§ 1501 Short title and application of other provisions
§ 1502 Purpose; definitions; protection of information; relation to other laws
§ 1503 Federal Crop Insurance Corporation; creation; offices
§ 1504 Capital stock of Corporation
§ 1504a Capitalization of Corporation
§ 1505 Management of Corporation
§ 1506 General powers
§ 1507 Personnel of Corporation
§ 1508 Crop insurance
§ 1508a Double insurance and prevented planting
§ 1508b Stacked Income Protection Plan for producers of upland cotton
§ 1508c Peanut revenue crop insurance
§ 1508d Coverage for forage and grazing
§ 1509 Exemption of indemnities from levy
§ 1510 Deposit and investment of funds; Federal Reserve banks as fiscal agents
§ 1511 Tax exemption
§ 1512 Corporation as fiscal agent of Government
§ 1513 Books of account and annual reports of Corporation
§ 1514 Crimes and offenses
§ 1515 Program compliance and integrity
§ 1516 Funding
§ 1517 Separability
§ 1518 “Agricultural commodity” defined
§ 1520 Producer eligibility
§ 1521 Ineligibility for catastrophic risk and noninsured assistance payments
§ 1522 Research and development
§ 1523 Pilot programs
§ 1524 Education and risk management assistance

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 7 > Chapter 36 > Subchapter I

  • additional coverage: means a plan of crop insurance coverage providing a level of coverage greater than the level available under catastrophic risk protection. See 10 USC 2472
  • Agricultural commodity: as used in this subchapter , means wheat, cotton, flax, corn, dry beans, oats, barley, rye, tobacco, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, sugar cane, tomatoes, grain sorghum, sunflowers, raisins, oranges, sweet corn, dry peas, freezing and canning peas, forage, apples, grapes, potatoes, timber and forests, nursery crops, citrus, and other fruits and vegetables, nuts, tame hay, native grass, hemp, aquacultural species (including, but not limited to, any species of finfish, mollusk, crustacean, or other aquatic invertebrate, amphibian, reptile, or aquatic plant propagated or reared in a controlled or selected environment), or any other agricultural commodity, excluding stored grain, determined by the Board, or any one or more of such commodities, as the context may indicate. See 10 USC 2553
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved insurance provider: means a private insurance provider that has been approved by the Corporation to provide insurance coverage to producers participating in the Federal crop insurance program established under this subchapter. See 10 USC 2472
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 19 USC 2295
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • beginning farmer or rancher: means a farmer or rancher who has not actively operated and managed a farm or ranch with a bona fide insurable interest in a crop or livestock as an owner-operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper for more than 5 crop years, as determined by the Secretary. See 10 USC 2472
  • Board: means the National Sheep Promotion, Research, and Information Board established under section 7104(b) of this title. See 10 USC 7450
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the Corporation established under section 1505(a) of this title. See 10 USC 2472
  • carbonized wool: means wool that has been immersed in a bath, usually of mineral acids or acid salts, that destroys vegetable matter in the wool, but does not affect the wool fibres. See 10 USC 7450
  • commerce: means interstate, foreign, or intrastate commerce. See
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • consumer information: means any action or program that provides information to consumers and other persons on appropriate uses under varied circumstances, and on the care and handling, of cut flowers or cut greens. See 10 USC 7406
  • consumer information: means nutritional data and other information that will assist consumers and other persons in making evaluations and decisions regarding the purchase, preparation, or use of sheep products. See 10 USC 7450
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: means the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation established under section 1503 of this title. See 10 USC 2472
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • county: includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. See 19 USC 2292
  • Customs Service: means United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury. See 10 USC 7450
  • cut flowers: includes all flowers cut from growing plants that are used as fresh-cut flowers and that are produced under cover or in field operations. See 10 USC 7406
  • cut greens: includes all cultivated or noncultivated decorative foliage cut from growing plants that are used as fresh-cut decorative foliage (except Christmas trees) and that are produced under cover or in field operations. See 10 USC 7406
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • degreased wool: means wool from which the bulk of impurities has been removed by processing. See 10 USC 7450
  • Department: means the United States Department of Agriculture. See 10 USC 7450
  • Department: means the United States Department of Agriculture. See 10 USC 2472
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • education: means activities providing information relating to the sheep industry or sheep products to producers, feeders, importers, consumers, and other persons. See 10 USC 7450
  • egg producer: means the person owning laying hens engaged in the production of commercial eggs. See
  • egg products: means products produced, in whole or in part, from eggs. See
  • eggs: means eggs from domesticated chickens which are sold for human consumption either in shell egg form or for further processing into egg products. See
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive Committee: means the Executive Committee established under section 7104(g) of this title. See 10 USC 7450
  • farm financial benchmarking: means --

    (A) the process of comparing the performance of an agricultural enterprise against the performance of other similar enterprises, through the use of comparable and reliable data, in order to identify business management strengths, weaknesses, and steps necessary to improve management performance and business profitability. See 10 USC 2472

  • feeder: means a person who feeds lambs until the lambs reach slaughter weight. See 10 USC 7450
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • greasy wool: means wool that has not been washed or otherwise cleaned. See 10 USC 7450
  • handler: means any person (except a common or contract carrier of potatoes owned by another person) who handles potatoes in a manner specified in a plan issued pursuant to this chapter or in the rules and regulations issued thereunder. See 10 USC 2458
  • hemp: has the meaning given the term in section 1639o of this title. See 10 USC 2472
  • importer: means any person who imports tablestock, frozen, or processed potatoes for ultimate consumption by humans or seed potatoes into the United States. See 10 USC 2458
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 19 USC 2297
  • industry information: means information and programs that will lead to increased efficiency in processing and the development of new markets, marketing strategies, increased marketing efficiency, and activities to enhance the image of sheep or sheep products on a national or international basis. See 10 USC 7450
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • loss ratio: means the ratio of all sums paid by the Corporation as indemnities under any eligible crop insurance policy to that portion of the premium designated for anticipated losses and a reasonable reserve, other than that portion of the premium designated for operating and administrative expenses. See 10 USC 2472
  • marketing: means the sale or other disposition of commercial eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl, in any channel of commerce. See
  • oath: includes affirmation, and "sworn" includes affirmed. See 19 USC 2291
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See 19 USC 2291
  • order: means an order issued under this chapter (other than sections 6808, 6809, and 6811 of this title). See 10 USC 7406
  • order: means a sheep and wool promotion, research, education, and information order issued under section 7103 of this title. See 10 USC 7450
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, firm, partnership, corporation, joint stock company, association, society, cooperative, or other legal entity. See 10 USC 7406
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other legal entity. See 10 USC 7450
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity. See 10 USC 2458
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other entity. See
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • potatoes: means all varieties of Irish potatoes grown by producers in the 50 States of the United States, and grown in foreign countries and imported into the United States. See 10 USC 2458
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • producer: has the meaning provided in section 6804(b)(2)(B)(ii)(I) of this title. See 10 USC 7406
  • producer: means any person, other than a feeder, who owns or acquires ownership of sheep. See 10 USC 7450
  • producer: means any person engaged in the growing of five or more acres of potatoes. See 10 USC 2458
  • products of spent fowl: means commercial products produced from spent fowl. See
  • PromoFlor Council: means the Fresh Cut Flowers and Fresh Cut Greens Promotion Council established under section 6804(b) of this title. See 10 USC 7406
  • promotion: means any action determined by the Secretary to advance the image, desirability, or marketability of cut flowers or cut greens, including paid advertising. See 10 USC 7406
  • promotion: means any action (including paid advertising) to advance the image and desirability of sheep or sheep products to improve the competitive position, and stimulate sales, of sheep products in the domestic and international marketplace. See 10 USC 7450
  • promotion: means any action taken by the National Potato Promotion Board, pursuant to this chapter, to present a favorable image for potatoes to the public with the express intent of improving their competitive positions and stimulating sales of potatoes and shall include, but shall not be limited to, paid advertising. See 10 USC 2458
  • promotion: means any action, including paid advertising, to advance the image or desirability of eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl. See
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • pulled wool: means wool that is pulled from the skin of a slaughtered sheep. See 10 USC 7450
  • qualified State sheep board: means a sheep and wool promotion entity that--

    (A) is authorized by State statute or is otherwise organized and operating within a State. See 10 USC 7450

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • research: means development projects and studies relating to the production (including the feeding of sheep), processing, distribution, or use of sheep or sheep products to encourage, expand, improve, or make more efficient the marketing of sheep or sheep products. See 10 USC 7450
  • research: means any type of research to advance the image, desirability, marketability, production, or quality of eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 10 USC 7406
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 10 USC 2458
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 10 USC 7450
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 10 USC 2472
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sheep: means ovine animals of any age, including lambs. See 10 USC 7450
  • sheep products: means products produced, in whole or in part, from sheep, including wool and products containing wool fiber. See 10 USC 7450
  • spent fowl: means hens which have been in production of commercial eggs and have been removed from such production for slaughter. See
  • State: means each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau (until such time as the Compact of Free Association is ratified). See 10 USC 7406
  • State: means each of the 50 States. See 10 USC 7450
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: includes a mark when the person making the same intended it as such. See 19 USC 2291
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • transitional yield: means the maximum average production per acre or equivalent measure that is assigned to acreage for a crop year by the Corporation in accordance with the regulations of the Corporation whenever the producer fails--

    (A) to certify that acceptable documentation of production and acreage for the crop year is in the possession of the producer. See 10 USC 2472

  • United States: means the States collectively. See 10 USC 7406
  • United States: means the 50 States and the District of Columbia. See 10 USC 7450
  • United States: means the forty-eight contiguous States of the United States of America and the District of Columbia. See
  • veteran farmer or rancher: means a farmer or rancher who--

    (A) has served in the Armed Forces (as defined in section 101 of title 38). See 10 USC 2472

  • wool: means the fiber from the fleece of a sheep. See 10 USC 7450
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise. See 19 USC 2291