Part 372 Overseas Military Personnel Charters
Part 374 Implementation of the Consumer Credit Protection Act with Respect to Air Carriers and Foreign Air Carriers
Part 374a Extension of Credit by Airlines to Federal Political Candidates
Part 375 Navigation of Foreign Civil Aircraft Within the United States
Part 377 Continuance of Expired Authorizations by Operation of Law Pending Final Determination of Applications for Renewal Thereof
Part 380 Public Charters
Part 381 Special Event Tours
Part 382 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel
Part 383 Civil Penalties

Terms Used In CFR > Title 14 > Chapter II > Subchapter D - Special Regulations

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Apparel articles: means goods classifiable in Chapters 61 and 62 and headings 6501, 6502, 6503, and 6504 and subheadings 6406. See 19 CFR 10.842
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Applicable one-year period: means each of the following one-year periods:

    (1) Initial applicable one-year period. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • applicant: means the joint inventors who are applying for the patent without the omitted inventor(s). See 37 CFR 1.42
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • assignee: as used in this chapter means with respect to patent matters the single assignee of the entire right, title and interest in the application or patent if there is such a single assignee, or all of the partial assignees, or all of the partial assignee and inventors who have not assigned their interest in the application or patent, who together own the entire right, title and interest in the application or patent. See 37 CFR 3.71
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • business day: means a weekday (Monday through Friday), excluding national holidays as specified in § 101. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • CBP: means U. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Center director: means the person who manages their designated Center and is responsible for certain trade decisions and functions concerning that Center and the importers that are processed by that Center. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Centers: refer to national CBP offices that are responsible for performing certain trade functions and making certain determinations as set forth in particular regulatory provisions regarding importations by importers that are considered by CBP to be in the industry sector, regardless of the ports of entry at which the importations occur. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Certification: means , either when used by itself or in the expression "certification of origin" the certification established under article 4. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • child: as used in this part and any reference to "school" means "EIS provider" as used in this part. See 34 CFR 303.29
  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the CAFTA-DR to an originating good or other good specified in the CAFTA-DR, and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (b) Claim of origin. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the AFTA to an originating good, and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (b) Claim of origin. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the MFTA to an originating good;

    (c) Customs Valuation Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the BFTA to an originating good or other good specified in the BFTA, and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (c) Customs Valuation Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the US-CFTA and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (d) Customs authority. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the SFTA to an originating good or other good specified in the SFTA, and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (b) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Claim of origin: means a claim that a textile or apparel good is an originating good or a good of a Party;

    (c) Customs authority. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Claim of origin: means a claim that a textile or apparel good is an originating good or a good of a Party or satisfies the non-preferential rules of origin of a Party;

    (c) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Claim of origin: means a claim that a textile or apparel good is an originating good or a good of a Party;

    (c) Claim for preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conspicuous: means capable of being easily seen with normal handling of the article or container. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: includes associations, joint-stock companies, and insurance companies. See 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(1)-1
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Country: means the political entity known as a nation. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Country of origin: means the country of manufacture, production, or growth of any article of foreign origin entering the United States. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Customs authority: means the competent governmental unit that is responsible under the law of a Party for the administration of customs laws and regulations;

    (d) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Customs authority: means the competent authority that is responsible under the law of a Party for the administration of customs laws and regulations;

    (e) Customs Valuation Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Customs territory of the United States: includes only the States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (f) Days. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, contained in Annex 1A to the WTO Agreement;

    (e) Days. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (f) Days. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (d) Days. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Date of importation: means , in the case of merchandise imported otherwise than by vessel, the date on which the merchandise arrives within the Customs territory of the United States. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Days: means calendar days;

    (g) Enterprise. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Days: means calendar days;

    (f) Enterprise. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Days: means calendar days. See 19 CFR 10.762
  • Days: means calendar days;

    (f) Enterprise. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Days: means calendar days;

    (g) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Days: means calendar days;

    (e) Enterprise. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declared customs value: means the appraised value of an imported article determined in accordance with section 402 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U. See 19 CFR 10.842
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Duties: means Customs duties and any internal revenue taxes which attach upon importation. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately owned or governmentally owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (h) GATT 1994. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned or controlled, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, association, or similar organization;

    (g) Enterprise of a Party. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (g) Foreign material. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (g) Foreign material. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (i) GATT 1994. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Enterprise: means an entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (f) GATT 1994. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity controlling production: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity or group that is not a producer and that controls the production process in Haiti through a contractual relationship or other indirect means;

    (g) Fabric component. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • entry: refer to the entry, or withdrawal from warehouse for consumption, in the customs territory of the United States;

    (f) Entity controlling production. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exportation: means a severance of goods from the mass of things belonging to this country with the intention of uniting them to the mass of things belonging to some foreign country. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fifth applicable one-year period: means the period beginning on December 20, 2010, and ending on December 19, 2011;

    (c) Customs territory of the United States. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: when applied to a corporation * * * means a corporation * * * which is not domestic. See 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(1)-1
  • Foreign origin: refers to a country of origin other than the United States, as defined in paragraph (e) of this section, or its possessions and territories. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fourth applicable one-year period: means the period beginning on December 20, 2009, and ending on December 19, 2010; and

    (5) Fifth applicable one-year period. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • given: include , but are not limited to, the creation of an electronic record of admission, or arrival/departure by DHS following an inspection performed by an immigration officer. See 8 CFR 1.4
  • Good: means any merchandise, product, article, or material;

    (j) Harmonized System. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Good: means any merchandise, product, article, or material;

    (j) Harmonized System. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Goods: means domestic products as these are understood in the GATT 1994 or such goods as the Parties may agree, and includes originating goods of that Party. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Harmonized System: means the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws;

    (j) Heading. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Harmonized System: means the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws;

    (k) Heading. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (k) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (l) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (l) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (l) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (m) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (i) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.722
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.762
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.802
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States;

    (j) Knit-to-shape articles. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • Identical goods: means goods that are produced in the same country and are the same in all respects, including physical characteristics, quality, and reputation, but excluding minor differences in appearance. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Identical goods: means goods that are the same in all respects relevant to the rule of origin that qualifies the goods as originating goods;

    (n) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Identical goods: means goods that are the same in all respects relevant to the particular rule of origin that qualifies the goods as originating;

    (o) Indirect material. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Importer: means the person primarily liable for the payment of any duties on the merchandise, or an authorized agent acting on his behalf. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Indirect material: means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of a good in the territory of one or more of the Parties but not physically incorporated into the good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of a good in the territory of one or more of the Parties, including:

    (1) Fuel and energy;

    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;

    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment or buildings;

    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment or buildings;

    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies;

    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the good;

    (7) Catalysts and solvents; and

    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the good but the use of which in the production of the good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production;

    (n) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Indirect material: means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of a good in the territory of the United States or Chile but not physically incorporated into the good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of a good in the territory of the United States or Chile, including -

    (1) Fuel and energy;

    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;

    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment and buildings;

    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment and buildings;

    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies;

    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the goods;

    (7) Catalysts and solvents; and

    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the good but whose use in the production of the good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production;

    (p) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Indirect material: means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of a good in the territory of the United States or Singapore but not physically incorporated into the good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of a good in the territory of the United States or Singapore, including:

    (1) Fuel and energy;

    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;

    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment and buildings;

    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment and buildings;

    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies;

    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the good;

    (7) Catalysts and solvents; and

    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the good but whose use in the production of the good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production;

    (k) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Initial applicable one-year period: means the period beginning on December 20, 2006, and ending on December 19, 2007;

    (2) Second applicable one-year period. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Knit-to-shape: when used with reference to apparel articles, means any apparel article of which 50 percent or more of the exterior surface area is formed by major parts that have been knitted or crocheted directly to the shape used in the apparel article, with no consideration being given to patch pockets, appliques, or the like. See 19 CFR 10.842
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Major parts: means integral components of an apparel article but does not include collars, cuffs, waistbands, plackets, pockets, linings, paddings, trim, accessories, or similar parts or components;

    (m) Producer. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • NAFTA: means the North American Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States, Canada and Mexico on August 13, 1992. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Originating: means qualifying for preferential tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in SFTA Chapter Three (Rules of Origin) and General Note 25, HTSUS;

    (l) Party. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Originating: means qualifying for preferential tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in CAFTA-DR Chapter Four (Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures) and General Note 29, HTSUS;

    (o) Party. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Originating: means qualifying for preferential tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in AFTA Chapters Four (Textiles and Apparel) and Five (Rules of Origin) and General Note 28, HTSUS;

    (o) Party. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Originating: means a good qualifying under the rules of origin set forth in General Note 27, HTSUS, and MFTA Chapter Four (Textiles and apparel) or Chapter Five (Rules of Origin);

    (n) Party. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Originating: means a good qualifying under the rules of origin set forth in General Note 30, HTSUS, and BFTA Chapter Three (Textiles and apparel) or Chapter Four (Rules of Origin);

    (n) Party. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Originating: means qualifying under the rules of origin set out in Chapter Four (Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures) of the US-CFTA;

    (q) Party. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means the United States or the Republic of Singapore;

    (m) Person. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Party: means :

    (1) The United States; and

    (2) Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, or Nicaragua, for such time as the CAFTA-DR is in force between the United States and that country;

    (p) Person. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Party: means the United States or Australia;

    (p) Person. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Party: means the United States or the Kingdom of Morocco;

    (o) Person. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Party: means the United States or the Kingdom of Bahrain;

    (o) Person. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Party: means the United States or the Republic of Chile;

    (r) Person. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (n) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (q) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (q) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (p) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (p) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (s) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • port director: means the person who has jurisdiction within the geographical boundaries of their port of entry unless the regulations provide that particular trade functions or determinations are exclusively within the purview of a Center Director or other CBP personnel. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • port of entry: refer to any place designated by Executive Order of the President, by order of the Secretary of the Treasury, or by Act of Congress, at which a U. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the SFTA to an originating good, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (o) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the CAFTA-DR to an originating good or other good specified in the CAFTA-DR, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (r) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the AFTA to an originating good, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (r) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the MFTA to an originating good;

    (q) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the BFTA to an originating good and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (q) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable to an originating good under the US-CFTA, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Producer: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity or group that exercises direct, daily operational control over the production process in Haiti;

    (n) Self-start edge. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • school: means "EIS provider" as used in this part. See 34 CFR 303.29
  • Second applicable one-year period: means the period beginning on December 20, 2007, and ending on December 19, 2008;

    (3) Third applicable one-year period. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Self-start edge: when used with reference to knit-to-shape components, means a finished edge which is finished as the component comes off the knitting machine. See 19 CFR 10.842
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shipment: means the merchandise described on the bill of lading or other document used to file or support entry, or in the oral declaration when applicable. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: includes shares in an association, joint-stock company, or insurance company. See 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(8)-1
  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (p) Tariff preference level. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (s) Tariff preference level. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (s) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (r) Textile or apparel good. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (r) Textile or apparel good. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (u) Tariff preference level. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the HTSUS;

    (p) Wholly assembled in Haiti. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Tariff preference level: means a quantitative limit for certain non-originating textiles and textile apparel goods that may be entitled to preferential tariff treatment based on the goods meeting the production requirements set forth in § 10. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • Tariff preference level: means a quantitative limit for certain non-originating apparel goods that may be entitled to preferential tariff treatment based on the goods meeting the requirements set forth in §§ 10. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Tariff preference level: means a quantitative limit for certain non-originating textiles and textile apparel goods that may be entitled to preferential tariff treatment as if such goods were originating based on the goods meeting the production requirements set forth in § 10. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Singapore, its land territory, internal waters and territorial sea as well as the maritime zones beyond the territorial sea, including the seabed and subsoil over which the Republic of Singapore exercises sovereign rights or jurisdiction under its national laws and international law for the purpose of exploration and exploitation of the natural resources of such areas; and

    (2) With respect to the United States;

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico; and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources; and

    (s) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to each Party other than the United States, the land, maritime, and air space under its sovereignty and the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf within which it exercises sovereign rights and jurisdiction in accordance with international law and its domestic law;

    (2) With respect to the United States:

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico; and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources;

    (v) WTO. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Australia, the territory of the Commonwealth of Australia:

    (i) Excluding all external territories other than the Territory of Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island, the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and the Coral Sea Islands Territory; and

    (ii) Including Australia's territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone, and continental shelf; and

    (2) With respect to the United States:

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico; and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources;

    (t) Textile or apparel good. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Morocco, the land, maritime and air space under its sovereignty, and the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf within which it exercises sovereign rights and jurisdiction in accordance with international law and its domestic law; and

    (2) With respect to the United States,

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico,

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico, and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources;

    (t) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Bahrain, the territory of Bahrain as well as the maritime areas, seabed, and subsoil over which Bahrain exercises, in accordance with international law, sovereignty, sovereign rights, and jurisdiction; and

    (2) With respect to the United States,

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico,

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico, and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources; and

    (t) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Chile, the land, maritime and air space under its sovereignty, and the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf within which it exercises sovereign rights and jurisdiction in accordance with international law and its domestic law; and

    (2) With respect to the United States,

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico,

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico, and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources;

    (x) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as "the ATC"), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (r) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as "the ATC"), which is part of the WTO Agreement, except for those goods listed in Annex 3. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as "the ATC"), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (u) WTO. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as ATC), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (s) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.762

  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as "the ATC"), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (s) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.802

  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as ATC), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (w) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Third applicable one-year period: means the period beginning on December 20, 2008, and ending on December 19, 2009;

    (4) Fourth applicable one-year period. See 19 CFR 10.842

  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • United States: includes all territories and possessions of the United States, except the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Wake Island, Midway Islands, Kingman Reef, Johnston Island, and the island of Guam. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • USMCA: means the Agreement Between the United States of America, the United Mexican States, and Canada (USMCA), entered into force by the United States, Canada and Mexico on July 1, 2020. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • WTO: means the World Trade Organization; and

    (w) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • WTO: means the World Trade Organization; and

    (v) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.722

  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.722
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.762
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.802
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.402