Current as of: 2009
(a) The court of common pleas may dissolve a corporation:
(1) in a proceeding by the Attorney General if it is established that:
(i) the corporation obtained its articles of incorporation through fraud;
(ii) the corporation has continued to exceed or abuse the authority conferred upon it by law;
(iii) the corporation is a public benefit corporation and the assets are being misapplied or wasted;
(iv) the corporation is a public benefit corporation and it is no longer able to carry out its purposes;
(v) the corporation has improperly solicited money or has fraudulently used the money solicited; or
(vi) has carried on, conducted, or transacted its business or affairs in a persistently fraudulent or illegal manner.
The enumeration of these grounds for dissolution, (i) through (vi), shall not exclude actions or special proceedings by the Attorney General or other state official for the dissolution of a corporation for other causes as provided in this chapter or in any other statute of this State;
(2) except as provided in the articles or bylaws of a religious corporation, in a proceeding by fifty members or members holding five percent of the voting power, whichever is less, or by a director or any person specified in the articles, if it is established that:
(i) the directors are deadlocked in the management of the corporate affairs and the members, if any, are unable to break the deadlock;
(ii) the directors or those in control of the corporation have acted, are acting, or will act in a manner that is illegal, oppressive, or fraudulent, or unfairly prejudicial either to the corporation or to any member, whether in his capacity as a member, director, or officer of the corporation;
(iii) the members are deadlocked in voting power and have failed, for a period that includes at least two consecutive annual meeting dates, to elect successors to directors whose terms have, or would otherwise have, expired;
(iv) the corporate assets are being misapplied or wasted;
(v) the corporation is a public benefit or religious corporation and is no longer able to carry out its purposes;
(vi) the corporation has abandoned its business and has failed within a reasonable time to dissolve, to liquidate its affairs, or to distribute its remaining property among its members; or
(vii) the corporation's period of duration stated in its articles of incorporation has expired;
(3) in a proceeding by a creditor if it is established that:
(i) the creditor's claim has been reduced to judgment, the execution on the judgment returned unsatisfied, and the corporation is insolvent; or
(ii) the corporation has admitted in writing that the creditor's claim is due and owing and the corporation is insolvent;
(4) in a proceeding by the corporation to have its voluntary dissolution continued under court supervision.
(b) Before dissolving a corporation the court shall consider whether:
(1) there are reasonable alternatives to dissolution;
(2) dissolution is in the public interest, if the corporation is a public benefit corporation; and
(3) dissolution is the best way of protecting the interests of members, if the corporation is a mutual benefit corporation.
The court may order any other form of relief which it deems proper in the circumstances.
Questions & Answers: Non-Profit Corporations
South Carolina Laws: Non-Profit Corporations
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