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Terms Used In CFR > Title 31 > Subtitle B > Chapter VI

  • Adoption: means the judicial or administrative act that establishes a permanent legal parent-child relationship between a minor and an adult who is not already the minor's legal parent and terminates the legal parent-child relationship between the adoptive child and any former parent(s). See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Applicant: means the U. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Birth parent: means a "natural parent" as used in section 101(b)(1)(G) of the Act. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Central Authority: means the entity designated as such under Article 6(1) of the Convention by any Convention country or, in the case of the United States, the United States Department of State. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Competent authority: means a court or governmental agency of a foreign country that has jurisdiction and authority to make decisions in matters of child welfare, including adoption. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Convention: means the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, opened for signature at The Hague on May 29, 1993. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Convention adoptee: means a child habitually resident in a Convention country who is eligible to immigrate to the United States on the basis of a Convention adoption. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Convention country: means a country that is a party to the Convention and with which the Convention is in force for the United States. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Convention effective date: means the date on which the Convention enters into force for the United States as announced by the Secretary of State under 22 CFR 96. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Home study preparer: means a person (whether an individual or an agency) authorized under 22 CFR part 96 to conduct home studies for Convention adoption cases, either as a public domestic authority, an accredited agency, a temporarily accredited agency, approved person, supervised provider, or exempted provider and who (if not a public domestic authority) holds any license or other authorization that may be required to conduct adoption home studies under the law of the jurisdiction in which the home study is conducted. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Incapable of providing proper care: means that, in light of all the relevant circumstances including but not limited to economic or financial concerns, extreme poverty, medical, mental, or emotional difficulties, or long term-incarceration, the child's two living birth parents are not able to provide for the child's basic needs, consistent with the local standards of the Convention country. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Irrevocable consent: means a document which indicates the place and date the document was signed by a child's legal custodian, and which meets the other requirements specified in this definition, in which the legal custodian freely consents to the termination of the legal custodian's legal relationship with the child. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Legal custodian: means the individual who, or entity that, has legal custody of a child, as defined in 22 CFR 96. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Officer: means a USCIS officer with jurisdiction to adjudicate Form I-800A or Form I-800 or a Department of State officer with jurisdiction, by delegation from USCIS, to grant either provisional or final approval of a Form I-800. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Parent: means any person who is related to a child as described in section 101(b)(1)(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), or (G) and section 101(b)(2) of the Act, except that a stepparent described in section 101(b)(1)(B) of the Act is not considered a child's parent, solely for purposes of classification of the child as a Convention adoptee, if the petitioner establishes that, under the law of the Convention country, there is no legal parent-child relationship between a stepparent and stepchild. See 27 CFR 41.114
  • Petitioner: means the U. See 27 CFR 41.114