Part 1027 Fees for Engine, Vehicle, and Equipment Compliance Programs
Part 1033 Control of Emissions From Locomotives
Part 1036 Control of Emissions From New and In-Use Heavy-Duty Highway Engines
Part 1037 Control of Emissions From New Heavy-Duty Motor Vehicles
Part 1039 Control of Emissions From New and In-Use Nonroad Compression-Ignition Engines
Part 1042 Control of Emissions From New and In-Use Marine Compression-Ignition Engines and Vessels
Part 1043 Control of Nox, Sox, and Pm Emissions From Marine Engines and Vessels Subject to the Marpol Protocol
Part 1045 Control of Emissions From Spark-Ignition Propulsion Marine Engines and Vessels
Part 1048 Control of Emissions From New, Large Nonroad Spark-Ignition Engines
Part 1051 Control of Emissions From Recreational Engines and Vehicles
Part 1054 Control of Emissions From New, Small Nonroad Spark-Ignition Engines and Equipment
Part 1060 Control of Evaporative Emissions From New and In-Use Nonroad and Stationary Equipment
Part 1065 Engine-Testing Procedures
Part 1066 Vehicle-Testing Procedures
Part 1068 General Compliance Provisions for Highway, Stationary, and Nonroad Programs
Part 1074 Preemption of State Standards and Procedures for Waiver of Federal Preemption for Nonroad Engines and Nonroad Vehicles

Terms Used In CFR > Title 40 > Chapter I > Subchapter U

  • Accuracy: means the absolute difference between a reference quantity and the arithmetic mean of ten mean measurements of that quantity. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Act: means the Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Act: means the Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Active duty: Full-time duty in the active military service of the United States. See 32 CFR 553.36
  • Adjustable parameter: means any device, system, or element of design that someone can adjust (including those which are difficult to access) and that, if adjusted, may affect emissions or engine performance during emission testing or normal in-use operation. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and any authorized representatives. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Advance: A payment made by Treasury check or other appropriate payment mechanism to a recipient upon its request either before outlays are made by the recipient or through the use of predetermined payment schedules. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Aerodynamic diameter: means the diameter of a spherical water droplet that settles at the same constant velocity as the particle being sampled. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Aftertreatment: means relating to a catalytic converter, particulate filter, or any other system, component, or technology mounted downstream of the exhaust valve (or exhaust port) whose design function is to decrease emissions in the engine exhaust before it is exhausted to the environment. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Allowed procedures: means procedures that we either specify in this part 1065 or in the standard-setting part or approve under §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Alternate procedures: means procedures allowed under §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual training: The minimum period of active duty for training that Reserve members must perform each year to satisfy the training requirements associated with their Reserve component assignment. See 32 CFR 553.36
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicable standard: means an emission standard to which an engine is subject. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Application for Certification: means a manufacturer's submission of an application for certification. See 40 CFR 1027.150
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Aqueous condensation: means the precipitation of water-containing constituents from a gas phase to a liquid phase. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Article: Any preparation unfit for beverage use, made with or containing:

    (1) Wine or beer. See 27 CFR 26.11

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Atmospheric pressure: means the wet, absolute, atmospheric static pressure. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Auto-ranging: means a gas analyzer function that automatically changes the analyzer digital resolution to a larger range of concentrations as the concentration approaches 100% of the analyzer's current range. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Average: means the arithmetic mean of a sample. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Award: A grant or a cooperative agreement other than a technology investment agreement (TIA). See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Bank: Any commercial bank. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beer: Beer, ale, porter, stout, and other similar fermented beverages (including sake or similar products) of any name or description containing one-half of 1 percent or more of alcohol by volume, brewed, or produced from malt, wholly or in part, or from any substitute therefor. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Brake power: has the meaning given in the standard-setting part. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Bureau of Alcoholic Beverage Taxes: Bureau of Alcoholic Beverage Taxes of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Calibration: means the process of setting a measurement system's response so that its output agrees with a range of reference signals. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Calibration gas: means a purified gas mixture used to calibrate gas analyzers. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Certification: means relating to the process of obtaining a certificate of conformity for an engine family that complies with the emission standards and requirements in the standard-setting part. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commercial: means an activity engaged in as a vocation. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Commercial bank: A bank, whether or not a member of the Federal Reserve System, which has access to the Federal Reserve Communications System (FRCS) or Fedwire. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Committee print: A publication used by committees for various purposes. For example, the rules of each standing committee may be published as a committee print, and drafts of bills or committee reports may be produced as committee prints.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community Reinvestment Act: The Act is intended to encourage depository institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. It was enacted by the Congress in 1977. Source: OCC
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compression-ignition: means relating to a type of reciprocating, internal-combustion engine that is not a spark-ignition engine. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Conference report: The compromise product negotiated by the conference committee. The "conference report" is submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
  • Constant-speed engine: means an engine whose certification is limited to constant-speed operation. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Constant-speed operation: means engine operation with a governor that automatically controls the operator demand to maintain engine speed, even under changing load. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Contract: Either:

    (1) A procurement contract made by a recipient under a DoD Component's award or by a subrecipient under a subaward. See 32 CFR 34.2

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Coriolis meter: means a flow-measurement instrument that determines the mass flow of a fluid by sensing the vibration and twist of specially designed flow tubes as the flow passes through them. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depository institution: includes a U. See 12 CFR 225.177
  • Designated Compliance Officer: means the Director, Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division (6405-J), U. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Dewpoint: means a measure of humidity stated as the equilibrium temperature at which water condenses under a given pressure from moist air with a given absolute humidity. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Discrete-mode: means relating to a discrete-mode type of steady-state test, as described in the standard-setting part. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dispersion: means either:

    (1) The broadening and lowering of a signal due to any fluid capacitance, fluid mixing, or electronic filtering in a sampling system. See 40 CFR 1065.1001

  • District director: A district director of internal revenue. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • District director of customs: The district director of customs at a headquarters port of the district (except the district of New York, N. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • DoD Component: A Military Department, Defense Agency, DoD Field Activity, or organization within the Office of the Secretary of Defense that provides or administers an award to a recipient. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Duty cycle: means one of the following:

    (1) A series of speed and torque values (or power values) that an engine must follow during a laboratory test. See 40 CFR 1065.1001

  • Effective tax rate: The net tax rate after reduction for any credit allowable under 26 U. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Electronic control module: means an engine's electronic device that uses data from engine sensors to control engine parameters. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Eligible wine: Wine on which tax would be imposed by paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 26 U. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Emission-control system: means any device, system, or element of design that controls or reduces the emissions of regulated pollutants from an engine. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Emission-data engine: means an engine that is tested for certification. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Engine family: means a group of engines with similar emission characteristics throughout the useful life, as specified in the standard-setting part. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equipment: Tangible nonexpendable personal property charged directly to the award having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Excess property: Property under the control of any DoD Component that, as determined by the head thereof, is no longer required for its needs or the discharge of its responsibilities. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exhaust-gas recirculation: means a technology that reduces emissions by routing exhaust gases that had been exhausted from the combustion chamber(s) back into the engine to be mixed with incoming air before or during combustion. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Expenditures: See the definition for outlays in this section. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal certificate: is a certificate of conformity issued by EPA showing compliance with EPA emission standards specified in one of the standard-setting parts specified in §1027. See 40 CFR 1027.150
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Federally owned property: Property in the possession of, or directly acquired by, the Government and subsequently made available to the recipient. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • financial holding company: as used in this subpart means the financial holding company and all of its subsidiaries, including a private equity fund or other fund controlled by the financial holding company. See 12 CFR 225.177
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Flow-weighted mean: means the mean of a quantity after it is weighted proportional to a corresponding flow rate. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fuel type: means a general category of fuels such as gasoline or LPG. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Funding period: The period of time when Federal funding is available for obligation by the recipient. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good engineering judgment: means judgments made consistent with generally accepted scientific and engineering principles and all available relevant information. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Government: The U. See 32 CFR 553.36
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • High-idle speed: means the engine speed at which an engine governor function controls engine speed with operator demand at maximum and with zero load applied. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • High-speed governor: means any device, system, or element of design that modulates the engine output torque for the purpose of limiting the maximum engine speed. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Hydraulic diameter: means the diameter of a circle whose area is equal to the area of a noncircular cross section of tubing, including its wall thickness. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Identification number: means a unique specification (for example, a model number/serial number combination) that allows someone to distinguish a particular engine from other similar engines. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Idle speed: means the engine speed at which an engine governor function controls engine speed with operator demand at minimum and with minimum load applied (greater than or equal to zero). See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interment: The ground burial of casketed or cremated human remains. See 32 CFR 553.36
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Kind: As applied to spirits, kind shall mean class and type as prescribed in 27 CFR part 5. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Light-duty: means relating to light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks. See 40 CFR 1027.150
  • Linearity: means the degree to which measured values agree with respective reference values. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Liquors: Industrial spirits, distilled spirits, liqueurs, cordials and similar compounds, wines, and beer or any alcoholic preparation fit for beverage use. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Locomotive: means a piece of equipment meeting the definition of locomotive in 40 CFR 1033. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Manufacturer: has the meaning given in section 216(1) of the Act. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Manufacturer: has the meaning given in section 216(1) of the Act. See 40 CFR 1027.150
  • Maximum test speed: has the meaning given in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Maximum test torque: has the meaning given in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Measurement allowance: means a specified adjustment in the applicable emission standard or a measured emission value to reflect the relative quality of the measurement. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mode: means one of the following:

    (1) A distinct combination of engine speed and load for steady-state testing. See 40 CFR 1065.1001

  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NIST-accepted: means relating to a value that has been assigned or named by NIST. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • NIST-traceable: means relating to a standard value that can be related to NIST-stated references through an unbroken chain of comparisons, all having stated uncertainties, as specified in NIST Technical Note 1297 (incorporated by reference in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Noise: means the precision of 30 seconds of updated recorded values from a measurement instrument as it quantifies a zero or reference value. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonroad: means relating to nonroad engines. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Nonroad engine: has the meaning we give in 40 CFR 1068. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Nonroad engine: has the meaning given in 40 CFR 1068. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligations: The amounts of orders placed, contracts and grants awarded, services received and similar transactions during a given period that require payment by the recipient during the same or a future period. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Open crankcase emissions: means any flow from an engine's crankcase that is emitted directly into the environment. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Operator demand: means an engine operator's input to control engine output. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Oxygenated fuels: means fuels composed of at least 25% oxygen-containing compounds, such as ethanol or methanol. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Partial pressure: means the pressure, p, attributable to a single gas in a gas mixture. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Permit: A formal written authorization of the Secretary of the Treasury of Puerto Rico. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Person: An individual, a trust, an estate, a partnership, an association, a company, or a corporation. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precision: means two times the standard deviation of a set of measured values of a single zero or reference quantity. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primarily used: means used 51 percent or more. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Procedures: means all aspects of engine testing, including the equipment specifications, calibrations, calculations and other protocols and specifications needed to measure emissions, unless we specify otherwise. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Program income: Gross income earned by the recipient that is directly generated by a supported activity or earned as a result of the award. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Proof gallon: A gallon of liquid at 60 degrees Fahrenheit which contains 50 percent by volume of ethyl alcohol having a specific gravity of 0. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Property: Real property and personal property (equipment, supplies, and intellectual property), unless stated otherwise. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Proving ring: is a device used to measure static force based on the linear relationship between stress and strain in an elastic material. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • PTFE: means polytetrafluoroethylene, commonly known as TeflonTM. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Purified air: means air meeting the specifications for purified air in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Ramped-modal: means relating to a ramped-modal type of steady-state test, as described in the standard-setting part. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Real property: Land, including land improvements, structures and appurtenances thereto, but excludes movable machinery and equipment. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recipient: A for-profit organization receiving an award directly from a DoD Component to carry out a project or program. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Recommend: has the meaning given in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regression statistics: means any of the regression statistics specified in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Repeatability: means the precision of ten mean measurements of a reference quantity. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Research: Basic, applied, and advanced research activities. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Revenue Agent: Any duly authorized Commonwealth Internal Revenue Agent of the Department of the Treasury of Puerto Rico. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Revoke: has the meaning given in 40 CFR 1068. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Round: means to apply the rounding convention specified in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Scheduled maintenance: means adjusting, repairing, removing, disassembling, cleaning, or replacing components or systems periodically to keep a part or system from failing, malfunctioning, or wearing prematurely. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Secretary: The Secretary of the Treasury of Puerto Rico. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Secretary or his delegate: The Secretary or any officer or employee of the Department of the Treasury of Puerto Rico duly authorized by the Secretary to perform the function mentioned or described in this part. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shared atmospheric pressure meter: means an atmospheric pressure meter whose output is used as the atmospheric pressure for an entire test facility that has more than one dynamometer test cell. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Shared humidity measurement: means a humidity measurement that is used as the humidity for an entire test facility that has more than one dynamometer test cell. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Span: means to adjust an instrument so that it gives a proper response to a calibration standard that represents between 75% and 100% of the maximum value in the instrument range or expected range of use. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Span gas: means a purified gas mixture used to span gas analyzers. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Spark-ignition: means relating to a gasoline-fueled engine or any other type of engine with a spark plug (or other sparking device) and with operating characteristics significantly similar to the theoretical Otto combustion cycle. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Special procedures: means procedures allowed under §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Specified procedures: means procedures we specify in this part 1065 or the standard-setting part. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Standard deviation: has the meaning given in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Standard-setting part: means the part in the Code of Federal Regulations that defines emission standards for a particular engine. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • States and localities: means any or all of the states, commonwealths, and territories in the United States including the District of Columbia and any or all of their political subdivisions. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Steady-state: means relating to emission tests in which engine speed and load are held at a finite set of nominally constant values. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Stoichiometric: means relating to the particular ratio of air and fuel such that if the fuel were fully oxidized, there would be no remaining fuel or oxygen. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Storage medium: means a particulate filter, sample bag, or any other storage device used for batch sampling. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Subrecipient: The legal entity to which a subaward is made and which is accountable to the recipient for the use of the funds provided. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplies: Tangible expendable personal property that is charged directly to the award and that has a useful life of less than one year or an acquisition cost of less than $5000 per unit. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Suspension: An action by a DoD Component that temporarily withdraws Federal sponsorship under an award, pending corrective action by the recipient or pending a decision to terminate the award by the DoD Component. See 32 CFR 34.2
  • Termination: The cancellation of an award, in whole or in part, under an agreement at any time prior to either:

    (1) The date on which all work under an award is completed. See 32 CFR 34.2

  • Test engine: means an engine in a test sample. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Test interval: means a duration of time over which you determine brake-specific emissions. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Test sample: means the collection of engines selected from the population of an engine family for emission testing. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tolerance: means the interval in which at least 95% of a set of recorded values of a certain quantity must lie. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total number of certificates issued: means the number of certificates for which fees have been paid. See 40 CFR 1027.150
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Treasury Account: The Department of the Treasury's General Account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Ultimate purchaser: means the first person who in good faith purchases a new nonroad engine or new nonroad vehicle or equipment for purposes other than resale. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Uncertainty: means uncertainty with respect to NIST-traceability. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • United States: The States and the District of Columbia. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • United States: means the States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the U. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • United States: has the meaning given in 40 CFR 1068. See 40 CFR 1074.5
  • Useful life: means the period during which a new engine is required to comply with all applicable emission standards. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Variable-speed engine: means an engine that is not a constant-speed engine. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Vehicle: means any vehicle, vessel, or type of equipment using engines to which this part applies. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Verification: means to evaluate whether or not a measurement system's outputs agree with a range of applied reference signals to within one or more predetermined thresholds for acceptance. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Void: has the meaning given in 40 CFR 1068. See 40 CFR 1027.150
  • Wine: Still wine, vermouth, or other aperitif wine, imitation, substandard, or artificial wine, compounds designated as wine, flavored, rectified, or sweetened wine, champagne or sparkling wine, and artificially carbonated wine, containing not over 24 percent of alcohol by volume. See 27 CFR 26.11
  • Work: has the meaning given in §1065. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Zero: means to adjust an instrument so it gives a zero response to a zero calibration standard, such as purified nitrogen or purified air for measuring concentrations of emission constituents. See 40 CFR 1065.1001
  • Zero gas: means a gas that yields a zero response in an analyzer. See 40 CFR 1065.1001