Article 1 Responsibility 13A-3-1 – 13A-3-3
Article 2 Justification and Excuse 13A-3-20 – 13A-3-31

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 3 - Defenses

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: as used in this article , shall refer to agricultural cooperative marketing associations and other organizations, whether incorporated or not, which have for their objects engaging in activities similar to those of a cooperative marketing association. See Alabama Code 2-10-20
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of the corporation. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975, as amended. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: The public corporation authorized to be created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies, or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including but not limited to discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires, or inspecting property for fire hazards, or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • grower: Any person, business entity, or cooperative licensed to grow industrial hemp by the department or an institution of higher education pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • HEMP PRODUCTS: Any and all products made from industrial hemp, including, but not limited to, cloth, cordage, fiber, food, fuel, paint, paper, particleboard, plastics, seed, seed meal and seed oil for consumption, and seed for cultivation if the seeds originate from industrial hemp varieties. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • INDUSTRIAL ACCESS ROADS AND BRIDGES: The planning, design, and construction of roads and bridges on the public highway and street system providing access to active military installations or property used primarily for military purposes or to projects that conduct an activity specified in subdivision (1) of Section 40-18-372, including necessary right-of-way and utility activities provided by state law. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION: A postsecondary institution, as defined in 20 U. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • NET INTEREST INCOME: Interest earned from an investment, net of that which represents a return of accrued interest, and the amount required to offset the amortization of any premium, paid in connection with the purchase of such investment. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating, and disposing of sanitary sewage and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants, and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-6-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system, including the provision of water to a fire protection authority to be used in the rendition of fire protection service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including but not limited to water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 11-88-1