As used in this article, the following terms shall have the following meanings, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires:

Terms Used In Alabama Code 15-18-171

  • APPLICATION PROCESS AND PROCEDURES: The criteria and guidelines developed by the Department of Corrections for the establishment of community punishment and corrections programs, the granting of funds for programs authorized herein, and the monitoring, evaluation, and review of programs funded herein. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • board: The board of directors of the authority or the board of directors of a nonprofit entity. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • community: The county or counties comprising one or more judicial circuits. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS AUTHORITY: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PLAN: A document prepared by the county commission or an authority, or nonprofit entity, and submitted to the Department of Corrections in accordance with the requirements set forth in the application process and procedure, which identifies proposed community-based programs to be implemented within the county in accordance with the terms of this article and justifies the funding of such programs with regard to local need and community support. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PROGRAM: Any program designed as an alternative to incarceration and maintained by a county commission or an authority or nonprofit entity for the purpose of punishing and for correcting a person convicted of a felony or misdemeanor or adjudicated a youthful offender and which may be imposed as part of a sanction, including, but not limited to confinement, work release, day reporting, home detention, restitution programs, community service, education and intervention programs, and substance abuse programs. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COUNTY COMMISSION CHAIRPERSON: The chair of the county commission or his or her representative. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COUNTY INMATE: A person convicted of a misdemeanor. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • court: The trial judge exercising sentencing jurisdiction over an eligible offender under this article and includes any successor of the trial judge. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • department: The Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • division: The Community Corrections Division of the department. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • eligible: A person who has committed an offense not excluded by subdivision (14) and who meets the criteria of Section 15-18-175. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • EXCLUDED FELONY OFFENDERS: One who is convicted of any of the following felony offenses: Murder, kidnapping in the first degree, rape in the first degree, sodomy in the first degree, arson in the first degree, trafficking in controlled substances, robbery in the first degree, burglary in the first degree, manslaughter, sexual abuse in the first degree, forcible sex crimes, sex offenses involving a child as defined in Section 15-20A-4, or assault in the first degree if the assault leaves the victim permanently disfigured or disabled. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: Any not-for-profit organization, agency, or other entity other than a community punishment and corrections authority that provides treatment, guidance, training, or other rehabilitation services to individuals, families, or groups in such areas as health, education, vocational training, special education, social services, psychological counseling, and alcohol and drug treatment. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • plan: The community punishment and corrections plan defined in subdivision (7). See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • recipient: Any entity receiving directly or indirectly any financial grant or contractual remuneration under this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • renovation: The repair, remodeling, alteration, or expansion of existing buildings or structures to make them habitable or suitable for community punishment and corrections program operations, and includes the acquisition and installation of necessary equipment. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • restitution: Payment to the victim who has suffered financial losses as a result of a crime. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • STATE INMATE: A person convicted of a felony. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • USER FEES: Fees assessed against an offender under a community punishment and corrections program to help defray the costs of such programs. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • VICTIM SERVICE OFFICER: A person employed to directly assist crime victims and their families with court attendance, restitution, compensation, property return, victim impact statements, and other needs expressed. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • YOUTHFUL OFFENDER: A person adjudicated as a youthful offender. See Alabama Code 15-18-171

(1) APPLICATION PROCESS AND PROCEDURES. The criteria and guidelines developed by the Department of Corrections for the establishment of community punishment and corrections programs, the granting of funds for programs authorized herein, and the monitoring, evaluation, and review of programs funded herein.

(2) BOARD. The board of directors of the authority or the board of directors of a nonprofit entity.

(3) COMMISSIONER. The Commissioner of the Department of Corrections.

(4) COMMUNITY. The county or counties comprising one or more judicial circuits.

(5) COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS AUTHORITY. A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article.

(6) COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PROGRAM. Any program designed as an alternative to incarceration and maintained by a county commission or an authority or nonprofit entity for the purpose of punishing and for correcting a person convicted of a felony or misdemeanor or adjudicated a youthful offender and which may be imposed as part of a sanction, including, but not limited to confinement, work release, day reporting, home detention, restitution programs, community service, education and intervention programs, and substance abuse programs.

(7) COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PLAN. A document prepared by the county commission or an authority, or nonprofit entity, and submitted to the Department of Corrections in accordance with the requirements set forth in the application process and procedure, which identifies proposed community-based programs to be implemented within the county in accordance with the terms of this article and justifies the funding of such programs with regard to local need and community support.

(8) COUNTY COMMISSION CHAIRPERSON. The chair of the county commission or his or her representative.

(9) COUNTY INMATE. A person convicted of a misdemeanor.

(10) COURT. The trial judge exercising sentencing jurisdiction over an eligible offender under this article and includes any successor of the trial judge.

(11) DEPARTMENT. The Department of Corrections.

(12) DIVISION. The Community Corrections Division of the department.

(13) ELIGIBLE. A person who has committed an offense not excluded by subdivision (14) and who meets the criteria of Section 15-18-175.

(14) EXCLUDED FELONY OFFENDERS. One who is convicted of any of the following felony offenses: Murder, kidnapping in the first degree, rape in the first degree, sodomy in the first degree, arson in the first degree, trafficking in controlled substances, robbery in the first degree, burglary in the first degree, manslaughter, sexual abuse in the first degree, forcible sex crimes, sex offenses involving a child as defined in Section 15-20A-4, or assault in the first degree if the assault leaves the victim permanently disfigured or disabled.

(15) GOVERNING BODY. With respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county.

(16) INCORPORATORS. The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to this article.

(17) NONPROFIT ENTITY. Any not-for-profit organization, agency, or other entity other than a community punishment and corrections authority that provides treatment, guidance, training, or other rehabilitation services to individuals, families, or groups in such areas as health, education, vocational training, special education, social services, psychological counseling, and alcohol and drug treatment.

(18) PLAN. The community punishment and corrections plan defined in subdivision (7).

(19) RECIPIENT. Any entity receiving directly or indirectly any financial grant or contractual remuneration under this article.

(20) RENOVATION. The repair, remodeling, alteration, or expansion of existing buildings or structures to make them habitable or suitable for community punishment and corrections program operations, and includes the acquisition and installation of necessary equipment.

(21) RESTITUTION. Payment to the victim who has suffered financial losses as a result of a crime. Restitution shall include, but not be limited to, payment in cash or in kind for the value of stolen or damaged property; for medical expenses due to physical, emotional, or psychological trauma; wages lost as a result of time absent from work; and value of property lost or transferred through theft or exercise of control by deception or fraud.

(22) STATE INMATE. A person convicted of a felony.

(23) USER FEES. Fees assessed against an offender under a community punishment and corrections program to help defray the costs of such programs.

(24) VICTIM SERVICE OFFICER. A person employed to directly assist crime victims and their families with court attendance, restitution, compensation, property return, victim impact statements, and other needs expressed.

(25) YOUTHFUL OFFENDER. A person adjudicated as a youthful offender.

(Acts 1991, No. 91-441, p. 795, §2; Act 2003-353, p. 930, §1; Act 2010-734, p. 1846, §1; Act 2015-185, §3.)