When used in this article, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings, respectively, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

Terms Used In Alabama Code 20-1-71

  • APPROPRIATE FEDERAL AGENCY: The federal agency or department or administrative federal officer charged with the enforcement and administration of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • article: When referring to food or drugs, such term is used in the broad and comprehensive sense and has reference to the food product or the drug product in question. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • board: The Alabama State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • bread: Such term includes and shall be limited to bread and rolls (or buns) of every kind and description made wholly or partly from wheat flour which conforms to the definition and standard of identity of bread set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 17. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • cornmeal: All meal for human consumption made from corn, either white or yellow, whole cornmeal, bolted cornmeal, and degerminated cornmeal as defined in definitions and standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • drug: All medicines and preparations recognized in the United States pharmacopoeia or national formulary for internal or external use and any substance or mixture of substances to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease in man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • enrichment: As applied to bread, flour, meal, or grits, such term means the addition thereto of vitamins and other ingredients of the nature required by this article and "enriched bread" "enriched flour" "enriched whole cornmeal" "enriched bolted meal" "enriched degerminated meal" or "enriched grits" means the appropriate food product, according to the federal standards of identity, that has been enriched to conform to the requirements of this article. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • flour: Such term includes and shall be limited to the foods defined as:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-1-71

  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • food: All articles of food, drink, confectionery, or condiment, whether simple, mixed, or compound, used or intended for use by man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • grits: Grits, pearl grits, and degerminated grits made from corn by grinding or cracking as defined in the standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: An individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, or any unincorporated organization. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 1-1-1

(1) BREAD. Such term includes and shall be limited to bread and rolls (or buns) of every kind and description made wholly or partly from wheat flour which conforms to the definition and standard of identity of bread set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 17. Such term excludes bread containing no wheat flour or breads made from 100 percent whole wheat flour, but includes breads made from mixtures of white flour and whole wheat flour, the so-called brown breads.

(2) FLOUR. Such term includes and shall be limited to the foods defined as:

a. Flour, white flour, wheat flour, and plain flour;

b. Bromated flour;

c. Self-rising flour, self-rising white flour, and self-rising wheat flour; and

d. Phosphated flour, phosphated white flour, and phosphated wheat flour in the definitions and standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15. Such term also includes all mixtures of such flours with whole wheat or high-extraction flours, but excludes 100 percent whole wheat flour and specially packaged cake and pancake flour.

(3) CORNMEAL. All meal for human consumption made from corn, either white or yellow, whole cornmeal, bolted cornmeal, and degerminated cornmeal as defined in definitions and standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15.

(4) GRITS. Grits, pearl grits, and degerminated grits made from corn by grinding or cracking as defined in the standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15.

(5) ENRICHMENT. As applied to bread, flour, meal, or grits, such term means the addition thereto of vitamins and other ingredients of the nature required by this article and “enriched bread,” “enriched flour,” “enriched whole cornmeal,” “enriched bolted meal,” “enriched degerminated meal,” or “enriched grits” means the appropriate food product, according to the federal standards of identity, that has been enriched to conform to the requirements of this article.

(6) PERSON. An individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, or any unincorporated organization.

(7) APPROPRIATE FEDERAL AGENCY. The federal agency or department or administrative federal officer charged with the enforcement and administration of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

(8) BOARD. The Alabama State Board of Agriculture and Industries.

(Acts 1943, No. 500, p. 470, §2; Acts 1953, No. 815, p. 1097.)