Article 1 General Provisions 25-5-1 – 25-5-17
Article 2 Compensation by Civil Action 25-5-30 – 25-5-36
Article 3 Elective Compensation Under Contract of Employment 25-5-50 – 25-5-93
Article 4 Compensation for Occupational Diseases 25-5-110 – 25-5-123
Article 7 Compensation for Occupational Exposure to Radiation 25-5-190 – 25-5-202
Article 8 Offenses and Penalties 25-5-226 – 25-5-231
Article 9 Alabama Workmen’s Compensation Self-Insurers Guaranty Association 25-5-250 – 25-5-257
Article 10 Insurance with Optional Deductibles 25-5-270 – 25-5-273
Article 11 Ombudsman Program 25-5-290 – 25-5-294
Article 12 Workers’ Compensation Medical Services Board 25-5-310 – 25-5-318
Article 13 Drug-free Workplace Program 25-5-330 – 25-5-340

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 25 > Chapter 5

  • ABLE PROGRAM: The Achieving a Better Life Experience Program established pursuant to this chapter and defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save private funds to support individuals with disabilities to maintain health, independence, and quality of life. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ABLE SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ABLE trust fund account established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter to apply distributions from the account toward qualified disability expenses for an eligible designated beneficiary, both terms as defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ABLE TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund established pursuant to this chapter comprised of separate and segregated ABLE savings accounts as established by savings agreements. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The ACES Administrative Fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES PROGRAM: The Alabama College Education Savings Program, a qualified program established pursuant to this chapter and as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save funds for the purpose of meeting the qualified higher education expenses of the designated beneficiary. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ACES account held in the ACES Trust Fund established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter in order to apply distributions from the account toward qualified higher education expenses at eligible educational institutions for an eligible designated beneficiary, with terms as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • AD VALOREM TAX: Those real and personal property ad valorem taxes collected by the county tax collector, the director of revenue of the county, or revenue commissioner, if any, for the county, but shall exclude all ad valorem taxes collected for the State of Alabama and all boards of education, municipalities, fire districts, or other entities located in the county. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • alcohol: Ethyl alcohol, hydrated oxide of ethyl, or spirits of wine, from whatever source or by whatever process produced. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • APPEARANCE BOND: An appearance bond is an undertaking to pay the clerk of the circuit, district, or municipal court, for the use of the State of Alabama or the municipality, a specified sum of money upon the failure of a person released to comply with its conditions. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • authority: A corporation created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter, which shall be an agency of the state but shall not be a political subdivision of the state. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • AUTHORIZING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution, even if the population of the county should fall below 600,000. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • board: The Board of Directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, warrants, certificates, and other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • CHAIN OF CUSTODY: The methodology of tracking specified materials, specimens, or substances for the purpose of maintaining control and accountability from initial collection to final disposition for all of the materials, specimens, or substances and providing for accountability at each stage in handling, testing, and storing materials, specimens, or substances and reporting test results. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • contributor: Any person who contributes money to an ACES Program savings account or an ABLE Program savings account established pursuant to this chapter on behalf of a designated beneficiary and who is listed as the owner of the savings account. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED BENEFICIARY: The eligible individual named as the beneficiary of an ABLE savings account, ACES savings account, or PACT contract established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • director: A member of the board. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • drug: Amphetamines, cannabinoids, cocaine, phencyclidine (PCP), methadone, methaqualone, opiates, barbituates, benzodiazepines, propoxyphene, or a metabolite of any of the substances. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • employee: Any person who works for salary, wages, or other remuneration for an employer. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM: A program designed to assist in the identification and resolution of job performance problems associated with employees impaired by personal concerns. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • employer: A person or entity that is subject to the Alabama Workers' Compensation Law, except that this article shall not apply to individual self-insurers or members of group self-insurance funds. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • enterprise: The business, undertaking or enterprise of furnishing services. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FISCAL YEAR: The 12-month period provided for in subsection (c) of Section 11-32-7. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: The body or board, by whatsoever name it may be known, having charge of the finances of a municipality. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commissioners, board of revenue, or other like governing body and with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • INITIAL TEST: A sensitive, rapid, and reliable procedure to identify negative and presumptive positive specimens. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • JOB APPLICANT: A person who has applied for a position with an employer and has been offered employment conditioned upon successfully passing a substance abuse test and may have begun work pending the results of the substance abuse test. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • JUDICIAL OFFICER: Any supreme court, appellate court, circuit court, district court, or municipal court judge or any magistrate of any court in this state. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • LABOR UNION: An organization in which employees participate for the purpose of dealing with one or more employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions of work. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • license tax: as used in this title , shall be deemed to include any tax prescribed by a license tax schedule, but shall not exclude any license tax otherwise prescribed. See Alabama Code 40-12-344
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • municipality: Any city or town incorporated under the laws of the State of Alabama and the inhabitants of an area containing not less than 250 qualified electors outside of an unincorporated city or town who shall become incorporated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of this state. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NONPRESCRIPTION MEDICATION: A drug or medication authorized pursuant to federal or state law for general distribution and use without a prescription in the treatment of human disease, ailments, or injuries. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • PACT ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The PACT Administrative Fund created in subsection (c) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT BOARD: The board of directors and trustees of the PACT Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT CONTRACT: A contract entered into by the board and a participant in the PACT Program. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT PROGRAM: The Alabama Prepaid Affordable College Tuition Program created in subsection (a) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in subsection (b) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PARTICIPATING MUNICIPALITY: A municipality in an authorizing county, other than the principal municipality, which is then providing funds for the authority, pursuant to resolution, contract, or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • person: Natural persons, partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations, and other legal entities. See Alabama Code 25-4-77
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • plan: The Wallace-Folsom Savings Investment Plan established pursuant to this chapter that consists of the PACT Program, the ACES Program, and the ABLE Program. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL MUNICIPALITY: The municipality in an authorizing county having the largest population in the authorizing county according to the last or any subsequent federal decennial census. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • PROFESSIONAL BAIL COMPANY: A person, individual proprietor, partnership, corporation, or other entity, other than a professional surety company, that furnishes bail or becomes surety for a person on an appearance bond and does so for a valuable consideration. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • PROFESSIONAL BONDSMAN: An individual person or agent employed by a professional surety company or professional bail company to solicit and execute appearance bonds or actively seek bail bond business for or on behalf of a professional surety company or a professional bail company. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • PROFESSIONAL SURETY COMPANY: An insurance company, domestic or foreign corporation, or association engaged in the business of insurance, or a surety with a bail line of insurance to which has been issued a certificate of authority or certificate of compliance by the Alabama Department of Insurance to execute appearance bonds or bail bonds in criminal cases in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • property: Real and personal property, and any and all interests in the real and personal property. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • PUBLIC AGENCY: The State of Alabama, and any county, city, town, school district, or other political subdivision of the state, any public trust, any public entity specifically created by the statutes of the State of Alabama or as a result of statutory authorization therefor, and any department, agency, board, bureau, commission, committee, or authority of any of the foregoing public entities. See Alabama Code 25-5-30
  • PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT: Any beneficial or valuable change or addition, betterment, enhancement, or amelioration of or upon any real property, or interest therein, belonging to a public agency intended to enhance its value, beauty, or utility or to adapt it to new or further purposes. See Alabama Code 25-5-30
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE: All service involved in the transportation of passengers for hire by means of buses, street railway, elevated railway, subway, underground railroad, light rail, mass transit systems, motor vehicles, or other means of conveyance generally associated with or developed for mass surface or sub-surface transportation of the public, but does not include any service involved in transportation by taxicab, airport limousine, or industrial bus; however, public transportation service does not include aircraft or any air service subject to the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 or managed by an airport authority of the principal municipality. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • purchaser: A person who is obligated to make contract payments in accordance with a PACT contract entered into pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • REASONABLE SUSPICION TESTING: Substance abuse testing based on a belief that an employee is using or has used drugs or alcohol in violation of the policy of the employer drawn from specific objective and articulate facts and reasonable inferences drawn from the facts in light of experience. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • REHABILITATION PROGRAM: An established program capable of providing expert identification, assessment, and resolution of employee drug or alcohol abuse in a confidential and timely service. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SAVINGS AGREEMENT: An agreement entered into between the Savings Board and a contributor establishing an ACES or ABLE savings account. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • SAVINGS BOARD: The Board of Directors of the ABLE Program and ACES Program, and trustees of the ABLE Trust Fund and ACES Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • secretary: shall mean the Secretary of the "Department of Labor". See Alabama Code 25-5-2
  • services: Any one or more or all of the following: water, sewerage, telephone, gas or electric heat, light, or power services, commodities or facilities. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • specimen: Tissue, blood, breath, urine, or other product of the human body capable of revealing the presence of drugs or their metabolites or of alcohol. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • STATE TREASURER: The State Treasurer of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • substance: Drugs or alcohol. See Alabama Code 25-5-331
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • territory: The geographical area coterminous with the boundaries of a municipality. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TRANSIT SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, garages, vehicles of all types, rails, lines, and any combination of any of the following, used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing public transportation service, and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by an authority for use in furnishing public transportation service. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.