: is a motor vehicle as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Municipal employee: means any individual employed by a municipal employer other than an independent contractor, supervisor, or confidential, managerial or executive employee. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Municipal employer: means any city, county, village, town, metropolitan sewerage district, school district, long-term care district, local cultural arts district created under subch. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Municipality: means a town, village, or city. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Municipality: means any town, village or city wherein property of a public utility or any part thereof is located. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Municipality: means any town, city, or village. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Municipality: includes cities and villages; it may be construed to include towns. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Municipality: means any county, city, town or village of this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Museum aircraft: means an aircraft designated under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Nonmarital child: means a child who is neither conceived nor born while his or her parents are lawfully intermarried, who is not adopted and whose parents do not subsequently intermarry under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Oath: includes affirmation in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Oath: A promise to tell the truth. Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC Optical disc: means a rotating circular plate on which information or images are placed in storage, and which is recorded and read by laser beams focused on the plate. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Optical imaging: means transferring to a format employing an optical disc. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it. osteopath: means a person holding a license or certificate of registration from the medical examining board. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Periodic customer billing: means a notice required by law or an invoice listing charges submitted to a residential utility customer on a monthly or other regular basis by a public utility to whom the corporation furnishes an enclosure under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees or receivers. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Person: means one or more individuals, labor organizations, associations, corporations or legal representatives. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Person: means and includes any individual, firm, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, company, association, including express and forwarding companies or agencies and railroad companies, or their lessees, trustees or receivers. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Person: includes firm, corporation, partnership, cooperative, unincorporated cooperative association, and association of individuals. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or body politic; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or other similar representative thereof. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Personal property: All property that is not real property. Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, evidences of debt and energy. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Personal representative: means a person, however denominated, who is authorized to administer a decedent's estate. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit. Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court. Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source: Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer. Point of standards application: means the specific location, depth or distance from a facility, activity or practice at which the concentration of a substance in groundwater is measured for purposes of determining whether a preventive action limit or an enforcement standard has been attained or exceeded. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Police department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Police officer: includes a person serving under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Political committee: means any committee, club, association or other group of persons which makes campaign expenditures or receives campaign contributions during the year before an election of the board. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Political matters: means political party affiliation, a political campaign, an attempt to influence legislation, or the decision to join or not to join, or to support or not to support, any lawful political group, constituent group, or political or constituent group activity. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Power of appointment: means a power to appoint legal or equitable interests in real or personal property. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way. Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial. Preparation room: means any building or part of a building used for embalming, caring for, or preparing for burial or transportation dead human bodies. See Wisconsin Statutes 445.01 Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents. Preventive action limit: means a numerical value expressing the concentration of a substance in groundwater which is adopted under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Private motor carrier: means any person who provides transportation of property or passengers by commercial motor vehicle, as defined in Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law. Probate: Proving a will Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed. Professional employee: means :
1. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
Prohibited practice: means any practice prohibited under this subchapter. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Property boundary: means the boundary of the total contiguous parcel of land owned by a common owner, regardless of whether public or private roads run through the parcel. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government. Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator. Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit. Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters. Public highway: means every public street, alley, road, highway or thoroughfare of any kind, except waterways, in this state while open to public travel and use. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide. public safety employee: include such a supervisor. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Public service corporation: includes a holding company, as defined under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 201.01 Public utility: includes all of the following:
1. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01
Public utility: includes any person engaged in the transmission or delivery of natural gas for compensation within this state by means of pipes or mains. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Public utility employer: means any employer, other than the state or any political subdivision thereof, engaged in the business of furnishing water, light, heat, gas, electric power, public passenger transportation or communication, or any one or more of them, to the public in this state; and shall be considered to include a rural electrification cooperative association engaged in the business of furnishing any one or more of such services or utilities to its members in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.51 Public-use airport: means any of the following as provided in Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business. Railroad: has the meaning given under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 railroad company: include any person managing, maintaining, operating or in possession of a railroad, whether as owner, contractor, lessee, mortgagee, trustee, assignee or receiver. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business. Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC Referendum: means a proceeding conducted by the commission in which public safety employees or transit employees in a collective bargaining unit may cast a secret ballot on the question of authorizing a labor organization and the employer to continue a fair-share agreement. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Registered nurse: includes a registered nurse who holds a multistate license, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Regulatory agency: means the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection, the department of safety and professional services, the department of transportation, the department of natural resources and other state agencies which regulate activities, facilities or practices which are related to substances which have been detected in or have a reasonable probability of entering the groundwater resources of the state. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Religious association: means an organization, whether or not organized under ch. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Religious matters: means religious affiliation or the decision to join or not to join, or to support or not to support, any bona fide religious association. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant. Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired. Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings. Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals). representative: includes any person chosen by an employee to represent the employee. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation. Residential utility consumer: includes , but is not limited to, an individual engaged in farming as defined under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action. Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust). Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners. seal: includes the word "seal" the letters "L S" and a scroll or other device intended to represent a seal, if any is affixed in the proper place for a seal, as well as an impression of a seal on the instrument. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 secondary boycott: shall include combining or conspiring to cause or threaten to cause injury to a person with whom no labor dispute exists in order to bring that person, against that person's will, into a concerted plan to coerce or inflict damage upon another, whether by:
(a) Withholding patronage, labor or other beneficial business intercourse;
(c) Refusing to handle, install, use or work on particular materials, equipment or supplies; or
(d) Any other unlawful means. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02
Secretary: means the secretary of health services. See Wisconsin Statutes 146.001 Secretary: means the secretary of transportation. See Wisconsin Statutes 194.01 Securities: means capital stock and evidences of indebtedness of a public service corporation, but do not include any of the following:
(a) Any obligation of a public service corporation which is not a public utility as defined in the federal Power Act, falling due one year or less after its date and bearing date not later than the day of sale. See Wisconsin Statutes 201.01
Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party. Sexual harassment: includes conduct directed by a person at another person of the same or opposite gender. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Sexual orientation: means having a preference for heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality, having a history of such a preference or being identified with such a preference. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Small telecommunications utility: means any telecommunications utility or a successor in interest of a telecommunications utility that provided landline local and access telecommunications service as of January 1, 1984, and that has less than 50,000 access lines in use in this state. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Spacecraft: means any contrivance invented, used, or designed for navigation or flight beyond the earth's atmosphere, including rockets, missiles, capsules, modules, and other vehicles, whether with or without passengers. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Spacecraft launch or landing area: means any area used, or intended for use, for launching or landing spacecraft or for surface maneuvering, positioning, or preparation of spacecraft for imminent launching or immediately after landing, including any launch pad, landing area, or launch or landing control center. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Spaceport: means any area of land or water that is used, or intended for use, as a spacecraft launch or landing area and any appurtenant areas that are used, or intended for use, for spaceport buildings or other spaceport facilities or rights-of-way, together with all spaceport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Special power of appointment: means a power of appointment that is not a general power of appointment. See Wisconsin Statutes 702.02 Statute: A law passed by a legislature. Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights. Strike: includes any strike or other concerted stoppage of work by municipal employees, and any concerted slowdown or other concerted interruption of operations or services by municipal employees, or any concerted refusal to work or perform their usual duties as municipal employees, for the purpose of enforcing demands upon a municipal employer. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony. Substance: means any solid, liquid, semisolid, dissolved solid or gaseous material, naturally occurring or man-made chemical, parameter for measurement of water quality or biological organism which, in its original form, or as a metabolite or a degradation or waste product, may decrease the quality of groundwater. See Wisconsin Statutes 160.01 Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system. Supervisor: means :
1. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70
Switched access rates: means the rates, rate elements, and rate structure, including all applicable fixed and traffic sensitive charges, that a telecommunications provider charges for the provision of switched access services. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Switched access service: means the offering of switched access to a local exchange network for the purpose of enabling an entity to originate or terminate telecommunications service within the local exchange. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Telecommunications carrier: means any person that owns, operates, manages or controls any plant or equipment used to furnish telecommunications services within the state directly or indirectly to the public but does not provide basic local exchange service, except on a resale basis. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Telecommunications provider: means any person who provides telecommunications services. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Telecommunications service: includes switched access service. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Telecommunications utility: means any person, corporation, company, cooperative, unincorporated cooperative association, partnership, association and lessees, trustees or receivers appointed by any court that owns, operates, manages or controls any plant or equipment used to furnish telecommunications services within the state directly or indirectly to the public. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held. Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent Testify: Answer questions in court. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries. Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident. Town board: means the town board of supervisors. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition. Transit employee: means a municipal employee who is determined to be a transit employee under sub. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.70 Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence. Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust. Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC Unairworthy aircraft: means an aircraft that is in a severely damaged condition or in a state of major deterioration as determined under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 114.002 Unfair genetic testing: means any test or testing procedure that violates…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Unfair honesty testing: means any test or testing procedure which violates…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 unfair labor practice: means any unfair labor practice as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.02 Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC Unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature: includes but is not limited to the deliberate, repeated making of unsolicited gestures or comments of a sexual nature; the deliberate, repeated display of offensive sexually graphic materials which is not necessary for business purposes; or deliberate verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, whether or not repeated, that is sufficiently severe to interfere substantially with an employee's work performance or to create an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. See Wisconsin Statutes 111.32 Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision. User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services. utility: means the plant, equipment, materials, supplies and any other or different property, including contract rights, used and useful primarily for the production, transmission or furnishing of electric power to or for the public for any purpose by a person, firm, association, corporation or a municipality and whether operated by a person, firm, association, corporation, a municipality or by trustees or by receivers appointed by any court. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Utility service: means electricity, natural gas, water and telecommunications service supplied by a public utility. See Wisconsin Statutes 199.03 Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate. Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried. Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge. Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House. Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime. Video service: has the meaning given in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Video service provider: has the meaning given in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Voters: means vote for governor at the last general election. See Wisconsin Statutes 198.01 Week: means 7 consecutive days. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01 Wholesale telecommunications service: means , except as provided in par. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Wide-area telecommunications service: means the offering of message-based telecommunications service using a single, dedicated access line at the originating end of the call at a significant volume-based discount. See Wisconsin Statutes 196.01 Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act. Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.