(a) The Board of Adjustment shall have the power and jurisdiction and it shall be its duty to hear and consider:
Terms Used In Alabama Code 41-9-62
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
- property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
- year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
(1) All claims for damages to the person or property growing out of any injury done to either the person or property by the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments, with the exception of claims by employees of the state for personal injury or death arising out of the course of employment with the State of Alabama, where such employees are covered by an employee injury compensation program;
(2) All claims for personal injuries to or the death of any convict, and all claims for personal injuries to or the death of any employee of a city or county board of education, or college or university, arising out of the course of the employee’s employment and where the employee is not covered by a worker’s compensation program;
(3) All claims of members of the public at large or of officers of the law who are not employees of the state arising out of injuries sustained while attempting to recapture escaped convicts, which convicts have escaped after they have been placed in the actual custody of the Department of Corrections;
(4) All claims against the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments arising out of any contract, express or implied, to which the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments are parties, where there is claimed a legal or moral obligation resting on the state;
(5) All claims for money overpaid on obligations to the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments;
(6) All claims for money voluntarily paid to the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments, where no legal liability existed to make such payment;
(7) All claims for underpayment by the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments to parties having dealings with the State of Alabama or any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments;
(8) All claims for money or property alleged to have wrongfully escheated to the State of Alabama; and
(9) All claims for injury or death of any student duly enrolled in any of the public schools of this state resulting from an accident sustained while being transported to or from school or in connection with any school activity in any bus or any motor vehicle operated directly by any school board or agency of the state or through contract with another. Awards payable to any such student for injuries sustained in such accident shall be equal to the maximum benefits payable to employees as provided in Chapter 5 of Title 25 for injuries, loss of time or medical attendance; and, where death results from such injuries, the amount payable to the parent or parents of such student shall be equal to the maximum amount payable to a totally dependent parent or parents as provided by Chapter 5 of Title 25; provided, however, that no payment for death of such student shall be made to any parent or parents unless they were actually supporting such student at the time of the accident causing the injuries and death. The fact that such student has no earning capacity or earns an average wage of less than the amount which would entitle him to maximum benefits under Chapter 5 of Title 25 shall in no way limit an award to him, his parent or parents. Awards for such injuries or death shall constitute a prior and preferred claim against moneys appropriated for the minimum program fund, and no part of any such award shall be charged against any funds allotted to the school board of the county or city or the district board of education of the independent school district where said accident occurred. If it should appear to the Board of Adjustment after investigation that the accident causing the injury or death of such student was caused under circumstances also creating a legal liability for damages on the part of any party and it should further appear to the Board of Adjustment that claim may be made against such party by such student, his parent or legal representative to recover damages, then, in that event, any payment otherwise due under this subdivision may be withheld by the Board of Adjustment pending final settlement of such claim and, if said student or his parent or legal representative recovers damages against said party, any sum so recovered and collected may be offset against payments due under this subdivision, and the balance due, if any, shall thereafter be promptly paid by the Board of Adjustment. The provisions of this subdivision shall apply to all claims relating to injuries to school children filed with said board within one year of the date of an accident. Minor students shall have, for the purpose of this subdivision, the same power to contract, make elections of remedy, make settlements and receive compensation as adults would have subject to the power of the Board of Adjustment in its discretion at any time to require the appointment of a guardian to receive moneys or awards and payments of awards made to such minor students or their guardian shall exclude any further compensation either to the minor students or to their parents for loss of service or otherwise.
(b) The jurisdiction of the Board of Adjustment is specifically limited to the consideration of the claims enumerated in subsection (a) of this section and no others; provided, that nothing contained in this division shall confer upon the Board of Adjustment any jurisdiction now conferred by law upon the State Board of Compromise provided for in Sections 41-1-3 and 41-1-4, and nothing contained in this division shall be construed to confer jurisdiction upon the Board of Adjustment to settle or adjust any matter or claim of which the courts of this state have or had jurisdiction; provided further, that the Board of Adjustment shall have no jurisdiction over claims growing out of forfeitures or of contracts with any state agency, commission, board, institution or department where, by law or contract, said state agency, commission, board, institution or department is made the final arbiter of any disagreement growing out of forfeitures or of contracts of said state agency, commission, board, institution or department, and, particularly, the Board of Adjustment shall have no jurisdiction of disagreements arising out of contracts entered into by the Department of Transportation.
(c) Employees of municipalities and counties are not to be considered employees of the State of Alabama or of any of its agencies, commissions, boards, institutions or departments within the jurisdiction of this board and within the meaning of the word “employee” as used in this section.