The following definitions are applicable to the capitalized terms used in this part.
Terms Used In 7 CFR 5001.3
- Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- facility: refers to both the physical structure financed, and the resulting service provided to rural residents or rural businesses. See 7 CFR 5001.3
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Administrator means the Administrator of the Rural Housing Service, the Rural Utilities Service, or the Rural Business-Cooperative Service (or the applicable Service’s successor), as applicable, within the Rural Development mission area of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Affiliate means a person where one of the following circumstances exists:
(1) The person controls or has the power to control another person, or a third party or parties’ controls or has the power to control both. Factors such as ownership, management, current and previous relationships with or ties to another person, and contractual relationships, shall be considered in determining whether affiliation exists. It does not matter whether control is actually exercised, so long as the power to control exists. Entities owned and controlled by Indian Tribes, Alaskan Native Corporations (ANCs), Native Hawaiian Organizations (NHOs), Community Development Corporations (CDCs), or wholly-owned entities of Indian Tribes, ANCs, NHOs, or CDCs, are not considered to be affiliated with other entities owned by these entities solely because of their common ownership or common management.
(2) There is a family relationship and identical or substantially identical business or economic interests amongst persons (such as where the immediate family operate entities in the same or similar industry in the same geographic area); however, a person may rebut such determination with evidence showing that the business or economic interests are not identical or substantially identical.
Agency means USDA Rural Development, which includes the Rural Housing Service; the Rural Utilities Service; and the Rural Business-Cooperative Service or their successors.
Agricultural producer means a person, including non-profits, directly engaged in the production of agricultural products through labor management and operations, including the cultivating, growing, and harvesting plants and crops (including farming); breeding, raising, feeding, or housing of livestock (including ranching); forestry products; hydroponics; nursery stock; or aquaculture, whereby 50 percent or greater of their gross income is derived from the operations. The percentage is calculated as the average of gross agricultural operations income of the concern divided by the gross non-farm income of the concern for the five most recent years. If the concern has been operation for less than 60 months but for at least 12 months, use average gross agricultural operations income and gross non-farm income for as long as the concern has been in operation.
Agricultural production means the cultivation, growing, or harvesting of plants and crops (including farming) breeding, raising, feeding, or housing of livestock (including ranching); forestry products, hydroponics, or nursery stock; or aquaculture.
Anaerobic digester means a renewable energy system that uses animal waste or other renewable biomass and may include other organic substrates to produce biogas that is sold in a gaseous or compressed liquid state or used to produce thermal or electrical energy.
Applicant lender debt means an existing debt owed by a borrower to the same lender that is applying for or has received the Agency guarantee.
Appraisal surplus means the excess between the market value of an asset and its cost or depreciated book value when the market value is higher.
Architectural report means a report, prepared by a professional, licensed architect, or other qualified party that describes the existing situation, analyzes alternatives and proposes a specific course of action from an architectural perspective.
Arm’s length transaction means a transaction in which the buyer and seller act independently and have no relationship to each other. The concept of an arm’s length transaction allows the market to ensure that both parties in the deal are acting in their own self-interest and are not subject to any pressure or duress from the other party.
Assignment guarantee agreement means a signed, Agency-approved agreement between the Agency, the lender, and the holder setting forth the terms and conditions of an assignment of a guaranteed portion of a loan.
Biofuel means a fuel derived from renewable biomass.
Biogas means a gaseous fuel (including landfill and sewage waste treatment gas) derived from the degradation and decomposition of renewable biomass.
Bond means a form of debt security in which the authorized issuer (borrower) owes the bond holder (lender) a debt and is obligated to repay the principal and interest (coupon) at a later date(s) (maturity). An explanation of the type of bond and other bond stipulations must be attached to the bond issuance.
Borrower means the person that borrows, or seeks to borrow, money from the lender (including any party or parties liable for the guaranteed loan except guarantors) through a loan guaranteed under this part.
Business plan means a comprehensive document that clearly describes the borrower’s ownership structure and management experience including, if applicable, discussion of a parent company, any subsidiaries and affiliates of the borrower and discussion of how the borrower will operate the proposed project. If a business or industry is in decline or financial distress, the business plan must describe in detail how the project differs from the current industry trends or improves the borrower’s financial position.
Byproduct means an incidental or secondary product, regardless of whether it has a readily identifiable commercial use or value, generated under normal operations of the proposed Project that can be reasonably measured and monitored.
Certificate of incumbency means an Agency-approved form used to validate authenticity of Agency representatives’ signature and title.
Collateral means the asset(s) pledged by the borrower to the lender as security for the guaranteed loan.
Commercially available means a system that meets the requirements of either paragraph (1) or (2) of this definition.
(1) A domestic or foreign system that:
(i) Has both a proven and reliable operating history and proven performance data for at least one year specific to the use and operation to the proposed application;
(ii) Is based on established design and installation procedures and practices and is replicable;
(iii) Has professional service providers, trades, large construction equipment providers, and labor who are familiar with installation procedures and practices;
(iv) Has proprietary and balance of system equipment and spare parts that are readily available;
(v) Has service that is readily available to properly maintain and operate the system; and
(vi) Has an existing established warranty that is valid in the United States for major parts and labor; or
(2) A domestic or foreign system that has been certified by a recognized industry organization whose certification standards are acceptable to the Agency.
Complete application means an application that contains all parts necessary for the Agency to determine borrower and project eligibility, the financial feasibility and technical merit of the project, and contains sufficient information to determine a priority score for the application, if applicable.
Conditional commitment means an Agency-approved form in which the Agency agrees that, in accordance with applicable provisions of the program regulations contained in this part and related forms, it will execute the loan note guarantee, subject to the conditions and requirements specified in applicable provisions of the program regulations contained in this part and in the conditional commitment itself.
Conflict of interest means a situation in which a person has personal, professional, or financial interests that prevent, or appears to prevent the person from acting impartially. For purposes of this part, conflict of interest also includes, but is not limited to:
(1) A person acting as a compensated agent of the borrower and the lender on the same guaranteed loan,
(2) Distribution or payment of guaranteed loan funds to an individual owner, partner, stockholder, or member of the borrower, or to a beneficiary or immediate family member of the borrower;
(3) Refinancing debt that is owned by a loan packager, broker, or referral agent or its affiliates.
Cooperative means an entity that is legally chartered by the State in which it operates as a cooperatively-operated business, or an entity that is not legally chartered as a cooperative but is owned and operated for the benefit of its members, with returns of residual earnings paid to such members on the basis of patronage.
Credit evaluation means the analysis and evaluation by the lender of the credit factors associated with each application to ensure loan repayment through the use of credit documentation procedures and an underwriting process that is consistent with industry standards and the lender’s written policy and procedures.
Debt Collection Improvement Act means the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, 31 U.S.C. § 3701 et seq.
Debt service coverage ratio means the ratio obtained when taking earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization less reasonably expected replacement capital expenditures divided by the annual debt service (principal and interest payments) of the borrower.
Default means the condition that exists when a borrower is in non-compliance under the terms of any of the promissory notes, the loan agreements, security documents, program regulations, or other documents evidencing or collateralizing the loan. Default can be a monetary or non-monetary default.
Deficiency judgment means a monetary judgment rendered by a court of competent jurisdiction after foreclosure and liquidation of all collateral securing the loan.
Delinquency means a situation that exists when a scheduled loan payment on a guaranteed loan made under this part is more than 30 calendar days past due and cannot be cured within the next 30 calendar days.
Departmental regulations means the regulations of the Agency’s Office of Chief Financial Officer (or successor office) as codified in 2 CFR chapter IV.
Eligible project costs means those expenses approved by the Agency for the project as eligible uses of funds.
Energy assessment means an Agency-approved report assessing energy use, cost, and efficiency by analyzing energy bills and surveying the target building and/or equipment sufficiently to provide an Agency-approved energy assessment.
Energy assessor means a qualified consultant who has at least 3 years of experience and completed at least five energy assessments or energy audits on similar type projects and who adheres to generally recognized engineering principles and practices.
Energy audit means a comprehensive report that meets an Agency-approved standard prepared by an energy auditor or an individual supervised by an energy auditor that documents current energy usage; recommended potential improvements (typically called energy conservation measures) and their costs; energy savings from these improvements; dollars saved per year; and simple payback. The methodology of the energy audit must meet professional and industry standards. The final energy audit must be validated and signed off by the energy auditor who conducted the audit or by the supervising energy auditor of the individual who conducted the audit, as applicable.
Energy auditor means a qualified consultant that meets one of the following criteria:
(1) A certified energy auditor certified by the Association of Energy Engineers;
(2) A certified energy manager certified by the Association of Energy Engineers;
(3) A licensed professional engineer in the State in which the audit is conducted with at least 1 year of experience and who has completed at least two similar type energy audits; or
(4) An individual with a 4-year engineering or architectural degree with at least three years of experience and who has completed at least five similar type energy audits.
Energy efficiency improvement (EEI) means improvements to or replacement of an existing building or systems, or equipment owned by the borrower, that reduces measurable energy consumption on an annual basis.
Energy efficient equipment and systems (EEE) means equipment or systems for agricultural production or processing that exceed any of the following standards:
(1) Energy efficiency building codes, if available;
(2) Federal or State energy efficiency standards, if available;
(3) Energy efficiency standards determined appropriate by the Secretary. If no codes or standards described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of this definition apply to the EEE proposed, then the Secretary shall require such equipment or system to meet the same efficiency measurement as the most efficient available equipment or system in the market and the Secretary shall not provide such a loan guarantee for the purchase and installation of any energy efficient equipment or system unless more than one type of such equipment or system is available in the market.
Engineering documentation means a document, normally prepared by the borrower’s consulting engineer or other qualified party, that describes the existing system, analyzes alternatives, and proposes a specific course of action from an engineering perspective.
Essential community facility means a public improvement, operated on a non-profit basis, needed for the orderly development of a rural community where the rural community is a city or town, or its equivalent county or multi-county area. The term “facility” refers to both the physical structure financed, and the resulting service provided to rural residents or rural businesses. Facilities may include, but are not be limited to, courthouses, community centers, libraries, firehouses, health care, education, transportation, and industrial parks. An industrial park consists of land and the necessary access ways and utilities to the site, but not improvements erected on such site.
Existing business means a business that has been in operation for at least one full year and has achieved full operational capacity or stable operations as determined by the Administrator. The following will be treated as existing businesses provided there is not a significant change in operations of the existing business: Mergers by an existing business with a new or existing businesses, a change in the business name, or a new business and an existing business applying as co-borrowers,
Farmer or rancher cooperative means an entity that is owned and controlled by agricultural producers and that is incorporated, or otherwise recognized by the State in which it operates as a cooperatively-operated business or an entity that is not legally chartered as a cooperative but is owned and operated for the benefit of its members, with returns of residual earnings paid to such members on the basis of patronage.
Feasibility study means a report including an opinion or finding conducted by an independent qualified consultant(s) evaluating the economic, market, technical, financial, and management feasibility of the proposed project or operation in terms of its expectation for success as outlined in appendix A to subpart D of this part.
Federal debt means debt owed to the Federal Government that is subject to collection under the Debt Collection Improvement Act.
Federal fiscal year means the 12-month period beginning October 1 of each year and ends on September 30 of the following year; it is designated by the calendar year in which it ends.
Final loss claim means the Agency’s payment of a final settlement amount with the lender after the collateral is liquidated or after settlement and compromise actions have been completed and as further set forth in § 5001.521(e).
Financial feasibility means the ability of a project to achieve sufficient income, credit, and cash flow to financially sustain the project over the long term and meet all debt obligations.
Future recovery means funds to be collected by the lender after a final loss claim is processed as set forth in § 5001.522.
Geothermal direct generation means a system that uses thermal energy directly from a geothermal source.
Geothermal electric generation means a system that uses thermal energy from a geothermal source to produce electricity.
Guaranteed loan means a loan made and serviced by a lender for which the Agency and lender have entered into a lender’s agreement and for which the Agency has issued a loan note guarantee. Unless otherwise specified, guaranteed loan refers to a loan that the Agency has guaranteed under this Part.
Guarantor means a person giving assurance to the Agency under an Agency-approved written agreement that the borrower’s obligations will be fulfilled and promising repayment of a guaranteed loan if the borrower should default.
Holder means a person, other than the lender, who owns all or part of the guaranteed portion of the guaranteed loan with no servicing responsibilities.
Hospital. (1) For the purpose of refinancing rural hospital debt in accordance with § 5001.102(d)(5), hospital means the following types of facilities defined in the Social Security Act, Section 1861 (42 U.S.C. § 1395x):
(i) Hospital (section 1861(e)).
(ii) Psychiatric hospital (section 1861(f)).
(iii) Long-term care hospital (section 1861(ccc)); and shall also include the following other provider types defined in the Social Security Act, Section 1861 (42 U.S.C. § 1395x):
(A) Critical access hospital (section 1861(mm)(1)).
(B) Religious nonmedical health care institution (section 1861(ss)(1)).
(2) The Agency will use the applicant provider’s CMS Certification Number (CCN) to verify the applicant provider is listed as a “Hospital” for the “Provider or Supplier Type” category on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ Quality Certification and Oversight Reports (QCOR) website https://qcor.cms.gov/index_new.jsp.
Hybrid means a combination of two or more renewable energy technologies that are incorporated into a unified system to support a single project.
Hydroelectric source means a renewable energy system producing electricity using various types of moving water including, but not limited to, diverted run-of-river water, in-stream run-of-river water, and in-conduit water.
Hydrogen project means a system that produces hydrogen derived from renewable biomass or water using wind, solar, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, or hydroelectric sources; or that uses hydrogen derived from renewable biomass or water using wind, solar, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal or hydroelectric sources as an energy transport medium in the production of mechanical or electric power or thermal energy.
Immediate family(ies) means individuals who live in the same household or who are closely related by blood, marriage, or adoption, such as a spouse, domestic partner, parent, child, sibling, aunt, uncle, grandparent, grandchild, niece, nephew, or first cousin.
Indian tribe means the term as defined in 25 U.S.C. § 5304(e).
In-house expenses means expenses associated with activities that are routinely the responsibility of a lender’s internal staff, including in-house lawyers, or its agents and that are normally incurred for administration of the loan. In-house expenses include, but are not limited to, employees’ salaries, staff lawyers, travel, and overhead.
Inspector means a qualified consultant who has at least 3 years of experience and has completed at least five inspections on similar type projects.
Insurance means a means of protection from financial loss by which a company provides a guarantee of compensation for a specified loss, damage, illness, or death in return for payment of a premium.
Intangible assets means an asset that lacks physical substance. This includes, but is not limited to, copyrights, patents, capitalized franchise fees, goodwill, customer lists, software, organizational expenses, loan closing expenses, social media assets, and bond fees.
Interconnection agreement means a contract containing the terms and conditions governing the interconnection and parallel operation of the borrower’s electric generation equipment and the utility’s electric power system or a borrower’s biogas production system and a gas pipeline.
Interest means an amount paid by a borrower to a lender as a form of compensation for the use of money. When money is borrowed, interest is typically paid over a certain period of time (typically months or years) to the lender as percentage of the principal amount owed. The term interest does not include default charges, penalty interest, or late payment fees.
Interest termination date means the date on which no further interest will be payable by the Agency under the loan note guarantee.
Interim financing means a temporary or short-term loan made with the clear intent when the loan is made that it will be repaid through another loan that provides permanent financing. Interim financing is frequently used to pay construction and other costs associated with the proposed project, with permanent financing to be obtained after project completion.
Lender means a lending entity that the Agency has approved to originate, service, and collect payments on loans guaranteed under this part.
Lender’s agreement means the Agency-approved form of contract between the Agency and the lender setting forth the lender’s guaranteed loan responsibilities.
Liquidation expenses means costs directly associated with the liquidation of collateral, including, without limitation, costs associated with preparing collateral for sale (e.g., repairs and transport), the sale (e.g., advertising, public notices, auctioneer expenses, and foreclosure fees), and conducting appraisals. Legal fees are considered liquidation expenses provided that the fees are reasonable as determined by the Agency and cover legal issues pertaining to the liquidation that could not be properly handled by the lender and its in-house legal staff. Liquidation expenses do not include in-house expenses.
Loan agreement means the agreement between the borrower and lender containing the specified terms and conditions of the guaranteed loan and the responsibilities of the borrower and lender.
Loan classification means the process by which loans are examined and categorized by the probability of default and degree of potential loss in the event of default.
Loan documents mean the loan agreement, promissory note, mortgage/deed of trust, and other security documents entered into by the borrower and the lender in connection with the guaranteed loan.
Loan note guarantee means the Agency-approved form containing the terms and conditions of the guarantee of an identified guaranteed loan.
Loan packager means a person, including a loan referral agent, broker, or an agent other than the borrower or lender that prepares a guaranteed loan application on behalf of the borrower or lender.
Local government means a county, municipality, town, township, village, or other unit of general government below the State level. The term also includes Tribal governments when tribal lands are within the service area.
Local owner means an individual who owns any portion of an entity that is the eligible borrower and whose primary residence is located within the normal commuting area of the guaranteed loan project.
Locally or regionally produced agricultural food product means any agricultural food product that is raised, produced, and distributed in the locality or region in which the final product is marketed, so that the distance the product is transported is less than 400 miles from the origin of the product, or within the State in which the product is produced. Food products could be raw, cooked, or a processed edible substance, beverage, or ingredient used or intended for use or for sale in whole or in part for human consumption.
Market value means the most probable price that an asset should bring in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, the buyer and seller, each acting prudently, knowledgeably, and assuming the price is not affected by undue stimulus. Implicit in this definition is the consummation of a sale as of a specified date and the passing of title from seller to buyer under conditions whereby –
(1) Buyer and seller are typically motivated;
(2) Both parties are well informed or well advised, and each acting in what he or she considers his or her own best interest;
(3) A reasonable time is allowed for exposure in the open market;
(4) Payment is made in terms of cash in U.S. dollars or in terms of financial arrangements comparable thereto; and
(5) The price represents the normal consideration for the property sold unaffected by special or creative financing or sales concessions granted by anyone associated with the sale.
Matching funds means those project funds required by 7 U.S.C. § 8107 to be eligible to receive the guaranteed loan. Funds provided by the borrower in excess of matching funds are not matching funds.
Material adverse change means any change in circumstances associated with a guaranteed loan, including, without limitation, any change in the purpose of the loan, the borrower’s financial condition or collateral that, individually or in the aggregate, have jeopardized, or could be reasonably expected to jeopardize, the borrower’s repayment of the guaranteed loan.
Monetary default means a failure to make a scheduled or required payment on a guaranteed loan.
Multi-note system means an option for the lender to provide one promissory note for the unguaranteed portion and a separate promissory note(s) for the guaranteed portion of the loan. All promissory notes must reflect the same payment terms.
National Appeals Division (NAD) means the division of the United States Department of Agriculture pursuant to 7 CFR part 11.
Natural resource value-added product means a product derived from any naturally occurring resource, including agricultural resources, that is further processed to add value or used to generate energy or renewable energy.
Negligent loan origination means the failure of a lender to perform those services or actions that a reasonably prudent lender would perform in originating its own portfolio of loans that are not guaranteed. The term includes the concepts of failure to act, not acting in a timely manner, and acting in a manner contrary to the manner in which a reasonably prudent lender would act.
Negligent loan servicing means the failure of a lender to perform those services that a reasonably prudent lender would perform in servicing (including liquidation of) its own portfolio of loans that are not guaranteed. The term includes the concepts of failure to act, not acting in a timely manner, and acting in a manner contrary to the manner in which a reasonably prudent lender would act.
New business means a business that has been in operation for less than one full year and a business that has been in operation for at least one full year and has not achieved full operational capacity or stable operations as determined by the Administrator, including a new enterprise or new affiliate of an existing business moving or expanding into a new location involving new market or labor areas.
Non-monetary default means a situation where a borrower is not in compliance with the covenants or requirements of the loan documents, program requirements or loan.
Non-regulated lending entity means a lending entity that is not subject to supervision and examination by an agency of the United States or a State.
Ocean energy means energy created by use of various types of moving water in the ocean and other large bodies of water (e.g., Great Lakes) including, but not limited to, tidal, wave, current, and thermal changes.
Off-take agreement means the terms and conditions governing the sale and transportation of products produced by the borrower and sold to another party.
Otherwise improve means, but is not limited to, the following:
(1) The purchase of necessary equipment that will itself provide an essential service to the rural community, such as vehicles, emergency and medical equipment, telecommunication equipment, computers, water meters and pumps;
(2) The purchase of equipment necessary to maintain, protect, operate, or use the eligible facility or service;
(3) The purchase of existing eligible facilities, when necessary, to either improve or prevent a loss of service provided the price paid for the facility is fair and reasonable and not directly related to the dollar amount of any debt to be retired by the seller; and
(4) Payment of tap fees and other utility connection charges as provided in utility purchase contracts.
Parity means a lien position whereby two or more separate lending entities or separate loans share a security interest of equal priority in collateral.
Participation means the sale of an interest in a loan by the lead lender to one or more participating lenders wherein the lead lender retains the note, collateral securing the note, and all responsibility for managing and servicing the loan. Participants have credit risk and are dependent upon the lead lender for protection of their interests in the loan. The relationship is typically formalized by a participation agreement between the lenders. The participant lender(s) and the borrower have no rights or obligations to one another.
Passive investor means an equity investor who does not actively participate in management and operation decisions of the borrower or any affiliate of the borrower as evidenced by a contractual agreement.
Person means an individual or entity organized under the laws of a State or a Tribe.
Power purchase agreement means the terms and conditions governing the sale and transportation of power produced by the borrower to another party.
Professional service means services used by the borrower for planning and developing a project, including, but not limited to, appraisals, architectural services, surveys, environmental impact analyses, implementing mitigation measures, and establishing or acquiring property rights. Such services are generally rendered by persons licensed or certified by States or accreditation associations, such as architects, engineers, accountants, attorneys, or appraisers, and those rendered by loan packagers, but not including loan finders.
Project means the activity identified by a lender in its application for a loan guarantee for which the guaranteed loan funds will be used.
Promissory note means the legal instrument evidencing debt executed by the borrower to a lender with stipulated repayment terms. The term promissory note includes bonds and other related debt instruments issued by the lender to a borrower.
Protective advance means an advance made by the lender for the purpose of preserving and protecting the collateral where the borrower has failed to, and will not or cannot, meet its obligations to protect or preserve collateral. Protective advances include, but are not limited to, advances for property taxes, rent, hazard and flood insurance premiums, emergency repairs and annual assessments that protect the collateral. Legal and accounting fees are not a protective advance.
Public body means a state, county, city, township, incorporated town or village, borough, authority, district, or other political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe.
Qualified consultant(s) means an independent third-party person possessing the knowledge, expertise, and experience to perform the specific task required.
Rated power means the maximum amount of energy that can be created at any given time.
Refurbished means a piece of equipment or renewable energy system that has been brought into a commercial facility, thoroughly inspected, and worn parts replaced and has a warranty that is approved by the Agency or its designee.
Regulated lending entity means a lending entity that is subject to supervision and examination by an agency of the United States or a State; or a lending entity created specifically by State statute and operating under the direct supervision of a State government authority.
Renewable biomass means –
(1) Materials, pre-commercial thinning, or invasive species from National Forest System land or public lands (as defined in Section 103 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. § 1702)) that –
(i) Are by-products of preventive treatments that are removed to reduce hazardous fuels; to reduce or contain disease or insect infestation; or to restore ecosystem health;
(ii) Would not otherwise be used for higher-value products; and
(iii) Are harvested in accordance with applicable law and land management plans and the requirements for old-growth maintenance, restoration, and management direction of paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subsection (e) of section 102 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. § 6512) and large-tree retention of subsection (f) of section 102; or
(2) Any organic matter that is available on a renewable or recurring basis from non-Federal land or land belonging to an Indian or Indian tribe that is held in trust by the United States or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States, including the following items:
(i) Renewable plant material (including feed grains, other agricultural commodities, other plants and trees, and algae); and
(ii) Waste material (including crop residue, other vegetative waste material (including wood waste and wood residues), animal waste and byproducts (including fats, oils, greases, and manure), and food and yard waste).
Renewable energy means energy derived from –
(1) A wind, solar, renewable biomass, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal or hydroelectric source; or
(2) Hydrogen derived from renewable biomass or water using an energy source described in paragraph (1) of this definition.
Renewable energy site assessment means a report providing information regarding and recommendations for the use of commercially available renewable energy technologies in the borrower’s operation. The report must be prepared by a qualified consultant for the specific energy system and project proposed.
Renewable energy system (RES) means a system that produces usable energy from a Renewable Energy source and may include:
(1) Distribution components necessary to move energy produced by such system to the initial point of sale; and
(2) Other components and ancillary infrastructure of such system, such as a storage system; however, such system may not include a mechanism for dispensing energy at retail.
Report of loss means an Agency-approved form used by lenders when reporting a financial loss under a guaranteed loan.
Retrofitting means a modification to an existing building or installed equipment that incorporates a function or feature(s) not included in the original design when built or for the replacement of existing components with components that improve the original design and does not affect original warranty if the warranty is still in existence.
Rural and rural area means any area of a State not in a city or town that has a population of more than 50,000 inhabitants, not in the urbanized area contiguous and adjacent to a city or town that has a population of more than 50,000 inhabitants, and which excludes certain populations pursuant to 7 U.S.C. § 1991(a)(13)(H) and (I). In making this determination, the Agency will use the latest decennial census of the United States. The following exclusions apply:
(1) Any area in the urbanized area contiguous and adjacent to a city or town that has a population of more than 50,000 inhabitants that has been determined to be “rural in character” as follows:
(i) The determination that an area is “rural in character” will be made by the Under Secretary of Rural Development. The process to request a determination under this provision is outlined in paragraph (1)(ii) of this definition. The determination that an area is “rural in character” under this definition will apply to areas that are within:
(A) An urbanized area that has two points on its boundary that are at least 40 miles apart, which is not contiguous or adjacent to a city or town that has a population of greater than 150,000 inhabitants or the urbanized area of such a city or town; or
(B) An urbanized area contiguous and adjacent to a city or town of greater than 50,000 inhabitants that is within
(ii) Units of local government may petition the Under Secretary of Rural Development for a “rural in character” designation by submitting a petition to the appropriate Rural Development State Director for recommendation to the Administrator on behalf of the Under Secretary. The petition shall document how the area meets the requirements of paragraph (1)(i)(A) or (B) of this definition and discuss why the petitioner believes the area is “rural in character,” including, but not limited to, the area’s population density, demographics, and topography and how the local economy is tied to a rural economic base. Upon receiving a petition, the Under Secretary will consult with the applicable governor or leader in a similar position and request comments to be submitted within 5 business days, unless such comments were submitted with the petition. The Under Secretary will release to the public a notice of a petition filed by a unit of local government not later than 30 days after receipt of the petition by way of publication in a local newspaper and posting on the Agency’s website at https://www.rd.usda.gov/onerdguarantee, and the Under Secretary will make a determination not less than 15 days, but no more than 60 days, after the release of the notice. Upon a negative determination, the Under Secretary will provide to the petitioner an opportunity to appeal a determination to the Under Secretary, and the petitioner will have 10 business days to appeal the determination and provide further information for consideration. The Under Secretary will make a determination of the appeal in not less than 15 days, but no more than 30 days.
(iii) Rural Development State Directors may also initiate a request to the Under Secretary to determine if an area is “rural in character.” A written recommendation should be sent to the Administrator, on behalf of the Under Secretary, that documents how the area meets the statutory requirements of paragraph (1)(i)(B) of this definition and discusses why the State Director believes the area is “rural in character,” including, but not limited to, the area’s population density, demographics, topography, and how the local economy is tied to a rural economic base. Upon receipt of such a request, the Administrator will review the request for compliance with the “rural in character” provisions and make a recommendation to the Under Secretary. Provided a favorable determination is made, the Under Secretary will consult with the applicable Governor and request comments within 10 business days, unless gubernatorial comments were submitted with the request. A public notice will be published by the State Office in accordance with paragraph (1)(ii) of this definition. There is no appeal process for requests made on the initiative of the State Director.
(2) An area that is attached to the urbanized area of a city or town with more than 50,000 inhabitants by a contiguous area of urbanized census blocks that is not more than two census blocks wide. Applicants from such an area should work with their Rural Development State Office to request a determination of whether their project is located in a rural area under this provision.
(3) For the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the island is considered Rural and eligible except for the San Juan Census Designated Place (CDP) and any other CDP with greater than 50,000 inhabitants. Areas within CDPs with greater than 50,000 inhabitants, other than the San Juan CDP, may be determined to be Rural if they are “not urban in character.”
(4) For the State of Hawaii, all areas within the State are considered rural and eligible except for the Honolulu CDP within the County of Honolulu and any other CDP with greater than 50,000 inhabitants. Areas within CDPs with greater than 50,000 inhabitants, other than the Honolulu CDP, may be determined to be Rural if they are “not urban in character.”
(5) For the purpose of defining a rural area in the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Agency shall determine what constitutes rural and rural Area based on available population data.
Rural small business means a small business that is located in a rural area or that can demonstrate the proposed project for which assistance is being applied for under this part is located in a rural area.
Service area means the area identified to be served.
Significant ties means, as determined by the agency, a facility under private control will carry out a public purpose and continue to primarily serve rural areas for CF projects (not applicable to public bodies and Federally Recognized Tribes) as evidenced by the following: Association with or control by a public body or bodies; or Broadly based membership and controlled primarily by members residing in the project service area. Membership must be open without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, or marital or familial status.
Simple payback means the estimated simple payback of a project funded under this part as calculated using paragraph (1), (2), or (3), as applicable, of this definition.
(1) Energy efficiency improvement projects simple payback = (Total Project Costs) ÷ (Dollar value of energy saved).
(i) Energy saved will be determined by subtracting the projected energy (determined by the method in paragraph (1)(i)(B) of this definition) to be consumed from the historical energy consumed (determined by the method in paragraph (1)(i)(A) of this definition), and converting the result to a monetary value using a constant value or price of energy (determined by the method in paragraph (1)(i)(C) of this definition).
(A) Actual energy used in the original building and/or equipment, as applicable, prior to the EEI project, must be based on the actual average annual total energy used in British thermal units (BTU) over the most recent 12, 24, 36, 48, or 60 consecutive months of operation.
(B) Projected energy use if the proposed EEI project had been in place for the original building and/or equipment, as applicable, for the same time period used to determine that actual energy use under paragraph (1)(i)(A) of this definition.
(C) Value or price of energy must be the actual average price paid over the same time period used to calculate the actual energy used under paragraph (1)(i)(A) of this definition.
(ii) Energy efficiency improvement projects simple payback does not allow EEI to monetize benefits other than the dollar amount of the energy savings the agricultural producer or rural small business realizes as a result of the improvement.
(2) Renewable energy systems projects simple payback = (total project costs) ÷ (dollar value of energy units replaced, credited, sold, or used and fair market value of byproducts as applicable in a typical year).
(i) Value of energy replaced will be calculated based on the borrower entity’s historical energy consumption with actual average price paid for the energy replaced, following the methodology outlined in paragraph (1)(i) of this definition.
(ii) Value of energy credited or sold will be calculated based on the amount of energy units to be sold at the proposed rate per unit, as documented in utility net metering or crediting policies and/or a purchase agreement.
(iii) If proposed energy will be used in a new facility, value of energy used will be calculated based on the amount of energy units to be used at the documented price per unit of conventional fuel alternative.
(iv) Value of byproducts produced by and used in the project or related enterprises should be documented at the fair market value to be received for the byproducts in a typical year.
(v) Renewable energy systems projects simple payback does not include any one-time benefits such as but not limited to construction and investment-related benefits, nor credits which do not provide annual income to the project, such as tax credits.
(3) Energy efficiency equipment and systems projects simple payback = (total project costs) ÷ (dollar value of efficiency savings). Efficiency savings will be determined by subtracting the annual value of energy to be consumed by the proposed energy efficient equipment from the annual value of energy that a conventional equipment alternative would have consumed. Adequate documentation must be provided for all consumption estimates and values utilized in the calculation.
Small business means:
(1) An entity or utility, as applicable, as further defined in paragraphs (1)(i) through (iv) and meeting the requirements in paragraph (2) of this definition. With the exception of the entities identified in this paragraph, all other non-profit entities are not small businesses for the purposes of REAP program eligibility:
(i) A private for-profit entity, including a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation;
(ii) A cooperative (including a cooperative qualified under section 501(c)(12) of the Internal Revenue Code);
(iii) An electric utility (including a Tribal or governmental electric utility) that provides service to rural consumers and operates independent of direct government control; or
(iv) A Tribal corporation or other Tribal business entities that are chartered under Section 17 of the Indian Reorganization Act (25 U.S.C. § 477) or have similar structures and relationships with their Tribal governments and are acceptable to the Agency. The Agency will determine the small business status of such Tribal entity without regard to the resources of the Tribal government; and
(2) An entity that meets Small Business Administration (SBA) size standards in accordance with 13 CFR part 121 and criteria of 13 CFR 121.301 as applicable to financial assistance programs, including paragraph (2)(i) or (ii) of this section. The size of the concern alone and the size of the concern combined with other entity(ies) it controls or entity(ies) it is controlled by, must not exceed the size standard thresholds designated for the industry in which the concern alone or the concern and its controlling entity(ies), whichever is higher, is primarily engaged.
(i) The concern’s tangible net worth is not in excess of $15 million and average net income (excluding carry-over losses) for the preceding two completed fiscal years is not in excess of $5.0 million; or
(ii) The size of the concern does not exceed the SBA size standard thresholds designated for the industry in which it is primarily engaged, as measured by number of employees or annual receipts. Industry size standard designations to be utilized are listed in the SBA’s table of size standards found in 13 CFR 121.201. Number of employees and annuals receipts are calculated as follows:
(A) Number of employees is calculated as the average number of all individuals employed by a concern on a full-time, part-time, or other basis, based upon numbers of employees for each of the pay periods for the preceding completed 12 calendar months. If a concern has not been in business for 12 months, the average number of employees is used for each of the pay periods during which it has been in business.
(B) Annual receipts are calculated as average total income plus cost of goods sold for the five most recent years. If a concern has been in operation for less than 60 months, average annual receipts for as long as the concern has been in operation are used.
State means any of the 50 States of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
State bond banks and State bond pools mean an entity authorized by the State to issue State debt instruments and use the funds received to finance eligible projects under this part.
Steady state operating level means that there is an adequate and consistent supply of the applicable renewable energy resource(s) for the project, both on a short-term (current) and long-term basis, and the renewable energy system and process(es) are operating at projected capacity, consistently yielding an adequate quantity and quality of renewable energy.
Subordination means the reduction of the lender’s lien priority on certain assets pledged by the borrower to secure payment of the guaranteed loan to a position junior to, or on parity with, the lien position of another loan.
Total eligible project costs means the sum of all eligible project costs.
Total project costs means the sum of all costs associated with a completed project.
Transfer and assumption means the Agency-approved conveyance by a borrower to an assuming borrower of the assets, collateral, and liabilities of the borrower in return for the assuming borrower’s binding promise to pay the outstanding debt.
Underserved communities mean communities (including urban or rural communities and Indian tribal communities) that have limited access to affordable, healthy foods, including fresh fruits and vegetables, in grocery retail stores or farmer-to-consumer direct markets and that have either a high rate of hunger or food insecurity or a high poverty rate as reflected in the most recent decennial census or other Agency-approved census.
Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) means the appraisal standards promulgated by the Appraisal Standards Board of the Appraisal Foundation.
Used equipment means any equipment that has been used and is provided in an “as is” condition.
Useful life means estimated durations of utility placed on a variety of assets, including buildings, machinery, equipment, vehicles, electronics, and furniture. Useful life estimations terminate at the point when assets are expected to become obsolete, require major repairs, or cease to deliver economical results.
Veteran means a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service and was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable as defined in 38 U.S.C. § 101(2).
Waste disposal means sanitary sewer (treatment and collection), solid waste, or storm drainage facilities.
Working Capital means current assets available to support a business’ operations and growth. Working capital is calculated as current assets less current liabilities.