Article 1 General Provisions and Definitions
Article 2 Director and Employees
Article 3 Powers and Duties
Article 3.6 Uniform Standards Regarding Substance-Abusing Healing Arts Licensees
Article 4 Representation of Consumers
Article 5 Consumer Complaints
Article 6 Information

Terms Used In California Codes > Business and Professions Code > Division 1 > Chapter 4

  • Accepting county: means the county accepting transferred territory by reason of a county boundary change. See California Government Code 56768
  • Acquire: includes purchase, condemnation, lease, and gift. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Acquiring district: means a district in which all, or a part of, a state-aided district or an applicant district has been included. See California Education Code 15780
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • advance fee: as used in this part , is a fee, regardless of the form, that is claimed, demanded, charged, received, or collected by a licensee for services requiring a license, or for a listing, as that term is defined in Section 10027, before fully completing the service the licensee contracted to perform or represented would be performed. See California Government Code 53184
  • Advertisement: means a commercial message in any medium that directly or indirectly solicits or promotes one or more specific rental-purchase transactions, excluding instore merchandising aids. See California Government Code 56835
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affected county: means each county from which territory is proposed to be transferred to create a new county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Affected county: means any county which contains or would contain territory which is the subject of a boundary change. See California Government Code 56741
  • Affected territory: means any unincorporated area which is proposed to be transferred from one county to another. See California Government Code 56741
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Approved county: means the territory to be included in a new county after the registered voters in the affected county or counties have approved the creation of such a new county at a primary election, pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 23350), but before an election is held for purposes of determining the location of the county seat and the selection of county officers for such new county, pursuant to Article 4. See California Government Code 56864
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means an entity established by the state that requires its members, including, but not limited to, local government entities, to adopt a resolution stating their intent to participate. See California Education Code 1200
  • automated enforcement system: is a ny system operated by a governmental agency, in cooperation with a law enforcement agency, that photographically records a driver's responses to a rail or rail transit signal or crossing gate, or both, or to an official traffic control signal described in Section 21450, and is designed to obtain a clear photograph of a vehicle's license plate and the driver of the vehicle. See California Education Code 8263
  • Awarding department: means any agency, department, constitutional officer, governmental entity, or other officer or entity of the state empowered by law to issue bonds on behalf of the State of California. See California Government Code 16851
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Ballot label: means that portion of the ballot containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a measure. See California Education Code 88080
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Blanket encumbrance: means any mortgage, deed of trust, option to purchase, vendor's lien or interest under a contract or agreement of sale, or other financing lien or encumbrance granted by the membership camping operator or affiliate which secures or evidences the obligation to pay money or to sell or convey any campgrounds made available to purchasers by the membership camping operator or any portion thereof, and which authorizes, permits, or requires the foreclosure or other disposition of the campground. See California Government Code 56803
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Vocational Nursing and Psychiatric Technicians of the State of California. See California Education Code 52050
  • Board: means the Veterinary Medical Board. See California Education Code 52180
  • board: refers to any healing arts board, division, or examining committee which licenses or certifies health professionals. See California Education Code 51935
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Bureau of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Education Code 17352
  • Board: as used in this chapter , includes a board, advisory board, commission, examining committee, committee or other similarly constituted body exercising powers under this code. See California Education Code 52314
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Education Code 5301
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 17087
  • Board: means the Wildlife Conservation Board created pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 1320) of Chapter 4 of Division 20 of the Fish and Game Code. See California Education Code 1207
  • board of directors: means the Board of Directors of the California Exposition and State Fair. See California Government Code 19605
  • Board of Governors: means the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 16367.8
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, warrants, certificates of participation, and other evidences of indebtedness issued by or on behalf of the State of California. See California Government Code 16851
  • Budget resolution: Legislation in the form of a concurrent resolution setting forth the budget. The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, divides spending totals into functional categories (e.g., transportation), and may include reconciliation instructions to designated committees.
  • Building: means a building owned and occupied, or leased and occupied, by the state. See California Government Code 19994.30
  • bus: is a ny vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15 persons including the driver. See California Education Code 8265
  • business opportunity: shall include the sale or lease of the business and goodwill of an existing business enterprise or opportunity. See California Government Code 53190
  • Bylaws: as used in this part means the code or codes of rules used, adopted, or recognized for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See California Corporations Code 9150
  • Campground: means real property within this state owned or operated by a membership camping operator and designated in whole or in part by the membership camping operator as available for camping or outdoor recreation by purchasers of membership camping contracts. See California Government Code 56803
  • Camping site: means a space designed and promoted for the purpose of locating a trailer, tent, tent trailer, pickup camper, or other similar device used for camping. See California Government Code 56803
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Education Code 88085
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Cash price: means the price of the personal property described in the rental-purchase agreement that the consumer may pay in cash to the lessor at the inception of the rental-purchase agreement to acquire ownership of that personal property. See California Government Code 56835
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Certificated employee: means a member, as defined by Section 22146, of the State Teachers' Retirement System. See California Education Code 7004
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chancellor: means the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Change of operator: means the replacement, by the department, of a contractor with a successor contractor. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Changes: as used in this chapter shall include corrections, alterations, modifications, additions, omissions, increases or decreases. See California Government Code 16143
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Circulating title and summary: means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

    California Education Code 88083

  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Education Code 5227
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Education Code 88087
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 56864
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 56768
  • Code: means the Code of Fair Campaign Practices. See California Government Code 19818.20
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • commercial vehicle: is a motor vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code used or maintained for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation, or profit or designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Education Code 8272.1
  • Commission: means the County Formation Review Commission. See California Government Code 56864
  • Commission: means the County Boundary Review Commission. See California Government Code 56768
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Education Code 7054.1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community-based organizations: means public nonprofit benefit corporations of demonstrated effectiveness approved by the superintendent to provide educational services to eligible legalized persons. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Complaint: means a complaint or cross-complaint. See California Education Code 1096
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conducting county: means any county whose board of supervisors adopts a resolution pursuant to Section 23206. See California Government Code 56741
  • Conservation easement: means a conservation easement, as defined by Section 815. See California Education Code 1207
  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, furnishing, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Construction: includes acquisition by purchase. See California Education Code 17110
  • Consumer: means any individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods, services, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Education Code 52950
  • Consumer: means a natural person or persons who rent or lease personal property from a lessor pursuant to a rental-purchase agreement or to whom a lessor offers personal property for use pursuant to a rental-purchase agreement. See California Government Code 56835
  • Contiguous: means territory which adjoins the boundary line of the proposed county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: includes any contract, agreement, or joint agreement to provide professional bond services to the State of California or an awarding department. See California Government Code 16851
  • contract for dance studio lessons and other services: means a contract for instruction in ballroom or other types of dancing, and includes lessons and other services, whether given to students individually or in groups. See California Government Code 37624.3
  • contract for health studio services: means a contract for instruction, training or assistance in physical culture, body building, exercising, reducing, figure development, or any other such physical skill, or for the use by an individual patron of the facilities of a health studio, gymnasium or other facility used for any of the above purposes, or for membership in any group, club, association or organization formed for any of the above purposes. See California Government Code 38417
  • Contractor: means a nonprofit corporation with which the department contracts to operate a regional center pursuant to Sections 4621 and 4621. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Contractor: means any provider of professional bond services who enters into a contract with an awarding department. See California Government Code 16851
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Education Code 5303
  • cooperative bargaining association: means a farmer association which is organized and functioning pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 54001) of this division, for the purpose of group bargaining between its producer members and the first handler or processor, with respect to the sale of any agricultural commodity except milk, cotton, or cottonseed. See California Government Code 16160
  • Cost of rental: means the difference between the total of all periodic payments necessary to acquire ownership under the rental-purchase agreement and the cash price of the rental property that is subject to the rental-purchase agreement. See California Government Code 56835
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 32381
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Education Code 1012
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5228
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 8206
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • County: means a county and a city and county. See California Government Code 16265.2
  • County costs of eligible programs: means the amount of money other than federal and state funds, as reported by the State Department of Social Services to the Department of Finance or as derived from the Controller's "Annual Report of Financial Transactions Concerning Counties of California" that each county spends for each of the following:

    California Government Code 16265.2

  • county highway: means any highway which is:

    California Education Code 8006

  • Covered employee: means an individual who has been employed by a contractor for at least 90 days immediately before a change of operator. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • custody: means the legal right to custody of the child unless that right is held jointly by two or more persons, in which case "custody" means the physical custody of the child by one of the persons sharing the right to custody. See California Education Code 94155
  • Dangerous condition: means a condition of property that creates a substantial (as distinguished from a minor, trivial or insignificant) risk of injury when such property or adjacent property is used with due care in a manner in which it is reasonably foreseeable that it will be used. See California Government Code 830
  • Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:

    California Education Code 8276.5

  • deed of trust: as used in this part includes "mortgage. See California Government Code 53186
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means the Employment Development Department. See California Government Code 20615
  • Department: means the State Department of Developmental Services. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Department: means the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • Department: means the State Department of Developmental Services. See California Health and Safety Code 104500
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation and "director" means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 134
  • Department: means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 18903
  • Department: means the Department of Conservation. See California Education Code 1200
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Designated agent: means the person who is in charge of the business of a prepaid rental listing service at a given location. See California Education Code 15739
  • Developmental disability: as used in this chapter , means a developmental disability as defined in Section 15002(8) of Title 42 of the United States Code. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4521
  • Developmental disability: means a disability that originates before an individual attains 18 years of age. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Director: means the Director of Employment Development. See California Government Code 20615
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • Director: means the Director of Developmental Services. See California Health and Safety Code 104500
  • Director: means the director of the department. See California Education Code 7054
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Government Code 31831.2
  • Disability: means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (i), (j), and (l) of Section 12926 of the Government Code. See California Education Code 88166
  • disabled person: is a ny of the following:

    California Education Code 8277.5

  • disabled veteran: is a ny person who, as a result of injury or disease suffered while on active service with the armed forces of the United States, suffers any of the following:

    California Education Code 8277.6

  • Disadvantaged community: means a community with a median household income less than 80 percent of the statewide average. See California Government Code 18903
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Services. See California Education Code 52950
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Relations. See California Government Code 19815
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Education Code 88097
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Education Code 88101
  • Electronic device: means a desktop or laptop computer, handheld device, tablet, smartphone, or other electronic product or device that has a platform on which to download, install, or run any software program, code, script, or other content. See California Government Code 56835
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17498
  • Electronic transmission to the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, which the corporation has provided from time to time to shareholders or members and directors for sending communications to the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, and which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the posting, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) as to which the corporation has placed in effect reasonable measures to verify that the sender is the shareholder or member (in person or by proxy) or director purporting to send the transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17499
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Energy Commission: means the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission. See California Education Code 5093
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act: Prohibits creditors from discriminating against credit applicants on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age, or because an applicant receives income from a public assistance program. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Express consent: means the affirmative agreement to any use or installation of geophysical location tracking technology or remote technical assistance. See California Government Code 56835
  • Facilitation: means the use of modified or adapted materials, special instructions, equipment, or personal assistance by an individual, such as assistance with communications, that will enable a consumer to understand and participate to the maximum extent possible in the decisions and choices that affect his or her life. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family support services: means services and supports that are provided to a child with developmental disabilities or his or her family and that contribute to the ability of the family to reside together. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • farm labor vehicle: is a ny motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of nine or more farmworkers, in addition to the driver, to or from a place of employment or employment-related activities. See California Education Code 8322
  • federal act: shall mean the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. See California Government Code 18800
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal election: means any presidential election, general election, primary election, or special election held solely or in part for the purpose of selecting, nominating, or electing any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the United States Senate, or Member of the United States House of Representatives. See California Education Code 88103
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee: means the charge required by a licensee (1) to obtain listings of residential real properties for tenancy or (2) to purchase any other product or service in order to obtain listings. See California Education Code 15739
  • Fee: means any payment, charge, fee, cost, or expense, however denominated, other than a rental payment. See California Government Code 56835
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • final settlement pay: means pay or cash conversions of employee benefits that are in excess of compensation earnable, that are granted or awarded to a member in connection with, or in anticipation of, a separation from employment. See California Government Code 20636
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • fiscal agent: means any state fiscal agent selected and acting pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 16670). See California Government Code 16650
  • for hire: means that the entity providing transportation services is compensated for the transportation under contract or agreement. See California Education Code 8370
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • formal notice: means the notice of election which is required to be published and posted in public places, and "card notice" means the notice of election which is required to be mailed to the registered voters of the area in which the election is to be held. See California Education Code 5360
  • Freeway: means a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Education Code 7057
  • Fund: means the Heritage Network Decal Fund created pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • Fund: means the California Drought, Water, Parks, Climate, Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access For All Fund, created by Section 80032. See California Government Code 18903
  • garage: is a building or other place wherein the business of storing or safekeeping vehicles of a type required to be registered under this code and which belong to members of the general public is conducted for compensation. See California Education Code 8332.3
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • General purpose revenues: means revenues received by a county whose purpose is not restricted by state law to a particular purpose or program, as reported in the Controller's "Annual Report of Financial Transactions Concerning Counties of California. See California Government Code 16265.2
  • Geophysical location tracking technology: means hardware, software, or an application that collects and reports data or information that identifies the precise geophysical location of an item, including technologies that report the GPS coordinates of an electronic device, the WiFi signals available to or actually used by an electronic device to access the Internet, the telecommunication towers or connections available to or actually used by an electronic device, the processing of any reported data or information through geolocation lookup services, or any information derived from any combination of the foregoing. See California Government Code 56835
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Goal: means a numerically expressed objective that awarding departments and providers of professional bond services are required to make efforts to achieve. See California Government Code 16851
  • Governing board: means board of school trustees, community college board of trustees, and city, and city and county board of education. See California Education Code 78
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grant program: means the program established pursuant to Section 10280. See California Education Code 1200
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Green Party: means the Green Party of California. See California Government Code 19833
  • group or class of employment: means a number of employees considered together because they share similarities in job duties, work location, collective bargaining unit, or other logical work-related grouping. See California Government Code 20636
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hazardous material: includes explosives and hazardous wastes or substances as defined by regulations adopted pursuant to Section 25141 of the Health and Safety Code and medical wastes, as defined in Section 117690 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 8332.6
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Education Code 7056
  • Immigrant: means a person who is a citizen of a country other than the United States and is eligible for education services in California or a naturalized United States citizen who is now residing in California. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indebtedness: means the net obligations of a county arising from contract or through the operation of law, other than short-term operational expenses, but including and not limited to obligations arising under general obligation bonds, leases, joint powers agreements, and similar obligations or contracts entered into by the county prior to the date on which a petition is filed. See California Government Code 56864
  • Indebtedness: means the net obligations of a county arising from contract or through the operation of law, other than short-term operational expenses, but including and not limited to obligations arising under general obligation bonds, leases, joint powers agreements, and similar obligations or contracts entered into by the county prior to the date on which a petition is filed. See California Government Code 56768
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Inhabited territory: means territory within which there reside 12 or more registered voters at the time a resolution is adopted pursuant to Section 23203 or a petition is filed pursuant to Section 23205. See California Government Code 56741
  • Initiating county: means any county whose board of supervisors adopts a resolution pursuant to Section 23203. See California Government Code 56741
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • institutions: include every hospital, sanitarium, boarding home, or other place receiving or caring for developmentally disabled persons. See California Health and Safety Code 104556
  • instrument: means bonds, coupons, and other evidences of State indebtedness, except warrants. See California Government Code 16700
  • interested person: means any person owning an interest in the park or the land embraced within it as reversioner, remainderman, abutting property owner, or otherwise. See California Government Code 38402
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint powers authority: means a joint powers authority established pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code that is formed in part to protect agricultural land. See California Education Code 1200
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Language acquisition programs: refers to educational programs designed to ensure English acquisition as rapidly and as effectively as possible, and that provide instruction to pupils on the state-adopted academic content standards, including the English language development standards. See California Education Code 306
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • legislative body: shall include the governing body of any district or other public corporation authorized by law to construct such public improvements. See California Government Code 19632
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means a school district or county superintendent of schools to whom the board has leased a portable classroom pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 17087
  • Lessor: means any person or entity that provides or offers to provide personal property for use by consumers pursuant to a rental-purchase agreement. See California Government Code 56835
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Education Code 1097
  • Licensee: means a person licensed to conduct a prepaid rental listing service or a person engaged in the business of a prepaid rental listing service under a real estate broker license. See California Education Code 15739
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • lien: means a mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest in property whether arising from contract, statute, common law, or equity. See California Education Code 5025
  • limit line: is a solid white line not less than 12 nor more than 24 inches wide, extending across a roadway or any portion thereof to indicate the point at which traffic is required to stop in compliance with legal requirements. See California Education Code 8347
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: means any cattle, sheep, swine, goat, or any horse, mule, or other equine, whether living or dead. See California Government Code 16649.90
  • local agency: means any city, county, city and county, district, or other subdivision of the state, or any independent instrumentality thereof. See California Government Code 19810
  • Local government entity: means any city, county, city and county, or district, including, but not limited to, park and open-space districts, resource conservation districts, and other special districts. See California Education Code 1200
  • Local public agency: means any city, county, city and county, resource conservation district, district formed pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 5500) of Chapter 3 of Division 5, authority formed pursuant to Division 26 (commencing with Section 35100), or joint powers authority made up of two or more local public agencies and one or more state agencies. See California Education Code 1207
  • Location: means the place, other than the main or branch office of a real estate broker, where a prepaid rental listing service business is conducted. See California Education Code 15739
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Education Code 1012
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Education Code 8070

  • manufactured home: means a structure as defined in Section 18007 of the Health and Safety Code, and "mobilehome" means a structure as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 17075.15
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • mayor: includes president of the legislative body. See California Government Code 16368
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Education Code 88108
  • Meatpacker: means an establishment where livestock are either slaughtered, the carcasses thereof are prepared, or meat is processed and where state or federal inspection is maintained. See California Government Code 16649.90
  • Membership camping contract: means an agreement offered or sold within the State of California by a membership camping operator or membership camping broker evidencing a purchaser's right or license to use for more than 14 days in a year, the campgrounds of a membership camping operator and includes a membership which provides for this use. See California Government Code 56803
  • Membership camping operator: means any enterprise, other than one that is tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, that has as one of its purposes the ownership or operation of campgrounds which include or may include use of camping sites, that solicits membership paid for by a fee or periodic payments, such as annual dues, and the contractual members are the primary intended users. See California Government Code 56803
  • Minimum management requirements: means the minimum wilderness management actions that are necessary to administer a wilderness area for the purpose of this chapter. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Minimum tool: means the least intrusive tool, equipment, device, regulation, action, or practice that will achieve the minimum management requirements. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Minority: means an ethnic person of color including American Indians, Asians (including, but not limited to, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Pacific Islanders, Samoans, and Southeast Asians), Blacks, Filipinos, and Hispanics. See California Government Code 16851
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Monitoring technology: means any hardware, software, or application utilized in conjunction with an electronic device that can cause the electronic device to capture, monitor, record, or report information about user activities with or without the user's knowledge. See California Government Code 56835
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • motorcycle: is a motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground. See California Education Code 8356
  • motortruck: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Education Code 8359.1
  • Multidisciplinary committee: means the Veterinary Medicine Multidisciplinary Advisory Committee established pursuant to Section 4809. See California Education Code 52180
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Education Code 88109
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Native language: means the language normally used or the preferred language identified by the individual and, when appropriate, his or her parent, legal guardian or conservator, or authorized representative. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Natural supports: means personal associations and relationships typically developed in the community that enhance the quality and security of life for people, including, but not limited to, family relationships, friendships reflecting the diversity of the neighborhood and the community, associations with fellow students or employees in regular classrooms and workplaces, and associations developed through participation in clubs, organizations, and other civic activities. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Necessary property: means property to be used for a public use for which the public entity is authorized to acquire property by eminent domain. See California Education Code 7007
  • New motor vehicle dealer: is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who, in addition to the requirements of that section, either acquires for resale new and unregistered motor vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of those motor vehicles or acquires for resale new off-highway motorcycles, or all-terrain vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of the vehicles. See California Education Code 8360.2
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Education Code 88112
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Education Code 88113
  • Nondisturbance agreement: means an instrument in recordable form by which the holder of a blanket encumbrance agrees to all of the following:

    California Government Code 56803

  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Education Code 88114
  • Nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit public benefit corporation that has among its purposes the conservation of agricultural lands, and holds a tax exemption, as defined under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and further qualifies as an organization under Section 170(b)(1)(A)(iv) or 170(h)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. See California Education Code 1200
  • Nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit public benefit corporation formed pursuant to the Nonprofit Corporation Law (Division 2 (commencing with Section 5000) of Title 1 of the Corporations Code), qualified to do business in California, and qualified under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the Internal Revenue Code as a tax-exempt corporation that has as a principal purpose the conservation of land and water resources. See California Education Code 1207
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Offer: means any solicitation reasonably designed to result in entering into a membership camping contract. See California Government Code 56803
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • original dedicator: includes any person, or that person's successors and assigns, who has dedicated any land in the city for use as a public park. See California Government Code 38400
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Owner: means the owner as shown on the last equalized assessment roll, except that the person entitled to be shown as owner on the current assessment roll shall be deemed the owner, and except that, where the property affected is subject to a recorded written agreement to buy, the purchaser under such agreement to buy shall be deemed the owner. See California Government Code 56768
  • parcel: includes lot. See California Government Code 19607
  • partnership: shall include limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, and foreign limited liability partnership, except where the context or the specific provisions of this division otherwise require. See California Education Code 5325
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Education Code 88122
  • Payrate: means the normal monthly rate of pay or base pay of the member paid in cash to similarly situated members of the same group or class of employment for services rendered on a full-time basis during normal working hours, pursuant to publicly available pay schedules. See California Government Code 20636
  • person: as used in this article includes an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or cooperative association. See California Education Code 51796.2
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 5300
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, trust, association, or other organization other than a government or a subdivision thereof. See California Government Code 56803
  • person: includes a firm, association, corporation, campaign committee or organization. See California Government Code 19818.10
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Plaintiff: means a person who files a complaint or cross-complaint. See California Education Code 1096
  • Planning team: means the individual with developmental disabilities, the parents or legally appointed guardian of a minor consumer or the legally appointed conservator of an adult consumer, the authorized representative, including those appointed pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 4548 and subdivision (e) of Section 4705, one or more regional center representatives, including the designated regional center service coordinator pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 4640. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Police protective equipment: means equipment or attire worn by law enforcement personnel for the purpose of protecting themselves or the public from overt actions of others or to assist in the carrying out of related duties, for example, handgun, baton, billy, handcuffs, flashlight, whistle, leather belt, holster and cases or attachments. See California Government Code 19850
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Education Code 88123
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Education Code 88124
  • Predecessor contractor: means the contractor before the change of operator. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Prepaid rental listing service: means the business of supplying prospective tenants with listings of residential real properties for tenancy, by publication or otherwise, pursuant to an arrangement under which the prospective tenants are required to pay an advance or contemporaneous fee (1) specifically to obtain listings or (2) to purchase any other product or service in order to obtain listings, but which does not otherwise involve the negotiation of rentals by the person conducting the service. See California Education Code 15739
  • Preservation: means rehabilitation, stabilization, restoration, conservation, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Government Code 18903
  • presidential elector: as used in this chapter means an elector of President and Vice President of the United States, and not an elector as defined in Section 321. See California Government Code 19828
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Education Code 88127
  • Principal county: means the county from which it is proposed that territory with the greatest proportion of assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll, relative to the total amount of taxable property within the boundaries of a proposed county, is to be transferred to create, in part, that proposed county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Private road or driveway: is a way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other members of the public. See California Education Code 8408
  • private school: is a ny school, whether conducted for profit or not, giving a course of training similar to that given in a public school at or below the twelfth grade, including but not limited to schools owned or operated by any church. See California Education Code 8409
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Professional bond services: include services as financial advisers, bond counsel, underwriters in negotiated transactions, underwriter's counsel, financial printers, feasibility consultants, and other professional services related to the issuance and sale of bonds. See California Government Code 16851
  • Program: means the State Heritage Network Plan and Grants Program. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • Project: as used in this chapter , means the California Science Project. See California Education Code 52955
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Property: includes all property, real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein necessary or desirable for carrying out the purposes of this part. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Property: means any real property, and any perpetual interest therein, including land, conservation easements, and land containing water rights. See California Education Code 1207
  • Protect against: includes repairing, remedying or correcting a dangerous condition, providing safeguards against a dangerous condition, or warning of a dangerous condition. See California Government Code 830
  • Protection: means those actions necessary to prevent harm or damage to persons, property, or natural, cultural, and historic resources, actions to improve access to public open-space areas, or actions to allow the continued use and enjoyment of property or natural, cultural, and historic resources, and includes site monitoring, acquisition, development, restoration, preservation, and interpretation. See California Government Code 18903
  • psychiatric technician: means any person who, for compensation or personal profit, implements procedures and techniques that involve understanding of cause and effect and that are used in the care, treatment, and rehabilitation of mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons, or persons with intellectual disabilities, and who has one or more of the following:

    California Education Code 52055.700

  • Public building: includes any structure, building, facility, or work that a state agency has jurisdiction of, or is authorized to design or construct, including, but not limited to, infrastructure, parking lots, landscaping, and other ancillary facilities, including furnishings and equipment, incidental to the use of any building, and also includes the site thereof, and any easements or rights of way appurtenant thereto or necessary for its full use. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Purchaser: means a person who enters into a membership camping contract and thereby obtains the right to use the campgrounds of a membership camping operator. See California Government Code 56803
  • Qualified property: means property that is rangeland, grazing land, or grassland and is used or is suitable for grazing. See California Education Code 1207
  • Real property sales contract: as used in this part is an agreement wherein one party agrees to convey title to real property to another party upon the satisfaction of specified conditions set forth in the contract and which does not require conveyance of title within one year from the date of formation of the contract. See California Government Code 53187
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional center: means a regional center as that term is used in this chapter. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Regional occupational program: as used in this chapter , means a sequence of career technical or technical training programs that meet the criteria and standards of instructional programs in regional occupational centers and are conducted in a variety of physical facilities that are not necessarily situated in one single plant or site. See California Education Code 52303
  • registered owner: is a person registered by the department as the owner of a vehicle. See California Education Code 8421
  • Regulations: means the rules and regulations set forth in Division 20 (commencing with Section 2000) of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Education Code 52180
  • Related cause of action: means a cause of action which arises out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences as the cause of action which the plaintiff alleges in his complaint. See California Education Code 1096
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remote technical assistance: means collaborative access by the user and technician to connect to an electronic device for the purpose of providing technical support to the user. See California Government Code 56835
  • Rental-purchase agreement: except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, means an agreement between a lessor and a consumer pursuant to which the lessor rents or leases, for valuable consideration, personal property for use by a consumer for personal, family, or household purposes for an initial term not exceeding four months that may be renewed or otherwise extended, if under the terms of the agreement the consumer acquires an option or other legally enforceable right to become owner of the property. See California Government Code 56835
  • repair shop: is a place where vehicles subject to registration under this code are repaired, rebuilt, reconditioned, repainted, or in any way maintained for the public at a charge. See California Education Code 8427
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a temporary or transient basis. See California Education Code 8431
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restoration: means the improvement of physical structures or facilities and, in the case of natural systems and landscape features, includes, but is not limited to, projects for the control of erosion, stormwater capture and storage or to otherwise reduce stormwater pollution, the control and elimination of invasive species, the planting of native species, the removal of waste and debris, prescribed burning, fuel hazard reduction, fencing out threats to existing or restored natural resources, road elimination, improving instream, riparian, or managed wetland habitat conditions, and other plant and wildlife habitat improvement to increase the natural system value of the property or coastal or ocean resource. See California Government Code 18903
  • Ridesharing: means two or more persons traveling by any mode, including, but not limited to, carpooling, vanpooling, buspooling, taxipooling, jitney, and public transit. See California Education Code 8212
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • rural region: means a nonurban area identified by the department on an annual basis using the loan eligibility criteria of the Rural Housing Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, Rural Development Administration, or its successor agency. See California Government Code 56737
  • Safety equipment: means equipment or attire worn over, in place of, or in addition to, regular clothing, which is necessary to protect the employees' health and welfare, for example, helmets, goggles, safety harnesses, and fireman "turnout gear. See California Government Code 19850
  • School district: means that district from which the member of the State Teachers' Retirement System last made contributions to the system before retirement. See California Education Code 7004
  • school pupil activity bus: is a ny motor vehicle, other than a schoolbus, operated by a common carrier, or by and under the exclusive jurisdiction of a publicly owned or operated transit system, or by a passenger charter-party carrier, used under a contractual agreement between a school and carrier to transport school pupils at or below the 12th-grade level to or from a public or private school activity, or used to transport pupils to or from residential schools, when the pupils are received and discharged at off-highway locations where a parent or adult designated by the parent is present to accept the pupil or place the pupil on the bus. See California Education Code 8447.5
  • schoolbus: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of any school pupil at or below the 12th grade level to or from a public or private school or to or from public or private school activities, except the following:

    California Education Code 8444

  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • sell: means entering into, or other disposition, of a membership camping contract for value. See California Government Code 56803
  • seller: means membership camping operator. See California Government Code 56803
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service charge: means the amount of the fee that a licensee may retain if a prospective tenant finds housing through a source other than the listings supplied by the licensee. See California Education Code 15739
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services and supports for persons with developmental disabilities: means specialized services and supports or special adaptations of generic services and supports directed toward the alleviation of a developmental disability or toward the social, personal, physical, or economic habilitation or rehabilitation of an individual with a developmental disability, or toward the achievement and maintenance of independent, productive, and normal lives. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 88166

  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Education Code 17494
  • SLIAG: means the State Legalization Impact-Assistance Grants as set forth in Section 204 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, (Sec. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 7003
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19962
  • Spouse: means a spouse as defined by Section 22171. See California Education Code 7004
  • Stakeholder organizations: means statewide organizations representing the interests of consumers, family members, service providers, and statewide advocacy organizations. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: includes any state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, organization, or agency including, without limitation, the University of California, the California State University, the California Community Colleges, and the Judicial Council. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • state agency: means a state agency, as defined pursuant to Section 11000, the Legislature, the Supreme Court and the courts of appeal, and each California Community College campus and each campus of the California State University and the University of California. See California Government Code 19994.30
  • State agency: means any public entity created by statute within the Resources Agency. See California Education Code 1207
  • State employee: means an employee of a state agency. See California Government Code 19994.30
  • State employees: means employees of the state and its agencies, but does not include employees of the University of California or the California State University. See California Government Code 19850
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Education Code 7058
  • State Highway Account: means the State Highway Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Education Code 8092
  • State hospital: means any hospital specified in Section 4440. See California Health and Safety Code 104500
  • State School Building Aid Fund: means that fund established pursuant to Section 16096. See California Education Code 17087
  • State-aided district: means a district to which a conditional or final apportionment has been made under this chapter. See California Education Code 15780
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Substitute property: means property to be exchanged for necessary property. See California Education Code 7007
  • Successor contractor: means the contractor following the change of operator. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Superintendent: means the Superintendent of Public Instruction. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • System: means the California wilderness preservation system. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total compensation: means the combined value of the covered employee's wages and benefits immediately before the change of operator. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Total of payments: means the total amount of periodic payments necessary to acquire ownership of the property that is the subject of the rental-purchase agreement if the consumer makes all regularly scheduled payments. See California Government Code 56835
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Education Code 8483.76
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transferring county: means the county from which territory is, or is proposed to be, transferred by reason of a county boundary change. See California Government Code 56768
  • Transition period: means a period of 90 days immediately following the effective date of a change of operator. See California Welfare and Institutions Code 4639.80
  • Transportation enhancement project: means a project constructed or undertaken with funds made available to the state pursuant to Section 133(b)(8) of Title 23 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 18210
  • Transportation Planning and Development Account: means the Transportation Planning and Development Account created in the State Transportation Fund pursuant to Section 99310 of the Public Utilities Code. See California Government Code 18150
  • Trust: means a State Heritage Network Trust organized pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 5078. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Underutilization: means having a statistically significant, smaller percentage of persons of a group in an occupation or at a level in a state agency than would reasonably be expected by their percentage representation in the relevant labor force. See California Government Code 19791
  • unfair and predatory pricing: means the payment to consumers by a supermarket site, that receives handling fees for the redemption of beverage containers, in an amount that exceeds the sum of both of the following:

    California Government Code 56737

  • Uniform: means outer garments, excluding shoes, which are required to be worn exclusively while carrying out the duties and responsibilities of the position and which are different from the design or fashion of the general population. See California Government Code 19850
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uninhabited territory: means territory where less than 12 persons who have been registered to vote within the territory for at least 54 days reside at the time of filing of a petition or resolution for county boundary change. See California Government Code 56768
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Value of the uninhabited territory: means the value of land and improvements thereon. See California Government Code 56768
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Education Code 88185
  • Voucher: means any authorized alternative form of service delivery in which the consumer or family member is provided with a payment, coupon, chit, or other form of authorization that enables the consumer or family member to choose his or her own service provider. See California Health and Safety Code 105110
  • Wilderness areas: means component areas of the system as described in Section 5093. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • women business enterprise: include an enterprise of which 50 percent is owned and controlled by one or more minorities and the other 50 percent is owned and controlled by one or more women, or, in the case of a publicly owned business, 50 percent of the stock of which is owned and controlled by one or more minorities and the other 50 percent is owned and controlled by one or more women. See California Government Code 16851
  • Work clothes: means attire that is worn over, or in place of, regular clothing and is necessary to protect the employee's clothing from damage or stains which would be present in the normal performance of his or her duties, for example, aprons, lab smocks, shop coats, or coveralls. See California Government Code 19850
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 8202