Terms Used In 28 USC 3201
- agency: includes any department, independent establishment, commission, administration, authority, board or bureau of the United States or any corporation in which the United States has a proprietary interest, unless the context shows that such term was intended to be used in a more limited sense. See 28 USC 451
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Court: means any court created by the Congress of the United States, excluding the United States Tax Court. See 28 USC 3002
- Debt: means --
(A) an amount that is owing to the United States on account of a direct loan, or loan insured or guaranteed, by the United States. See 28 USC 3002
- Debtor: means a person who is liable for a debt or against whom there is a claim for a debt. See 28 USC 3002
- Judgment: means a judgment, order, or decree entered in favor of the United States in a court and arising from a civil or criminal proceeding regarding a debt. See 28 USC 3002
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Property: includes any present or future interest, whether legal or equitable, in real, personal (including choses in action), or mixed property, tangible or intangible, vested or contingent, wherever located and however held (including community property and property held in trust (including spendthrift and pension trusts)), but excludes--
(A) property held in trust by the United States for the benefit of an Indian tribe or individual Indian. See 28 USC 3002
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- United States: means --
(A) a Federal corporation. See 28 USC 3002
(2) Such lien may be renewed for one additional period of 20 years upon filing a notice of renewal in the same manner as the judgment is filed and shall relate back to the date the judgment is filed if–
(A) the notice of renewal is filed before the expiration of the 20-year period to prevent the expiration of the lien; and
(B) the court approves the renewal of such lien under this paragraph.
(2) This subsection shall not preclude the United States from using an execution sale pursuant to section 3203(g) to sell real property subject to a judgment lien.