§ 16-12-1 Appointment, compensation, and removal; vacancies
§ 16-12-2 Qualifications
§ 16-12-3 Duties generally
§ 16-12-4 Establishment and maintenance of schools
§ 16-12-5 Recommendations of educational policy and rules and regulations
§ 16-12-6 Building program for city schools
§ 16-12-7 School buildings and grounds; approval of contracts generally
§ 16-12-8 Grading and standardizing city schools
§ 16-12-9 Courses of study for city schools
§ 16-12-10 Institutes organized by city superintendent
§ 16-12-11 Visitation of city schools by superintendent
§ 16-12-12 Forms for reports of employees of city board
§ 16-12-13 Quadrennial census for city schools
§ 16-12-14 Report required by state board
§ 16-12-15 Administration of office; supervision of employees
§ 16-12-16 Nomination, removal, etc., of teachers, employees, etc
§ 16-12-17 Payroll of city superintendent
§ 16-12-18 Employment of attendance officers; enforcement of attendance laws
§ 16-12-19 Employment of professional, clerical, etc., assistants
§ 16-12-20 Full-time employment of teachers authorized

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 16 > Chapter 12

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • County: means Clay County. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • Month: means the calendar month. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • State sales tax: means the tax imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • State sales tax statutes: means Sections 40-23-1, 40-23-2, 40-23-3, and 40-23-4, which levy a certain retail sales tax, and include all statutes, including amendments to those sections, which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied by those sections and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of those sections and the incidence and collection of the tax imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-14-243.01
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608