735 ILCS 5 Code of Civil Procedure
735 ILCS 30 Eminent Domain Act
735 ILCS 35 Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act
735 ILCS 105 Choice of Law and Forum Act
735 ILCS 110 Citizen Participation Act
735 ILCS 115 Removal of Private Compromising Images Act

Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > Chapter 735 - Civil Procedure

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Aftercare release: means the conditional and
    
revocable release of an adjudicated delinquent juvenile committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under the supervision of the Department of Juvenile Justice. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Aggregate levy: means the annual corporate levy of the taxing district and those special purpose levies which are made annually (other than debt service levies and levies made for the purpose of paying amounts due under public building commission leases). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • Approved electronic monitoring device: means a device approved by the supervising authority that is primarily intended to record or transmit information as to the minor's presence or nonpresence in the home. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Asset forfeiture: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bench trial: Trial without a jury in which a judge decides the facts.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • blood bank: has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 2-124 of the Illinois Clinical Laboratory and Blood Bank Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Broker: means any person other than a motor carrier of property, that arranges, offers to arrange, or holds itself out, by solicitation, advertisement, or otherwise, as arranging or offering to arrange for-hire transportation of property or other service in connection therewith by a motor carrier of property which holds or is required to hold a license issued by the Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Carrier: means any motor carrier or rail carrier other than a private carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under this Chapter to common carriers of household goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commission: means the Illinois Commerce Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Commission regulations and orders: means rules and regulations adopted and orders or decisions issued by the Commission pursuant to this Chapter; any certificate, permit, broker's license or other license or registration issued pursuant to such rules, regulations, orders and decisions; and all terms, conditions, or limitations thereof. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Community service: means uncompensated labor for
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    a community service agency as hereinafter defined. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court: means the circuit court in a session or
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    division assigned to hear proceedings under this Act, and includes the term Juvenile Court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Debt service: means levies made by any taxing district pursuant to home rule authority, statute, referendum, ordinance, resolution, indenture, agreement, or contract to retire the principal or pay interest on bonds, notes, debentures or other financial instruments which evidence indebtedness. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • Delinquent minor: means any minor who prior to
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    his or her 18th birthday has violated or attempted to violate, regardless of where the act occurred, any federal, State, county or municipal law or ordinance. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Department: means the Department of Human
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    Services unless specifically referenced as another department. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • detention: includes the court ordered care of an alleged or adjudicated delinquent minor who requires secure custody pursuant to Section 5-125 of this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discrimination: means undue discrimination in the context of the particular mode of transportation involved. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Diversion: means the referral of a juvenile,
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    without court intervention, into a program that provides services designed to educate the juvenile and develop a productive and responsible approach to living in the community. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • electrical equipment: as used in this Division 37 means conductors and other equipment installed for the utilization of electricity for light, heat, or power. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-37-1
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Farm crossing: means a crossing used for agricultural and livestock purposes only. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • For-hire: means for compensation or hire, regardless of the form of compensation and whether compensation is direct or indirect. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Home detention: means the confinement of a minor adjudicated delinquent or subject to an adjudicatory hearing under Article V for an act that if committed by an adult would be an offense to his or her place of residence under the terms and conditions established by the supervising authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Household goods: means :
            (A) Personal effects and property used or to be used
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    in a dwelling when a part of the equipment or supply of such dwelling; except that this subdivision (13. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Interstate carrier: means any person engaged in the for-hire transportation of persons or property in interstate or foreign commerce in this State, whether or not such transportation is pursuant to authority issued to it by the Interstate Commerce Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Interstate commerce: means commerce between a point in the State of Illinois and a point outside the State of Illinois, or between points outside the State of Illinois when such commerce moves through Illinois, or between points in Illinois moving through another state in a bona fide operation that is either exempt from federal regulation or moves under a certificate or permit issued by the Interstate Commerce Commission authorizing interstate transportation, whether such commerce moves wholly by motor vehicle or partly by motor vehicle and partly by any other regulated means of transportation where the commodity does not come to rest or change its identity during the movement, and includes commerce originating or terminating in a foreign country moving through the State of Illinois. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Intrastate carrier: means any person engaged in the for-hire transportation of persons or property in intrastate commerce in this State. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Juvenile police officer: means a sworn police
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    officer who has completed a Basic Recruit Training Course, has been assigned to the position of juvenile police officer by his or her chief law enforcement officer and has completed the necessary juvenile officers training as prescribed by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board, or in the case of a State police officer, juvenile officer training approved by the Director of State Police. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • License: means any certificate, permit, broker's license, or other license issued under this Chapter. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local governmental unit: means any unit of local government or school district. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/20-101
  • may: as used in this Article means permissive and not mandatory. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/15-1105
  • Minor: means a person under the age of 21 years
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    subject to this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor carrier: means any person engaged in the transportation of property or passengers, or both, for hire, over the public roads of this State, by motor vehicle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Motor vehicle: means any vehicle, truck, trucktractor, trailer or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used upon the highways of the State in the transportation of property or passengers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Non-relocation towing: means the:
            (a) For-hire transportation of vehicles by use of
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    wrecker or towing equipment, other than the removal of trespassing vehicles from private property subject to the provisions of Chapter 18a of this Code, and other than transportation exempted by Section 18c-4102; and
            (b) For-hire towing of wheeled property other than
        
    vehicles. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Non-secure custody: means confinement where the
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    minor is not physically restricted by being placed in a locked cell or room, by being handcuffed to a rail or other stationary object, or by other means. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Notice: means with regard to all proceedings except enforcement proceedings instituted on the motion of the Commission, and except for interstate motor carrier registrations, public notice by publication in the official state newspaper, unless otherwise provided in this Chapter. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • oath: shall be deemed to include an affirmation, and the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.12
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • ordinary civil cases: or any equivalent expression, when used with reference to practice, procedure, or appeal, shall be deemed to refer to cases under the Civil Practice Law, and all existing and future amendments thereto and modifications thereof, and the Supreme Court Rules as now or hereafter adopted. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.22
  • Participant: means a minor placed into an electronic monitoring program. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Party: means any person admitted as a party to a Commission proceeding or seeking and entitled as a matter of right to admission as a party to a Commission proceeding. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Permit: means a permit issued under this Chapter to contract carriers of property by motor vehicle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Person: includes any firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity, as well as any natural person. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/20-101
  • Person: means any natural person or legal entity, whether such entity is a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity, and, where a provision concerns the acts or omissions of a person, includes the partners, officers, employees, and agents of the person, as well as any trustees, assignees, receivers, or personal representatives of the person. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Person under legal disability: means a person 18 years or older who (a) because of mental deterioration or physical incapacity is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (b) is a person with mental illness or is a person with developmental disabilities and who because of his or her mental illness or developmental disability is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (c) because of gambling, idleness, debauchery or excessive use of intoxicants or drugs, so spends or wastes his or her estate as to expose himself or herself or his or her family to want or suffering. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.06
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • police force: shall be construed to include such persons in the employ of a municipality as members of the department of police, who are or shall hereafter be appointed and sworn as policemen. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.20
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Public convenience and necessity: shall be construed to have the same meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law, with respect to motor carriers of property, and the Public Utilities Act with respect to motor carriers of passengers and rail carriers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public interest: shall be construed to have the same meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public or community service: means
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    uncompensated labor for a not-for-profit organization or public body whose purpose is to enhance physical or mental stability of the offender, environmental quality or the social welfare and which agrees to accept public or community service from offenders and to report on the progress of the offender and the public or community service to the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the offender for public or community service. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rail carrier: means any person engaged in the transportation of property or passengers for hire by railroad, together with all employees or agents of such person or entity, and all property used, controlled, or owned by such person or entity. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Rail yard: means a system of parallel tracks, cross-overs and switches where cars are switched and made up into trains, and where cars, locomotives, and other rolling stock are kept when not in use or awaiting repairs. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Railroad: means track and associated structures, including bridges, tunnels, switches, spurs, terminals and other facilities, and equipment, including engines, freight cars, passenger cars, cabooses, and other equipment, used in the transportation of property or passengers by rail. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Rate: means every individual or joint rate, fare, toll, or charge of any carrier or carriers, any provisions relating to application thereof, and any tariff or schedule containing rates and provisions. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Registration: means a registration issued to an interstate carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • schedule: refers to a publication or document containing motor contract carrier rates and provisions. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Sentencing hearing: means a hearing to
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    determine whether a minor should be adjudged a ward of the court, and to determine what sentence should be imposed on the minor. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • shall: as used in this Article means mandatory and not permissive. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/15-1105
  • Shelter: means the temporary care of a minor in
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    physically unrestricting facilities pending court disposition or execution of court order for placement. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Shipper: means the consignor or consignee. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Site: means a not-for-profit organization,
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    public body, church, charitable organization, or individual agreeing to accept community service from offenders and to report on the progress of ordered or required public or community service to the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the offender for public or community service. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Station adjustment: means the informal or
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    formal handling of an alleged offender by a juvenile police officer. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Supervising authority: means the Department of Juvenile Justice, probation supervisory authority, sheriff, superintendent of a juvenile detention center, or any other officer or agency charged with authorizing and supervising home detention. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Surviving spouse: means "widow" or "widower" as the case may be. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.32
  • tariff: refers to a publication or document containing motor common carrier rates and provisions or rates and provisions applicable via rail carrier under contracts established pursuant to 49 U. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Taxing district: has the meaning specified in Section 1-150 and includes home rule units, but from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2002 does not include taxing districts that have territory in Cook County. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Terminal area: means , in addition to the area within the corporate boundary of an incorporated city, village, municipality, or community center, the area (whether incorporated or unincorporated) within 10 air miles of the corporate limits of the base city, village, municipality, or community center, including all of any city, village or municipality which lies within such area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Towing: means the pushing, towing, or drawing of wheeled property by means of a crane, hoist, towbar, towline, or auxiliary axle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Transfer: means the sale, lease, consolidation, merger, acquisition or change of control, or other transfer of a license, in whole or in part. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Transportation: means the actual movement of property or passengers by motor vehicle (without regard to ownership of vehicles or equipment used in providing transportation service) or rail together with loading, unloading, and any other accessorial or ancillary service provided by the carrier in connection with movement by motor vehicle or rail, which is performed by or on behalf of the carriers, its employees or agents, or under the authority or direction of the carrier or under the apparent authority or direction and with the knowledge of the carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Trial: means a hearing to determine whether the
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    allegations of a petition under Section 5-520 that a minor is delinquent are proved beyond a reasonable doubt. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
  • Wills: includes codicils. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.13
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
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