Article 1 Sex Offenders Reporting Requirements 15-20-1 – 15-20-5
Article 2 Community Notification of Released Convicted Sex Offenders 15-20-20 – 15-20-38

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 20

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • approved: A device, process, equipment, or method approved by the chief; provided, that if any interested person so requests, the secretary shall review such approval. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • APPROVED COMPETENT PERSON: A person who has at least nine months of practical experience, has knowledge of mine roof, timbering, and ventilation, has good judgment and who has demonstrated knowledge of mine gases and use of permissible flame safety lamps, methane and oxygen detectors, such demonstration to be given and made of record in a manner prescribed by the chief of the division. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • attack: Any action or series of actions taken by an enemy of the United States resulting in substantial damage or injury to persons or property in this state whether through sabotage, bombs, missiles, shellfire or atomic, radiological, chemical, bacteriological or biological means or other weapons or methods. See Alabama Code 29-3-3
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: The personnel board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • chief: The Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor or such other public officer, employee, board, commission, or other authority that may in emergencies be acting in the stead of the chief or may by law be assigned the duties and authority of the Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • CLASSIFIED SERVICE: Includes all offices, positions, and employment in Mobile County or any such city therein as these offices, positions, and employment now exist or as they may hereafter exist, the holders of which are paid whether by salary, wages, or fees in whole or in part from funds of Mobile County or any such city, or the holders of which receive their compensation from any elected official and perform duties pertaining to the office of such elected official or officer, except those placed in the unclassified service by Section 45-49-120. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • committee: The Supervisory Committee of the Mobile County Personnel Board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation, including a benefit corporation, as defined in Chapter 2A, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • court: The designated court, and if none, the circuit court specifically set forth in this title, and if none, any other court having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: When used in the computation of time, excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The personnel director created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • distribution: except as otherwise provided in Section 10A-9A-5. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • EMPLOYMENT REGISTER: Records containing names, of those persons who have successfully completed their prescribed tests, listed and ranked in order of their final earned average from the highest to the lowest. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • MINE FOREMAN: A person holding a valid certificate of qualification duly issued by action of the board of mine examiners. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • operator: The owner, part owner, operator or lessee to whom the superintendent reports and is accountable for the operation. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • partner: means a limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: means any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • permissible: A device, process, or equipment or method heretofore or hereafter classified by such term by the United States Bureau of Mines when such classification is adopted by the chief and includes, unless otherwise expressly stated in this chapter, all requirements, restrictions, exceptions, limitations, and conditions attached to such classification by said bureau. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an entity, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PUBLIC HEARINGS: A meeting of the board, open to the public, whereat any citizen, taxpayer, or party at interest may appear and be heard subject to such rules and regulations as may be fixed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • PUBLIC RECORD: A record which the public shall have the right to inspect in a reasonable manner during ordinary business hours. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Record date: means the date established under Article 6 or 7 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • roster: Records of persons in the classified service, containing information as to their service. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • rules: The regulations adopted by the board for carrying out this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervisor: Such term may be used to designate mine foremen, assistants, section foremen, trafficmen, maintenance foremen, etc. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • tests: Written or oral examinations, or both, or other methods established, by rules and regulations of the board or the director, or both, as herein provided, to determine the merit, efficiency, and general fitness of applicants for positions. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Treasury shares: means shares of a corporation that have been issued, have been subsequently acquired by and belong to the corporation, and have not been canceled or restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • unavailable: Absent from the place of session (other than on official business of the Legislature) or unable, for physical, mental or legal reasons, to exercise the powers and discharge the duties of a legislator, whether or not such absence or inability would give rise to a vacancy under existing constitutional or statutory provisions. See Alabama Code 29-3-3
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1